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* [[NewWaveMusic New Wave]] and SynthPop became two of the signature sounds of the '80s, starting in the Britain in the '70s but really garnering popularity in the United States around this decade. Artists such as A Flock of Seagulls, Duran Duran, Music/TalkingHeads, The Buggles, Music/NewOrder and Music/DepecheMode garnered big hits.

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* [[NewWaveMusic New Wave]] and SynthPop became two of the signature sounds of the '80s, starting in the Britain in the '70s but really garnering popularity in the United States around this decade. Artists such as A Flock of Seagulls, Duran Duran, Music/AFlockofSeagulls, Music/DuranDuran, Music/TalkingHeads, The Buggles, Music/TheBuggles, Music/NewOrder and Music/DepecheMode garnered big hits.


** Creator/UnitedArtists merged with Creator/[[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]] in 1981. UsefulNotes/TedTurner would purchase their film library in 1986 to get material for his "Turner Network Television" cable channel.

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** Creator/UnitedArtists merged with Creator/[[MetroGoldwynMayer [[Creator/MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]] in 1981. UsefulNotes/TedTurner would purchase their film library in 1986 to get material for his "Turner Network Television" cable channel.


* Series also started experimenting with settings -- no longer were the standard dramas and comedies confined to the three biggest cities. ''Series/EightIsEnough'' was set in Sacramento, for example, while DuelingShow ''Series/{{Family}}'' was set in Pasadena. Later on, UsefulNotes/WashingtonDC and UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco became very popular in this respect.

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* Series also started experimenting with settings -- no longer were the standard dramas and comedies confined to the three biggest cities. ''Series/EightIsEnough'' was set in Sacramento, for example, while DuelingShow [[DuelingWorks Dueling Show]] ''Series/{{Family}}'' was set in Pasadena. Later on, UsefulNotes/WashingtonDC and UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco became very popular in this respect.


* EightiesHair tended towards the big and foofy. This was true for men, too -- though never as big as women's hair, men's hair was longish by today's standards, and buzz cuts were extremely rare. Especially in the early '80s, 'fros (afros) hung on from the '70s. Side ponytails and big neon scrunchies were popular among little girls and teenagers. Crimping irons with swappable plates were a must-have, including [[http://i54.tinypic.com/rhjvo4.jpg some]] that did not work at all as intended, unless you turned your hair into a sheet of hairspray and then didn't move.

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* EightiesHair tended towards the big and foofy. This was true for men, too -- though never as big as women's hair, men's hair was longish by today's standards, and buzz cuts were extremely rare. Especially in the early '80s, 'fros (afros) hung on from the '70s. Side ponytails and big neon scrunchies were popular among little girls and teenagers. Crimping irons with swappable plates were a must-have, including [[http://i54.tinypic.com/rhjvo4.jpg some]] that did not work at all as intended, unless you turned your hair into a sheet of hairspray and then didn't move. The [[SeventiesHair slightly longer hairstyles from the '70s]] like the bowl cut remained popular for boys and young men into the early '80s.


* Horror cinema had one of its periodic boom eras.
** The first wave of [[SlasherMovie Slasher Movies]] crested and broke, with long-running franchises spun around such heavies as [[Franchise/{{Halloween}} Michael Myers]], [[Franchise/FridayThe13th Jason Voorhees]], and [[Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet Freddy Krueger]]. In the U.K., this tied into the supposed scourge of VideoNasties.
** Creator/StephenKing, being both popular and prolific, saw many of his horror novels and short stories adapted to the big screen in this decade with mixed results. (One of his ''non''-horror stories, "The Body", became the basis for the much-loved ''Film/StandByMe'' as well.)
** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times.

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* Horror cinema had one of its periodic boom eras.
eras:
** The first wave of [[SlasherMovie Slasher Movies]] crested and broke, with long-running franchises {{Villain Based Franchise}}s spun around such heavies characters as [[Franchise/{{Halloween}} Michael Myers]], [[Franchise/FridayThe13th Jason Voorhees]], and [[Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet Freddy Krueger]]. Krueger]], making for the most popular horror heavies since the original run of Franchise/UniversalHorror films. In the U.K., this tied into the supposed scourge of VideoNasties.
VideoNasties. Directors like Creator/WesCraven and Creator/SamRaimi became household names in horror circles, and actors such as Creator/BruceCampbell and Creator/RobertEnglund similarly became BMovie royalty by decade's end.
** Creator/StephenKing, being both popular and prolific, saw many of his horror novels and short stories adapted to the big screen in this decade with mixed results. (One One of his ''non''-horror stories, "The Body", became the basis for the much-loved ''Film/StandByMe'' as well.)
well.
** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories concepts of the 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times.


* Disney launched a distribution label called Creator/TouchstonePictures. Touchstone which was meant to handle films that were aimed at mature audiences which tended to be darker than the films branded under Creator/WaltDisneyPictures which tended to stick with more family friendly fare. The success of Touchstone was key in establishing Disney as a bonafide major Hollywood studio.

