Alice's Adventures in Wonderland has a lot of surreally funny moments; however, I must say that the funniest moments are probably at the white rabbit's house, the "serpent" bird, the mad tea party and the trial (especially considering that the Queen of Hearts becomes funnier at that point.)
Alice:After such a fall as this, I shall think nothing of tumbling down stairs. How brave they'll all think me at home! Why I wouldn't say anything about it, even if I fell off the top of the house!" (Which was very likely true.)
The White Rabbit sending one of his servants, a lizard named Bill, to dispatch the "monster" in his house (actually Alice, having grown ridiculously huge) only for said "monster" to kick him out of the chimney. The White Rabbit and his other servant, Pat, see Bill shooting out of the chimney and simply say "There goes Bill", as though stuff like this happens to him all the time.
The Mad Hatter and the March Hare!
"Your hair wants cutting!"
This exchange between Alice and the March Hare:
March Hare: Have some wine.
Alice: (looks around) I don't see any wine.
March Hare: There isn't any.
Alice: Then it isn't very civil of you to offer it.
The Mad Hatter's famous riddle, "Why is a raven like a writing desk?" What's really funny about it is the way it gets resolved; Alice ponders the answer while the Hatter repeatedly derails the conversation and eventually Alice gives up and asks the Hatter what the answer is. His response?
The Mad Hatter: I haven't the slightest idea.
When the Dormouse falls asleep, the Mad Hatter pours hot tea on his nose to wake him!
How the cheering guinea pigs are suppressed at the trial:
(As that is rather a hard word, I will just explain to you how it was done. They had a large canvas bag, which tied up at the mouth with strings: into this they slipped the guinea-pig, head first, and then sat upon it.)
"I'm glad I've seen that done," thought Alice. "I've so often read in the newspapers, at the end of trials, 'There was some attempt at applause, which was immediately suppressed by the officers of the court,' and I never understood what it meant till now."
And Haigha's Anglo-Saxon attitudes.
Speaking of Haigha, when he talks to the White King, he leans into the King's ear as though he's going to whisper...and then screams "THEY'RE AT IT AGAIN!" into the King's ear. The White King is not amused, though Alice and the readers are.
Real Life "behind-the-scenes"
Illustrator John Tenniel's not-so-subtle ways of trying to talk Dodgson into removing the "Wasp in a Wig" chapter because he did not want to have to draw a wasp in a wig. In countless letters to Dodgson about other things, he said things such as If you really want to shorten the book and make it more efficient, I'd see no better option than to cut "The Wasp in a Wig"…, or I read the new manuscript yesterday. It really is wonderful, but I'm afraid the "Wasp in a Wig" chapter is a bit weaker than the rest… You should consider cutting it.note In the end, Tenniel eventually spit it out, saying that there was no worse thing to ask an artist than to draw a wasp in a wig. Dodgson was eventually convinced, though the manuscript of the chapter has eventually been rediscovered.
The Queen's Jam Tart Adagio is an absolute riot, especially if the casting adds Tiny Guy, Huge Girl to the partnering jokes.
The Queen's Tango.
Not from the book, but the 1999 Hallmark adaptation:
Mouse: What's your name, if that isn't a rude question? Alice: It's Alice. Mouse: Oh...well, that's not your fault. Alice: (gives him a "what the heck?" look)