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1[[quoteright:308:]]˛˛Fantasy/Detective series written by Creator/RandallGarrett in the 1960s and 1970s, set in an AlternateHistory with two major branches from our own:˛˛# King UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionHeart survived the crossbow wound and subsequent infection that killed him in our history, but the narrow escape caused him to reconsider his life and become a famously great monarch. Nobody ever got around to agitating for Magna Carta, and in the twentieth century the Plantagenet dynasty still rules absolutely in England -- not to mention France, most of the rest of western Europe, and North and South America.˛# The course of scientific discovery went down a different path, with the result that magic and psychic powers are well-understood phenomena with clearly-defined rules (but nobody knows much, or cares, about the physical sciences).˛˛As a result, in the 1970s, the Angevin Empire's society and technology largely resemble those of, to pick a comparison ''entirely'' at random, the Franchise/SherlockHolmes stories. But with wizards.˛˛Lord Darcy is an official investigator for His Highness the Duke of Normandy, solving mysteries too weird or too politically sensitive for the normal police to handle. He is ably assisted by Master Sorcerer Sean O Lochlainn, a one-man magical CSI department.˛˛In the later stories, Lord Darcy and Master Sean increasingly often become entangled in the espionage and counter-espionage of their world's version of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar, between the Angevin Empire and the ambitious-but-not-strong-enough-to-wage-conventional-war Polish Empire.˛˛Lord Darcy was introduced in 1964. ''Murder and Magic'' (1979) and ''Lord Darcy Investigates'' (1981) collect all of the Lord Darcy stories, bar two that were published later. Garrett also wrote one Lord Darcy novel, ''Too Many Magicians'' (1966), which fits between. A 2002 omnibus edition collects all three books and the two stray stories.˛˛In the 1980s, following Garrett's death, his friend and fellow-author Creator/MichaelKurland wrote two more Lord Darcy novels, ''Ten Little Wizards'' (1988) and ''A Study in Sorcery'' (1989).˛----˛˛!!The series provides examples of:˛˛* AllohistoricalAllusion: In one of Kurland's novels, a character views paintings of Plantagenet monarchs past, and speculates about how horribly history could've gone, had King Richard died sooner and the throne had passed to his JerkAss [[UsefulNotes/KingJohnOfEngland brother]], instead of his nephew.˛* AlwaysMurder: Well, mostly. Subverted in [[spoiler:"The Sixteen Keys"]], where it turns out they already know what the victim died of (it was natural causes--kinda), and just need Darcy to figure out where he'd hidden an important document before he snuffed it.˛* AmericaIsStillAColony: History diverged around 1199: the Anglo-French Empire is still ruled by a descendant of UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionHeart, and controls most of western Europe as well as America.˛* {{Arrowgram}}: At the beginning of Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', a company of English soldiers are escorting a group of Native Americans through the lands of another tribe with whom they have a bad history. The chief of the local tribe sends a message arrow into the tent of the head soldier, warning him that they plan to attack and giving him a chance to withdraw his men. (History being somewhat different in this series, the message is written in formal English on mass-produced notepaper with a printed letterhead.)˛* AssholeVictim: The dead nobleman in "The Eyes Have It" was widely disliked and hated and there's no shortage of potential suspects. [[spoiler: When Darcy determines the killer was the man's sister and she'd killed him in self defense when he tried to rape her, he's content to let the matter drop while the authorities search for a woman who doesn't exist. Although the implication is they're not going to try too hard]].˛* TheBaroness: Olga Polovski, Agent 055 of Serka, the Polish Secret Service, repeatedly named in-text as "The most beautiful and the most dangerous woman in Europe".˛* BlackMagic: Combined with SaintlyChurch, in that performing any kind of harmful deed through magic (even injuring a criminal in defensive combat) causes [[ThisIsYourBrainOnEvil irreparable mental damage of some sort]]. The clergy function as magical psychologists of a sort; though they can't "cure" people of the resulting ([[NotBrainwashed or causative!]]) evilness, they can magically detect psychosis and render such people [[BroughtDownToNormal incapable of working magic]] to prevent further harm to a black magician's mind. As a result, practicing magic requires an official license gained through examination by the clergy.˛* BlueBlood: Extremely prevalent, and even explained in-universe--the involvement of the office of the Duke's Investigator is ''required'' for crimes involving members of the aristocracy, while city Armsmen (local police departments) handle the investigation of crimes among the common people. Although the Duke's Investigator are also legally required to be called upon for assistance by the Armsmen in any case that goes beyond their ability to solve, so Darcy does handle several matters on that social level as well.