The characters found in the comic book series Asterix
. Characters with a Dub Name Change
have their original French name in the parentheses next to their English version name.
The main character of the series, Asterix got into various adventures with his much larger friend Obelix.
- The Ace: The best and cleverest warrior of the village.
- Badass: An unstoppable warrior.
- Badass Mustache: Asterix is a Badass warrior and sports a fantastic moustache, yellow and droopy.
- Bash Brothers: With Obelix.
- Big Guy, Little Guy: The latter, with Obelix as the big guy.
- The Brains: To Obelix's Brawn.
- Celibate Hero: Although when Panacea kisses him at the end of Asterix the Legionary, he falls for her just as hard as Obelix did. He also appreciates Cleopatra's nose ("Very pretty!"). It's implied that he has a thing for Bravura.
- Cool Helmet: Almost never seen without wearing his winged helmet.
- Guile Hero: Where even magic-potion powered brute strength fails, Asterix uses his brains to defeat the obstacles in his way. In the Twelve Tasks story, he tricks a martial artist into telling him how to defeat him, gets a hypnotist to hypnotize himself and drives an entire asylum of bureaucrats insane by playing their own game against them.
- Hair of Gold, Heart of Gold: Blond-haired and the most heroic of the main cast.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With Obelix.
- Indy Ploy: His plans are often on-the-spot improvisations. They don't always work.
- Invincible Hero: Asterix himself is one. Every single battle between Romans (or, really, anyone) and Asterix and the rest of the Gauls, results in the Gauls curb-stomp their opponents, thanks to their magic potion that grant Super Speed, Super Reflexes, Super Strength, and arguably Nigh-Invulnerability. Plus, even in case of a shortage, they have Obelix, who doesn't need to drink any potion since he fell in it during his childhood, and the effect never wore off. As a result, the Romans never, ever, in any comic, manage to gain the smallest durable advantage over the Gauls.
- Most plot tension actually comes from Asterix being excessively prudent and avoiding confrontation with Romans troops, even though he and Obelix are more than able to defeat hundreds of Elite Mooks on their own, and have already done so a few times. When trying to steal Caesar's laurel wreath, Asterix states that the magic potion doesn't protect from being harmed by Roman weapons. Whether it's true or not is unclear, but they never seem to be hurt anyway.
- Mercury's Wings: His helmet has decorative wings, as do those of some other Gauls.
- Only Sane Man: Shares the role with Getafix.
- Ornamental Weapon: His sword. Occasionaly subverted: for example, he used it to duel a Roman drunkard and later on cut a rope in Asterix and Caesar's Gift. He's also used it to slice food on ocassion.
- Pint-Sized Powerhouse: He is very short but is a powerhouse hero. Mainly after taking the magic potion, but can still hold his own without it.
- Punny Name: From French "astérisque", English "asterisk", a small typographical symbol (*) used for footnotes. It originally comes from Greek "asteriskos" meaning small star, and he's the small star of the series.
- Shorter Means Smarter: Is much smaller than Obelix. He is the smarter of the two.
- The Snark Knight: Especially in the first live action movie.
Asterix's best friend and constant companion. As a baby, he fell into a cauldron of magic potion and drank quite a bit. Because of that, he's absolutely huge, and always wants to drink more potion (though Getafix won't let him). He sells menhirs.
- Acrofatic: He is very fat, but he has super-strength, is invincible in combat, and can defeat a Roman legion single-handed. It's canon that he fell in a cauldron of magic potion when he was little and is thus permanently under the effect of the potion. And don't call him fat. He's just well-covered.
- Both Obelix and Asterix mention a few times that Obelix is considered an excellent dancer - in fact, one of the best in the village. He only does this a few times, but he is consistently very talented, if indelicate with his partners. By contrast, Asterix (who is not fat) openly admits that he's a terrible dancer.
- According to Asterix and Obelix's Birthday, Obelix is brilliant at Twister.
- Badass: Invincible in combat.
- Badass Mustache: An invincible warrior, sporting a prominent red mustache.
- Bash Brothers: With Asterix.
- Berserk Button:
- Whatever you do, NEVER call him fat.
- And do not even THINK of doing anything bad to Dogmatix.
- Beware the Nice Ones: He is nice, friendly, and pets the dog. But won't hesitate to beat anyone when enraged.
