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* [[https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C9ZS-nRV0AAGHCZ?format=jpg&name=large An infamously tragic but heartwarming greentext]] from Website/FourChan involves the tale of an anon encountering a rather vocal Arab player with a thick accent on ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'', who would loudly issue commands in broken but understandable English. After defending the player from some abusive teammates, Anon was friended by him, and the two went on to play other games, all the while the player loudly issuing his commands and actually being quite effective. However, around the time of the Arab spring, the player suddenly disappeared, but not before leaving a message for Anon: "[[ThisIsGonnaSuck bad times friend ahead]]" "maybe no computer" "maybe no home" "[[TrueCompanions i go away but we are two of soul]]" "[[IShallReturn i will return]]". Anon then notes that his friend was last online [[UncertainDoom 615 days ago]] from that last message, leaving it unclear if he ever ''did'' return, though another Anon adds a humorous/awesome twist by imagining the player on a ''real'' battlefield, issuing commands as a squad leader to a group of freedom-fighters.



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* The RTS ''VideoGame/SyrianWarfare'' focuses on the Syrian Civil War.


However, the clean-up has not been so easy. The country was still wracked by civil unrest and violence as various factions tried to gain control. A nominally democratic government was set up, but in 2014 it was split again in a political squabble too complicated to handle here. All you need to know is that, as of 2019, the country is split between two major entities, the UN-backed Tripoli government and the Tobruk government, led by strongman Khalifa Haftar. Haftar has won plaudits among many Libyans for bringing order and pushing radical Islamists from the country's second largest city, Benghazi, though others accuse him of wanting to become the new Gaddafi. His government is currently besieging Tripoli to force it to surrender.

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However, the clean-up has not been so easy. The country was still wracked by civil unrest and violence as various factions tried to gain control. A nominally democratic government was set up, but in 2014 it was split again in a political squabble too complicated to handle here. All you need to know is that, as of 2019, the country is split between two major entities, the UN-backed Tripoli government and the Tobruk government, led by strongman Khalifa Haftar. Haftar has won plaudits among many Libyans for bringing order and pushing radical Islamists from the country's second largest city, Benghazi, though others accuse him of wanting to become the new Gaddafi. His government is currently besieging besieged Tripoli to force it to surrender.
surrender, but did not succeed due to Turkey's intervention.


By 2020, the war has killed more than 500,000 people,[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]]. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision.. \\

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By 2020, the war has killed more than 500,000 people,[[note]]more people[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]]. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision..supervision. \\


The war is also notable for having a ''massive'' international impact. A whopping ''six million'' people have fled the country since 2011, mostly to neighboring Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Jordan}}, all of whom (especially Lebanon) experience difficulties coping with so many people rushing to their border. Some also went to Europe and the debate regarding what to do with them (and migrants in general; the Mediterranean migrant crisis happened around the same time. Many of these migrants came from non-violent but economically and politically unstable African countries.) has fueled an increase in far right voters and defiance of the UsefulNotes/EuropeanUnion in Europe. Foreign fighters (not attached to any state's military), both from nearby areas and from places as far-flung as UsefulNotes/{{China}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}, became prominent among the Syrian opposition around the same time that Islamists did, constituting up to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Anti-government_forces half]] of total rebel casualties. Then there was the Islamic State, which controlled swathes of Syria and, as noted above, Iraq from 2014 to 2017 and at their height inspired attacks in almost every corner of the world. There is also the use of chemical weapons in areas densely populated by civilians, whose [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment actual culprit remains unknown]]. The blame game between the parties has been, uh, blamed for the strained ties between Russia and the United States, which back opposite sides of the conflict. Needless to say, everyone is miserable about it.

