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1[[quoteright:300:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/jeancocteau.jpg]] ˛˛Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a one-of-a-kind multi-talented French artist -- novelist, poet, playwright, theatre director, filmmaker, actor, designer, graphist, ceramicist, stained glass maker and whatnot. He was also a talent manager. Very much a RenaissanceMan, he considered himself as a poet above all. ˛˛He first gained prominence in the UsefulNotes/{{Paris}}ian Avant-Garde art circles in the 1910s, along with writers such as Guillaume Apollinaire and artists such as Amedeo Modigliani and Creator/PabloPicasso. He wrote about two dozens of theatre plays.˛˛He directed six films, wrote seven films, wrote dialogues in five films, and acted in four films. His most famous directorial efforts are ''Film/{{Beauty and the Beast|1946}}'' (1946) and ''Film/{{Orpheus}}'' (1950), both starring his longtime [[TheMuse muse]] and lover Creator/JeanMarais.˛˛He was also famous for his distinctive graphic style of side view faces, which he showcased in a number of drawings, engravings, painted ceramics, book covers and theatre posters. Those art works also included the stained glass of the Metz Cathedral and a Marianne [[note]]a woman symbolizing the French Republic[[/note]] postage stamp. He also drew a number of gay erotic/pornographic illustrations.˛˛Cocteau passed away on October 11, 1963, a few hours after his friend Music/EdithPiaf (who died on October 10). Some have attributed it to a heart attack after learning of Piaf's passing, but people close to him like Jean Marais noted he suffered from a pulmonary edema and that his heart couldn't stand it anymore.˛----˛!!Works TV Tropes:˛˛* ''Film/TheBloodOfAPoet'' (1932, directed)˛* ''Film/{{Beauty and the Beast|1946}}'' (1946, directed)˛* ''Film/LesEnfantsTerribles'' (1950, wrote the screenplay)˛* ''Film/{{Orpheus}}'' (1950, directed)˛* ''Film/TheTestamentOfOrpheus'' (1959, directed)˛˛----˛!!Tropes in his works:˛˛* {{Tragedy}}: Some of his plays were directly inspired by Greek tragedies such as ''Theatre/{{Antigone}}'' and ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing''. The trope applies to his films as well, ''Beauty and the Beast'' and ''Orpheus'' especially.˛----

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