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[[quoteright:350:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/james_whale.jpg]]

James Whale (July 22, 1889 - May 29, 1957) was an English film director best known for the horror films ''Film/Frankenstein1931'', ''Film/TheInvisibleMan1933'', and ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein''.

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[[quoteright:350:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/james_whale.jpg]]

James Whale (July 22, (22 July 1889 - 29 May 29, 1957) was an English film director best known for the horror films ''Film/Frankenstein1931'', ''Film/TheInvisibleMan1933'', and ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein''.


James Whale (July 22, 1889 - May 29, 1957) was an English film director best known for the horror films ''Film/Frankenstein1931'', ''Film/TheInvisibleMan'', and ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein''.

to:

James Whale (July 22, 1889 - May 29, 1957) was an English film director best known for the horror films ''Film/Frankenstein1931'', ''Film/TheInvisibleMan'', ''Film/TheInvisibleMan1933'', and ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein''.



* ''Film/Frankenstein1931'' (1931)
* ''Film/TheOldDarkHouse1932'' (1932)
* ''Film/TheInvisibleMan'' (1933)

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* ''Film/Frankenstein1931'' ''[[Film/Frankenstein1931 Frankenstein]]'' (1931)
* ''Film/TheOldDarkHouse1932'' ''[[Film/TheOldDarkHouse1932 The Old Dark House]]'' (1932)
* ''Film/TheInvisibleMan'' ''[[Film/TheInvisibleMan1933 The Invisible Man]]'' (1933)


But his legacy would be sealed with a loose adaptation of Creator/MaryShelley's magnum opus, which Whale had chosen because none of the other Universal properties interested him and he wanted to make something other than a war picture. He was personally responsible for picking Creator/BorisKarloff to play the Monster, and the success of ''Frankenstein'' and its sequel four years later immortalized the both of them as seminal figures of the horror genres.

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But his legacy would be sealed with a loose adaptation of Creator/MaryShelley's magnum opus, which Whale had chosen because none of the other Universal properties interested him and he wanted to make something other than a war picture. He was personally responsible for picking Creator/BorisKarloff to play the Monster, and the success of ''Frankenstein'' and its sequel four years later immortalized the both of them as seminal figures of the horror genres.
genre.


* ''Film/TheOldDarkHouse'' (1932)

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* ''Film/TheOldDarkHouse'' ''Film/TheOldDarkHouse1932'' (1932)



A little public service announcement that we at Wiki/TVTropes would be very remiss not to make here: If you're feeling suicidal, ''please'' [[UsefulNotes/SuicidePrevention get help immediately.]] Talk to a loved one at the very least and let them know how you're feeling. [[YouAreNotAlone There]] ''[[YouAreNotAlone is]]'' [[YouAreNotAlone help out there]], no matter what you might believe.

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\nA little public service announcement that we at Wiki/TVTropes would be very remiss not to make here: If you're feeling suicidal, ''please'' [[UsefulNotes/SuicidePrevention get help immediately.]] Talk to a loved one at the very least and let them know how you're feeling. [[YouAreNotAlone There]] ''[[YouAreNotAlone is]]'' [[YouAreNotAlone help out there]], no matter what you might believe.\n----

Added DiffLines:

A little public service announcement that we at Wiki/TVTropes would be very remiss not to make here: If you're feeling suicidal, ''please'' [[UsefulNotes/SuicidePrevention get help immediately.]] Talk to a loved one at the very least and let them know how you're feeling. [[YouAreNotAlone There]] ''[[YouAreNotAlone is]]'' [[YouAreNotAlone help out there]], no matter what you might believe.

Added DiffLines:

->''"A director must be pretty bad if he can't get a thrill out of war, murder, robbery."''

[[quoteright:350:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/james_whale.jpg]]

James Whale (July 22, 1889 - May 29, 1957) was an English film director best known for the horror films ''Film/Frankenstein1931'', ''Film/TheInvisibleMan'', and ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein''.

He first found success in 1928 as a director in theatre in his native England with the play ''Theatre/JourneysEnd'', which later transferred to the United States and eventually into a film two years later with Whale making his feature film debut as a director. (He had previously directed the dialogue sequences for ''Film/HellsAngels''.) Following the success of ''Journey's End'', Universal Studios signed him to a five-year contract.

But his legacy would be sealed with a loose adaptation of Creator/MaryShelley's magnum opus, which Whale had chosen because none of the other Universal properties interested him and he wanted to make something other than a war picture. He was personally responsible for picking Creator/BorisKarloff to play the Monster, and the success of ''Frankenstein'' and its sequel four years later immortalized the both of them as seminal figures of the horror genres.

Having had his fill of the horror genre (including turning down the chance to direct ''Film/DraculasDaughter''), Whale went on to direct ''Theatre/ShowBoat'' which critics called the definitive film version of the stage musical. But Whale's career suffered a misstep after making ''The Road Back'', a sequel of sorts to ''Literature/AllQuietOnTheWesternFront''. George Gyssling, the Los Angeles-based consul for Nazi Germany, protested that the film gave an "untrue and distorted picture of the German people". In response, Universal [[ExecutiveMeddling re-shot scenes with another director, added comedic scenes to the script, and re-edited the film to water down its anti-Nazi sentiments]]. (Ironically, the film still got banned in Germany.) Furious at the studio's actions, Whale left Universal after making 1938's ''Wives Under Suspicion''. (Apart from making ''Green Hell'' two years later, his ties with Universal were severed.)

Whale retired from the film industry in 1941 (save for an Army training film the following year), devoting his final years to directing theatre and painting. On May 29, 1957, Whale was found dead in his swimming pool, the cause of his death a mystery for years. It wasn't until 1987 when -- shortly before his own death -- film producer and Whale's former partner David Lewis, who had found the director dead, released the partial contents of a note that confirmed that Whale had died from suicide rather than an accident.

During his career in both British theatre and Hollywood, Whale lived as an openly gay man, something that was completely unheard of in those times. And in the years following his death, film historians and gay studies scholars would pick up on cues of homosexual themes in Whale's films, most notably in ''Bride of Frankenstein''.

He was portrayed by Creator/IanMcKellen in the 1998 film ''Film/GodsAndMonsters''.

!!Films directed by Whale on TV Tropes:
* ''Film/WaterlooBridge'' (1931)
* ''Film/Frankenstein1931'' (1931)
* ''Film/TheOldDarkHouse'' (1932)
* ''Film/TheInvisibleMan'' (1933)
* ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein'' (1935)
* ''Theatre/ShowBoat'' (1936)

!!Tropes associated with Whale:
* MagnumOpusDissonance: While more known for horror films, one of his personal favorites of his works was ''Remember Last Night?'', a comedy-mystery which was met with mixed critical and commercial reception.

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