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* NoNameGiven: "Fat Ass" (the one Hadley beat up to death) is never actually named. "What was his name?" Nobody knows, Andy.

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* NoNameGiven: "Fat Ass" (the one Hadley beat up to death) is never actually named. "What was his name?" Nobody knows, Andy. [[spoiler:He's even called "Fat Ass" in the credits.]]


* NotUsedToFreedom: [[spoiler:[[OldConvict Brooks]] hangs himself bcause he is not anymore used to be free after 50 years in prison, after attempting everything to either stay or return in prison]].

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* NotUsedToFreedom: [[spoiler:[[OldConvict [[spoiler:[[TheOldConvict Brooks]] hangs himself bcause because he is not anymore used to be free can't cope with freedom after 50 years in prison, after attempting everything to either stay or return in prison]].

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* ArchEnemy: Andy Dufresne has Warden Samuel Norton, who systematically ruins his life after he tries to expose the prison's corruption.


* TheOldConvict: Red, to an extent, but more certainly Brooks, an elderly man who finds he is unable to adjust to life outside prison walls. Brooks was in prison for so long, since 1910, that when he's released in the 1950s, it's a world he can't recognize. For one thing Brooks remarks that when he went in, he'd only seen one car, when he was a boy.

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* TheOldConvict: Red, to an extent, but more certainly Brooks, an elderly man who finds he is unable to adjust to life outside prison walls. Brooks was in prison for so long, since 1910, that when he's released in the 1950s, it's a world he can't recognize.recognize (to put it in perspective, he completely missed ''both'' World Wars). For one thing Brooks remarks that when he went in, he'd only seen one car, when he was a boy.

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* NotUsedToFreedom: [[spoiler:[[OldConvict Brooks]] hangs himself bcause he is not anymore used to be free after 50 years in prison, after attempting everything to either stay or return in prison]].


* LuxuryPrisonSuite: Andy's cell is no nicer than the rest, but he gets a private cell and some leeway as far as contraband goes. Norton later refers to it as his "one-bunk Hilton," so it's presumably a sweeter setup than most prisoners have.

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* LuxuryPrisonSuite: {{Downplayed| Trope}}. Andy's cell is no nicer than the rest, but he gets a private cell and some leeway as far as contraband goes. Norton later refers to it as his "one-bunk Hilton," so it's presumably a sweeter setup than most prisoners have.


* ContrivedCoincidence: A man killed Andy's wife and her lover on the exact night that Andy was drunkenly stalking them with a loaded gun. Lampshaded by Andy and the prosecution in the opening scene.

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* ContrivedCoincidence: A man killed Andy's wife and her lover on the exact night that Andy was drunkenly stalking them with a loaded gun, using the a gun that was the exact same caliber as Andy's gun. Lampshaded by Andy and the prosecution in the opening scene.


* EarnYourHappyEnding: [[spoiler:Andy goes to prison for a crime he didn't commit and is stuck there for 19 years (while the guy who actually did it gets away with it), is repeatedly attacked by fellow inmates and guards alike, and then is thrown under the bus multiple times by the warden because of a perceived threat to reveal his embezzlement... but manages to escape and then follow his dream to go to the Pacific. Meanwhile, after Red has been in prison for 40 years for a crime he committed long ago and regrets, repeatedly denied parole, he is finally granted it and follows Andy]].

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* EarnYourHappyEnding: [[spoiler:Andy goes to prison for a crime he didn't commit and is stuck there for 19 years (while the guy who actually did it gets away with it), is repeatedly attacked by fellow inmates and guards alike, and then is thrown under the bus multiple times by the warden because of a perceived threat to reveal his embezzlement... but manages to escape and then follow his dream to go to the Pacific. Meanwhile, after Red has been in prison for 40 years for a crime he committed long ago and regrets, repeatedly denied parole, he is finally granted it and follows Andy]].Andy, where they reunite in Zihuatanejo for possibly the most well-earned and most-deserved victory in cinematic history]].



* EpicMovie: A rare crossover between this genre and a prison movie. Although almost all the action is confined to a single building site, the large volume of characters, the long time passage of time that the story covers, the larger-than-life characters who all get their justice in the end through many years of struggle, and the universal themes of hope, freedom, and redemption means it definitly qualifies.

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* EpicMovie: A rare crossover between this genre and a prison movie. Although almost all the action is confined to a single building site, the large volume of characters, the long time passage of time that the story covers, the larger-than-life characters who all get their justice in the end through many years of struggle, and the universal themes of hope, freedom, and redemption means it definitly definitely qualifies.


