- Adorkable: Mostly because of her strange tendencies. She's a bit of a space case, but in an endearing way. Her innocence is also a factor here. Many adaptations (the Disney version and the 1999 Hallmark version, for example) end up taking Alice's adorkableness Up to Eleven
- Casual Danger Dialogue: She spends her fall Down the Rabbit Hole making strange comments to herself and shows little concern for the fact that she's potentially falling to her death.
- Catch Phrase: "Let's pretend!" is referred to as her "favorite phrase" in Through the Looking-Glass
- Cloudcuckoolander: Alice spends a lot of time talking to herself in both books, including giving herself advice, has an extended monologue to a cat, pretends to be many people at once, and once frightened her nurse by saying Do let's pretend that I'm a hungry hyena and you're a bone! She's probably considered a bit odd in the 'real world', but once she gets to Wonderland she becomes the Only Sane Man.
- Constantly Curious: Which frequently leads to...
- Down the Rabbit Hole
- Elegant Gothic Lolita: Most depictions of her.
- Genre Savvy: After finding the "DRINK ME" bottle, Alice decides not to just immediately drink from it and instead checks to see if it's also labeled "poison"....for she had read several nice little stories about children who had got burnt, and eaten up by wild beasts, and other unpleasant things, all because they would not remember the simple rules their friends had taught them.
- Hair of Gold: Usually depicted with this, the most notable exception being the 1999 version.
- I Fell for Hours
- Kid Heroine
- Kindhearted Cat Lover: She adores her cat Dinah (and in the book extends the same adoration to Dinah's two kittens), and gets along famously with the Cheshire Cat, whom she calls "Cheshire-Puss".
- Literal-Minded: A few times; for example, when the Mouse says that he has a "long, sad tale", Alice assumes he means his tail and comments "it is very long, but why do you call it sad?" The proceeding tale is actually shaped like a tail.
- Little Miss Snarker
- Ms. Imagination
- Nightmare Fuel Station Attendant: "Nurse! Do let's pretend that I'm a hungry hyena and you're a bone!"
- Shrinking Violet: Try to count the number of times she's described as saying or doing something "shyly", "timidly" or "cautiously".
- Size Shifter: Mostly thanks to the "Eat Me" and "Drink Me" items, she changes sizes frequently throughout the first book.
- Too Dumb to Live: She really wasn't doing herself any favors when she talked about her bird eating cat...to an entire crowd consisting of birds.
- True Blue Femininity: Her dress is almost always shown as blue.
- Xenafication: Is often subject to it.
Dinah, Snowdrop and Kitty
- Adapted Out: Snowdrop (the white kitten) and Kitty (the black kitten), who are Dinah's kittens, appear only in the book of Looking Glass. They never appear in any adaptations, where Dinah is the only real-world cat to appear (and is often portrayed as a kitten herself).
- And You Were There: Played with in Looking Glass. As Alice wakes up, the Red Queen "turns" into a kitten in her hands, and she discovers that she's holding an actual, purring kitten (the kitten she fell asleep cuddling). Alice takes this as a sign that all three cats were with her in her dream. She identifies the black kitten as the Red Queen and the white kitten as the White Queen, and after a bit of thought decides that Dinah must have been Humpty Dumpty.
- Cute Kitten: Dinah in the Disney version (and in several other adaptations). Snowdrop and Kitty in Looking Glass.
- A Kitten Named Kitty: While Dinah and Snowdrop have proper names, the black kitten is never called by any name other than Kitty and is usually referred to as "the kitten" by the narrative.
- The Unseen: Dinah in the first book. Though Alice often talks about her (especially in earlier chapters), she never actually appears. She does appear in the second book, with her two kittens.
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Adventures in Wonderland
The White Rabbit
- Catch Phrase: "I'm late!" and "Oh my ears and whiskers!"
