The 13th Floor Elevators were a band from Austin, Texas, who served as one of the Trope Codifiers
and the Trope Namer
for the genre of Psychedelic Rock
back in The Sixties
The band was formed in 1966, centered around guitarist/vocalist Roky Erickson, guitarist Stacy Sutherland and electric jug player Tommy Hall (both of whom performed backing vocals), with a variety of drummers and bassists coming and going for the duration of their short career.
The band were fervently dedicated to the idea of psychedelia and expanding the boundaries of the mind, religiously advocating use of hallucinogenics in their lyrics and sleeve notes, and becoming (probably) the first band to release an album with "psychedelic" in the title. According to legend, Hall's jug was tuned by the amount of marijuana stored in it.
They released two albums in close succession, The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators
and Easter Everywhere
. The first one yielded their only successful single and arguable Signature Song
, "You're Gonna Miss Me". However, the band disintegrated after they got busted by the Texas authorities for possession of drugs - Stacy went to prison, while Roky misguidedly pleaded insanity and landed in a state hospital for the criminally insane until 1973, and has struggled with mental issues ever since. Stacy was accidentally shot by his wife in 1978, while Tommy became a devout follower of Scientology in the same decade.
They've been really influential on the Psychedelic Rock
and Alternative Rock
Erickson maintains a strong cult following
and is considered an Austin icon on par with Willie Nelson
and Stevie Ray Vaughn despite not coming near either man's level of success. His solo career is highly influential in the Horror Rock genre, and counts members of bands like ZZ Top
- The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators (1966)
- Easter Everywhere (1967)
- Live (1968) - actually an album of studio outtakes with overdubbed applause and crowd noise, put out by their record label for some quick cash
- Bull of the Woods (1969) - released after the band's collapse
Tropes used by the 13th Floor Elevators: