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[[quoteright:350:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/mazaruni.png]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Convicts going to bathe, Mazaruni, ''Illustrated London News'', 1888]]

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* In ''ComicBook/PaperinikNewAdventures'', the Evronian Empire maintains one on the artificial planetoid the prisoners have nicknamed "The Well", as anyone sent there cannot escape but could be pulled out if the Evronians decide they have some job for them, with the reason the Evronians don't just kill said prisoners is exactly that they think they may find them useful some day. Most of the inmates are just left around, as the only way out is the heavily fortified spaceport (and any attempt to try and infiltrate it, or to capture one of the vehicles moving between the spaceport and the other installations, is met with overwhelming strength), but a few are kept in [[TailorMadePrison high-security cells made specifically for them]]. Notable inmates include Klangor, an Evronian cyborg who has more than enough firepower to overwhelm the garrison by himself if the guards didn't have his ''[[BoringYetPractical remote control]]'', and [[NamesToRunAwayReallyFast Trauma]], [[SuperSoldier a rogue artificially-mutated Evronian general with immense psychic powers]] [[ProperlyParanoid that have increased ever since he was put in a psychic-suppressing cell made for someone much stronger than him]].


** Varos in [[Recap/DoctorWhoS22E1VengeanceOnVaros "Vengeance on Varos"]] is a former penal colony, which goes a long way to explaining why it is such a WretchedHive in the present.

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** Varos in [[Recap/DoctorWhoS22E1VengeanceOnVaros [[Recap/DoctorWhoS22E2VengeanceOnVaros "Vengeance on Varos"]] is a former penal colony, which goes a long way to explaining why it is such a WretchedHive in the present.

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* ''Series/{{Tracker}}'' has the cold planetoid SAR TOP used by the 6 races of the Migar System as a maximum security prison for their worst criminals. Most of the inmates' life force is taken at first and is slowly returned as they serve out their sentence. Since the fugitives are unable to survive on Earth as partial life forces, they have to take human bodies (killing their owners) to survive.


* ''Comicbook/SonicTheHedgehog'' has the Devil's Gulag, a prison built on top of a mountain top. However, two breakouts have lead to the prison being abandoned.

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* ''Comicbook/SonicTheHedgehog'' ''Comicbook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog'' has the Devil's Gulag, a prison built on top of a mountain top. However, two breakouts have lead to the prison being abandoned.

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[[/folder]]


* Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name. The land the base is on has been rented by the US since 1903, and since the Communist government of Cuba cashed one rent check for the land, the contract is still considered valid by both countries. However, it was not used as a military prison until 2002.

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* Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name. The land the base is on has been rented by the US since 1903, and since the Communist government of Cuba cashed one rent check for the land, the contract is still considered valid by both countries.countries (and therefore, Cuba tolerates a US presence on their soil, not unlike how West Berlin was in the midst of East Germany during the Cold War). However, it was not used as a military prison until 2002.


* Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name. The land the prison is on has been rented by the US since 1903, and since the Communist government of Cuba cashed one rent check for the land, the contract is still considered valid by both countries. However, it was not used as a military prison until 2002.

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* Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name. The land the prison base is on has been rented by the US since 1903, and since the Communist government of Cuba cashed one rent check for the land, the contract is still considered valid by both countries. However, it was not used as a military prison until 2002.


* Guantanamo Bay in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name.
[[/folder]]

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* Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name.
[[/folder]]
name. The land the prison is on has been rented by the US since 1903, and since the Communist government of Cuba cashed one rent check for the land, the contract is still considered valid by both countries. However, it was not used as a military prison until 2002.

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*Guantanamo Bay in Cuba is home to the controversial US military prison of the same name.


* The [[IDontLikeTheSoundOfThatPlace marvellously named]] planet Despayre in ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'', the original construction site for the Death Star ([[Literature/DeathStar and the first casualty of the Death Star superlaser]]). There are also others that tend to end up in this kind of role, such as the spice mines of Kessel.
* ''Literature/TheCourtshipOfPrincessLeia'': Dathomir was used as one first by the Old Republic, and then later the Empire. In the first case, it housed dangerous makers of war machines, along with a rogue Jedi, while the Empire held mostly engineers who had refused to work for them and were sent there as political prisoners (too useful to just kill, but not people they wanted with the Rebels either).