˛* BlueCollarWarlock: Many magician characters are skilled tradesmen (for example, a locksmith in ''The Sixteen Keys'').˛* BrilliantButLazy: The Marquis of London, who Darcy believes could solve any case if he every actually bothered to get up and leave his house.˛* BrainwashingForTheGreaterGood: [[spoiler: Lord Seiger]] is a natural psychopath whose homicidal urges are suppressed by a Church-imposed ''{{geas}}''.˛* ChristianityIsCatholic: Literally so, as the Protestant Reformation never happened in this Verse. Although Eastern Orthodox is certainly around (in fact, in this Verse, the Byzantine Empire still exists) we don't get to really see any of it, and all the Christian clergy we see is Catholic.˛* ClarkesThirdLaw: Inverted. There are instances of devices that work on clearly understood principles, in our world, but in the Darcy world, their sages have no idea ''how'' they work, just that they do. Examples include the teleson (a telephone), and a device created by a top secret military research program: a flashlight.˛* ClearTheirName:˛** In "The Bitter End", Master Sean is accused of the murder by the bumbling [[Franchise/ThePinkPanther Sergeant Cougair Chasseur]].˛** Master Sean is also accused of the murder in ''Too Many Magicians'', but it's only a ploy by the Marquis of London to get Lord Darcy to come and investigate the murder for him, and Darcy deals with it swiftly instead of having it hanging over him throughout the investigation.˛* CombatClairvoyance: Commander Lord Ashley, in ''Too Many Magicians'', has just a touch of magical talent that gives him the occasional burst of prescience. The most dramatic presentation of this power comes when he's fighting an opponent armed with an enchanted sword that's effectively invisible; Ashley's power lets him accurately predict the other man's movements.˛* CouldHaveAvoidedThisPlot: At the end of ''Too Many Magicians'', it is revealed that the crimes were committed by [[spoiler:an officer who was TrappedByGamblingDebts in an attempt to recruit him as a double agent under threat of speaking to his superior about it and ruining his career. Lord Darcy remarks that had the offer to recruit come a bit earlier, the officer, instead of all the crimes, would have simply told his boss the debts were a deliberate gambit to draw out the spy ring, and would have had a successful career as a triple agent.]]˛* DeadMansChest: The woodworkers preparing to deliver the coffin of the Duke of Kent in "The Muddle of the Woad" are surprised to find that a body's already been stashed in it.˛* DeadPersonImpersonation: In [[spoiler:"The Muddle of the Woad"]].˛* DetectiveMole: [[spoiler:In ''Too Many Magicians'', the murderer is one of the people conducting the investigation; the people he murdered had each discovered, or were about to discover, that he had been subverted by the Polish secret service.]]˛* DisabilityAlibi: In one story, a suspect is cleared of the actual murder (if not another crime) when it's confirmed that he's not faking his paralysis, and thus could not have climbed the stairway to the murder scene.˛* TheEmpath: Sensitives (most of them priests) can sense the state of someone's mind, discover mental illnesses and identify a person by their mental "signature".˛* EnsignNewbie: Lieutenant Darcy is a self-acknowledged one in "The Spell of War", learning from his SergeantRock.˛* EverybodyDidIt: Proposed and then shot down in "The Napoli Express", in a fairly obvious critique of ''Literature/MurderOnTheOrientExpress''.˛* ExactWords:˛** In "The Napoli Express", Lord Darcy is pretending to be a priest. When an investigator asks if he knows anything about criminology, he says that he has heard the confessions of criminals many times.˛** In Kurland's ''A Study In Sorcery'', the Angevin governor of New England guarantees his agents' loyalty with a magically-reinforced oath, by which they swear to be loyal servants to their sovereign and his appointed proxies. [[spoiler:Unfortunately, the oath's wording neglects to ''name'' the sovereign to be served, to save having to reconstruct the spell every time a new king takes the throne, which means a Polish spy can take the oath without consequence by staying loyal to Poland's monarch.]] Also an issue with Pyramid Island's avoidance spell, which was designed to repel anyone without a legitimate purpose in coming there. [[spoiler: Turns out that the gun-runners honestly believed that smuggling weapons on and off the island ''was'' a "legitimate" purpose.]]˛* EyeRemember: Used in an attempt to discover the murderer's identity in "The Eyes Have It". [[spoiler: Subverted in that the image retrieved is the victim's subjective view of the murderer, which doesn't really look anything like her.]]˛* FakingTheDead: In Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', [[spoiler:an attempt on Lord Darcy's life apparently succeeds, but it's actually a ruse to draw the murderer out of hiding.]]