* {{Determinator}}: Andy.

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* {{Determinator}}: Andy. Anyone willing to spend ''twenty years'' [[spoiler:digging a hole in the wall of his cell, an inch at a time,]] surely qualifies.


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* {{Fauxshadowing}}: Andy's mentally broken and uncharacteristically traumatized behavior after he gets out of solitary, along with some intense foreshadowing, ([[spoiler:Brooks' suicide, Andy buying rope, "get busy livin' or get busy dyin',"]], etc.) sets us up to expect that [[spoiler:Andy is going to escape the pain and sorrow of Shawshank Prison by hanging himself in his cell. It's all part of his plan to escape [[GreatEscape in the traditional sense.]]]]


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** In many of the alter scenes, Andy has very noticeable [[ExhaustedEyeBags dark circles under his eyes]] that get more intense the older he gets. One could concievably pass this off as the effects of the stress from the Warden's [[KickTheDog pointedly cruel treatment]], but it's actually from [[spoiler:all those sleepless nights he spends hammering away at the wall of his cell.]]

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* BetterToDieThanBeKilled: [[spoiler:Warden Norton briefly considers pulling a SuicideByCop on the officers busting down his door in the climax, but changes his mind and chooses a [[AteHisGun simpler solution.]]]]


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** When Andy plays a recording from ''The Marriage of Figaro'' over the prison loudspeakers and locks the door, Norton has Hadley and the other guards bust down the door and beat the shit out of him. [[spoiler:In the climax, Norton locks himself in his office as the regular cops try to bust the door down and arrest him, and, without Hadley to do his dirty work, takes [[AteHisGun a different method of escape.]]]]


* DramaticDrop: Norton, when he finds the hole Andy made in his Bible to hide the rock hammer, and promptly drops said Bible.

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* DramaticDrop: Norton, when he finds the hole Andy made in his Bible [[spoiler: to hide the rock hammer, hammer]], and promptly drops said Bible.


Added DiffLines:

* EpicMovie: A rare crossover between this genre and a prison movie. Although almost all the action is confined to a single building site, the large volume of characters, the long time passage of time that the story covers, the larger-than-life characters who all get their justice in the end through many years of struggle, and the universal themes of hope, freedom, and redemption means it definitly qualifies.

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* CopeByCreating:
** Andy copes with the monotonous reality of his imprisonment by carving little stone figurines. [[spoiler:There is more to it than his fascination with art. He purposefully [[InvokedTrope invokes the trope]] to avoid suspicion while secretly using the carving hammer to dig out a tunnel and escape.]]
** Subverted when Andy gives his friend Red a [[CaptivityHarmonica harmonica]] as a present hoping it will cheer him up. It reminds Red of the free days too much to serve as solace, so he avoids playing it.


* ArtisticLicenseHistory: In a scene set in 1949, Andy refers to "the IRS." The organization did exist at that time, but it was known as the Bureau of Internal Revenue until 1953. Calling it that probably would have confused contemporary viewers a little, though.

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* ArtisticLicenseHistory: In a scene set in 1949, Andy refers to "the IRS." The organization did exist at that time, but it was known as the Bureau of Internal Revenue until 1953. Calling it that probably would have confused contemporary viewers a little, though. (Red is quite correct to call it that in a later scene set in 1966, though)

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* ArtisticLicenseHistory: In a scene set in 1949, Andy refers to "the IRS." The organization did exist at that time, but it was known as the Bureau of Internal Revenue until 1953. Calling it that probably would have confused contemporary viewers a little, though.


* BlitheSpirit: Andy in Shawshank penitentiary. He is a FishOutOfWater: he is an educated and innocent man who has to live with violent criminals. He shakes things up: he resists the bullies and finally gets rid of them; he tries to improve the lives of the inmates through education and the creation of a library.



* FishOutOfWater: Life in prison institutionalizes people, to the point where they can't adapt to life in freedom anymore. Played for drama with Brooks and mirrored by Red, but with a subverted outcome.

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* FishOutOfWater: FishOutOfWater:
** Andy in Shawshank penitentiary: he is an educated and innocent man who has to live with violent criminals.
**
Life in prison institutionalizes people, to the point where they can't adapt to life in freedom anymore. Played for drama with Brooks and mirrored by Red, but with a subverted outcome.

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