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Villain-by-Proxy Fallacy
When someone subscribes to the phrase "An Accessory to the Crime". Let's say that a shooting occurs. You feel like administering justice, not just to the shooter, but to the gun dealer and the gun maker. As well as the legislators who allowed for gun acquisitions and the police officers who enforced that law. You feel that they, even if marginally, contributed to the shooting, and you take it upon yourself to be the Karma Police, consequences be damned.

In the more sympathetic portrayals, the Karma Police actually has a legit beef with the Villain by Proxy (who may or may not care either way), even if their methods can range from overzealous to cruel. The less savory examples operate under methods that come across as Misplaced Retribution, with a touch of Evil Is Petty, Never My Fault or as a proponent of Poor Communication Kills.

A hybrid option would be to follow the slippery slope scenario, where it morphs from "directly involved" to "marginally involved" to "only acquainted with those who were involved". This is an effective way to descend the Karma Police into the path of a Complete Monster.

Just for clarification, this is not about whether the audience feels this way about a character. This is about someone in-universe thinking this way and doing something about it.

Sub-Trope of Knight Templar with a touch of Well-Intentioned Extremist (depending on the portrayal). Compare Hitler Ate Sugar, Accomplice by Inaction and Guilt By Association Gag, the former two of which can overlap if things turn really nasty.

Examples:

    open/close all folders 

    Anime and Manga 
  • Villainous example early in Code Geass: Cornelia executes civilians in Saitama accused of secretly aiding guerrillas in the area.

    Film 
  • The Dark Knight: After Rachel dies, Harvey confronts the people that he felt were responsible for her death, starting with The Joker, the actual killer. The madman wins the coin toss and gets to live, so Harvey goes after the mob men and crooked cops he used to carry out his plan. The last person he targets is Commissioner Gordon, whose laissez-faire attitude toward the corruption in his department made the Joker's plan possible.
  • Law Abiding Citizen: Clyde Shelton's family are murdered during a burglary, and the District Attorney cuts a deal with the burglar who carried out the murders, offering him a lesser sentence in exchange for him testifying against his accomplice (which sends the latter to the death row). Shelton decides to take matters into his own hands, first by taking brutal revenge against both burglars, then by initiating a campaign of terror aimed at bringing down the entire justice system, which he sees as responsible for a miscarriage of justice.
  • In Unforgiven, the working girls put out a $1,000 bounty on the heads of two cowboys, Quick Mike and Davey Bunting. While this is understandable in Mike's case (he cut up one of the prostitutes pretty badly), Davey's only crime is his poor choice of friends.
  • In Now You See Me, The Fifth Horseman/Dylan's plan involves taking revenge on everyone who played a part in his father's death. He uses the Four Horsemen to get his revenge. This includes stealing money from the man who cheated his family out of insurance money and framing the man who drove Shrike to his comeback for robbing a bank.

    Literature 
  • A major point of contention between the Space Wolves and the Inquisition in Warhammer 40,000. After the First War for Armageddon, the Inquisition decided that the Guardsmen and civilians who'd fought might be corrupted by Chaos (or start talking about what they'd seen about Chaos), and enacted a mass sterilization and forced labor program for the civilians and shoot down the Guard transports. This did not sit well with the Space Wolves, who had fought alongside these men and women, and took it upon themselves to rescue all those that they could without opening fire on Inquisitorial ships. The Inquisition failed to take the hint and almost started a civil war with the Wolves.
  • In the first book of the Saxon Stories, Ragnar tracks a man who betrayed him and attempted to murder his adopted son to a monastery. The bishop there tries to explain that the man is dying from his wounds and that anyone who seeks protection at a church is entitled to it. Ragnar grows more and more furious at the priest sheltering a man who betrayed his lord and attempted to murder a teenage boy, until he eventually decides that the priest and church must be evil if they allow evil men to take shelter, and slaughters the bishop, the rest of the monastery, and the man in question.

