Comic Book: The Incal
The Incal (L'Incal) is a sci-fi comic series by writer Alejandro Jodorowsky and artist Moebius and is the center-piece of the former's Metabarons Universe. The project was born out of, and recycled many concepts from, the two's failed attempt to make a film adaption of Dune. Despite Jodorowsky having every major event of the comic planned out beforehand, and the series only being 6 volumes long, it took 8 years to complete.John Difool is a low-ranking private investigator in the slums of the dystopian planet Terra 2014. After escaping the aftermath of a butchered job, he encounters a Borg, a member of an once imperial alien race that has now passed into myth. The Borg reveal that it had been looking for him and entrusts him with a mystical object, the Light Incal. This naturally makes Difool the target of multiple interplanetary factions that seek to use the artifact's powers for their own goals, not the least of which include the Incal itself.A 6-part prequel Before the Incal (Avant l'Incal), detailing episodes from Difool's life prior to the events of The Incal, was published between 1988 and 1995. It was illustrated by Zoran Janjetov in a style very similar to Moebius'. (Although the recoloring of the first, censored English release gave it a more distinct look). A sequel to both the original Incal and Before, entitled After the Incal (Aprčs l'Incal), began in 2000 with Moebius back as artist, but the series only lasted one volume before it was discontinued. The project was rebooted with Mexican artist José Ladrönn (Elephantmen) in 2008 as Final Incal and finished with 3 volumes in 2014.A film adaption by Nicolas Winding Refn is in the works.For other spin-offs and related media see: the Metabarons Universe.
The Incal provides examples of:
- Anti-Hero: Difool is both a Classical Antihero and Knight in Sour Armour. Kill Wolfhead walks the line between Pragmatic Hero and Unscrupulous Hero depending on his mood. Both he and Tanatah started out as Nominal Heroes before Character Development and Heel Realization hit in. The Metabaron is clearly one too, but is a bit harder to pin-point.
- Aristocrats Are Evil: Averted with the Emperoress, more-or-less played straight with pretty much everyone else.
- Crapsack World: Difool's homeplanet Terra 2014 (especially in Before) and Technogea. The rest of the universe too, to some degree.
- Driven to Suicide: Difool lives and grew up near a suicide spot so popular it has just been named Suicide Ally. Before reveal that his mother was one of it's victims and a young Difool tried doing the same.
- The Empire: Averted. The empire may be corrupt and inefficient, but it is not actually evil.
- Mind Screw: gradually becomes this toward the end of the original series, and pops up from time to time in the prequel and sequels.
- Non-Human Sidekick: Deepo; Difool's (eventually) talking "concrete seagull".
- Petting Zoo People: Kill Wolfhead, who resemble a dog despite his name in the English translation, and a few others. The sequel and prequel reveal that they are actually genetically modified humans.
- Religion of Evil: The Techno-Technos (short for the Techno-Technocracy, formally the Church of Industrial Saints) after they start worshiping the Darkness. They are a more neutral Corrupt Church otherwise.
- Spiritual Predecessor: Like its inspiration, a lot of this series' ideas ended up being reused in other works, most notably Warhammer 40,000 and The Fifth Element.
- Sufficiently Advanced Technology: Some of the tech is really out there in terms of what it can achieve, like the "interior exterior", a chamber that, when you enter it, you end up on the outside of a big sphere surrounded by a seemingly endless black void.
- Tarot Motifs: According to Jodorowsky Difool (and Deepo) is the Fool trump, Solune is a combination of the Sun and the Moon trumps, the Emperoress is a combination of the Emperor and Empress trumps. The names said it all really. The Techno-Pope is also meant to correspond with the Hierophant trump and the Technos' tower with the Tower trump. Strangely the Themed Tarot Deck based on the original series was a French-style one and thus didn't utilize the symbolism Jodorowsky based the characters on. There was however an Italian-style one based on Final Incal, but it was only available as a promotional item at Comic-con 2014.
"You first look at the central picture (the present / The Incal). Then you look at the picture to the left (the past / Before the Incal). Then to the right (the future / After the Incal)."
- He also described thinking of the series as corresponding to a triptych-layout as used in tarot divination.
- Uplifted Animal: Deepo, after being the Incal, becomes intelligent, talkative and very opinionated.
- Used Future: On of the earlier examples of this. Used to contrast the gritty conditions of the lower classes and the ancient coldness of the Technos with the aristocratic upper classes and the vibrant new age aesthetics of everything related to the Incal itself. Especially noticeable in Final Incal due to Ladrönn's more realistic style.