The 13th Floor Elevators were a band from Austin, Texas, who served as one of the {{Trope Codifier}}s and the [[TropeNamers Trope Namer]] for the genre of PsychedelicRock back in TheSixties.

The band was formed in 1966, centered around guitarist/vocalist Roky Erickson, guitarist Stacy Sutherland and electric jug player Tommy Hall (both of whom performed backing vocals), with a variety of drummers and bassists coming and going for the duration of their short career.

The band were fervently dedicated to the idea of psychedelia and expanding the boundaries of the mind, religiously advocating use of hallucinogenics in their lyrics and sleeve notes, and becoming (probably) the first band to release an album with "psychedelic" in the title. According to legend, Hall's jug was tuned by the amount of marijuana stored in it.

They released two albums in close succession, ''The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators'' and ''Easter Everywhere''. The first one yielded their only successful single and arguable SignatureSong, "You're Gonna Miss Me". However, the band disintegrated after they got busted by the Texas authorities for possession of drugs - Stacy went to prison, while Roky misguidedly pleaded insanity and landed in a state hospital for the criminally insane until 1973, and has struggled with mental issues ever since. Stacy was accidentally shot by his wife in 1978, while Tommy became a devout follower of Scientology in the same decade.

They've been really influential on the PsychedelicRock and AlternativeRock movement.

Erickson maintains a strong [[CultClassic cult following]] and is considered an Austin icon on par with Music/WillieNelson and Stevie Ray Vaughn despite not coming near either man's level of success. His solo career is highly influential in the Horror Rock genre, and counts members of bands like Music/ZZTop and {{Music/REM}} as fans.

* ''The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators'' (1966)
* ''Easter Everywhere'' (1967)
* ''Live'' (1968) - actually an album of studio outtakes with overdubbed applause and crowd noise, put out by their record label for some quick cash
* ''Bull of the Woods'' (1969) - released after the band's collapse
!Tropes used by the 13th Floor Elevators:

* BedlamHouse: The hospital Roky landed in and got treated with electroshock therapy.
* BreakupSong: "You're Gonna Miss Me"
* CarefulWithThatAxe + MetalScream: Roky gained fame largely because of his distinctive wild screaming.
* CoverVersion: "You Don't Know How Young You Are" by Powell St. John, "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue" by Music/BobDylan, "Before You Accuse Me" by Music/BoDiddley, "I'm Gonna Love You Too" by Music/BuddyHolly and "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love" by Solomon Burke.
** On the other hand, there've been quite a few covers of their songs by AlternativeRock bands influenced by them. For example: "Reverberation (Doubt)" was covered by Music/TheJesusAndMaryChain, "Slip Inside This House" was covered (or CoveredUp?) by Music/PrimalScream on their album ''Music/{{Screamadelica}}'', "Rollercoaster" got a Music/{{Spacemen 3}} version, Music/{{Television}} used to play "Fire Engine" live, and so on.
* EpicRocking: The eight-minute "Slip Inside This House".
* NonAppearingTitle: "I Had to Tell You".
* PsychedelicRock
* SurprisinglyGentleSong: For a band who made their reputation for riff-driven freakouts like "You're Gonna Miss Me", lovely ballads like "Splash 1 (Now I'm Home)", "I Had to Tell You" and "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue" (among others) can come as a surprise.
* TheSvengali: Tommy Hall very much acted as this to his bandmates. He evidently saw the band as a vehicle to cultivate a following as a psychedelic guru.
* TitleOnlyChorus: "You're Gonna Miss Me", "Reverberation (Doubt)", "(I've Got) Levitation".
* WatchItStoned: Their entire philosophy.