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* ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'':
**
The [[IDontLikeTheSoundOfThatPlace marvellously marvelously named]] planet Despayre in ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'', ''Literature/DeathStar'', the original construction site for the Death Star ([[Literature/DeathStar and (and the first casualty of the Death Star superlaser]]). There are also others that tend to end up in this kind of role, such as the spice mines of Kessel.
* ** ''Literature/TheCourtshipOfPrincessLeia'': Dathomir was used as one first by the Old Republic, and then later the Empire. In the first case, it housed dangerous makers of war machines, along with a rogue Jedi, while the Empire held mostly engineers who had refused to work for them and were sent there as political prisoners (too useful to just kill, but not people they wanted with the Rebels either).either).
** ''Literature/TalesOfTheBountyHunters'': Jubilar is used as one by nearby star systems. As a result of their frequent wars, the convicts tend to be drafted into the different armies depending on which spaceport they arrive at.


* ''Literature/TheCourtshipOfPrincessLeia'': Dathomir was used as one first by the Old Republic, and then later the Empire. In the first case, it housed dangerous makers of war machines, along with a rogue Jedi, while the Empire held mostly engineers who'd refused to work for them and were sent there as political prisoners (to useful to simply kill, but not people they wanted with the Rebels either).

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* ''Literature/TheCourtshipOfPrincessLeia'': Dathomir was used as one first by the Old Republic, and then later the Empire. In the first case, it housed dangerous makers of war machines, along with a rogue Jedi, while the Empire held mostly engineers who'd who had refused to work for them and were sent there as political prisoners (to (too useful to simply just kill, but not people they wanted with the Rebels either).


* Allegedly, many deportees to Australia attempted to escape by walking across the massive deserts in the interior, in the belief that China, and freedom, lay just over the horizon. Apparently, they died of thirst and heat exhaustion in the desert, though more probably this tale was invented by the authorities to explain the low number of deportees who survived to the end of their sentence, as it sounded better than "died from overwork, starvation or total lack of sanitation" or "beaten to death by sadistic guards".
* In the previous century, before the discovery of Australia and with minimal North American colonies, Cromwell prevented further dissent in post-Civil War Britain by exiling dissenters and extremists [[note]]Those who wanted a fully-fledged English Revolution to eliminate 'all'' nobility and not just the king; who demanded equality, redistribution of land, universal suffrage, universal education, and other seditious things[[/note]] to the West of Ireland, then seen as a sufficiently remote penal colony. English exiles married into the Irish, were assimilated as Irish, and bequeathed English names like Smith, Higgins and [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Adams]] to Ireland. [[note]]As well as descendants like Simon Bolivar and Bernardo O'Higgins, who freed South America from the Spanish. Or Gerry Adams in the North.[[/note]]
* [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Devil's Island]] in French Guiana. Modernly famous for the memoir ''Literature/{{Papillon}}'' written by inmate Henri Charrière (later a Steve [=McQueen=] film of the same name).
** Côn Sơn Island in French Indochina.
* {{The Gulag}}s of Siberia and other remote places (the Arctic north, Sakhalin) were used this way by the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, the major industrial cities of Norilsk, Vorkuta, and Magadan all started out as Gulags.
** Penal colonies are still a type of prison in the Russian penal systems, with a rather lax security regime supplemented by being in the middle of nowhere.
* During the early years of WWII the Nazis planned to deport Europe's Jews to Madagascar, which was under the control of Vichy France. The plan was put on hold when it became clear the UK would not surrender, then scrapped in favour of the FinalSolution when Commonwealth and Free French forces captured Madagascar.

