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* GoodAdulteryBadAdultery: It is deliberately left to audience to decide if it's good or bad:
** Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler:And apparently [[{{Cuckold}} Kaczmarek]] is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he lets it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].
** When she lives in Paris with Wiktor, Zula says that she slept with Michel. Whether this is true or not is ambiguous.

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* GoodAdulteryBadAdultery: It is deliberately left to audience to decide if it's good or bad:
** Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler:And apparently [[{{Cuckold}} Kaczmarek]] is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he lets it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].
** When she lives in Paris with Wiktor, Zula says that she slept with Michel. Whether this is true or not is ambiguous.


* YourCheatingHeart:
** Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler:And apparently Kaczmarek is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he lets it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].
** When she lives in Paris with Wiktor, Zula says that she slept with Michel. Whether this is true or not is ambiguous.


* ColdWar: The story is set in the 50s and 60s, taking place in communist Poland, Yugoslavia and in Paris, where Wiktor settles after [[DefectorFromCommieLand his defection]].


* TheMasochismTango: The toxic, violent and disfunctional relationship between Zula and Wiktor. And while they can't stand each other for prolonged periods of time, they also ''can't live without each other''. [[spoiler:They eventually opt for double suicide]].

to:

* TheMasochismTango: The toxic, violent and disfunctional dysfunctional relationship between Zula and Wiktor. And while they can't stand each other for prolonged periods of time, they also ''can't live without each other''. [[spoiler:They eventually opt for double suicide]].

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* AmicableExes: Wiktor and Juliette. Juliette even works with Wiktor to translate Polish songs.


Added DiffLines:

* ClingyJealousGirl: In Paris, Zula is very jealous of Juliette, the ex-girlfriend of Wiktor.


** The consule in Paris. When he's done with protocole, he simply chews Wiktor for his desire to return to Poland, because not only the country isn't the most pleasant place to be, but he's ''at best'' going to end up in prison for decades. [[ShotAtDawn At worst...]]

to:

** The consule consul in Paris. When he's done with protocole, he simply chews Wiktor for his desire to return to Poland, because not only the country isn't the most pleasant place to be, but he's ''at best'' going to end up in prison for decades. [[ShotAtDawn At worst...]]


* CommieLand: Communist Poland. And Yugoslavia, too. What makes this case curious is the fact Yugoslavia was an unaligned country, while Poland was under Soviet boots.
* CrapsackWorld: Communist Poland, where people are forced to spy on each other, where artists and ethnographers are forced to make propaganda works, where you will go to a HellholePrison for 15 years if you leave the country illegally.

to:

* CommieLand: Communist Poland. And Yugoslavia, too. What makes this case curious is the fact Yugoslavia was an unaligned country, while Poland was under Soviet boots.boots, making them "brothers in communism" on paper, but rivals in reality.
* CrapsackWorld: Communist Poland, where people are forced to spy on each other, where artists and ethnographers are forced to make propaganda works, works and where you will go to a HellholePrison for 15 years if you leave the country illegally.



* FemmeFatale: Zula combines the coldness with being ruthless, while she doesn't shy from using her looks to achieve her goals. She actively plays on Wiktor's interest in her to just get into "Mazurek" and then marries ''twice'' to different men just to achieve what she wants.

to:

* FemmeFatale: Zula combines the coldness with being ruthless, while she doesn't shy from using her looks to achieve her goals. She actively plays on Wiktor's interest in her to just get into "Mazurek" Mazurek and then marries ''twice'' to different men just to achieve what she wants.



* IronicName: Wiktor, who is utterly defeated by love, politics and life itself.



* LoveMakesYouDumb: After escaping from the country, Wiktor can't find his place in Paris and is longing for Zula. He travels to places where "Mazurek" performs and ultimately [[spoiler:goes back to Poland in the end, despite everyone outright telling him it's lethal level of stupidity]].

to:

* LoveMakesYouDumb: After escaping from the country, Wiktor can't find his place in Paris and is longing for Zula. He travels to places where "Mazurek" Mazurek performs and ultimately [[spoiler:goes back to Poland in the end, despite everyone outright telling him it's lethal level of stupidity]].



