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The man [[IHaveManyNames we call variously]] Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, Khuenaten, and more commonly in English, as ''Akhenaten'' was originally the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV of the famous 18th Dynasty. His reign lasted for 17 years (current estimate: 13531336 BC or 13511334 BC).

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The man [[IHaveManyNames [[SpellMyNameWithAnS we call variously]] Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, Khuenaten, and more commonly in English, as ''Akhenaten'' was originally the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV of the famous 18th Dynasty. His reign lasted for 17 years (current estimate: 13531336 BC or 13511334 BC).


In the realm of theology and psychology, Akhenaten's monotheism is often hypothesized as an inspiration for Judaism and even Christianity. This is based on perceived similarities between the Hymn to Aten and Biblical Psalms (Psalm 104), with even Creator/CSLewis admitting that the verses are highly similar. As it stands there's no documentary evidence suggesting any real influence and continuity, with some arguing that Judaism in its early years was polytheistic and became monotheistic much later in time separately. Likewise, others also note that Akhenaten's monotheism might not be the one familiar in the Abrahamic religions, since it's not quite clear how Akhenaten defined it theologically. We do know that he banned all idols and only allowed Aten to be represented diagrammatically, while others argue that Akhenaten's idea was closer to UsefulNotes/{{Deism}} with the Sun being a representative of the natural world, and being represented symbolically ''as itself'', and not as an anthropomorphic figure, and Akhenaten as per the letters placed himself below the Sun, and sometimes above it, and all indications suggest that he used it as a weapon to clamp down on the authority of the priests and their theological claims and views. For these reasons, Akhenaten is sometimes described not only as the first monotheist, but the first scientist and the first individual. [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation One could alternately interpret this as simply the behavior of a power-hungry despot]], although he would hardly be the first of ''those'', that honor probably being held by someone lost to history, who would be ancient even to Akhenaten himself. The Amarna Letters likewise provide an incredible glimpse into the workings of Ancient Egypt, its foreign policy and the sophistication of the Ancient World. They are among the oldest "diplomatic correspondence" we know of, but their tone and subject matter suggest this diplomacy having gone on for years at the time the earliest of those letters we have were written.

to:

In the realm of theology and psychology, Akhenaten's monotheism is often hypothesized as an inspiration for Judaism and even Christianity. This is based on perceived similarities between the Hymn to Aten and Biblical Psalms (Psalm 104), with even Creator/CSLewis admitting that the verses are highly similar. As it stands there's no documentary evidence suggesting any real influence and continuity, with some arguing that Judaism in its early years was polytheistic and became monotheistic much later in time separately. Likewise, others also note that Akhenaten's monotheism might not be the one familiar in the Abrahamic religions, since it's not quite clear how Akhenaten defined it theologically.theologically (although we might have those aforementioned OrwellianEditors to thank for that). We do know that he banned all idols and only allowed Aten to be represented diagrammatically, while others argue that Akhenaten's idea was closer to UsefulNotes/{{Deism}} with the Sun being a representative of the natural world, and being represented symbolically ''as itself'', and not as an anthropomorphic figure, and Akhenaten as per the letters placed himself below the Sun, and sometimes above it, and all indications suggest that he used it as a weapon to clamp down on the authority of the priests and their theological claims and views. For these reasons, Akhenaten is sometimes described not only as the first monotheist, but the first scientist and the first individual. [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation One could alternately interpret this as simply the behavior of a power-hungry despot]], although he would hardly be the first of ''those'', that honor probably being held by someone lost to history, who would be ancient even to Akhenaten himself. The Amarna Letters likewise provide an incredible glimpse into the workings of Ancient Egypt, its foreign policy and the sophistication of the Ancient World. They are among the oldest "diplomatic correspondence" we know of, but their tone and subject matter suggest this diplomacy having gone on for years at the time the earliest of those letters we have were written.

Added DiffLines:

* He appears in "Son of the Sun" by Music/{{Therion}}, which portrays his attempt at establishing monotheism as offending the gods, leading to his madness and an eternal curse.


* ''Akhenaten'' opera by Music/PhilipGlass.

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* ''Akhenaten'' ''Akhnaten'', an opera by Music/PhilipGlass.


