Moebius by himself.
Moebius was the Pen Name
of Jean Giraud (1938-2012), an illustrator and graphic artist of the French-Belgian comics school.
Born in 1938, Giraud got to visit Mexico and the Western US in the 1950s. He lived this as an initiatic experience, and retained from it a lifelong fondness for the Western
as a genre, as well as a fascination for dreams and the exploration of the unconscious. Unsurprisingly, his breakthrough series, published from 1963 in the illustrated weekly Pilote
(whose editor-in-chief was René Goscinny
), was the story of a rogue US cavalryman in the Wild West
The series was quite successful, but in 1973, Giraud decided to explore a radically different aesthetic and narrative style
. Drawing inspiration from his use of hallucinogenic drugs (he speaks about this in an interview here
) and from Science Fiction
, he illustrated several one-shot underground albums, and co-founded with Jean-Pierre Dionnet and Philippe Druillet Métal Hurlant
, a magazine intended for alternative graphic artists (published in the US under the title Heavy Metal
), and the publishing house Les Humanoides Associés. It was at that time that he took up the name Moebius.
One of his first sf works, The Horny Goof
, was a very loose and improvised space-opera style story with a lot of comedy elements, Fetish Fuel
, porn (of all types available, and then some), and also plenty of mindscrew
. It established a lot of his personal tropes and motifs in later works, especially the ones revolving around the Fatal Major (Airtight Garage
, The Fatal Major
), and a lot of elements used in The Word of Edena
, which has a wonderful Gainax Ending
In 1975, he collaborated with Alejandro Jodorowski on the art of a film adaptation of Dune
; the project, however, remained stillborn due to Jodorowsky's enormous financial demands (the adaptation would eventually be directed by David Lynch
). The sets produced for Jodorowski's Dune
were later recycled by George Lucas in the making of Star Wars
. Moebius's involvement in movies continued in 1979 with contributions to the art of Ridley Scott
(alongside H. R. Giger
) and in 1981 to TRON
. In 1982, he worked with René Laloux on the animated feature film Time Masters
. The 1982 cult movie Blade Runner
used the comic "The Long Tomorrow" (1975) as a main design reference. Other films in which he participated as a concept artist feature Willow
(1988), The Abyss
(1989), Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland
, The Fifth Element
(1997). Those who had a Sega Saturn
also might remember his Japanese specific boxart
for the first Panzer Dragoon
, which was conceptually derived from Moebius's 1975 comic, Arzach
His collaboration with Jodorowski continued in the 1980s with The Incal
, a Science Fiction
series set in a distant future and involving a dystopian galactic empire
in which secret organizations and supernatural entities
vie for hegemony. The Incal
is to this day his most famous work, and the one most people associate him with.
In 1988, he wrote a stand-alone story for Silver Surfer
that American artists such as Jim Lee and Mike Mignola
consider inspirational. His work with Stan Lee
on the character won the duo an Eisner.
Less active as a graphic artist since the early 1990s, he worked as an independent publisher and remained involved in the world of French-Belgian comics. In 2004-2005, an exhibition in Paris exposed his works alongside those of Hayao Miyazaki
, and in 2009, his works were exposed at the International Manga Museum in Kyoto
. He was close friends with Miyazaki, to the point of naming his own daughter Nausicaa.
Moebius's scenery porn/gorn, object design and worldbuilding abilities, combined with the sheer amount of content he generated while still in the biz, further combined with the circle of people that got exposed to his art, make this guy omnipresent in every piece of science-fiction concept art that is not Giger-inspired (H.R. Giger did all the alien stuff in Alien
, while all the human stuff was by Moebius). If you cite any sci-fi film or sci-fi anime, you have a pretty good chance that it was either directly inspired by Moebius, or inspired by something that was inspired by Moebius, at some point in its history.
Examples of Moebius's art can be found at his website
, all across Google, people's personal blogs, flickr, ffffound, and many other places. Go have a look.
Not to be confused with the Mirror Universe
in Sonic the Hedgehog
, or with the mathematician
after whom the Moebius Strip is named, or with the Time Master
in Legacy of Kain