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* Disney launched a distribution label called Creator/TouchstonePictures. Touchstone which was meant Creator/TouchstonePictures to handle films that were aimed at mature adult audiences which tended as opposed to be darker than the films those branded under Creator/WaltDisneyPictures which tended to stick with more family friendly remained family-friendly fare. The success of Touchstone was key in establishing Disney as a bonafide major Hollywood studio.
* In a related issue, while there were many kid-friendly hit movies in this decade, in general the industry was still aimed primarily at adults. Beyond SummerBlockbuster season (which ran from Memorial Day weekend to mid-August), just about any other kind of movie could be offered up at any time of year, and R ratings were more the rule than the exception.


** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.

to:

** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. times.
**
There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}''. '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes''. Most successfully, there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}'', the other side successful sophomore effort of up-and-coming ex-Disney animator Creator/TimBurton.
** For a step up from slasher movies, this was
the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned decade when hard-R BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.took off on the big screen, spearheaded by provocative Canadian director Creator/DavidCronenberg. While his films and John Carpenter's similarly grisly ''Film/TheThing1982'' were greeted with howls of disgust from MoralGuardians and more squeamish critics, they also found defenders who appreciated their intelligent screenplays, excellent acting, and even socio-political commentary.


** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.

to:

** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], ghosts [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.


** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s-'50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, werewolves, vampires, ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.

to:

** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s-'50s. 1930s to '50s. Often DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, werewolves, vampires, [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent werewolves]], [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.


** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheThing1982 if not outright remade]], the horror films of the 1930s-'50s. Often BloodierAndGorier and sometimes HotterAndSexier, werewolves, vampires, ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.

to:

** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheThing1982 [[Film/TheBlob1988 if not outright remade]], the horror films and stories of the 1930s-'50s. Often BloodierAndGorier DarkerAndEdgier, BloodierAndGorier, and sometimes HotterAndSexier, werewolves, vampires, ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into a hard-R art form.


** At home, however, things were not as well as they seemed - many people were tired of living in a strict, postwar society, many people were ''not'' part of the economic boom or were only so much as working 20 hour days, and while, at the time, Japanese technology was at the top of the world, it would become obsolete. {{Yakuza}} and other criminals infested nearly every part of business and politics and all of the other expanding industries, and the amount of people who were the ObstructiveBureaucrat or outright corrupt involved in every part of the bubble businesses were too numerous to even be counted, as was the financial fraud at nearly every point of it, which often got a pass due to CultureJustifiesAnything and cultural ignorance overseas (meaning someone could run an outright {{Ponzi}}, for example, and say it was Japanese business practice, and a lot of more gullible overseas financial industry people would happily shovel in money, not realizing that native Japanese would spot the scam instantly.) Many disaffected young men became ''bosozoku'' (biker gang members) or ''yankii'' (JapaneseDelinquents), and occasionally bosozoku, yankii, and Visual bandmen (all of whom readily mixed as subcultures drawing from each other) would get into truly violent and dangerous fights involving knives, baseball bats, fists, improvised weapons, and occasionally fire via Zippo lighters and occasionally pyrotechnics. Mental illness was often unrecognized and untreated (or poorly treated), working conditions could best be described as "hell on earth," and the use of alcohol and tobacco was irresponsible and off the charts by almost anyone who was an adult, and some who weren't - and the country and several subcultures in it, including the bosozoku, experienced the first "speed boom," with first diverted pharmaceutical pill methamphetamine and soon crystal methamphetamine becoming somewhat available for the first time via the yakuza since postwar times. AIDS denialism existed as ''national policy'' and as many people's personal belief, that no Japanese could or would contract HIV/AIDS.

to:

** At home, however, things were not as well as they seemed - many people were tired of living in a strict, postwar society, many people were ''not'' part of the economic boom or were only so much as working 20 hour days, and while, at the time, Japanese technology was at the top of the world, it would become obsolete. {{Yakuza}} and other criminals infested nearly every part of business and politics and all of the other expanding industries, and the amount of people who were the ObstructiveBureaucrat or outright corrupt involved in every part of the bubble businesses were too numerous to even be counted, as was the financial fraud at nearly every point of it, which often got a pass due to CultureJustifiesAnything and cultural ignorance overseas (meaning someone could run an outright {{Ponzi}}, for example, and say it was Japanese business practice, and a lot of more gullible overseas financial industry people would happily shovel in money, not realizing that native Japanese would spot the scam instantly.) Many disaffected young men became ''bosozoku'' [[JapaneseDelinquents ''bosozoku'']] (biker gang members) or ''yankii'' (JapaneseDelinquents), and occasionally bosozoku, yankii, and Visual bandmen (all of whom readily mixed as subcultures drawing from each other) would get into truly violent and dangerous fights involving knives, baseball bats, fists, improvised weapons, and occasionally fire via Zippo lighters and occasionally pyrotechnics. Mental illness was often unrecognized and untreated (or poorly treated), working conditions could best be described as "hell on earth," and the use of alcohol and tobacco was irresponsible and off the charts by almost anyone who was an adult, and some who weren't - and the country and several subcultures in it, including the bosozoku, experienced the first "speed boom," with first diverted pharmaceutical pill methamphetamine and soon crystal methamphetamine becoming somewhat available for the first time via the yakuza since postwar times. AIDS denialism existed as ''national policy'' and as many people's personal belief, that no Japanese could or would contract HIV/AIDS.