->''The countries of Syria and Nubia, the land of Egypt,\\''
''Thou settest every man in his place,\\''
''Thou suppliest their necessities:\\''

to:

->''The countries of Syria and Nubia, the land of Egypt,\\''
Egypt,''\\
''Thou settest every man in his place,\\''
place,''\\
''Thou suppliest their necessities:\\''necessities:''\\


->The countries of Syria and Nubia, the land of Egypt,\\
Thou settest every man in his place,\\
Thou suppliest their necessities:\\
Everyone has his food, and his time of life is reckoned.''

to:

->The ->''The countries of Syria and Nubia, the land of Egypt,\\
Thou
Egypt,\\''
''Thou
settest every man in his place,\\
Thou
place,\\''
''Thou
suppliest their necessities:\\
Everyone
necessities:\\''
''Everyone
has his food, and his time of life is reckoned.''


In the realm of theology and psychology, Akhenaten's monotheism is often hypothesized as an inspiration for Judaism and even Christianity. This is based on perceived similarities between the Hymn to Aten and Biblical Psalms (Psalm 104), with even Creator/CSLewis admitting that the verses are highly similar. As it stands there's no documentary evidence suggesting any real influence and continuity, with some arguing that Judaism in its early years was polytheistic and became monotheistic much later in time separately. Likewise, others also note that Akhenaten's monotheism might not be the one familiar in the Abrahamic religions, since it's not quite clear how Akhenaten defined it theologically. We do know that he banned all idols and only allowed Aten to be represented diagrammatically, while others argue that Akhenaten's idea was closer to UsefulNotes/{{Deism}} with the Sun being a representative of the natural world, and being represented symbolically ''as itself'', and not as an anthropomorphic figure, and Akhenaten as per the letters placed himself below the Sun, and sometimes above it, and all indications suggest that he used it as a weapon to clamp down on the authority of the priests and their theological claims and views. For these reasons, Akhenaten is sometimes described not only as the first monotheist, but the first scientist and the first individual. The Amarna Letters likewise provide an incredible glimpse into the workings of Ancient Egypt, its foreign policy and the sophistication of the Ancient World. They are among the oldest "diplomatic correspondence" we know of, but their tone and subject matter suggest this diplomacy having gone on for years at the time the earliest of those letters we have were written.

to:

In the realm of theology and psychology, Akhenaten's monotheism is often hypothesized as an inspiration for Judaism and even Christianity. This is based on perceived similarities between the Hymn to Aten and Biblical Psalms (Psalm 104), with even Creator/CSLewis admitting that the verses are highly similar. As it stands there's no documentary evidence suggesting any real influence and continuity, with some arguing that Judaism in its early years was polytheistic and became monotheistic much later in time separately. Likewise, others also note that Akhenaten's monotheism might not be the one familiar in the Abrahamic religions, since it's not quite clear how Akhenaten defined it theologically. We do know that he banned all idols and only allowed Aten to be represented diagrammatically, while others argue that Akhenaten's idea was closer to UsefulNotes/{{Deism}} with the Sun being a representative of the natural world, and being represented symbolically ''as itself'', and not as an anthropomorphic figure, and Akhenaten as per the letters placed himself below the Sun, and sometimes above it, and all indications suggest that he used it as a weapon to clamp down on the authority of the priests and their theological claims and views. For these reasons, Akhenaten is sometimes described not only as the first monotheist, but the first scientist and the first individual. [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation One could alternately interpret this as simply the behavior of a power-hungry despot]], although he would hardly be the first of ''those'', that honor probably being held by someone lost to history, who would be ancient even to Akhenaten himself. The Amarna Letters likewise provide an incredible glimpse into the workings of Ancient Egypt, its foreign policy and the sophistication of the Ancient World. They are among the oldest "diplomatic correspondence" we know of, but their tone and subject matter suggest this diplomacy having gone on for years at the time the earliest of those letters we have were written.