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The war is also notable for having a ''massive'' international impact. A whopping ''six million'' people people, or almost a third of its pre-war population (about 21 million), have fled the country since 2011, mostly to neighboring Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Jordan}}, all of whom (especially Lebanon) experience difficulties coping with so many people rushing to their border.border (though recently some of the refugees, especially those stationed in the neighboring countries, started coming back). Some also went to Europe and the debate regarding what to do with them (and migrants in general; the Mediterranean migrant crisis happened around the same time. Many of these migrants came from non-violent but economically and politically unstable African countries.) has fueled an increase in far right voters and defiance of the UsefulNotes/EuropeanUnion in Europe. Foreign fighters (not attached to any state's military), both from nearby areas and from places as far-flung as UsefulNotes/{{China}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}, became prominent among the Syrian opposition around the same time that Islamists did, constituting up to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Anti-government_forces half]] of total rebel casualties. Then there was the Islamic State, which controlled swathes of Syria and, as noted above, Iraq from 2014 to 2017 and at their height inspired attacks in almost every corner of the world. There is also the use of chemical weapons in areas densely populated by civilians, whose [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment actual culprit remains unknown]]. The blame game between the parties has been, uh, blamed for the strained ties between Russia and the United States, which back opposite sides of the conflict. Needless to say, everyone is miserable about it.


* {{UsefulNotes/Sudan}}: As with Algeria, a fairly delayed example. Protests that began as early as 2011, being triggered because of the austerity policies instituted following UsefulNotes/SouthSudan's independence, which costed billions of dollars to Sudan losing three quarters of oil fields to their southern counterparts. The security forces' crackdown killed hundreds of people and prevented the dictator since 1989, Omar al-Bashir, from being toppled, though al-Bashir announced that he wouldn't seek re-election in 2015 to calm the protesters down. Nevertheless, small-scale protests continued for the decade, though they were largely covered up by the government. It returned in full force in 2018 and escalated into a military coup that removed al-Bashir. The military junta that followed was locked in a standoff with the protesters for several months before they reached an agreement for a transition and the date for the next election in 2019.

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* {{UsefulNotes/Sudan}}: As with Algeria, a fairly delayed example. Protests that began as early as 2011, being triggered because of the austerity policies instituted following UsefulNotes/SouthSudan's independence, which costed cost billions of dollars to Sudan losing three quarters of oil fields to their southern counterparts. The security forces' crackdown killed hundreds of people and prevented the dictator since 1989, Omar al-Bashir, from being toppled, though al-Bashir announced that he wouldn't seek re-election in 2015 to calm the protesters down. Nevertheless, small-scale protests continued for the decade, though they were largely covered up by the government. It returned in full force in 2018 and escalated into a military coup that removed al-Bashir. The military junta that followed was locked in a standoff with the protesters for several months before they reached an agreement for a transition and the date for the next election in 2019.

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[[folder:Video Games]]

* As part of her backstory in ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedOrigins'', Layla Hassan took a leave of absence from Abstergo and returned to Egypt in order to protest against the regime of then president Hosni Mubarak, helping her new friends foil government censorship by helping them communicate via social media and also in hacking digital devices despite her minimal fluency in Arabic.

[[/folder]]


In December of 2010, a young merchant [[SelfImmolation immolates himself to death]] in protest of the thuggish policies of the Tunisian dictatorship. This soon leads to protests and, eventually, the dictator's resignation and exile...and the beginnings of a revolutionary wave not seen since the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.

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In December of 2010, a young merchant [[SelfImmolation immolates himself to death]] in protest of the thuggish policies of the Tunisian dictatorship. [[DisasterDominoes This soon leads to to]] protests and, eventually, the dictator's resignation and exile...and the beginnings of a revolutionary wave not seen since the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.


Unlike the revolutionary wave at the end of the Cold War, though, only one of the revolutions--the one in Tunisia--has successfully established a democracy. Indeed, a phenomena coined as the "Arab Winter" has followed with the resurgence of authoritarianism and sectarianism instead of democracy and liberalism, specially in areas that delved into civil war. However, social changes are taking root across the [[UsefulNotes/TheMiddleEast Arab World]] as people begin to question, and some regimes have made changes to prevent damage; comparisons to Europe's UsefulNotes/RevolutionsOf1848 have begun to appear in the literature.