    Live Action Television 
  • An unusual example occurs on Angel with the Vampire Hunter Holtz, who seeks vengeance on Angelus for murdering his family and forcing him to stake his own daughter. In this case, Holtz comes after Angel even after acknowledging that Angel is essentially a different person than the soulless Angelus. The trope is played straight in that Holtz's vengeance also encompasses Angel's infant son and his allies in Angel Investigations. Holtz's assistant, Justine, is also a clearer example, int that she hates all vampires because one of them killed her sister.
  • On Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Warren shoots and kills Tara and is in turn apparently killed in revenge by Willow, after which she also vengefully targets his former partners Jonathan and Andrew despite their lack of involvement in the shooting...and when Buffy and the Scoobies prevent these murders, she blames and attacks them!
  • Star Trek: Deep Space Nine:
    • Sisko is an inversion, feeling this way about himself after playing a part in tricking the Romulans into declaring war on the Dominion. This includes bribery, manufacturing evidence, covering up the murder of a high-profile Romulan ambassador and framing the Dominion for a crime they hadn't committed. It's easy to see his point, except he can live with it, if it meant preserving the Federation. At least, that's what he tells himself.
    • Ilon Tandro in the episode "Dax" is obsessed with finding and punishing the traitor who was responsible for the murder of his father, General Ardelon Tandro. He strongly suspects his father's friend Curzon Dax, who could have carried out the murder and was never able to provide himself an alibi, but since Curzon is dead, he decides to place the symbiotic lifeform that lived in his body, and its current host Jadzia Dax, on trial in Curzon's place. He (correctly) assumes he'll be the only one to see things this way and tries to straight-up kidnap Jadzia before demanding extradition when that fails, with Sisko basing his defense on this. When it turns out Curzon had an alibi after all, being in the general's wife's bed at the time, the argument is abandoned.
  • The Wire:
    • Part of the utter, systemic failure of the drug war comes about because the police tend to treat anyone living near a drug-dealing operation with considerable brutality whenever one such operations harms or even simply embarrasses a police officer or a public official, and in turn most people living in drug-affected areas behave as if every police officer is a brutal thug or a Corrupt Cop because some of the police fit that description.
    • In another example, when Corrupt Cop Major Valchek becomes enraged that stevedores' union chief Frank Sobotka has gotten a coveted stained-glass window at their church before Valchek, he sends his officers to harass the entire union with selective enforcement. Later still, frustrated that the investigation he instigates has moved on from Sobotka and the union to chase international drug and human traffickers, he calls in the FBI knowing that they will focus on busting the stevedores' union first and foremost. By the end of the season, the union is gone, and by the end of the series at least some of the members are homeless after losing their jobs. Really, it's safe to say that the world of The Wire runs on this trope.
  • CSI: New York: The Compass Killer. Driven insane from the grief and the brain damage that ensued from a madman entering his office and blowing away everybody inside with a shotgun (including his wife) before killing himself, architect Hollis Eckhart started killing everybody that had anything to do with it. The guy who sold the madman the gun, the shrink that didn't diagnose the shooter as an unstable man, the guard that didn't search the shooter thoroughly... and himself, for putting his wife in danger. It didn't helped in any way at all that the madness which made him decide to perform these acts also made him identify innocent people as those that were the targets of his vengeance.
  • Sons of Anarchy: When Opie's wife is killed by Clay and Tig, he blames and seeks revenge on the ATF agent who led the Sons to believe that he (Opie) was a rat, while forgiving those who actually orchestrated and carried out the attack.

    Video Games 
  • Fallout: New Vegas: The antagonist of the Lonesome Road DLC, Ulysses, hates the Courier because he blames them for the nuclear explosion that destroyed the Divide; it turns out the courier once delivered a package to the Divide which contained the nuke's launch codes. The Courier, who makes a living out of delivering packages without knowing their contents, can't even remember the package clearly when Ulysses tells them what it was used for.
  • From the very beginning, Ghost Trick makes a large deal out of the fact that various parties are trying to kill the female protagonist Lynne. At one point, the Big Bad tries to frame her for murder. Why? Back when she was a child, he was fleeing the police when he came across her playing in the park, so he took her as a hostage. If she hadn't been there, he would have never gone that far. Therefore she was partially responsible for ruining his life, even though it was his choice to take her hostage from the cops that were already chasing him.
  • Final Fantasy XIII has Hope. During his character arc he blames his motherís death on Snow, who in fact saved her life and tried to dissuade her from leaving her child to take up arms, instead of the military that not only sentenced her to death in the first place but fired upon and killed her.

    Web Comics 
  • In Goblins, Kore's Fantastic Racism extends not only to members of the 'monstrous races', but also to members of the 'civilized races' who could potentially harbor sympathy for monsters. This results in him executing a child whose 'crime' was being orphaned and Raised by Orcs, while delivering a speech about how allowing the child to live would result in the potential for greater evil to exist in future.

    Western Animation 
  • Notable aversion: in Batman: Year One, Bruce Wayne is turned off of studying the law when he learns about Accessory/Felony Murder laws, specifically a getaway-car driver being judged equally guilty of murder if his partner kills someone during a bank robbery even though the driver wasn't even in the bank and doesn't know it happened.
    Wayne: That isn't justice!
    Professor: No, Mr. Wayne, that is the law.
  • A tendency for Double D in Ed, Edd n Eddy, who is often punished along with the other Eds by the other vengeful kids, despite most inconveniences they make are caused by Eddy's callousness or Ed's oblivious stupidity. This usually counts as a non lampshaded Misplaced Retribution, though in at least one episode, Sarah points out that Double D probably didn't have any part in the Ed's antics, though decides to let him take the fall anyway.
    Sarah: It's like they say, give those cute ones an inch and they'll take a mile!
  • TRON: Uprising has Cyrus, who believes that It Is Beyond Saving while the grid is under Clu's control and tried to eradicate everything, including the programs who don't support the occupation.
  • The trope is parodied on The Simpsons when Sideshow Bob, actually innocent and reformed for once, actually helps Bart and Lisa thwart his criminal brother Cecil from sabotaging a construction project he and Bob are working on together. In the aftermath, Chief Wiggum sends him to prison along with Cecil on general principle.

    Real Life 

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Viewers Are MoronsAdministrivia/In-Universe Examples OnlyWatch It Stoned
Vengeance Feels EmptyRevenge TropesVoodoo Doll
Vichy EarthExample as a ThesisVillain Pedigree

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