Political historians tend to be iffy about Akhenaten as a ruler since he clearly put forth policies that were unpopular among the nobility and the clergy, and his faith obviously did not take or last long, and was in any case passed from the top-down. Theologians, psychologists, and artists though can't stop talking about him. The art patronized by Akhenaten is cited as being the most unique and revolutionary of Ancient Egypt, with more naturalistic scenes, more colour and style. Most notable is the relics in Amarna which show Akhenaten in domestic settings with his family, displaying affection and presented in a very accessible manner. Likewise the depictions of Akhenaten are themselves remarkable, as noted by art historian E. H. Gombrich, since they proved that the Pharaoh wished himself to be presented WartsAndAll and not as an inhuman deity. He notably appears as a [[ExpectingSomeoneTaller slightly pudgy short guy]] with a somewhat unattractive face [[AdiposeRex and a visible paunch]]. How the art-style of his reign, and the other sculptures (including the famous bust of Nefertiti by Thutmose) relates to his beliefs is subject to debate, with Gombrich suggesting that having admitting the existence of only God above him (represented in art works in the symbol of an oval disk with rays protruding in lines all around him), Akhenaten could not well allow himself to be represented as a GodEmperor in the manner of the old traditions, and in the style of representation and willingness to represent himself in such a drastic new fashion, is an indication of his genuine sincere belief. The phrase "Living in Truth", used frequently in his writings about himself & family, may reflect this philosophy.

to:

Political historians tend to be iffy about Akhenaten as a ruler since he clearly put forth policies that were unpopular among the nobility and the clergy, and his faith obviously did not take or last long, and was in any case passed from the top-down. Theologians, psychologists, and artists though can't stop talking about him. The art patronized by Akhenaten is cited as being the most unique and revolutionary of Ancient Egypt, with more naturalistic scenes, more colour and style. Most notable is the relics in Amarna which show Akhenaten in domestic settings with his family, displaying affection and presented in a very accessible manner. Likewise the depictions of Akhenaten are themselves remarkable, as noted by art historian E. H. Gombrich, since they proved that the Pharaoh wished himself to be presented WartsAndAll and not as an inhuman deity. He notably appears as a [[ExpectingSomeoneTaller slightly pudgy short guy]] with a somewhat unattractive face [[AdiposeRex and a visible paunch]].paunch, which would've qualified him as an AdiposeRex by the standards of the time and place. How the art-style of his reign, and the other sculptures (including the famous bust of Nefertiti by Thutmose) relates to his beliefs is subject to debate, with Gombrich suggesting that having admitting the existence of only God above him (represented in art works in the symbol of an oval disk with rays protruding in lines all around him), Akhenaten could not well allow himself to be represented as a GodEmperor in the manner of the old traditions, and in the style of representation and willingness to represent himself in such a drastic new fashion, is an indication of his genuine sincere belief. The phrase "Living in Truth", used frequently in his writings about himself & family, may reflect this philosophy.


Upon his death, [[RetCon all his policies and practices were totally reversed]] and [[UnPerson he was blotted out of history.]] A good example is how his son Tutankhaten was brought back into the fold of Amun with his name changed, in [[MonumentOfHumiliationAndDefeat obvious allusion to dear old dad]] as UsefulNotes/{{Tutankhamun}}, ''Living Image of Amun''. The succeeding 19th dynasty would brand Akhenaten as a [[TheHeretic heretic]] and refer to him as "that criminal". A lot of his buildings and works were smashed and by all rights he should have been lost forever and become TheGreatestStoryNeverTold, and so he was, until 2500 years later, when archaeologists in Egypt discovered the ruins of Amarna, the modern day site of his city and court, and found a bunch of carvings, letters, and other artworks. Succeeding excavations and the discovery of his son's tomb further revived history and interest in him.

to:

Upon his death, [[RetCon all his policies and practices were totally reversed]] and [[UnPerson he was blotted out of history.]] A good example is how his son Tutankhaten was brought back into the fold of Amun with his name changed, in [[MonumentOfHumiliationAndDefeat obvious allusion to dear old dad]] as UsefulNotes/{{Tutankhamun}}, ''Living Image of Amun''.Amun'' (yes, this is ''that'' Tutankamun). The succeeding 19th dynasty would brand Akhenaten as a [[TheHeretic heretic]] and refer to him as "that criminal". A lot of his buildings and works were smashed and by all rights he should have been lost forever and become TheGreatestStoryNeverTold, and so he was, until 2500 years later, when archaeologists in Egypt discovered the ruins of Amarna, the modern day site of his city and court, and found a bunch of carvings, letters, and other artworks. Succeeding excavations and the discovery of his son's tomb further revived history and interest in him.