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Unlike the revolutionary wave at the end of the Cold War, though, only one of the revolutions--the one in Tunisia--has successfully established a democracy. Indeed, a phenomena coined as the "Arab Winter" has followed with the resurgence of authoritarianism and sectarianism instead of democracy and liberalism, specially especially in areas that delved into civil war. However, social changes are taking root across the [[UsefulNotes/TheMiddleEast Arab World]] as people begin to question, and some regimes have made changes to prevent damage; comparisons to Europe's UsefulNotes/RevolutionsOf1848 have begun to appear in the literature.


By 2020, the war has killed more than 500,000 people,[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]]. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision.. \\

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By 2020, the war has killed more than 500,000 people,[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]]. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely.out. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision.. \\

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* ''Series/{{Messiah}}'' opens with the Islamic State making a resurgence and the titular character saving the people of Damascus from them by apparently summoning an sandstorm.


Note that this page concerns a series of (not necessarily revolutionary) major crises that happened in the Arab world since 2011. Strictly speaking, the Arab Spring ended in February 2012, when Ali Abdullah Saleh, the-then dictator of Yemen, fell from power. The fallout that happened, including repression, sectarianism, violence, and war that frequently made headlines, fell into either the aforementioned Arab Winter or were unrelated events. With the resurgence of revolutionary wave that toppled the dictators of Algeria and Sudan, as well as protests in other places, some political analysts have begun referring to a "second wave" of the Arab Spring since 2019, although the negative stigma that has since been associated with the term means that it is not universally accepted.




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...until 2019 rolled around when Bouteflika announced his candidacy for ''another'' term despite his health issues (such as having suffered a stroke, being wheel-chair bound and no longer appearing in public) and advanced age, which put into question his ability to rule. The Algerian public had enough and via a series of peaceful demonstrations managed to pressure the military to make Bouteflika step down from power. The country is currently ruled by a provisional government with the date for the next election pending indefinitely. Peaceful protests occasionally reoccur, with the demand being the resignation of the old ruling elite that have been running Algeria since independence.

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...until 2019 rolled around when Bouteflika announced his candidacy for ''another'' term despite his health issues (such as having suffered a stroke, being wheel-chair bound and no longer appearing in public) and advanced age, which put into question his ability to rule. The Algerian public had enough and via a series of peaceful demonstrations managed to pressure the military to make Bouteflika step down from power. The country is currently ruled by a provisional government with the date for the next held its post-Bouteflika election pending indefinitely.in late 2019, which was however boycotted by more than half of the population. Peaceful protests occasionally reoccur, with the demand being the resignation of the old ruling elite that have been running Algeria since independence.



* {{UsefulNotes/Iraq}}: While not experiencing the Spring firsthand, it did get the spillover of the one in neighboring Syria due to the rise of Islamic State/Daesh, which ruled northern Iraq for three years and nearly broke the country at a time when it was recuperating from years of sectarian conflict since the American invasion. When the group was finally defeated in 2017, the insurgency had killed nearly 200,000 people, making it the second deadliest conflict of the Arab Spring. Currently, Iraq is cautiously recovering, with the state of emergency being lifted in 2019.

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* {{UsefulNotes/Iraq}}: While not experiencing the original Spring firsthand, it did get the spillover of the one in neighboring Syria due to the rise of Islamic State/Daesh, which ruled northern Iraq for three years and nearly broke the country at a time when it was recuperating from years of sectarian conflict since the American invasion. IS took advantage of the grievances the country's Sunni Arab population have; since the toppling of UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein and the Ba'athists in 2003, the Sunni Arab minority have been marginalized by both Iraq's central government, now dominated by Arab Shiites, and the Kurds, [[CycleOfRevenge both of whom had been persecuted by the Ba'athists beforehand]]. This allowed IS to take control of nearly every territory where Sunni Arabs are the majority, while forcing everyone else to flee. When the group was finally defeated in 2017, the insurgency had killed nearly 200,000 people, making it the second deadliest conflict of the Arab Spring. Currently, Iraq is cautiously recovering, with the state of emergency being lifted in 2019.
Spring.