- Foil: According to Word Of God, he's this for Alice."And the White Rabbit, what of him? Was he framed on the "Alice" lines, or meant as a contrast? As a contrast, distinctly. For her 'youth,' 'audacity,' 'vigour,' and 'swift directness of purpose,' read 'elderly,' 'timid,' 'feeble,' and 'nervously shilly-shallying,' and you will get something of what I meant him to be. I think the White Rabbit should wear spectacles. I'm sure his voice should quaver, and his knees quiver, and his whole air suggest a total inability to say 'Boo' to a goose!"
- Follow the White Rabbit: The Trope Namer
- Half-Dressed Cartoon Animal
- Nervous Wreck
- Only Sane Man: Possibly. But that's not saying much.
- Among his house staff, definitely. Among everyone else, not so much.
- White Bunny: Duh.
- Hair-Trigger Temper: He's extremely easy to anger or offend.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: He's grouchy, arrogant and short tempered, but aside from that, he's a generally nice guy as long as you don't offend him.
- Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?: He is very afraid of cats.
- Author Avatar: According to some sources (Charles Dodgson had a stutter, and would introduce himself as "Do-do-dodgson").
- Other sources point out that Dodgson actually stammered, and so would not have repeated syllables.
- Composite Character: With Pat in the Disney version.
- Dumb Dodo Bird
- Know-Nothing Know-It-All: The Eaglet accuses him of being one, see Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness below.
- Nice Guy
- Self-Deprecation: A rumored reason as to why Dodgson specifically chose a dodo as his caricature was a speech impediment he had that caused him to stutter. As such, he would introduce himself as "Do-Do-Dodgson".
- Serious Business: He and the other birds and animals take the prizes at the end of the Caucus Race very seriously. Alice finds this very silly, but decides it would be rude to laugh after seeing just how serious they are about it.Dodo: We beg your acceptance of this elegant thimble.
- Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness: So much that the Eaglet tells him to "Speak English!" and accuses him of not knowing what half the words he uses means.
The Lory, the Eaglet and the Duck
- Bratty Half-Pint: The first line from the Eaglet is to yell at the Dodo for using big words and then accuse him of being a Know-Nothing Know-It-All.
- Know-Nothing Know-It-All: The Lory.Lory: (to Alice) I'm older than you and therefore must know better.
- Literal-Minded: The Duck is implied to be this.
- Write Who You Know: They are based on Alice's sisters Edith (the Eaglet) and Lorina (the Lory) and Rev. Robinson Duckworth (the Duck).
- Lampshaded when Alice is noted to talk familiarly with them, "as if she had known them all her life".
Bill the Lizard
- Butt Monkey / The Chew Toy: First he's catapulted out of a chimney, then Alice is kind of mean to him when he's part of the jury.
- Oh, No... Not Again!: The way the White Rabbit and Pat react to him shooting out of the chimney implies that things like that happen to him all the time.White Rabbit and Pat: There goes Bill!
- Catch Phrase: "Who are you?"
- Deadpan Snarker: In some adaptations. The 2010 adaptation deserves a special mention, as he's voiced by Alan "Severus Snape" Rickman.
- Intellectual Animal
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: He's haughty, impatient and grouchy... but he does help Alice out.
- The Omniscient: A common portrayal of him in adaptations and reimaginings is that he knows absolutely everything (American Mc Gees Alice and the Tim Burton adaptation are standouts here). In the book, we have no confirmation that he's omniscient, but compared to all the other animals in Wonderland, he might as well be.
- Only Sane Man: Probably the most level headed individual in Wonderland.
- Power Glows: In the 1999 Hallmark adaptation, especially when he turns into a butterfly.
- Smoking Is Cool: He smokes from a hookah. Quite a few adaptations (the two Disney movies especially) have him inflict Second Face Smoke on Alice as well.
- Suddenly Shouting: In the Disney adaptation:Alice: The other side of what?The Caterpillar, now a Butterfly: THE MUSHROOM, OF COURSE!
