The MGM Oneshot Cartoons are a series of oneshot cartoons, produced by Fred Quimby for MGM's in-house cartoon studio. Many of these shorts were directed by Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising, as well as future star directors Bill Hanna and Joe Barbera.Aside from the first two and last two made, the bulk of these cartoons were made from 1939 to 1943. The shorts were made in an attempt to find a new star series for MGM, as well as to make up for the previous failures of The Captain And The Kids and Count Screwloose. One of these experiments, Puss Gets the Boot, would wind up launching MGM's acclaimed Tom and Jerry cartoons. Another notable oneshot was the anti-war short Peace on Earth, the only cartoon to ever be nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize, and to be voted as one of The 50 Greatest Cartoons in 1994.These shorts were succeeded by the Tex Avery MGM Cartoons, many of which were also oneshot cartoons, although two final oneshots were produced in the 1960s by Chuck Jones for the studio while he was working on his Tom and Jerry shorts.
Little Buck Cheeser: A follow-up to the Happy Harmonies short "Little Cheeser".
The Bookworm Turns: A follow-up to "The Bookworm".
Romeo in Rhythm
Papa Gets the Bird
The Homeless Flea
The Lonesome Stranger
Abdul the Bulbul-Ameer
The Little Mole
The Goose Goes South
Dance of the Weed
The Alley Cat
The Field Mouse
The Hungry Wolf: This short had some animation contributed by Disney animator Bill Tytla, who went to MGM's cartoon studio during the infamous 1941 Disney studio strike to briefly work there. Micheal Sporn's splog has a post about it.
The First Swallow
Little Gravel Voice
Bats in the Belfry
Chips off the Old Block
The Boy and the Wolf
The Stork's Holiday
Leo Master Spanish: A short starring MGM's mascot Leo the Lion made exclusively for audiences south of the border.
Animation Bump: When Harman And Ising were brought back in 1939 to give the MGM Cartoon Studio the kick in the pants it needed, they had used the time in their absense to considerably refine their animation skills to the point of full-blown Disney quality, resulting in The Twelve Principles of Animation being in full effect in these shorts. It helped that Harman And Ising had in fact worked on one outsourced Silly Symphonies short, "Water Babies", during that time.
Anti-Villain: The eponymous wolf of "The Hungry Wolf"; he does want to eat the little kid rabbit who unwittingly comes to his house, but it's clear he was literally starving to death in the first place, and eventually the wolf gets guilty enough about his desires to where he forcibly throws the rabbit out to keep himself from eating him—which fails and he tries to go after him, only for the snowstorm to get the better of him. Ironically, the rabbit and his family take him in during the storm, and the wolf is very grateful for this.
Ascended Extra: The donkey from "Little Gravel Voice" would later make a couple appearances in the Barney Bear cartoon series, and even became a recurring character in the Barney Bear comics, even receiving the name of Benny Burro.
Bittersweet Ending: "The Little Mole"; the kid gets his new glasses broken and comes close to drowning, but he ends up reunited with his mother by the end, and he can once again see his "Dream Castle" (a pile of junk which he imagines is the former due to his very poor eyesight).
Big Friendly Dog: The family of Saint Bernard rescue dogs in "Little Cesario"; ironically inverted with Cesario himself in terms of size, but he's still just as friendly.
Creator Backlash: Frank Tashlin, the original author of "The Bear That Wasn't" wasn't happy with the animated version, as he felt the bear getting a cigarette in his mouth and a cup of coffee in his paw made him look too human, kind of ruining the point of the story.
Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass: "Little Cesario", a Saint Bernard pup who initially seems rather unhelpful, but became instrumental in saving the older Saint Bernard, Alexander, from a heavy snowstorm and avalanche.
Denser and Wackier: "The Lonesome Stranger", a parody of western cartoons, is noticably more gag-oriented and wild in it's animation than most of these other shorts.
Digital Destruction: The restored version of "Tom Turk" has atrocious, blatant DVNR damage in many parts of the short.
Dog Face: Officer Pooch, from the eponymous short.
Family-Unfriendly Death: The fate of the Spider in "Mrs. Ladybug"; after unwittingly swallowing his cigar to hide it from the nearby kid, it burns him from the inside and he drinks something nearby to put it out—only to find out it was a jug of gasoline! Seconds later, he violently explodes and is sent to Kingdom Come.
I Just Want to Have Friends: The premise of "Little Gravel Voice"; the protagonist is a cute, friendly little donkey who suffers from having a bray so dreadfully obnoxious that it scares away all the other animals. Ironically, his bray ends up harming and scaring away a hungry wolf, which earns him the friendship of the other animals—once they tie up his snout with his ears, of course.
Sentient Vehicle: At one point in "Innertube Antics", when the eponymous tube rips the donkey's old Jalopy out of its frame, it crashes through his house's wall—and is found relaxing on the bed, smiling.
Shaggy Dog Story: "Art Gallery". Once it looks like Nero has succeeded in burning down the art museum, everything abruptly returns back to normal.
Spiritual Successor: Many of them are essentially Happy Harmonies with more lavish animation, hence why a few of these shorts featured previous stars of the Harmonies shorts.
Smelly Skunk: Dr. Primrose Skunk from "The Little Mole"; his first appearance has several flowers go limp as he walks by.
The Twelve Principles of Animation: In full-blown effect. The shorts are very solidly drawn, and the films are loaded with more squash and stretch and secondary actions than you can imagine.
Villainous Breakdown: The wolf from "The Hungry Wolf" is driven to this when he kicks the kid rabbit out of his house to keep himself from eating him, and then succumbs to his hunger shortly after. Thankfully, the snowstorm outside gets the better of him, and the rabbit and his family save him and welcome him into their house (and the wolf is grateful for this).
The Voiceless: Pantomime was frequently used in the shorts, with some characters having no dialogue whatsoever. "Officer Pooch" is a notable example of this.
Wartime Cartoon: "War Dogs" and "The Stork's Holiday". "Innertube Antics" is not an explicitly war-themed cartoon, although the rubber scrap drive of the short is an obvious nod to the strict rationing of rubber during the war years.