The war escalated in 2013, when the opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the fact that many of the more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), aided by the flow of guns and recruits coming in from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed militias. The end of that year saw the Islamic State become the most powerful faction among the opposition (al-Qaeda being a close second), with the self-declared caliphate becoming an existential threat both to the government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and Saudi Arabia.\\

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The war escalated in 2013, when the opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the fact that many of the more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), fundamentalists), aided by the flow of guns and recruits coming in from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed Iran-backed militias. The end of that year saw the Islamic State become the most powerful faction among the opposition (al-Qaeda being a close second), with the self-declared caliphate becoming an existential threat both to the government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and Saudi Arabia.\\



By 2019, after the deaths of over 500,000 people,[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]] the war appears to be very nearly over. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision.. \\

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By 2019, after 2020, the deaths of over war has killed more than 500,000 people,[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]] the war appears to be very nearly over.combined[[/note]]. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision.. \\



The war is also notable for having a ''massive'' international impact. A whopping ''six million'' people have fled the country since 2011, mostly to neighboring Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Jordan}}, all of whom (especially Lebanon) experience difficulties coping with so many people rushing to their border. Some also went to Europe and the debate regarding what to do with them (and migrants in general; the Mediterranean migrant crisis happens around the same time or was even increased by it, with many of them claiming refugee status despite coming from non-war zones, which has fuelled an increase in far right voters and defiance of the EU in Europe, in addition to terrorist attacks in Western Europe that are most often linked to the terrorist factions fighting in Syria). Foreign fighters (not attached to any state's military), both from nearby areas and from places as far-flung as UsefulNotes/{{China}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}, became prominent among the Syrian opposition around the same time that Islamists did, constituting up to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Anti-government_forces half]] of total rebel casualties. Then there was the Islamic State, which controlled swathes of Syria and, as noted above, Iraq from 2014 to 2017 and at their height inspired attacks in almost every corner of the world. There is also the use of chemical weapons in areas densely populated by civilians, whose [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment actual culprit remains unknown]]. The blame game between the parties has been, uh, blamed for the strained ties between Russia and the United States, which back opposite sides of the conflict. Needless to say, everyone is miserable about it.

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The war is also notable for having a ''massive'' international impact. A whopping ''six million'' people have fled the country since 2011, mostly to neighboring Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Jordan}}, all of whom (especially Lebanon) experience difficulties coping with so many people rushing to their border. Some also went to Europe and the debate regarding what to do with them (and migrants in general; the Mediterranean migrant crisis happens happened around the same time or was even increased by it, with many time. Many of them claiming refugee status despite coming these migrants came from non-war zones, which non-violent but economically and politically unstable African countries.) has fuelled fueled an increase in far right voters and defiance of the EU UsefulNotes/EuropeanUnion in Europe, in addition to terrorist attacks in Western Europe that are most often linked to the terrorist factions fighting in Syria).Europe. Foreign fighters (not attached to any state's military), both from nearby areas and from places as far-flung as UsefulNotes/{{China}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}, became prominent among the Syrian opposition around the same time that Islamists did, constituting up to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Anti-government_forces half]] of total rebel casualties. Then there was the Islamic State, which controlled swathes of Syria and, as noted above, Iraq from 2014 to 2017 and at their height inspired attacks in almost every corner of the world. There is also the use of chemical weapons in areas densely populated by civilians, whose [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment actual culprit remains unknown]]. The blame game between the parties has been, uh, blamed for the strained ties between Russia and the United States, which back opposite sides of the conflict. Needless to say, everyone is miserable about it.



Yemen's civil war is ongoing and has killed nearly 100,000 people. As with the Syrian Civil War, there are many parties with differing visions in the conflict. The Gulf alliance have been accused of blockading Yemen and bombing its infrastructure, including schools and hospitals, to oblivion, leading to unprecedented outbreaks of disease and famine that claimed as many lives as those killed directly because of the war. The Houthis meanwhile routinely send missiles at Saudi Arabia's southern cities, though they mostly deal little damage. By 2019, the war is on a stalemate, with the Gulf alliance being unable to breach the Houthis' defenses in spite of their superior air power. Many of Saudi Arabia's allies, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedArabEmirates, have exited the war out of sheer frustration and Saudi itself is being pressured to leave amid mounting cases of human rights abuses.