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* Allegedly, many deportees to Australia attempted to escape by walking across the massive deserts in the interior, in the belief that China, and freedom, lay just over the horizon. Apparently, they died of thirst and heat exhaustion in the desert, though more probably this tale was invented by the authorities to explain the low number of deportees who survived to the end of their sentence, as it sounded better than "died from overwork, starvation or total lack of sanitation" or "beaten to death by sadistic guards".
guards". Some actually survived when taken in by friendly Aboriginal tribes. They provided some of the few accounts on Aboriginal life prior to their rule by white settlers (written ones, anyway, as the tribes lacked writing systems).
* In the previous century, before the discovery of Australia and with minimal North American colonies, Cromwell prevented further dissent in post-Civil War Britain by exiling dissenters and extremists [[note]]Those extremists[[note]]Those who wanted a fully-fledged English Revolution to eliminate 'all'' nobility and not just the king; who demanded equality, redistribution of land, universal suffrage, universal education, and other seditious things[[/note]] things.[[/note]] to the West of Ireland, then seen as a sufficiently remote penal colony. English exiles married into the Irish, were assimilated as Irish, and bequeathed English names like Smith, Higgins and [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Adams]] to Ireland. [[note]]As well as descendants like Simon Bolivar and Bernardo O'Higgins, who freed South America from the Spanish. Or Gerry Adams in the North.[[/note]]
[[/note]] Others were sent to Barbados, joining white indentured servants as well. Descendants of theirs still live there, both known as "red legs" because they naturally were sunburned, though since the 19th century many have moved to other nearby islands in the Caribbean.
* [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Devil's Island]] in French Guiana. Modernly famous for the memoir ''Literature/{{Papillon}}'' written by inmate Henri Charrière (later a Steve [=McQueen=] film of the same name).
**
name), though his account is full of unlikely elements.
*
Côn Sơn Island in French Indochina.
* {{The Gulag}}s of Siberia and other remote places (the Arctic north, Sakhalin) were used this way by the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, the major industrial cities of Norilsk, Vorkuta, and Magadan all started out as Gulags.
**
Gulags. Penal colonies are still a type of prison in the Russian penal systems, Russia, with a rather lax security regime supplemented by being in the middle of nowhere.
* During the early years of WWII the Nazis planned to deport Europe's Jews to Madagascar, which was under the control of Vichy France. The plan was put on hold when it became clear the UK would not surrender, then scrapped in favour favor of the FinalSolution when Commonwealth and Free French forces captured Madagascar.



* The early American colonies were a popular destination for persons convicted of crimes; they would arrange with the prosecutor to become indentured servants in America, and after a term of years (typically seven years) would win their freedom. Furthermore, the state of Georgia was originally founded by Britain in 1732 specifically as a colony for the poor and those imprisoned for being unable to pay their debts (rather than having committed some crime), the idea being that they could work their debts off as farmers rather than rot in jail. However, after the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution War of Independence]], Britain had nowhere to transport convicts who had previously been going to America.[[note]]Which is exactly how the Americans wanted it; one of the less-emphasized but definite grievances of the colonies was Britain's habit of treating them as a dumping ground for the dregs of British society.[[/note]] Canada was not an option for various reasons (chief among them unsuitable geography and a desire not to piss off the Francophones), and obviously [[UsefulNotes/TheRaj India]], the other big British colony was out of the question, again because of the locals and the geography (there were too many native Indians to ignore, and the convicts weren't needed to do colonization work outside of the few who [[TradingBarsForStripes joined]] [[UsefulNotes/KiplingsFinest the East India Company's army]]). After a while, though, the British noticed that Australia was conveniently unclaimed by any of the other European powers, and was therefore "empty" (try telling an 18th century European that Indigenous Australians are real people, and you'll probably get laughed out of the room[[note]]Unlike the aforementioned Indians, where there were too many of them to ignore[[/note]]). And so Australia was chosen, and you probably know the rest of the story if you've read the rest of this section.
* During WWI and WWII, captured Axis prisoners of war were sent to the POW camps in the Prairies of America or Canada. These camps generally needed no walls or heavy guard as they were so far away from civilization that a person can walk for days without encountering another person. A often-told story concerns a band of ragged and starving escapees (unused to the sheer size of North American countries and provinces/states) finally encountering a person after a grueling march and asking him if they are in Mexico--only to be informed that they have not even made it past the county lines yet.
* UsefulNotes/{{Angola}} was this for UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}}. A place of uncurable diseases with Portugal only controlling a couple of forts and whose only important activity until its abolition was slave capture and export (although later came some others, like diamonds), this all changed during TheFifties when finally the diseases were curable and came non-prisoners attracted by new-found fertile lands for agriculture, especially coffee, cocoa and sisal. Later, oil was struck during TheSeventies. (Although, it must be noted, prisoners still went to Angola 'till the end.)

