And when Elisa was shot in her apartment (accidentally by Broadway), Goliath tore through the city to get the gangster he believed did this. When he did find the gangster Tony Dracon, he was willing to kill the guy right then and there for what he (supposedly) did to Elisa.
Jake's dad OTOH, despite being an ordinary human, gets a couple good moments. He manages to save his son from some kind of winged, moose thing during a camping trip, and later saves him again from a bunch of vampires.
Even Peter Griffin on Family Guy is capable of this now and then (even if the rest of the time he is an outright Abusive Parent).
American Dad! also does this. "Surro-Gate" is a good example, as it shows a Camp Gay who previously solved fights with dance moves out of West Side Story punching out Stan in one hit after he kidnaps the guy's daughter.
Stan: That's not campy. That's not campy at all.
Stan despite his Jerkass tendencies certainly has traits of this with his children as well, like what he did to his own boss for insulting Hayley.
The Ren & Stimpy Show ... In "A Visit To Anthony," Ren and Stimpy are severely intimidated by Anthony's father. And they have every reason to be. He's very large, heavily muscled, despite his age, and unlike most of the "lummoxes" seen in the show, he is not only healthy-looking, but reasonably intelligent. Just getting a threatening speech from him puts the fear of god into you. His silent rage is even more frightening when coupled with his weeping when he thinks his son is in danger, even if it's just of being disappointed.
Fire Lord Ozai, even though he is not a good father.
Tenzin in the Sequel SeriesThe Legend of Korra is definitely this (and Aang was one to him). As is Korra's father Tonraq. And his brother Unalaq. And Asami's father, Hiroshi Sato (though he's another evil version). Really, in this series any dad who isn't deceased or absent will be this.
Ratchet (to the Autobot High Council): Omega Supreme is one of us. An Autobot. A friend. Harm one circuit on him and you'll answer to me.
It should be mentioned for the un-initiated, that Ratchet is both an old man and a medic, with no offensively designed equipment. Yet you still don't doubt that he could very well hand them their asses on a plate if pressed.
Somewhat off-screen in Winx Club and crossing with Mama Bear is Oritel (Bloom's Dad). After both he and his wife think both their daughters to be dead, they according to one account went completly berserk at the ones responsible; the Ancestral Witches. Considering how high they are in among other's Faragonda's and Valtor's regard, that says something about the power which was unleashed. Ouch. When Oritel has returned by Magical Adventure, he is fiercely protective of Bloom, banishes Sky from Domino when he thinks Sky has dumped Bloom, and doesn't hesitate to fight the Trix and Ancestral Witches when they threaten Bloom.
Ben 10 may be well able to protect himself thanks to the Omnitrix, but on one occasion, his father ended up attacking a High Breed with a BFG for threatening him. Considering how powerful the High Breed had been up to that point, doing that is pretty dang impressive. Ben's uncle Max has also shown traits of this.
And Ben grows up into one in at least one timeline.
Ant-Man II from The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes mainly uses his powers and abilities to ensure the safety and well-being of his young daughter. In the episode in which he officially became the new Ant-Man, he punished Crossfire for kidnapping her by kicking him in the face, then covering him in ants.
Inverted in Godzilla: The Series where Godzilla Jr will go to crazy lengths to protect his adopted father Nick.
But played straight with Nick. If you are human and you do something that harms Godzilla Jr, Nick will end you.
Buck Tuddrussel in Time Squad. While known to be a complete Jerkass at the worst of times, and often lets Otto get hurt through blind negligence; Tuddrussel will kick some major ass if Otto is in mortal danger and the thought of losing him to someone else makes him just as pissed. Same goes for the campy robot partner Larry, which crosses into Mama Bear territory.