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Yemen's civil war is ongoing and has killed nearly 100,000 people. As with the Syrian Civil War, there are many parties with differing visions in the conflict. The Gulf alliance have been accused of blockading Yemen and bombing its infrastructure, including schools and hospitals, to oblivion, leading to unprecedented outbreaks of disease and famine that claimed as many lives as those killed directly because of the war. The Houthis meanwhile routinely send missiles at Saudi Arabia's southern cities, though they mostly deal little damage. By 2019, 2020, the war is on a stalemate, with the Gulf alliance being unable to breach the Houthis' defenses in spite of their superior air power.power. Another side of the conflict was opened in 2018 when South Yemen separatists, which formed the backbone of native Yemeni forces supporting the UN-backed government, occupied their ''de facto'' seat of power, Aden, forcing the rest of the coalition to give them more power in a future government. Many of Saudi Arabia's allies, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedArabEmirates, have exited the war out of sheer frustration and Saudi itself is being pressured to leave amid mounting cases of human rights abuses.


The war escalated in 2013, when the opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the fact that many of the more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), aided by the flow of guns and recruits coming in from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed militias. The end of that year saw the Islamic State became the most powerful faction among the opposition (al-Qaeda being a close second), with the self-declared caliphate becoming an existential threat both to the government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and Saudi Arabia.\\

to:

The war escalated in 2013, when the opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the fact that many of the more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), aided by the flow of guns and recruits coming in from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed militias. The end of that year saw the Islamic State became become the most powerful faction among the opposition (al-Qaeda being a close second), with the self-declared caliphate becoming an existential threat both to the government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and Saudi Arabia.\\



The war is also notable for having a ''massive'' international impact. A whopping ''six million'' people have fled the country since 2011, mostly to neighboring Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Jordan}}, all of whom (especially Lebanon) experience difficulties coping with so many people rushing to their border. Some also went to Europe and the debate regarding what to do with them (and refugees in general; the Mediterranean refugee crises unfortunately also happen around the same time) has been cited as a factor for the rise of the far right in Europe. Foreign fighters (not attached to any state's military), both from nearby areas and from places as far-flung as UsefulNotes/{{China}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}, became prominent among the Syrian opposition around the same time that Islamists did, constituting up to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Anti-government_forces half]] of total rebel casualties. Then there was the Islamic State, which controlled swathes of Syria and, as noted above, Iraq from 2014 to 2017 and at their height inspired attacks in almost every corner of the world. There is also the use of chemical weapons in areas densely populated by civilians, whose [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment actual culprit remains unknown]]. The blame game between the parties has been, uh, blamed for the strained ties between Russia and the United States, which back opposite sides of the conflict. Needless to say, everyone is miserable about it.

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The war is also notable for having a ''massive'' international impact. A whopping ''six million'' people have fled the country since 2011, mostly to neighboring Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Jordan}}, all of whom (especially Lebanon) experience difficulties coping with so many people rushing to their border. Some also went to Europe and the debate regarding what to do with them (and refugees migrants in general; the Mediterranean refugee crises unfortunately also happen migrant crisis happens around the same time) time or was even increased by it, with many of them claiming refugee status despite coming from non-war zones, which has been cited as a factor for the rise of the fuelled an increase in far right voters and defiance of the EU in Europe.Europe, in addition to terrorist attacks in Western Europe that are most often linked to the terrorist factions fighting in Syria). Foreign fighters (not attached to any state's military), both from nearby areas and from places as far-flung as UsefulNotes/{{China}} and UsefulNotes/{{France}}, became prominent among the Syrian opposition around the same time that Islamists did, constituting up to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War#Anti-government_forces half]] of total rebel casualties. Then there was the Islamic State, which controlled swathes of Syria and, as noted above, Iraq from 2014 to 2017 and at their height inspired attacks in almost every corner of the world. There is also the use of chemical weapons in areas densely populated by civilians, whose [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment actual culprit remains unknown]]. The blame game between the parties has been, uh, blamed for the strained ties between Russia and the United States, which back opposite sides of the conflict. Needless to say, everyone is miserable about it.