- Big Eater: "Did he eat anything before that?" "Two boars." "Right, he didn't eat anything."
- Big Fun: He's big and he's fun.
- Big Guy, Little Guy: The former, with Asterix as the little guy.
- Blood Knight: To the point where a dream he had where Caesar withdrew all the Roman legionaries surrounding their village qualified as a nightmare for him.
- Boisterous Bruiser: A bruiser with has huge appetites for everything - especially food, drink, and punching Romans.
- Braids of Barbarism: The Gauls are technically a barbarian tribe. Obelix is a barbarian warrior who styles his hair in pigtails.
- The Brawn: To Asterix's Brains.
- Bruiser with a Soft Center: OK, so Obelix loves fighting, but he's a big softie away from the battlefield. Especially where his dog is concerned or when Panacea walks around.
- Cannot Talk to Women: Obelix is so smiten by Panacea's beauty that he can only sprout strings of sounds that doesn't make any sense.
- Can't Hold His Liquor: Especially in Asterix in Switzerland.
- Catch Phrase: "These Romans are crazy! (Ils sont fou ces romains!)", frequently adjusted to complain about whichever nationality is being parodied in this particular issue. (Oddly, this phrase is spoken by Asterix on the inside cover of the French hardbound editions).
- Cloudcuckoolander: His thinking processes don't usually result in logical conclusions.
- Does Not Know His Own Strength: He's not unaware of his limits, but he often does not seem to realize that not everyone is as strong or invulnerable as he is.
- The Dreaded: For the Romans.
- Dramatic Irony: When he and Asterix were in Rome, Obelix wanted to fight with the Praetorian Guard. Asterix didn't let him. Obelix's Super Strength let him defeat all the legionaries that patrol Gaul, a conquered country. The Praetorian Guards are Elite Mooks that allegedly could destroy Obelix just because Obelix has never been challenged by anyone. Obelix's strength is his weakness.
- Dumb Muscle: He is probably the strongest warrior in the series and has permanent superhuman strength. But he is dumb and easily confused.
- Fat Idiot: The fattest and dimmest of the Gauls.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With Asterix.
- I Am Big Boned: His chest has just "slipped a bit".
- One Roman centurion places an APB on Obelix by asking to be on the lookout for a "low chested man."
- Kindhearted Simpleton: He is dumb but has a big, friendly heart. Has a tendency to pet the dog.
- Lightning Bruiser: Don't be fooled by his, ahem, "big bones". As a result of his potion overdose, he is not only gigantically strong but also lightning fast and quick on his feet.
- Man Child: He is a full adult. He has a very innocent attitude to life despite his superhuman strength. He sulks when there's no wild boar (in Asterix in Spain he copies little Pepe and holds his breath until they get some); he can't think in the long term (eats the whole boatload of food on the first day at sea); and he only ever drinks goat milk.
- Never Live It Down: Invoked. He constantly needs to be reminded of that one time he fell into a cauldron of magic potion.
(annoyed) "Yes, as we all know
, I fell into a cauldron of magic potion as a baby and it had a permanent effect on me."
- One-Man Army: So much that a legion of Romans for him to fight is his birthday present.
- Punny Name: From French "obélisque", English "obelisk", meaning a type of standing stone similar to the menhirs he makes, and also a typographical symbol (†) which may be used for footnotes together with asterisks (which are much smaller).
- Red-Headed Hero: He is a heroic character with prominent red hair.
- Stout Strength: He is a very fat man with super-strenght.
- Super Strength: Unlike the other villagers, Obelix's strength is permanent.
- Trademark Favorite Food: Roasted wild boars.
- Unskilled, but Strong: Due to being permanently superpowered, he hasn't even had the benefit of unpowered combat training the others had. This is demonstrated abundantly in the (non-canon) comic The Twelve Tasks of Asterix, where one of the trials pits him and Obelix against a Germanic Judo-master. Obelix's attempts to smash through him with brute force are effortlessly redirected, and he quickly proves entirely unable to hurt the little man. Fortunately, Asterix is there to effectively talk the man into submission... or, rather, distract him with talk and an interest in the man's fighting style that gets the poor German to give Asterix instructions and allow himself to be used as a training dummy, realising he's helped Asterix subdue him only after having his arms and legs tied into knots.
Obelix's pet dog.