Upon his death, all his policies and practices were totally reversed and he was blotted out of history. A good example is how his son Tutankhaten was brought back into the fold of Amun with his name changed, in [[MonumentOfHumiliationAndDefeat obvious allusion to dear old dad]] as UsefulNotes/{{Tutankhamun}}, ''Living Image of Amun''. The succeeding 19th dynasty would brand Akhenaten as a [[TheHeretic heretic]] and refer to him as "that criminal". A lot of his buildings and works were smashed and by all rights he should have been lost forever and become TheGreatestStoryNeverTold, and so he was, until 2500 years later, when archaeologists in Egypt discovered the ruins of Amarna, the modern day site of his city and court, and found a bunch of carvings, letters, and other artworks. Succeeding excavations and the discovery of his son's tomb further revived history and interest in him.

to:

Upon his death, [[RetCon all his policies and practices were totally reversed reversed]] and [[UnPerson he was blotted out of history. history.]] A good example is how his son Tutankhaten was brought back into the fold of Amun with his name changed, in [[MonumentOfHumiliationAndDefeat obvious allusion to dear old dad]] as UsefulNotes/{{Tutankhamun}}, ''Living Image of Amun''. The succeeding 19th dynasty would brand Akhenaten as a [[TheHeretic heretic]] and refer to him as "that criminal". A lot of his buildings and works were smashed and by all rights he should have been lost forever and become TheGreatestStoryNeverTold, and so he was, until 2500 years later, when archaeologists in Egypt discovered the ruins of Amarna, the modern day site of his city and court, and found a bunch of carvings, letters, and other artworks. Succeeding excavations and the discovery of his son's tomb further revived history and interest in him.


* Lucille Morrison's ''The Lost Queen of Egypt'' portrays Akhenaten's court and family in rich language and focuses on third princess Ankhsenpaaten (''She Lives by Aten''), Tutankhaten's Great Royal Wife, from her early childhood to her vanishing into history, which both Morrison and Drury portray her as having planned in order to save herself.

to:

* Lucille Morrison's ''The Lost Queen of Egypt'' portrays Akhenaten's court and family in rich language and focuses on third princess Ankhsenpaaten (''She Lives by Aten''), Tutankhaten's Great Royal Wife, from her early childhood to her vanishing into from history, which both Morrison and Drury portray her as having planned in order to save herself.


* French rapper Philippe Fragione aka Akhenaton from the band IAM chose that {{stage name|s}} because he was fond of ancient Egypt and of Akhenaten in particular, having particular interest in the monotheistic revolution the Pharaoh attempted.



* His spirit and that of Nefertiti appear in an album of ''{{ComicBook/Papyrus}}'' with the mission of lead characters Papyrus and Theti-Cheri being to find their sarcophagi so they might pass on to the next life.

to:

* His spirit and that of Nefertiti appear in an album of ''{{ComicBook/Papyrus}}'' ''ComicBook/{{Papyrus}}'' with the mission of lead characters Papyrus and Theti-Cheri being to find their sarcophagi so they might pass on to the next life.life.
* French rapper Philippe Fragione aka Akhenaton from the band IAM chose that {{stage name|s}} because he was fond of ancient Egypt and of Akhenaten in particular, having particular interest in the monotheistic revolution the Pharaoh attempted.


* French rapper Philippe Fragione aka Akhenaton chose that {{stage name|s}} because he was fond of ancient Egypt and of Akhenaten in particular, having particular interest in the monotheistic revolution the Pharaoh attempted.

to:

* French rapper Philippe Fragione aka Akhenaton from the band IAM chose that {{stage name|s}} because he was fond of ancient Egypt and of Akhenaten in particular, having particular interest in the monotheistic revolution the Pharaoh attempted.

Added DiffLines:

* French rapper Philippe Fragione aka Akhenaton chose that {{stage name|s}} because he was fond of ancient Egypt and of Akhenaten in particular, having particular interest in the monotheistic revolution the Pharaoh attempted.


* His spirit and that of Nefertiti appear in an album of ''{{ComicBook/Papyrus}}''

to:

* His spirit and that of Nefertiti appear in an album of ''{{ComicBook/Papyrus}}''''{{ComicBook/Papyrus}}'' with the mission of lead characters Papyrus and Theti-Cheri being to find their sarcophagi so they might pass on to the next life.

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