In December of 2010, a young merchant immolates himself to death in protest of the thuggish policies of the Tunisian dictatorship. This soon leads to protests and, eventually, the dictator's resignation and exile...and the beginnings of a revolutionary wave not seen since the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.

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In December of 2010, a young merchant [[SelfImmolation immolates himself to death death]] in protest of the thuggish policies of the Tunisian dictatorship. This soon leads to protests and, eventually, the dictator's resignation and exile...and the beginnings of a revolutionary wave not seen since the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.


* {{UsefulNotes/Egypt}}: Mass protests erupted in Tahrir Square early into 2011, with many inspired by the activists in Tunisia. The dictator Hosni Mubarak ended up resigning, handing the reigns over the military who, to their credit, did transition Egypt to democracy by holding democratic elections. Of course, the military very quickly reversed course when Mohammad Morsi, who was affiliated with the very divisive Muslim Brotherhood, won the election. It didn't take long for the military to overthrow Morsi's new government, replacing him with the director of military intelligence, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, in a rigged election. Al-Sisi then massacred thousands of Islamist protesters who were demonstrating against the coup and has essentially become another PresidentForLife, [[FullCircleRevolution bringing the revolution in Egypt full circle]] and Morsi himself being thrown into prison and dying six years afterwards during a trial. To his credit, al-Sisi managed to restore pre-2011 stability and prosperity back to Egypt, though the government is still containing Islamist militias in the North Sinai governorate, which became a lawless land during the Morsi presidency.

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* {{UsefulNotes/Egypt}}: Mass protests erupted in Tahrir Square early into 2011, with many inspired by the activists in Tunisia. The dictator Hosni Mubarak ended up resigning, handing the reigns over the military who, to their credit, did transition Egypt to democracy by holding democratic elections. Of course, the military very quickly reversed course when Mohammad Morsi, who was affiliated with the very divisive Muslim Brotherhood, won the election. It didn't take long for the military to overthrow Morsi's new government, replacing him with the director of military intelligence, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, in a rigged election. Al-Sisi El-Sisi then massacred thousands of Islamist protesters who were demonstrating against the coup and has essentially become another PresidentForLife, [[FullCircleRevolution bringing the revolution in Egypt full circle]] and Morsi himself being thrown into prison and dying six years afterwards during a trial. To his credit, al-Sisi el-Sisi managed to restore pre-2011 stability and prosperity back to Egypt, though the government is still containing Islamist militias in the North Sinai governorate, which became a lawless land during the Morsi presidency.



* {{UsefulNotes/Syria}}: Easily the worst off of the countries in the Arab Spring. Protesters took to the streets in 2011 due to government's strict regulation of the economy, limited civil freedoms, corruption, and persecution of the Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of the population (a reverse of Bahrain). This was further precipitated when the economy contracted the same year. The dictator of Syria, Bashar al-Assad, was not having any of this protesting business from day one, and ordered bloody crackdowns on civilian protesters, sending plain clothes secret police to gun down protesters. Many of the protesters then started coming armed, and soon gunfights were breaking out on the streets. In response, a part of the military [[DefectorFromDecadence chose to defect]] rather than fire on their own citizens, and a full-blown civil war broke out in summer 2012. The war [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012%E2%80%9313_escalation_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War escalated]] in 2013, when the opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the fact that many of the more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), aided by the flow of guns and recruits coming in from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed militias. The end of that year saw the Islamic State became the most powerful faction among the opposition (al-Qaeda being a close second), with the self-declared caliphate becoming an existential threat both to the government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and UsefulNotes/SaudiArabia.\\