- Ascended Extra: He was introduced as a literal Running Gag character in Asterix and the Banquet, as a tiny little dog that keeps following Asterix and Obelix aroud without them noticing. Readers liked him so much that he returned in the next album as Obelix's dog, and would go on to play important parts in later stories, even starring in short books and comics of his own.
- Berserk Button: He doesn't like it when someone knocks down a tree.
- Canine Companion: The near-constant companion to Obelix. He's a cute little white dog, and very intelligent. Obelix might insist from time to time to give him some important tasks.
- Killer Rabbit: On occasions, he will drink Magic Potion of his own, allowing him to become practically as dangerous as the Gauls.
- Punny Name: From "dogmatic", adhering to beliefs without fail, which also contains "dog". It's fortuitously close to the French original which puns on idée fixe, "fixed idea".
- Running Gag: Frequently when Asterix and Obelix are about to travel, Asterix will try to convince Obelix to leave him behind, only for Obelix to find a way to take him anyway.
- Team Pet: Whenever the Gauls go on a mission, Dogmatix tends to serve as the literal team pet.
The elder and druid of the village. He is responsible for the creation of the magical potion that made the village invincible.
- Badass Grandpa: Not in the sense that he is good at fighting, but in the first book of the series, he gets captured and tortured by Romans for hours to get him to reveal the secret of Magic Potion. He remains completely impervious to it. In one story, he did drink his own potion and fought Romans alongside Asterix.
- Cool Old Guy: Significantly older than the the duo of heroes, maker of the magic potion, speaker of Gothic, one of the calmest and most sensible inhabitants of the village, and Badass Grandpa with Magnificent Bastard tendencies. No wonder the Romans are after him.
- Distressed Dude: He's the most-frequently captured of the Gauls, due to his knowledge and crucial role in providing the magical potion to the village.
- Druid: A magical version.
- Grumpy Old Man: At times, especially in the first live action movie.
- It May Help You on Your Quest: He always gives a canteen of magical potion to Asterix.
- Punny Name: Getafix ("get a fix"), Magigimix ("magic gimmicks"). Or the German variant, Miraculix ("miracle").
- Omniglot: Latin, Proto-Germanic, Egyptian... Has led to a Bilingual Backfire on at least one occasion, when someone didn't know he spoke their language.
- Only Sane Man: Shares the role with Asterix.
- The Professor: The wise elder of the Gaullish village who comes up with ingenious scientific and magical solutions to problems.
- The Smart Guy: Smarter and more educated than the other characters.
- Wizard Beard: Well, Druid Beard at least.
The chief of the village.
- Authority Equals Asskicking: Played with. If there is an all-out threat that Asterix and Obelix can't manage alone, he takes the potion to fight like everybody else... but he always ends dropped to the floor by his carriers. On the other hand, he's shown to be either the second strongest person of the village after Obelix (whose Super Strength is active all the time), enough to deliver a Megaton Punch without magic potion.
- Butt Monkey: Let's see, he has an overbearing wife, his carriers keep dropping him, and his village constantly fights amongst themselves with the slightest provocation.
- Embarrassing Nickname: "Piggywiggy", by his wife.
- Henpecked Husband: He is frequently berated and ordered around by his wife, Impedimenta, and is a frequent object of her Hair-Trigger Temper.
- Meaningful Name / Punny Name: Vitalstatisix, vital statistics, Macroeconomix, macro economics, Tunnabrix, Ton of Bricks.
- "Vital statistics" can refer to a person's measurements, thus it's a pun on his girth and weight.
- Only Sane Man: Views himself as one, but usually isn't.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: In his good days.
- Too Important to Walk: He's held up via Shield Surf by two Gauls. Unfortunately for his image, he ends up falling off for one reason or another (the main one being that the carriers are two different sizes).
The village bard and school teacher who is infamous for his bad singing voice.
- Always Camp: He's a singer, therefore has camp mannerisms and an imagined image of himself as a great, tortured artist.
- Born in the Wrong Century: An Alternate Character Interpretation - In Asterix and the Normans it's implied he'd be The Rock Star nowadays, but no-one understands his art because it's 50BC. Later books dispense with this idea.
- Butt Monkey / Chew Toy: Is frequently tied up at the end of the book when the villagers are celebrating.note
- Drama Queen: Never makes a fuss about his physical mistreatment by the other characters unless he wasn't going to sing, but other than that there is no misfortune he can't overreact to.