- Telepathy: Implied; he's prone to responding to things that Alice thinks as though she said it out loud.
- Ambiguous Gender: A lot of the animals in Wonderland lack established genders (even the Dodo and the Cheshire Cat were referred to as "it"s by the narrative) but this one is especially confusing; the Pigeon apparently has eggs to hatch, which is why it's so afraid of serpents, but it's never established if it laid the eggs (which, for obvious reasons, would designate it female) or was just hatching them (a job that would go to either gender).
- Nervous Wreck: Possibly more-so than the White Rabbit!
- Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?: After Alice accidentally makes her neck grow to enormous proportions, it mistakes her for a serpent and panics.
- Abusive Parent: To her baby during her first appearance.
- Catch Phrase/Faux Symbolism: Seems to like bringing up the "moral(s)" to just about anything, even if it borders on Insane Troll Logic. Alice even calls "morals" the Duchess' favorite word.
- Gonk: Her illustrations are based off of THIS◊ for one thing...
- Nice Hat: Her ermine-trimmed headdress.
- No Sense of Personal Space: When in a good mood, something that Alice finds rather disquieting. She's exactly the right height to rest her chin on Alice's shoulder, unfortunately for Alice.
The Cheshire Cat
- Adaptational Villainy: In the book, he's the closest thing Wonderland has to a Nice Guy and is the only character Alice thinks of as a friend. Quite a few adaptations, including the Disney movie, turn him into a callous Jerkass, and some of them even make him directly sinister and dangerous.
- Affectionate Nickname: Alice calls him "Cheshire-Puss". His reaction implies that he likes this nickname a lot.
- Cats Are Magic: He has abilities that no other Wonderlanders seem to possess, being able to disappear and re-appear at will.
- Cheshire Cat Grin: The Trope Namer
- Creepy Good
- Dark Is Not Evil: He's somewhat creepy looking (Alice decides to approach him cautiously, after observing his large amount of teeth and sharp claws) but is pretty much the friendliest individual Alice meets in Wonderland.
- Genre Savvy: He tells Alice that she can't help going among mad people in Wonderland and that it's best just to go along with it. Later, he materializes in the Queen's croquet ground as nothing but a head, presumably to avoid being beheaded by the Queen (or to mess with her).
- Jerkass: The Disney version, possibly as an instance of Cats Are Mean. Though not overly malicious and seeming friendly in his first two appearances, in the later parts of the film he seems to go out of his way to get Alice into trouble, for no good reason.
- This counts mainly for the actual movie, though. In later appearances in other stories and spin-offs, he's been softened up a bit and is more of a Blue and Orange Morality type.
- His portrayal in the Kingdom Hearts series is mainly neutral. He does help Sora with proving Alice's innocence, but later on sends a Trickster to attack him (Though he may have been giving a quick warning before it arrived). He's at his worst in the manga adaptation for Kingdom Hearts: 358/2 Days, where he throws a hedgehog at the Queen of Hearts and frames Roxas for it.
- Kick the Dog: The Disney version. After letting Alice take the blame for his pranks against the Queen, he vanishes, only to return at the end of Alice's trial, after Alice's failed attempt to stand up for herself, to make sure things go as bad as possible for her:Alice: Now as for you, Your Majesty... *starts shrinking* "Your Majesty," indeed! Why, you're not a queen! You're just a fat, pompous, bad-tempered old — *finally realizes she has shrunk down to normal size and is smaller than the Queen* — tyrant.
Queen of Hearts: *smiling dangerously* And what were you saying, my dear?
Cheshire Cat: *suddenly appears* Well, she simply said you're a fat, pompous, bad-tempered old tyrant! *laughs and disappears again*
Queen of Hearts: OFF WITH HER HEAD!