* SignatureStyle: Just like his previous film, Film/{{Ida}}, Pawlikowski wrote a {{Retraux}} story set during the 50s and 60s in Polish People's Republic about inability to fit in, all filmed in DeliberatelyMonochrome.

to:

* SignatureStyle: Just like his previous film, Film/{{Ida}}, ''Film/{{Ida}}'', Pawlikowski wrote a {{Retraux}} story set during the 50s and 60s in Polish People's Republic about inability to fit in, all filmed in DeliberatelyMonochrome.



** The entire propaganda value of "Mazurek" is to show to the "rotten bourgeoisie world" the true value of folk culture and art. Along with hefty dose of Stalinist propaganda, of course.

to:

** The entire propaganda value of "Mazurek" Mazurek is to show to the "rotten bourgeoisie world" the true value of folk culture and art. Along with hefty dose of Stalinist propaganda, of course.



** {{Subverted|Trope}}: in Paris, Wiktor waits for Zula a very long time in a bar. The bar is going to close when Zula finally shows up.

to:

** {{Subverted|Trope}}: {{Subverted|Trope}} later on in Paris, Paris. Wiktor waits for Zula a very long time in a bar.bar, to the point where barmaid tells him outright the girl he's waiting for won't come. The bar is going to close when Zula finally shows up.



* {{Unperson}}: Strongly implied to be the reason why Irena disappears from the story. She first shows clear dissatisfaction with adding propaganda to the repertoire and then ''walking out'' while "Mazurek" performs a song to Stalin. That's the last time she's seen or mentioned.

to:

* {{Unperson}}: Strongly implied to be the reason why Irena disappears from the story. She first shows clear dissatisfaction with adding propaganda to the repertoire and then ''walking out'' while "Mazurek" Mazurek performs a song to Stalin. That's the last time she's seen or mentioned.


* PropagandaMachine: Wiktor's troupe, Mazurek, is part of communist Poland's propaganda machine. Aside from genuine folk numbers, it also performs propaganda pieces, like one about how great [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] is.

to:

* PropagandaMachine: Wiktor's troupe, Mazurek, is part of communist Poland's propaganda machine. Aside from Besides genuine folk numbers, it also performs propaganda pieces, like one about how great [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] is.


* PropagandaMachine: Wiktor's troupe, Mazurek, is part of communist Poland's propaganda machine. Aside genuine folk numbers, it also perform propaganda pieces, like one about how great [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] is.

to:

* PropagandaMachine: Wiktor's troupe, Mazurek, is part of communist Poland's propaganda machine. Aside from genuine folk numbers, it also perform performs propaganda pieces, like one about how great [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] is.


* PropagandaMachine: Wiktor's troupe, Mazurek, is part of communist Poland's propaganda machine. It produces propaganda numbers, like one about how great [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] is.

to:

* PropagandaMachine: Wiktor's troupe, Mazurek, is part of communist Poland's propaganda machine. It produces Aside genuine folk numbers, it also perform propaganda numbers, pieces, like one about how great [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] is.


* YourCheatingHeart: Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler:And apparently Kaczmarek is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he let's it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].

to:

* YourCheatingHeart: YourCheatingHeart:
**
Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler:And apparently Kaczmarek is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he let's lets it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].Wiktor]].
** When she lives in Paris with Wiktor, Zula says that she slept with Michel. Whether this is true or not is ambiguous.


* BookEnds: In the end, Zula and Wiktor decide to go back to the ruined church that Wiktor explored in the beginning [[spoiler:to commit suicide]].

to:

* BookEnds: In the end, Zula and Wiktor decide to go back to the ruined church that Wiktor explored in the beginning [[spoiler:to beginning. [[spoiler:They intend to commit suicide]].suicide there.]]



* EstablishingCharacterMoment: The entire casting scene is one for Zula. While waiting for her turn, she befriends another girl and performs with her to make herself more noticable (despite not even comming from mountains and yet singing a folk song from there). When asked to sing something on her own and sensing Bielecka doesn't want her, she starts singing in Russian, making it thus hard to get rid of her for political reasons. And when told it's enough, she still demands on her own to finish the refrain. Bielecka instantly notes the girl is calculating and over-ambitious, but since Wiktor is charmed by her, she's still let into the troupe.

to:

* EstablishingCharacterMoment: The entire casting scene is one for Zula. While waiting for her turn, she befriends another girl and performs with her to make herself more noticable (despite not even comming coming from mountains and yet singing a folk song from there). When asked to sing something on her own and sensing Bielecka doesn't want her, she starts singing in Russian, making it thus hard to get rid of her for political reasons. And when told it's enough, she still demands on her own to finish the refrain. Bielecka instantly notes the girl is calculating and over-ambitious, but since Wiktor is charmed by her, she's still let into the troupe.