- Dreadful Musician: On occasion he's been shown to be an acceptable musician - for example, in Asterix and the Normans - but a terrible, terrible singer. He's so bad that he can cause storms to generate indoors. The other characters think nothing of resorting to violence to shut him up. None of this penetrates his illusion that he is a poetic genius...
- Fired Teacher: In Asterix and the Secret Weapon he was fired from his role as the village school teacher.
- Giftedly Bad: Despite his complete lack of music and singing talent, there are several characters over the course of the series who absolutely love his singing, and it has saved the day several times (such as by teaching the Normans the meaning of fear in Asterix and the Normans, or ending the Ganges valley drought in Asterix and the Magic Carpet). That said he seems to be a good teacher.
- Meaningful Name / Punny Name: Cacofonix, cacophony; Malacoustix, Mal + acoustics... less so in the original French (Assurances tous risques = Comprehensive insurance).
- Nice Guy: He's said to be a very pleasant person as long as you don't let him sing.
- Non-Action Guy: Unlike the other men of the village, he rarely takes part in fighting the Romans, only fighting when it is personal or there is no other option. Though he does do so once, beating the crap out of the Normans with a horn. He's outright identified in one book as the villager the Romans fear the least (and thus the best candidate to be kidnapped as a "present" for Caesar).
- Small Name, Big Ego: Despite being a terrible singer, he thinks he is a talented one. The almost universally negative reactions of everyone who hears him do nothing to dispel his illusion.
The blacksmith of the village.
- The Blacksmith
- Characterization Marches On: Fulliautomatix in Asterix the Gaul and Asterix and the Banquet looks and acts nothing like the character does in later books.
- Drop the Hammer: Given that he's a blacksmith. But he seems to be all too willing to use it on Cacofonix and against the Roman soldiers in battle.
- Jerkass: He's always starting fights with Unhygenix, hammering Cacofonix into the ground and mocking the advanced age of Geriatrix; he's basically the village bully.
- Family Theme Naming: His father is Semiautomatix.
- Those Two Guys: With Unhygienix.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: With Unhygienix. He has also let on on a couple of occasions that he doesn't really hate Cacofonix either.
The fisherman of the village, also sells his fish (imported from Lutetia by ox cart, a two-weeks trip
) in the market.
- Berserk Button: Don't say his fish isn't fresh.
- Does Not Like Shoes: He's always barefoot.
- Honor Before Reason: This is the reason why his fish isn't fresh; he could easily get fresh fish by just going fishing to the sea right next to the village, but he constantly insists on ordering it from Luteria (which as noted above is a two-weeks trip), arguing it's of better quality back here. By the time the fish arrives, it usually is already not fresh anymore.
- Meaningful Name: In the British edition, he's Unhygienix. In the American, he's Epidemix.
- His wife's name, appropriately enough, is Bacteria.
- Shamu Fu: His preferred method of fighting.
- Those Two Guys: With Fulliautomatix.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: Again, with Fulliautomatix.
The oldest villager.
- Dirty Old Man: Though it's not as obvious as more well-known examples.
- Glory Days: He fought at the Battle of Gergovia and is quite eager to remind everyone of it.
- Henpecked Husband: His wife saddles him with all the household chores.
- Meal Ticket: Averted. His incredibly sexy and much younger wife really does love him.
- The Napoleon: Very short (as short as Asterix) and has a bad temper.
- Punny Name: From "geriatric", an elderly person.
- His French name is taken from Âge canonique, meaning "very old age".
- Screw Politeness Im A Senior: Zigzagged. While he is a Grumpy Old Man, he demands that he be targeted in fights.
- Ugly Guy, Hot Wife: Despite being an ugly old man, he has a very beautiful wife.
- It's subverted, however in that Geriatrix is completely whipped, with him constantly doing all of her household chores, spoiling her, and following her every command, in spite of his advanced age. Since Asterix is a cartoon for adults, it's also implied that his wife is freed from the usual "wifely obligations." So it's something of a trade-off. Still, Geriatrix is perfectly able to fight Romans, party, drink and chase skirts as soon he gets out of his wife's eyesight.
Vitalstatistix's wife who proudly protects her status as the village's "first lady."
Mrs. Geriatrix (Mme Agecanonix)
Geriatrix's young, sexy and nameless wife.