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* {{UsefulNotes/Syria}}: Easily the worst off of the countries in the Arab Spring. Protesters took to the streets in 2011 due to government's strict regulation of the economy, limited civil freedoms, corruption, and persecution of the Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of the population (a reverse of Bahrain). This was further precipitated when the economy contracted the same year. The dictator of Syria, Bashar al-Assad, was not having any of this protesting business from day one, and ordered bloody crackdowns on civilian protesters, sending plain clothes secret police to gun down protesters. Many of the protesters then started coming armed, and soon gunfights were breaking out on the streets. In response, a part of the military [[DefectorFromDecadence chose to defect]] rather than fire on their own citizens, and a full-blown civil war broke out in summer 2012. The war [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012%E2%80%9313_escalation_of_the_Syrian_Civil_War escalated]] in 2013, when the opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the fact that many of the more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), aided by the flow of guns and recruits coming in from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed militias. The end of that year saw the Islamic State became the most powerful faction among the opposition (al-Qaeda being a close second), with the self-declared caliphate becoming an existential threat both to the government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and UsefulNotes/SaudiArabia.\\



By 2019, after the deaths of over 500,000 people, [[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]] the war appears to be very nearly over. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava). The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision. While there are legitimate fears of the Islamic State re-emerging as several prisoners held by the SDF managed to escape, the US conducted a raid that killed ISIL's self-proclaimed caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghadadi in the Idlib region, the same one who proclaimed a caliphate in the Levant five years prior. \\

to:

By 2019, after The war escalated in 2013, when the deaths of over 500,000 people, [[note]]more than opposition became increasingly [[ChurchMilitant Islamist and radicalized]] (not helped by the rest fact that many of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]] more secular and moderate rebels had gotten killed by this point, meaning most of the war appears to be very nearly over. Al-Assad's government, which was on remaining rebels were now controlled by bonafide terrorists), aided by the verge flow of crumbling guns and recruits coming in 2015, managed from other countries. The government went down a similar path, resorting to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign ever more brutal methods to put down the rebellion and accepting considerable support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava). foreign UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-backed militias. The only major bastion end of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision. While there are legitimate fears of year saw the Islamic State re-emerging as several prisoners held by became the SDF managed to escape, most powerful faction among the US conducted opposition (al-Qaeda being a raid that killed ISIL's self-proclaimed caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghadadi in close second), with the Idlib region, the same one who proclaimed a self-declared caliphate in becoming an existential threat both to the Levant five years prior. government and to the remaining non-Islamist rebels. Foreign involvement, already present from the beginning, drastically escalated in 2014-2015 with several countries deploying large conventional forces to Syria. [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters There are many parties to the conflict]] and nearly everyone have different visions regarding what to do with Syria's future. They are also backed by different foreign powers, including the UsefulNotes/UnitedStates, UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}, Iran, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, and Saudi Arabia.\\


Added DiffLines:

By 2019, after the deaths of over 500,000 people,[[note]]more than the rest of the Arab Spring casualties combined[[/note]] the war appears to be very nearly over. Al-Assad's government, which was on the verge of crumbling in 2015, managed to shockingly come BackFromTheBrink with heavy foreign support from Iran and Russia, secured most of the country from the [[WeAreStrugglingTogether other feuding rebel groups]] and has entered into talks with the few remaining opposing factions. Meanwhile, the Islamic State, which once looked set to roll over all of Syria, was eliminated as a territory-holding entity by an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_the_Syrian_Civil_War American-led airstrike campaign]] complemented by ground troops from the Syrian Democratic Forces, the army of Syrian UsefulNotes/{{Kurdistan}} (also known as Rojava), with its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi being killed in a US operation in 2019. The only major bastion of rebel territory is the Idlib governorate (now mostly run by jihadists), which is planned to be demilitarized under a Russo-Turkish deal. This is after the latest twist of the war in late 2019, when Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies invaded Rojava, while the Americans not only did nothing to help, they decided to pull out of the country completely. As a result, Rojava, which up until that point had had little contact with al-Assad, had no choice but to call him for help, coming to an political agreement with Damascus and bringing it under the Syrian government's supervision.. \\
\\

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