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* The early American colonies were a popular destination for persons convicted of crimes; they would arrange with the prosecutor to become indentured servants in America, and after a term of years (typically seven years) would win their freedom. Furthermore, the state of Georgia was originally founded by Britain in 1732 specifically as a colony for the poor and those imprisoned for being unable to pay their debts (rather than having committed some crime), the idea being that they could work their debts off as farmers rather than rot in jail. However, after the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution War of Independence]], Britain had nowhere to transport convicts who had previously been going to America.[[note]]Which is exactly how the Americans wanted it; one of the less-emphasized but definite grievances of the colonies was Britain's habit of treating them as a dumping ground for the dregs of British society.[[/note]] Canada was not an option for various reasons (chief among them unsuitable geography and a desire not to piss off the Francophones), and obviously [[UsefulNotes/TheRaj India]], the other big British colony was out of the question, again because of the locals and the geography (there were too many native Indians to ignore, and the convicts weren't needed to do colonization work outside of the few who [[TradingBarsForStripes joined]] [[UsefulNotes/KiplingsFinest the East India Company's army]]). After a while, though, the British noticed that Australia was conveniently unclaimed by any of the other European powers, and was therefore "empty" (try telling an 18th century European that Indigenous Aboriginal Australians are real people, and you'll probably get laughed out of the room[[note]]Unlike room).[[note]]Unlike the aforementioned Indians, where there were too many of them to ignore[[/note]]). ignore.[[/note]] And so Australia was chosen, and you probably know the rest of the story if you've read the rest of this section.
* During WWI and WWII, captured Axis prisoners of war were sent to the POW camps in the Prairies of America or Canada. These camps generally needed no walls or heavy guard guard, as they were so far away from civilization that a person can walk for days without encountering another person. A often-told An oft-told story concerns a band of ragged and starving escapees (unused to the sheer size of North American countries and provinces/states) finally encountering a person after a grueling march and asking him if they are in Mexico--only to be informed that they have not even made it past the county lines yet.
* UsefulNotes/{{Angola}} was this for UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}}. A place of uncurable diseases incurable diseases, with Portugal only controlling a couple of forts and whose only important activity until its abolition was slave capture and export (although later came some others, like diamonds), this all changed during TheFifties when finally the diseases were curable and in came non-prisoners attracted by new-found fertile lands for agriculture, especially coffee, cocoa and sisal. Later, oil was struck during TheSeventies. (Although, TheSeventies (although, it must be noted, prisoners still went to Angola 'till the end.)end). By then Angola won its independence however.


* And in ''Literature/BraveNewWorld'', many dissidents are sent to various islands.

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* And in In ''Literature/BraveNewWorld'', many dissidents are sent to various islands.islands (they are imprisoned there though, just exiled).


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* ''Literature/TheCourtshipOfPrincessLeia'': Dathomir was used as one first by the Old Republic, and then later the Empire. In the first case, it housed dangerous makers of war machines, along with a rogue Jedi, while the Empire held mostly engineers who'd refused to work for them and were sent there as political prisoners (to useful to simply kill, but not people they wanted with the Rebels either).


* One of these exists at the beginning of the Filler Arc in ''{{Naruto}}'' [[spoiler: The corrupt teacher from waaaay back at the start of the series is there, and he's been experimenting with spells that could best be described as the wizarding-ninja equivalent of steroids. He gets out, and Naruto and the other Leaf Ninja have to stop him.]]

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* One of these exists at the beginning of the Filler Arc in ''{{Naruto}}'' ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' [[spoiler: The corrupt teacher from waaaay back at the start of the series is there, and he's been experimenting with spells that could best be described as the wizarding-ninja equivalent of steroids. He gets out, and Naruto and the other Leaf Ninja have to stop him.]]

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