** Anime and manga were first introduced to the world on a wide scale as something other than adapted "kid stuff," including what was widely recognized as the first mature dramatic animated film, ''Manga/{{Akira}}'', and of course, {{hentai}}. Japanese companies widely owned entertainment as well, from TV and music including Sony having bought out Columbia Pictures (having been spun off into it's own company by Coca-Cola after a number of high-profile flops), and purchasing record labels globally as well.

to:

** Anime and manga were first introduced to the world on a wide scale as something other than adapted "kid stuff," including what was widely recognized as the first mature dramatic animated film, ''Manga/{{Akira}}'', and of course, {{hentai}}. Japanese companies widely owned entertainment as well, from TV and music including Sony Creator/{{Sony}} having bought out Columbia Pictures Creator/ColumbiaPictures (having been spun off into it's its own company by Coca-Cola after a number of high-profile flops), and purchasing record labels globally as well.


** It was the first and only time until ''much'' later on that Japanese music acts toured widely outside the country with the HairMetal/proto-visual act Music/{{Loudness}} touring with Motley Crue and filming in the US, the HairMetal/proto-visual act [[Music/MasakiYamada EZO]] getting signed to Geffen Records and performing in the US, and even Music/XJapan trying for what would be (for [[FrivolousLawsuit various reasons]]) an abortive attempt at performing in the US and still filming within it anyway.

to:

** It was the first and only time until ''much'' later on that Japanese music acts toured widely outside the country with the HairMetal/proto-visual act Music/{{Loudness}} touring with Motley Crue Music/MotleyCrue and filming in the US, the HairMetal/proto-visual act [[Music/MasakiYamada EZO]] getting signed to Geffen Records and performing in the US, and even Music/XJapan trying for what would be (for [[FrivolousLawsuit various reasons]]) an abortive attempt at performing in the US and still filming within it anyway.


* Society was ambivalent about yuppies even at the time. It's true that the "self-made man" (read: greedy, rapacious bastard) was idolized, but yuppies were viewed in roughly the same way that the dot com millionaires of the '90s were: a class of smart, driven young men and women who made vast fortunes nearly instantly by trading on mumbo-jumbo that nobody else understood. They came in for plenty of ribbing as self-interested, too, much as {{hipster}}s are today.
* The screws really got turned on smoking as the threat of second-hand smoke became fully accepted and gave the tobacco companies the ultimate PR nightmare: It's one thing to manipulate their addicts to rationalize what they are doing to their own bodies, but it's quite another to deal with non-smokers who are being threatened by smoking as innocent bystanders. While cigarette vending machines were still a common sight in the U.S. at the beginning of the decade, they were long gone before its end.

to:

* Society was ambivalent about yuppies even at the time. It's It is true that the "self-made man" (read: greedy, rapacious bastard) was idolized, but yuppies were viewed in roughly the same way that the dot com millionaires of the '90s were: a class of smart, driven young men and women women, who made vast fortunes nearly instantly by trading on mumbo-jumbo that nobody else understood. They came in for plenty of ribbing as self-interested, too, much as {{hipster}}s are today.
* The screws really got turned on smoking as the threat of second-hand smoke became fully accepted and gave the tobacco companies the ultimate PR nightmare: It's It is one thing to manipulate their addicts to rationalize what they are doing to their own bodies, but it's it is quite another to deal with non-smokers who are being threatened by smoking as innocent bystanders. While cigarette vending machines were still a common sight in the U.S. United States at the beginning of the decade, they were long gone before its end.


* Horror cinema had one of their periodic boom eras.

to:

* Horror cinema had one of their its periodic boom eras.



** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheThing1982 if not outright remade]], the horror films of the 1930s-'50s. Often BloodierAndGorier and sometimes HotterAndSexier, werewolves, vampires, ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list again years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they at last adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and even there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into an art form.

to:

** A class of innovative filmmakers -- Creator/JohnLandis, Creator/JohnCarpenter, and Creator/JoeDante especially -- took advantage of emerging special effects technologies to create films that often drew upon, [[Film/TheThing1982 if not outright remade]], the horror films of the 1930s-'50s. Often BloodierAndGorier and sometimes HotterAndSexier, werewolves, vampires, ghosts and sundry other monsters (both established and original) became A-list again after years of being relegated to BMovie fare as they at last finally were adapted to modern times. There were PG options -- Spielberg produced ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'', '''Disney''' experimented with chilling content in such films as ''Literature/SomethingWickedThisWayComes'', and even there was even a run of horror/comedy hybrids starting with ''Film/Ghostbusters1984''. ''Film/Ghostbusters1984'' and climaxing with ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. On the other side of the coin, Creator/DavidCronenberg turned BodyHorror into an a hard-R art form.

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