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A pseudo-autobiographical film by Federico Fellini dealing with a director, Guido Anselmi (portrayed by Marcello Mastroianni), trying to make a film, but suffering from “director’s block.” To make things worse, his personal life is also going under a lot of stress: his health is not ideal, he doesn’t know where he is standing right now and he has problems with both his wife and his lover. In other words, everything is conspiring to make his film sink like the Titanic.

One of Fellini’s better known works, it’s a favorite of film directors for showing the trials and tribulations of their career. The movie is generally straightforward, but full of flashbacks and daydream sequences, practically without any warning (sometimes you don’t realize you’re watching a fantasy until later). The title comes from the fact that before making the film, Fellini realized that he had made six features and three shorts (each short being "half") which added up to 7 and a Half films. So obviously the next movie will be film number

Later remade as the stage musical 9, which itself was later adapted into a movie starring Daniel Day-Lewis.

Compare/contrast with All That Jazz and Wild Strawberries.


This movie provides examples of:

  • All Take and No Give: Guido's affairs with women trouble him, but at the same time he is too preoccupied with himself and his own past to properly invest in others.
  • Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny!: Carla comes off this way a lot of the time, first evidenced in the way she jumps from topic to topic in conversation. When Guido is applying her makeup, she keeps looking up at an eye-catching lamp, causing him to mess it up.
  • Author Appeal: Deliberate. After all, it’s a movie based on Fellini trying to make a movie.
  • Bad Liar: Guido, according to his wife. In one scene Guido’s lover is seated nearby, and Luisa and her friend find astounding how Guido keeps lying about not knowing her when they both know she’s his lover.
  • Big Beautiful Woman: La Saraghina, a chubby prostitute.
  • Harem Seeker: Guido, of course. Just watch his harem imagination.
  • Heroic B.S.O.D.: When Guido finally accepts to himself he cannot make the film.
  • Imagine Spot: Guido often thinks of his past, which causes flashbacks. But he also daydreams surreal things, like the moment when he imagines himself floating away in the air from the traffic.
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: The director, talking about Guido's film, basically describing Fellini's film.
    "You see, what stands out at a first reading is the lack of a central issue or a philosophical stance. That makes the film a chain of gratuitous episodes which may even be amusing in their ambivalent realism. You wonder, what is the director really trying to do? Make us think? Scare us? That ploy betrays a basic lack of poetic inspiration."
  • May–December Romance: Discussed with Mezzabotta and Gloria. Not only Guido confuses her with his daughter, but Mezzabotta also fears she is with him only for his money.
  • Meaningful Name: This is the 8½ movie made by Fellini (before, he made 6 movie, 2 shorts and one co-collaboration).
  • Mr. Imagination: Guido. He's often lost in an Imagine Spot, like when he has a vision of his dead parents, who chat with him.
  • Naughty Nurse Outfit: Claudia in one of his daydreams. Well, not exactly naughty - it's a regular nurse outfit and she's meant to symbolize ideal purity, but there's definitely a sexual overtone there. Like you needed Claudia Cardinale to be even hotter…
  • Ride of the Valkyries: Played for a moment of Soundtrack Dissonance, as this rousing theme starts as Guido is stretching in his bathroom, and continues as people mill about his film set aimlessly.
  • Ridiculous Procrastinator: Guido uses any excuse available to skip working on his new film. Of course, the reason is because he doesn’t have a clue of what to do.
  • Sexy Man, Instant Harem: That’s what Guido’s harem fantasy is all about. Played with when they all start calling him out, but then everything goes back to “normal”.
  • Soap Opera Disease: Carla periodically runs 100-plus-degree fevers with no explanation. She admits, while suffering a bout of such illness, that she and her husband have learned to live with them.
  • Soundtrack Dissonance: Playing Ride of the Valkyries to the sight of the resort for the elderly and frail? Check. The music is eventually revealed to be diegetic, but this rather makes the whole thing even more absurd.
  • Sudden Musical Ending: The film ends with all the people from the protagonist's past coming together to dance around him on a circus stage, while he is the ringmaster in the middle.
  • Title by Number: This was indeed Fellini's tenth movie in his catalogue, but three of them (two shorts and one co-authored) he only counted as halves, so here you are.
  • Undercrank: When the priests are chasing young Guido.
  • Whip It Good: Guido to all the women of his harem. One of them is Too Kinky to Torture.
  • Word Salad Title: Of course, it’s not even a word.
  • Writers Suck: Well, the writer is an insufferable intellectual who looks down on Guido’s work. Fellini must have tried to say something there, right?

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