* HellholePrison: The prison where Wiktor is sent when he goes back to Poland. When he finally goes out, he cannot play the piano any more due to completely mangled hand.

to:

* HellholePrison: The prison where Wiktor is sent when he goes back to Poland. When he finally goes out, he cannot play the piano any more due to a completely mangled hand.


Added DiffLines:

* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Paweł Pawlikowski was inspired by the story of his own parents and he gave their names to the main protagonists, but this is not a faithful biopic.


* AdvertisedExtra: [[spoiler:Agata Kulesza, playing Bielecka, is in grand total of 8 scenes and leaves after initial 12 minutes. Borys Szyc, who played Kaczmarek, is a downplayed case (since he stopped being an A-lister long time ago), but he still only shows up only for a handful of scenes sprinkled throughout the whole film]].

to:

* AdvertisedExtra: [[spoiler:Agata Kulesza, playing Bielecka, is in grand total of 8 scenes and leaves after initial 12 minutes. Borys Szyc, who played Kaczmarek, is a downplayed case (since he stopped being an A-lister long time ago), but he still only shows up only for a handful of scenes sprinkled throughout the whole film]].



* EstablishingCharacterMoment: The entire casting scene is one for Zula. While waiting for her turn, she befriends another girl and performs with her to make herself more noticable (despite not even comming from mountains and yet singing a folk song from there). When asked to sing something on her own and sensing Bielecka doesn't want her, she starts singing in Russian, making it thus hard to get rid of her for political reasons. And when told it's enough, she still demands on her own to finish the refrain. Bielecka instantly notes the girl is calculating and over-ambitious, but since Wiktor is charmed by the girl, she's still let into the troupe.

to:

* EstablishingCharacterMoment: The entire casting scene is one for Zula. While waiting for her turn, she befriends another girl and performs with her to make herself more noticable (despite not even comming from mountains and yet singing a folk song from there). When asked to sing something on her own and sensing Bielecka doesn't want her, she starts singing in Russian, making it thus hard to get rid of her for political reasons. And when told it's enough, she still demands on her own to finish the refrain. Bielecka instantly notes the girl is calculating and over-ambitious, but since Wiktor is charmed by the girl, her, she's still let into the troupe.


Added DiffLines:

* TheMasochismTango: The toxic, violent and disfunctional relationship between Zula and Wiktor. And while they can't stand each other for prolonged periods of time, they also ''can't live without each other''. [[spoiler:They eventually opt for double suicide]].


Added DiffLines:

* TimeSkip: The story starts in 1947 and then keeps jumping years between scenes, until reaching 1968 in the finale.


* AdvertisedExtra: [[spoiler: Agata Kulesza, playing Bielecka, is in grand total of 8 scenes and leaves after initial 12 minutes. Borys Szyc, who played Kaczmarek, is a downplayed case (since he stopped being an A-lister long time ago), but he still only shows up only for a handful of scenes sprinkled throughout the whole film]].
* TheAlcoholic: Strongly implied in the end with Zula. She looks and behaves the part, along with being piss-drunk while performing on stage. Considering what kind of things she did [[spoiler: to Wiktor and then to get him out of prison]], it's no wonder she turned to the bottle.

to:

* AdvertisedExtra: [[spoiler: Agata [[spoiler:Agata Kulesza, playing Bielecka, is in grand total of 8 scenes and leaves after initial 12 minutes. Borys Szyc, who played Kaczmarek, is a downplayed case (since he stopped being an A-lister long time ago), but he still only shows up only for a handful of scenes sprinkled throughout the whole film]].
* TheAlcoholic: Strongly implied in the end with Zula. She looks and behaves the part, along with being piss-drunk while performing on stage. Considering what kind of things she did [[spoiler: to [[spoiler:to Wiktor and then to get him out of prison]], it's no wonder she turned to the bottle.