˛* FantasticCatholicism: Most priests have magical abilities - Healing, [[TheEmpath Sensing]], or, in some cases, both.˛* AFoggyDayInLondonTown: An important plot sequence in ''Too Many Magicians'' happens during a pea-soup foggy London night. It's also stated that psychics can foresee when fog will be present and disperse, and their predictions are part of the newspaper weather report.˛* ForWantOfANail: Richard the Lionheart's survival resulted in the discovery that led to the harnessing of magic. (It might be easier to imagine a timeline in which the harnessing of magic resulted in Richard's survival, but it's explicitly stated that in this timeline Richard's survival came first.) The explanation is that Richard's brush with death caused him to change his rulership style. For the remainder of his reign, he encouraged learning and the arts. And this trend continued under his successor; his nephew Arthur. It was the academic environment fostered by Richard and Arthur that led to the discovery of the rules of magic.˛* FunctionalMagic: More functional than science, as it basically supplants it in this universe.˛* FunetikAksent: Polish characters who aren't trying to disguise themselves as Angevin subjects tend to have this.˛* {{Geas}}: One of the characters is a psychopath with murderous tendencies, and thus had a geas put on him that makes him incapable of harming anyone unless [[spoiler:he's given a specific code word by his superior.]] (self-defense is not an included option, since a psychopath may interpret a simple slap as something justifying a murder) It's mentioned that geas are often used to "treat" people with dangerous mental conditions.˛* GentlemanWizard: Several minor characters (including a couple of victims). Recurring character Lord John Quetzal is an interesting case, as he's a nobleman and a gentleman, but he's from the colonies (Mexico, in our version of reality), which gives him some interesting quirks.˛* {{Glamour}}: A non-magical version occurs is "The Eyes Have It" when it's revealed that the image extracted from a dead man's eyes isn't what he ''saw'', it's what he ''perceived''. Once he knows this, Darcy realizes that [[spoiler: the killer, an impossibly beautiful woman seen in that image, doesn't exist. It's how the dead man pictured his sister in his mind, and she killed him in self-defense when he attempted to sexually assault her]].˛* GlamourFailure: Spells such as illusion stop being effective when one looks into a mirror, as the spell acts on the mind of others rather than the environment, and thus an illusory object won't have a reflection.˛* GreatDetective: Both Darcy himself and his cousin the Marquis of London.˛* HandOfGlory: Lord Darcy finds one in "The Eyes Have It".˛* {{Infodump}}: Because the stories were originally published separately, the exposition about Richard the Lionheart surviving and magic being developed gets repeated over and over again in every story.˛* IntrinsicVow: The King's Messengers all take one to never reveal an official message to anyone but the intended recipient. It's backed up by a magical compulsion to ''die'' rather then reveal it.˛* IstanbulNotConstantinople: Especially when it comes to the Americas, which are called New England (North A.) and New France (South A.).˛* ItWillNeverCatchOn: In one story, a wizard speaks disparagingly of a folk superstition that [[ThatOldTimePrescription wounds can be treated with a kind of mould]]. In another, a man engaged in chemical research is regarded as a time-wasting eccentric (although Darcy, at least, thinks he's on to something).˛* TheLawsOfMagic: The series could practically serve as a textbook on the subject.˛* LockedRoomMystery: At least half the series. Notably, in spite of the obvious temptation, the answer is ''never'' "AWizardDidIt" (Though in one case a wizard ''tried'' to do it, but failed because someone else did it first).˛* MagicAIsMagicA: Magic is so systematized that performing a particular spell will ''always'' have the same result.˛* MagicCompass:˛** In one story, Master Sean enchanted a splinter left behind by a murder weapon and used it to find the rest of the weapon.˛** "The Ipswich Phial" has Master Sean give Lord Darcy a "tracker", a piece of wood broken and enchanted so that the holder of one piece can tell where the other is.˛** Another character has this as one of his magical abilities--once he locks onto someone, he can tell which direction and roughly how far (up to a certain range) the target is from his location.˛* MagicWand: A different sort for practically every spell Sean O Lochlainn carries out, of various colors, materials, sizes and decorations.˛* MajoredInWesternHypocrisy: Several instances, though all without the hypocrisy part because the Angevin Empire is better than its counterparts in our world. The most prominent example is Lord John Quetzal, a native American nobleman who is studying in London in ''Too Many Magicians''. The "character wrong-footed by foreigner's education" version appears in Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', where Lord Darcy meets a woman who has invented a dramatic past for herself that includes a stint in the harem of the son of the Osmanli Sultan; in the course of dissecting her story, he mentions that he and the son of the Osmanli Sultan were at Oxford together.