- Seems like some people at Disney thought this made him too much of a Jerkass, though, and in one of the Recursive Adaptation novelizations of the movie, this part is actually changed to the Cat redeeming himself with a pseudo-Big Damn Heroes moment; instead of showing up to make things worse for Alice at the trial, he shows up to confess, and to distract the Queen and the guards with a lot of nonsense, some of which is taken directly from the original book, allowing Alice to escape in the confusion.
- Literalist Snarking: In the Disney version.Cheshire Cat: (while standing on his own head) Can you stand on your head?Cheshire Cat: (while slowly disappearing) You may have noticed that I'm not all there myself.
- Nice Guy: By Wonderland standards, anyway. In the book, he's without question the friendliest character Alice meets, being the only one who actually listens to her without getting unreasonably offended or start insulting or threatening her. It's telling that when he reappears, Alice is actually glad to see him.
- Only Sane Man: In the Duchess's house, at least. Subverted, though, in that he proudly considers himself mad.
- Perpetual Smiler
- Reality Warper: Is capable of things that other Wonderlanders aren't, such as turning invisible, teleporting and even taking himself apart. While in the book he only seems to be able to affect himself, adaptations tend to ramp his reality bending powers Up to Eleven until he's basically the Wonderland equivalent to Q. In the 2010 film, he even transforms into the Hatter to save him from execution.
- Teleporters and Transporters: One of his most famous abilities.
- The Trickster: In the Disney film; and what is more, many other versions of this character follow it as well, having the cat get Alice in trouble, but never being truly mean-spirited, just mysterious.
- Beam Me Up, Scotty!: He is never called The Mad Hatter, only The Hatter, though the chapter he appears in is called 'The Mad Tea Party', and the Cheshire Cat refers to him and the March Hare as mad.
- The Cobbler's Children Have No Shoes: A more literal case, as during the court scene, he states that the hat he's wearing isn't his, and that being a hatter, he has no hat of his own.
- Expy: He and the Hare appear in Through The Looking Glass as the White King's messengers, Hatta and Haigha.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With The Hare.
- Jerkass: He's extremely tactless, especially to Alice and the Dormouse.
- The Mad Hatter: The Trope Namer
- Non Sequitur: His entire conversational style.
- Eye Take: When Alice reprimands him for making "personal remarks."
- Dreadful Musician: Well, given that the Queen of Hearts wanted to execute him for his singing at the royal concert...
- Composite Character: With Humpty Dumpty (the "unbirthday" routine) in the Disney adaptation.
The March Hare
- Deadpan Snarker
- Expy: He and the Hatter appear in Through The Looking Glass as the White King's messengers, Hatta and Haigha.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With The Hatter.
- Butt Monkey: Is often the brunt of abuse from both the Hatter and the March Hare. When Alice leaves the tea party, she notices the two of them trying to stuff him into a tea pot.
- Composite Character: With the Mouse in the two Disney films. Though the only trait from the Mouse he gets is his fear of cats.
- Sleepy Head: Lampshaded by the Hatter.Dormouse: You might as well say that "I breathe when I sleep" is the same as "I sleep when I breathe".Hatter: It is the same with you.
The Queen of Hearts
- Alpha Bitch
- Ax-Crazy: Kind of. She's obsessed with chopping off heads, but never actually does it.
- Berserk Button: In the Disney version, don't you DARE call her a "fat, pompous, bad-tempered old tyrant".
- Catch Phrase: "OFF WITH THEIR HEADS!"
- Composite Character: With the Red Queen in many adaptations, notably in the Tim Burton film.
- Deadpan Snarker: In the Hallmark TV movie.Knave of Hearts: Would I lie to you?Queen of Hearts: Yes.LaterQueen of Hearts: I am NOT in the habit of talking to myself! And yet, that's the only way I can get an intelligent conversation around here.
- God Save Us from the Queen!
- Hair-Trigger Temper: She seems very easily angered.
- Large Ham/Evil Is Hammy
- Pimped-Out Dress: Heart-themed of course.
- Playing Card Motifs: The Queen of Hearts.