* {{Blackmail}}: Due to a suspended sentence and possibility of prison, Zula agrees to [[spoiler: spy on Wiktor for Kaczmarek]].

to:

* {{Blackmail}}: Due to a suspended sentence and possibility of prison, Zula agrees to [[spoiler: spy [[spoiler:spy on Wiktor for Kaczmarek]].



* ColdBloodedTorture: [[spoiler: The most likely reason why Wiktor's hand looks like put through a meat grinder]].

to:

* ColdBloodedTorture: [[spoiler: The [[spoiler:The most likely reason why Wiktor's hand looks like put through a meat grinder]].



* {{Fingore}}: [[spoiler: When Zula visits Wiktor in prison, she notices his hand was wrecked, most likely on purpose]].

to:

* {{Fingore}}: [[spoiler: When [[spoiler:When Zula visits Wiktor in prison, she notices his hand was wrecked, most likely on purpose]].



* HeroicSeductress: Zula charms Kaczmarek and [[spoiler: even has a child with him]] in order to get Wiktor's release.

to:

* HeroicSeductress: Zula charms Kaczmarek and [[spoiler: even [[spoiler:even has a child with him]] in order to get Wiktor's release.



* LoveMakesYouDumb: After escaping from the country, Wiktor can't find his place in Paris and is longing for Zula. He travels to places where "Mazurek" performs and ultimately [[spoiler: goes back to Poland in the end, despite everyone outright telling him it's lethal level of stupidity]].
* LostInTranslation: While she's mostly fuelled by jelously, Zula still makes a point Juliette's translation of the lyrics for her song completely misses the actual meaning.

to:

* LoveMakesYouDumb: After escaping from the country, Wiktor can't find his place in Paris and is longing for Zula. He travels to places where "Mazurek" performs and ultimately [[spoiler: goes [[spoiler:goes back to Poland in the end, despite everyone outright telling him it's lethal level of stupidity]].
* LostInTranslation: While she's mostly fuelled by jelously, jealousy, Zula still makes a point Juliette's translation of the lyrics for her song completely misses the actual meaning.



* MarriageOfConvenience: Despite being married twice, Zula couldn't care less about either of her husbands. This even includes [[spoiler: having a son just for the sake of convenience]].

to:

* MarriageOfConvenience: Despite being married twice, Zula couldn't care less about either of her husbands. This even includes [[spoiler: having [[spoiler:having a son just for the sake of convenience]].



** The StateSec agents in Yugoslavia. They do capture Wiktor, but [[spoiler: rather than handling him to Poles, they simply load him into a train heading to France and make it explicitly clear they don't want any harm to him, but no girl is worth the shit he is putting himself into]].

to:

** The StateSec agents in Yugoslavia. They do capture Wiktor, but [[spoiler: rather [[spoiler:rather than handling him to Poles, they simply load him into a train heading to France and make it explicitly clear they don't want any harm to him, but no girl is worth the shit he is putting himself into]].



* TooDumbToLive: [[spoiler: Wiktor goes back to Poland. ''Everyone'' knows it's a god-awful idea. He still goes with it and predictably ends up with a sentence of 15 years of hard labour in a quarry]]. If not for Kaczmarek's connections to get him out, he would probably died there.
** [[spoiler: Irena could be either this or simply DrivenToSuicide when he starts to visibly resent the political orders]].

to:

* TooDumbToLive: [[spoiler: Wiktor [[spoiler:Wiktor goes back to Poland. ''Everyone'' knows it's a god-awful idea. He still goes with it and predictably ends up with a sentence of 15 years of hard labour in a quarry]]. If not for Kaczmarek's connections to get him out, he would probably died there.
** [[spoiler: Irena [[spoiler:Irena could be either this or simply DrivenToSuicide when he starts to visibly resent the political orders]].



* YourCheatingHeart: Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler: And apparently Kaczmarek is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he let's it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].

to:

* YourCheatingHeart: Zula marries. Twice. Each time to be with Wiktor. [[spoiler: And [[spoiler:And apparently Kaczmarek is content with this, since all he needs is a son and a TrophyWife, so he let's it all slide as long as he can claim ultimate victory over Wiktor]].

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