˛* MimingTheCues: In "The Napoli Express", a murder is committed while Lord Darcy is undercover, leaving him unable to take official charge of the investigation. While another detective leads the investigation with Master Sean's assistance, Lord Darcy uses hand-signals to prompt Master Sean to suggest "what Lord Darcy would do next if he were here".˛* MindOverManners: The priests, especially Sensitives, often refuse to dig thorugh someone's mind without a really good reason because of their work ethic.˛* ModernMayincatecEmpire: Garrett left the state of things in the Americas largely undefined, but ''Too Many Magicians'' mentions that the Aztec emperor Montezuma's descendants now rule "Mechicoe" as noblemen of the Angevin Empire. Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', being set largely in North America, is much more specific, and adds that part of the Aztec Empire continues unabated farther south.˛* MrExposition: Master Sean, who's a teacher when he's not helping bust criminals, has a tendency to accompany every forensic test he does with an explanatory lecture. Lord Darcy encourages him, even when [[AsYouKnow he's seen this test done before]], because [[JustifiedTrope the lecture is never exactly same, so there's always a chance to learn something]]. This habit of Sean's is justified by explaining that he was formerly employed as a university professor in the subject, so he's gotten in the habit of explaining what he's doing to the audience every time he does it. It's also mentioned that doing so helps him maintain his focus on the task.˛* MuggleWithADegreeInMagic: Sir Thomas Leseaux, who has no magical ability, but is the world's leading expert in creating new spells due to his knowledge of magical theory.˛* TheNeidermeyer: The commander of Darcy's unit in "The Spell of War".˛* NoodleIncident: In "Too Many Magicians", a few of Darcy's unseen cases are mentioned in passing, but nothing more is revealed about them. Similarly, at least one case mentioned by a FanBoy in "Ten Little Wizards" is not covered in the extant stories.˛* OriginsEpisode: "The Spell of War", one of the last-published stories, recounts the first meeting of Lord Darcy and Master Sean on a battlefield during their world's equivalent of World War II.˛* OnlyOneName: Lord Darcy's given name is never revealed. In "The Spell of War", where he's not yet inherited his title, he's referred to as "Lieutenant Darcy".˛* OrientExpress: "Murder on the Napoli Express" is set on the Angevin Empire's counterpart to the famous train.˛* PerceptionFilter: The avoidance spell makes people subconsciouly avoid looking at or noticing anything it's cast upon, serving as a more effective version of an invisibility spell (which is discussed and then discarded as not helping with sounds or smells).˛* PhoneInDetective: The Marquis of London (an {{Expy}} of Literature/NeroWolfe).˛* PoirotSpeak: Played with in "The Bitter End", which is set in Paris and features the alternate universe version of [[Franchise/ThePinkPanther Inspector Clouseau]].˛* RichardNixonTheUsedCarSalesman: In a world where the automobile was never invented, Ferrari of Milan is a noted manufacturer of firearms.˛* RightForTheWrongReasons: Captain Rimbaud in "The Spell of War" planned to have his men charge the Polish troops before their artillery could shell the ravine, rather than retreat and report the field pieces' position as Darcy suggests. Rimbaud was merely determined not to fall back because he considered it cowardly, but given that the Polish troops were illusions, it would've actually been the correct tactic under the circumstances.˛* RoyalWe: King John IV uses this when speaking as King-Emperor and drops it on those rare occasions where he needs to speak man to man.˛* SaintlyChurch: Apparently magic makes it possible to ensure that only suitable people become priests (and has presumably cleared up the whole is-there-a-God question, although that point is never really addressed).˛* SecretKeeper: In ''A Study In Sorcery'', Darcy and Sean are entrusted with the Gemini Secret of [[spoiler: long-distance communication between the Old and New World]], a ''very'' important state asset which they swear never to reveal.˛* SecretTest: A children's puzzle-toy displayed at the sorcerers' convention in ''Too Many Magicians'' also serves as a test for magical ability. If a child is Talented, their own gift will keep the toy operational even after its built-in enchantment has expired.˛* SerialKillingsSpecificTarget: The ultimate target in ''Ten Little Wizards''.˛%%Shout Outs now have their own page.˛* SmokingGunControl: A character once comments that detective work in cities would be a lot easier without all the anti-scrying spells placed on homes and businesses. Darcy comments that if these were not there, detective work would be non-existent--you could just call in a journeyman sorcerer to use some basic divination spells and the case would be solved in under an hour. He also mentions that this would also eliminate all hope of personal privacy, as any interested mage could scry into your house or office whenever they wanted (this being the reason that anti-scrying spells are placed on homes and businesses in the first place). ˛* SpellConstruction: Although magic is limited to those with the Talent, actually casting a spell requires intricate and specific ingredients and actions.