- Psychopathic Womanchild: She's basically a spoiled bratty child trapped in the body of a tyrannical adult queen.
The King of Hearts
- Cannot Tell a Joke: So he has to inform people that he's telling a joke in order to get them to laugh.
- Henpecked Husband: Made even clearer in the Disney version.
- Man Child
- Playing Card Motifs: The King of Hearts.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: Tries to be one, anyway.
The Knave of Hearts
- Deadpan Snarker
- Finishing Each Other's Sentences: With the Mock Turtle while explaining the Lobster Quadrille.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With the Mock Turtle.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: He insults both Alice and the Mock Turtle (but mostly Alice) regularly, he's impatient and often rude, but overall he's one of the more amiable creatures in Wonderland.
- Only Sane Man: Seems to consider himself this in comparison to the Queen of Hearts and the Mock Turtle. He's actually just as wacky as everyone else in Wonderland, but he's a little nicer than them at the same time.
- Sensitive Guy and Manly Man: Manly Man to the Mock Turtle's Sensitive Guy.
The Mock Turtle
- Adorkable: His awkwardness and terrible puns make him utterly adorable.
- Finishing Each Other's Sentences: With the Gryphon while explaining the Lobster Quadrille.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With the Gryphon, it seems. They went to school together and are still friends.
- Hurricane of Puns:He seems to like them.
- I'm Crying But I Don't Know Why: He cries a lot. According to the Gryphon, he has no reason to cry whatsoever.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: He's a turtle with the head and tail of a calf, a reference to "mock turtle soup", which was usually made from calf parts.
- Nice Guy: One of the nicest.
- Sensitive Guy and Manly Man: Sensitive Guy to the Gryphon's Manly Man.
- Aloof Big Sister: Implied to be this.
- Aww, Look! They Really Do Love Each Other: At the beginning, Alice complains about her sister's activities not being exciting enough, but at the end she's all too happy to share the details of Wonderland with her.
- No Name Given: Though she was based off of Alice's real life sister, Lorina so some adaptations give her that name.
- Only Sane Woman: Although she never goes to Wonderland, she could be seen as this with Alice, at least. She is the Only Sane Character overall, though.
- Write Who You Know: It's believed that she was based off of the real Alice's older sister, Lorina.
Through the looking-glass
- Alpha Bitches: They're really quite rude to Alice.
- One of them is more so in the 1985 TV movie, while the rest is more good-natured.
- Beauty Is Bad
- Bitch in Sheep's Clothing
- Write Who You Know: Two of the flowers are based on Alice's two sisters Rhoda and Violet.
- Ascended Extra: He started off as a character within a poem, but in most adaptations he becomes an actual character.
- Big Bad: Of the Jabberwocky poem.
- The Dreaded: Implied, since in the poem, his death is met with much rejoicing. It's also implied that the only reason he hasn't already been slain is because everyone in the village was just too terrified of him to go after him.
- Giant Flyer: Implied, since he has a pair of wings on his back and easily towers over the hero.
- Glowing Eyes of Doom: His eyes are illustrated with light lines radiating from them.
- Hybrid Monster: He has a reptilian body, but also the wings of a bat and the head of a fish.
- Our Dragons Are Different
- Wolverine Claws: He has "claws that catch", which look quite impressive in the accompanying illustration.
The Red Queen
- Adaptational Villainy: The original version of the Red Queen isn't as nice as the White Queen, but she has no interest in chopping off heads despite what you might have heard.
- Affably Evil: According to Word Of God, "she must be formal and strict, yet not unkindly".
- Composite Character: With the Queen of Hearts in many adaptations, notably in the Tim Burton film.
I pictured to myself the Queen of Hearts as a sort of embodiment of ungovernable passion - a blind and aimless Fury. The Red Queen I pictured as a Fury, but of another type; her passion must be cold and calm - she must be formal and strict, yet not unkindly; pedantic to the 10th degree, the concentrated essence of all governesses!