- Cat Fight: Often gets into these with Impedimenta. A variation as well since both women have quite a violent streak.
- May-December Romance: She is still a very young woman. Her husband looks like he could be her grandfather.
- Ms. Fanservice: The most obvious example in the comic.
- No Name Given: She's one of few characters who is never named, in any language. She has been referred to as "Geriatrix's Wife" and "Mrs Geriatrix," but never gets a name of her own.
- Statuesque Stunner: Sexy character and also the tallest woman in the village.
- Ugly Guy, Hot Wife: She is extremely attractive. Her husband is an unattractive old man.
A beautiful villager. First introduced in Asterix the Legionary
A trendy teenager and Vitalstatistix's nephew.
- Lovable Coward: To the point where the Normans want him to teach them fear.
The leader of Rome based on the Real Life person
. A recurring villain of the series.
- Badass Cape: "Would you mind returning to Caesar that which belongs to Caesar?"
- Card-Carrying Villain: In Asterix Conquers America.
- Character Development: In the earliest albums, Caesar was little more than a villainous plot device that drove the Romans forward in their conquest of Europe; the original depiction doesn't even have the same design as the more well known version. Once he began to appear as an actual character rather than a generic Evil Emperor, he quickly became the dignified statesman he is for most of the series.
- Cleopatra Nose: While the actual Cleopatra has none!
- Deadpan Snarker: Especially toward Brutus and those who fail him.
- Enemy Mine: In the first live-action movie, after Detritus betrays and overthrows him, he has to work with the good guys to get his power back.
- Even Evil Has Standards: And he takes pride in it.
- Friendly Enemy: Very much so; he holds no personal inemity against the Gauls, despite having the ambition to conquer their last stronghold, and his main concern is the well being of Rome. Two episodes do show him being antagonistic towards them, notably Asterix and The Chieftain's Shield, and Asterix in Belgium.
- Horrible Judge of Character: Cannot for the life of him see Brutus attacking him. Looking back at history, we already know what that cost him.
- Manipulative Bastard: He has his moments.
- May-December Romance: With Cleopatra. They even have a child together. His name is Caesarion aka Ptolemy XV, and the reason Brutus takes on the Gauls' Village is Cleopatra sent the child to Asterix to keep him safe from Brutus.
- Noble Demon: even though he is willing to use deception, tricks and manipulation, he will always keep his word when he makes a promise, and be grateful to his enemies when they help him. When he finds in "Asterix and Son" the Gauls protected his son with Cleopatra from a murderous, power-hungry Brutus intent on securing power in Rome, Caesar's more than amiable to repair the damage Brutus wreaked.
- Third-Person Person: After explaining his plans to his lackeys: "Wow, he's amazing!" "Who?" "Well, you!" "Ah, him!"
Caesar's adoptive son.
- The Brute: Well with a name like that... Later we see his tactical skill, it amounts to "Burn it to the ground".
- Characterization Marches On: His appearance and general attitude has been largely unconsistant in the various cameos he made over the course of the series. It's not until Asterix and Son that he gets actually solid characterizations.
- Foreshadowing: Just about every one of his appearances reminds us that he will kill Caesar (though not in the series).
Caesar: (having gotten up to lead the others to the dining hall) You too, my son!
Brutus: (thinking) He's starting to annoy me with those classical allusions of his! One of these days I'm going to up and...
- Knife Nut: Is almost always playing with a knife (again, Foreshadowing), usually hurting himself with it.
- Knight of Cerebus: He was the main villain only for one book, but when it happened, he was one of the few villains to be played dead serious. He actually manages to burn the Gauls' village in the climax.
- Phrase Catcher: "Et Tu Brute."
- The Starscream: Asterix and Son reveals Brutus was after the "son" Asterix had because that was really Caesaerion, the son of Caesar and Cleopatra, and Brutus had tried to find AND kill the child to secure his ascention to the Roman throne. This story shows him out for once as a true Big Bad, and Caesar is aghast at this treachery.
- Took a Level in Jerkass: He never really was portrayed as particularly nice, but in Asterix and Son, he ascends to full-fledged villain who Would Hurt a Child.
- Top-Heavy Guy: Like most of the centurions, has huge hairy arms and chest with normal-sized legs.