˛* TheStarsAreGoingOut: In "The Ipswich Phial", a top-secret magical effect makes Father Lyon ''think'' this has happened, by causing a sort of hysterical blindness in a localized area.˛* StealthPun: The infamous subplot in ''Too Many Magicians'' involving the [[Series/TheManFromUNCLE uncle from the Isle of Man]].˛* SummationGathering: Most notably in ''Too Many Magicians'', but also in several of the other stories.˛* SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic: A key element to the whole series. Magic has been analized to the point it can be taught as an university topic and has clear laws that are so obvious and rigid, "regular" science (which doesn't adhere to stuff like [[TheLawsOfMagic Law of Similariy or Law of Relevance]]) is considered obviously false.˛* SwordCane: In "The Napoli Express", a sword cane (and the fact that it wasn't used) provides a vital clue in solving the murder.˛* ThatOldTimePrescription: The series occasionally shows that medical science dead-ended once magic turned out to be easier by having somebody refer to "superstitious folk remedies" such as treating wounds with mould or using foxglove extract to treat heart trouble.˛* ThrillerOnTheExpress: ''The Napoli Express'', being a homage to ''Literature/MurderOnTheOrientExpress''.˛* TrappedByGamblingDebts: Happens to one character in ''Too Many Magicians''.˛* TryToFitThatOnABusinessCard: The King's official titles:˛-->"John IV, by the Grace of God, King and Emperor of England, France, Scotland, Ireland, New England and New France, King of the Romans and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Defender of the Faith." That's the short version. The long one includes a bunch of knightly orders and additional Alternate Universe name-drops (e.g. Supreme Chief of the Moqtessumid Clan). ˛* {{Tuckerization}}: Creator/MichaelKurland gets name-checked several times in various stories, and the greatest wizards of the Angevin Empire include Sir Lyon Gandolphus Grey (Creator/LSpragueDeCamp by way of Creator/JRRTolkien), Sir Edward Elmer (Creator/EEDocSmith), and Sir James Zwinge (Randall James Zwinge, aka The Amazing Randi).˛* TwinTelepathy: A minor plot point in Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery''.˛* {{Uncoffee}}: Referred to instead as "caffe". One reference in ''Ten Little Wizards'' indirectly implies it may actually be ''hot chocolate'', not coffee.˛* UnfriendlyFire: In "The Spell of War", Darcy, a young officer at the time, chooses not to notice that the commander of his unit--who'd been a tyrant and endangered the men--had a low-angle bullet entry wound from a pistol... received while under fire from a sniper who was using a rifle from a high angle. (The soldier who killed him died almost immediately afterward, while the one piece of evidence--the body--is destroyed in an artillery barrage; Darcy chooses to [[ThePowerOfLegacy protect the soldier's reputation]].)˛* UnreliableNarrator: The opening of [[spoiler: ''Too Many Magicians'' has the close third-person thoughts of an intelligence agent noting that he couldn't see any evidence to indicate who might have committed the murder. At the end of the novel, it revealed he had been checking to make sure ''he'' hadn't left any behind.]]˛* UtilityMagic: Most spells have fairly MundaneUtility. The one Master Sean uses most commonly is a preservation spell, whose primary purpose is to keep the body from decomposing, but is also applied in this world's equivalent of fridges.˛* WhoMurderedTheAsshole: Count D'Evreux, the victim in "The Eyes Have It", has many personality flaws. The underling who finds his body says outright that he'd always expected the Count to wind up being done in by somebody.˛-->'''Marquis of Rouen:''' If Your Highness is looking for motive, I fear there is a superabundance of persons with motive.˛* WitchSpecies: In order to practice magic, one must be born with "the Talent". This exists to varying degrees, such that only a small portion of the population can work magic, some others exhibit strange powers, nearly all can at least perceive strong magic to some extent, and a few on the other end are magically inert and utterly unable to directly sense the supernatural. Interestingly, the world's foremost magical theorist and expert in the symbolic manipulations underlying modern magic happens to be unable to work magic at all.˛* WorldOfPun: Not at the pun-per-paragraph extreme, but the series definitely keeps the punometer ticking away. Especially when it comes to the literary shout-outs, which are often veiled behind the French equivalent of CanisLatinicus, as with master-spy James le Lien.[[note]]"lien" = "[[Literature/JamesBond bond]]"[[/note]] %%Additional examples can go on the Shout Out page.˛* YouAreInCommandNow: Happens to both Darcy and Sean in "The Spell Of War".˛----


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