- Word Of God has noted the difference between them to be the following:
- Etiquette Nazi
- Evil Redhead
- The High Queen
- Pride/It's All About Me: "All the ways about here belong to me!" For bonus points, it's also a chess joke.
- The Stoic
The White Queen
- Baleful Polymorph: She briefly turns into a sheep.
- Cloudcuckoolander: In-universe, SHE'S considered a bit strange.
- The Cuckoolander Was Right: Alice didn't know that her seemingly nonsensical shouts during their boating trip was actually real rowing jargon.
- Mad Oracle: Sort of.
The Red King
- All Just a Dream and Schrödinger's Butterfly: The more obvious example provides the page quote.
- Flat Character: Movie. He's got a voice actor, but most people assume he's the wizard, who's credited two seconds later.
- Heavy Sleeper
The White King
- Reasonable Authority Figure: Especially compared to most of the other Kings and Queens in these books.
- Cannot Tell a Joke
- Remember the New Guy: Refers to Alice as an "old friend" despite never appearing before.
- Laser-Guided Amnesia: Forgets that he's a fawn, just as Alice forgets who she is while they're both traveling through a forest.
- Only Sane Man: The most normal character in the second book.
- Reality Ensues: No Alice, the cute little fawn is not going to stay with you after realizing that you're a human.
Tweedledum and Tweedledee
- Boisterous Bruiser: Both are fat, loud, and always scrapping for a fight.
- Nursery Rhyme
- Single-Minded Twins
- Theme Twin Naming
The Walrus and the Carpenter
- Adaptational Villainy: The Walrus gets hit with this quite a lot, ignoring the fact that both of them are supposed to be bad guys.
- Big Eaters: Of cute little sentient oysters.
- Con Artist
- Mundane Made Awesome: The Walrus."The time has come", the Walrus said,"To talk of many things:Of shoes—and ships—and sealing-wax—Of cabbages—and kings—And why the sea is boiling hot—And whether pigs have wings."
- Villain Protagonists/Unsympathetic Comedy Protagonists
The White Knight
- Absent-Minded Professor.
- Author Avatar: According to some sources.
- The theory about the White Knight is widely believed by most scholars, however (given the fact that he was the only character in either book who seemed genuinely kind and polite to Alice, seemingly representing Dodgson's friendship with the girl he based the character on), although Dodgson himself never confirmed nor denied it.
- Bungling Inventor: Figures out a fantastic way to keep his sandwiches dry in case of wet weather: he simply fastens his lunchbox to his saddle upside down! However, he, ah, forgot to fasten the box shut properly...
- Ditzy Genius: Is a smart inventor, but is forgetful with most things.
- Dork Knight
- The Klutz
- Knight in Shining Armor: In a book teeming with Queens and Kings, he's the only one who acts remotely noble.
- Lord Error-Prone
- Nice Guy: He's very kind to Alice, who becomes upset when he has to leave.
- Catch Phrase: "It is very provoking"
- Classy Cravat: Alice is unsure if it is a cravat or a belt. He insists that it's the former.
- Doomed by Canon: In a bit of a Dramatic Irony, he tells Alice that he's not scared of falling off the wall, because if he does, the king has promised to send all his horses and all his men. No prizes for guessing what happens.
- Nursery Rhyme: Of course, he's probably the most famous nursery rhyme character to appear in the books.
- Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness: Mixed with You Keep Using That Word. He defends this by saying that he's the boss, not the words — and therefore he can make any word he says mean anything he wants.
The Lion and the Unicorn
- Boisterous Bruiser: Both of them.
- Faeries Don't Believe in Humans Either: The Unicorn is probably the most famous example of this in all literature. Eventually he agrees to believe in Alice because she believes in him.
- Miles Gloriosus: The Lion has traits of this.
- No Celebrities Were Harmed: In Tenniel's illustrations, the Lion and Unicorn are caricatures of William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli, respectively.
- Nursery Rhyme