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- Being the quintessential Fighting Series (at least in Manga), Dragon Ball of course has this, with Goku learning the Turtle Style from the Muten Roshi, while his rival Crane Hermit's teaches his students styles of brutal assassination. Goku fights two members of the Crane School, the Crane Hermit's brother Tao Pai Pai and his star pupil, Tenshinhan. Tenshinhan defeats Goku the first time, but, in a rare occurrence for this trope, his Heel–Face Turn begins even before Goku eventually bests him.
- The two styles get revived after the events of Dragon Ball Z in Dragon Ball Online, though the rivalry is more friendly in nature since they're headed by Kuririn/Krillin and Tenshinhan. There's still a schism between their philosophies, inspired by what each took away from their time fighting alongside Goku: the New Turtle School is all about playing support, while the New Crane School focuses on performing powerful, decisive ki attacks.
- Pokémon did an episode about a pair of rival Gyms. Each of them tried to be official Gyms, but in the end, neither of them were worthy enough to be declared as an official Gym.
- The games also featured this with Saffron City's two Gyms, one for the Fighting-type and one for the Psychic-type. Only one got to be the official Gym of the city, and the Psychic-type Gym won due to Elemental Rock–Paper–Scissors.
- Bamboo Blade has rival Kendo schools.
- Jackie Chan's first starring role, Snake in the Eagle's Shadow, is about two rival schools, Snake Hand and Eagle Claw. Eagle Claw has exterminated almost every student from Snake Hand. Jackie becomes the last student of the Snake Hand, and incidentally is able to fight the master of Eagle Claw without being killed, so he learns about his style and combines both of them into the style that names the film.
- The central conflict in the Bruce Lee film Fist of Fury is between the hero's Chinese kung-fu school, and an antagonistic Japanese karate school. By the end, an open conflict between the two schools has left everyone dead except for a few of the hero's friends from the kung-fu school.
- Turned drastically Up to Eleven in Star Wars where the Jedi and the Sith teach opposing philosophical approaches to similar martial and magical skill, and have been at each others' throats for twenty-five thousand years.
- Supported by Miyagi Dojo vs Kobra Kai in The Karate Kid (1984) and The Karate Kid Part III.
- Inverted by Best of the Best, where the two schools are both honorable and have similar philosophies.
- Ninja Academy. Oddly enough, one of the students at the Hero ninja academy is a mime.
- The Gone-Away World by Nick Harkaway has a rivalry between a ninja school and a mime school. (Yes, the mimes are martial artists. Don't ask.)
- As they draw significant influence from European Swordsmanship, (see Real Life below) the Elsabeth Soesten books have this come up quite often. In Bait And Switch Elsabeth and Husson nearly get into a duel over the superiority of their respective masters.
- Bobby Wasabi's (whose local sensei is an Adult Child Big Brother Mentor) and the Black Dragons (a Cobra Kai Expy) in Kickin' It.
- In Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger and Power Rangers Ninja Storm, three Rangers are from the Hayate/Wind Ninja Academy and two are from the Ikazuchi/Thunder Academy. They clashed at first with the Thunder ninjas acting as Psycho Rangers to the Wind trio, but eventually pulled together to fight the Big Bad.
- Almost the entirety of Juken Sentai Gekiranger is about the battles between the heroic GekiJuken Beast Arts school and the evil RinJuken Akugata school. They wind up joining forces to defeat the Long and his GenJuken school after Rio discovers he and the rest of the RinJuken Akugata have been manipulated by Long.
- This was the whole point of the FWA Academy vs. WAW Academy - Academy Warfare event. This was mostly put on, since the academy happened to share some of their students, mostly.
- Coastal Championship Wrestling saw a rivalry between CCW's Bodyslam University and Main Event Training Center after Pablo Marquez left Bodyslam and founded Main Event in protest to Bodyslam's head trainer, Cash Money Alex G, abuse of female students. As it is also in Ft. Lauderdale Florida, The Spot can sometimes act as a third wheel. For those of you worried, this rivalry was just an angle to give CCW Wrestlers something to fight over, Alex G doesn't actually try to hurt students, female or otherwise.
- Jade Empire naturally has a variant on this (It's technically the same school, but the two teachers use different styles). You get to decide which master's teachings come out on top.
- Pokémon Red and Blue: The current official Gym in Saffron City is dedicated to the Psychic-type under Sabrina. Immediately next door is the Fighting-type dojo, which used to be the sanctioned Gym until Sabrina and her followers crushed it, though they still devote themselves to the practice. And then the Player comes along and sacks the Fighting-dojo a second time, forcing the Karate King to beg him not to take their emblem, instead offering up one of their prize Pokemon.
- Judo founder Jigoro Kano had to defeat several other jujutsu schools, among them Teshin Yoshin-Ryu and Ryoi Shinto-Ryu, in order to push his own and create the art as we know it. Ironically, he had to endure a massive loss when his school lost to the Fusen-Ryu faction, from where he brought the groundfighting principles to his art.
- So common was this in Japan that Kyokushin karate founder Mas Oyama kept baseball bats on his dojo in case of a dojoyaburi.
- In Brazil, the Brazilian jiu-jitsu and luta livre schools were bitter enemies, as they featured opposite combat philosophies and taught different social demographies (BJJ was the martial art of the high class and Brazilian elite, while LL dojos were cheaper and friendlier to lower classes and poor people). Eventually Brazilian jiu-jitsu side, led by the ubiquitous Gracie family, got the upper hand and expanded internationally via the Ultimate Fighting Championship, while luta livre became a shadow of itself and almost faded out.
- Even inside the Brazilian jiu-jitsu side and the very Gracie family there were important dojo wars. Hélio and Carlson Gracie's schools were rivals due to their different approaches to grappling, while another branch of BJJ led by Oswaldo Fadda was against the Gracie doctrine overall.
- New Japan Pro-Wrestling, which boasted that professional wrestling was the strongest martial art in the world, was notorious for shutting the doors to its dojo when someone came in to challenge any of the professional wrestlers and then giving out No Holds Barred Beatdowns to the unlucky challengers.
- Count Dante's Dojo Wars.
- Comes up throughout the history of European Swordsmanship as well. The rivalry between the Brotherhood of St. Mark and Federfechter in particular stands out, as the former held a monopoly on instruction in the Holy Roman Empire, which the latter infringed upon.