- Better To Sink Than Be Sunk: On occasion, they will scuttle their own ship when Asterix and Obelix turn up; it saves them a few knocks and amounts to the same thing in the end. It gets pretty hilarious if they sink it when Asterix and Obelix didn't intend to attack them anyways.
- Boomerang Bigot: The captain seems to be a Gaul himself - he has a red beard and hair, wears a horned helmet, and swears by Gaulish gods.
- Chew Toy: Almost always getting their ship destroyed, and it's hilarious.
- Expy/Affectionate Parody: All of the pirates are expies of the characters from the Barbe Rouge (Redbeard) comics created by Jean-Michel Charlier and Victor Hubinon (and which, like Asterix itself, first appeared in the French comics periodical Pilote).
- Elmuh Fudd Syndwome: The Funetik Aksent of Baba, the African Lookout, has blanks instead of the letter "R".
- Failure Is the Only Option: They're never shown to successfully pillage anyone, always getting beat up, having their ship sunk, or both.
- Ineffectual Sympathetic Villains: It gets to the point that they're not even really villains as much as victims anymore.
- No Name Given: Until Asterix and Obelix all at Sea (the captain is still unnamed).
- Oh, Crap: "The Gau-Gau-Gauls!"
- Origin Story: One album shows that the pirates were originally Roman slaves that were put to work on a Roman villa resort near Asterix village. After they talk the Gauls into letting them finish the project so the overseer will set them free, they are paid a wage they have earned, and are on their way, with the future pirate captain mentioning that they might invest in a ship.
- Pirate Booty: Subverted; they always manage to cross paths with our heroes before they can steal enough to pay off their latest ship loan.
- Pretentious Latin Motto: The oldest pirate likes to utter Latin mottos.
- Reformed, but Rejected: In Asterix and the Cauldron, they give up piracy and open a restaurant instead. Unfortunately, Asterix and Obelix assume that they're the ones who stole the cauldron of coins and beat them up as per usual.
- The Pirates Who Don't Do Anything: Other than get their ship sunk.
- Throw the Dog a Bone: At the end of Asterix and the Cauldron, money literally falls out of the sky onto their ship.
- Yank the Dog's Chain: "They're all in Roman uniform; we can take 'em." Guess who's on board!
The queen of Egypt.
of the Germanic peoples (called Goths in the album).
- Bad Boss: And how! Prettym uch ever time he's contradicted he orders a public execution.
- The Chew Toy: Gets one victory, one impasse, and three defeats in the campaigns shown.
Metric's interpreter, and later one of at least ten rival kuningōz.
- Blatant Lies: In the hopes of saving his own neck.
- Oh, Crap: "He speaks Gothic [sic]." "He speaks Gothic."
The best architect in Alexandria...which isn't saying much. Edifis' ramshackled buildings are the joke of everyone not living in them. In spite of this, he's given the job of constructing the palace for Caesar in three months, or be fed to the sacred crocodiles. Luckily for him, he happens to be friend with Getafix, and manages to convince him to help with magic potion.
Edifis's rival in architecture. Artifis would like nothing more than see Edifis fed to the crocodiles, and works to sabotage the construction.
- Adaptational Villainy: In the comic, he actually ends up reconciling with Edifis and making a Heel-Face Turn. In the live-action movie, Edifis makes him the same offer, only for him to pull a Redemption Rejection.
- Ascended Extra: He was a Disk One Final Boss in the comic, where he is defeated at the end of the first half and replaced by the Romans. In the live-action movie, he gets a bigger role, actually joins force with the Roman and even has a climatic duel with Edifis.
- Beard of Evil: Especially in the movie.
- Defeat Means Friendship: In the comic, he reconciles with Edifis after being defeated.
- Green-Eyed Monster: Decides to sabotage Edifis' construction side because he is jealous the guy was chosen by Cleopatra instead of him to build the palace. More obvious in the live-action movie, where he didn't know Edifis before that and is motivated solely by jealousy, whereas in the comic they are long-time rivals.
- Evil Is Hammy: His actor is much more over-the-top in the live-action movie.
- Heads I Win, Tails You Lose: Offers a deal to Edifis as a proposal to work together to build Ceaser's palace: if the palace is built by the deadline, they share the glory and wealth. If not, Edifis goes to the crocodiles alone. Edifis refused, but on grounds that Artifis works his slaves to death.