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Anime and Manga
- Villainous example early in Code Geass: Cornelia executes civilians in Saitama accused of secretly aiding guerrillas in the area.
- In One Piece, Admiral Akainu destroys an escape vessel that the other Marines had promised to spare on his suspicions that there possibly might be someone who could read the Poneglyphs.
Films — Animation
- Notable aversion: in Batman: Year One, Bruce Wayne is turned off of studying the law when he learns about Accessory/Felony Murder laws, specifically a getaway-car driver being judged equally guilty of murder if his partner kills someone during a bank robbery, even though the driver wasn't even in the bank and doesn't know it happened.
Wayne: That isn't justice!
Professor: No, Mr. Wayne, that is the law.
Films — Live-Action
- The Dark Knight: After Rachel dies, Harvey Dent confronts the people that he felt were responsible for her death, starting with The Joker, the actual killer. The madman wins the coin toss and gets to live, so Harvey goes after the mob men and crooked cops he used to carry out his plan. The last person he targets is Commissioner Gordon, whose laissez-faire attitude toward the corruption in his department made the Joker's plan possible. But instead of taking it out on Gordon, Harvey attempts to kill his son, in order to make Gordon feel the pain of losing a loved one like with Dent with Rachel. It should be noted, however, that before going after Gordon he got half-blown-up by the Joker and was driven insane by it.
- Law Abiding Citizen: Clyde Shelton's family are murdered during a burglary, and the District Attorney cuts a deal with the burglar who carried out the murders, offering him a lesser sentence in exchange for him testifying against his accomplice (which sends the latter to death row). Shelton decides to take matters into his own hands, first by taking brutal revenge against both burglars, then by initiating a campaign of terror aimed at bringing down the entire justice system, which he sees as responsible for a miscarriage of justice.
- In Unforgiven, the working girls put out a $1,000 bounty on the heads of two cowboys, Quick Mike and Davey Bunting. While this is understandable in Mike's case (he cut up one of the prostitutes pretty badly), Davey's only crime is his poor choice of friends.
- In Now You See Me, The Fifth Horseman/Dylan's plan involves taking revenge on everyone who played a part in his father's death. He uses the Four Horsemen to get his revenge. This includes stealing money from the man who cheated his family out of insurance money and framing the man who drove Shrike to his comeback for robbing a bank.
- In Guardians of the Galaxy, Drax has dedicated his life to killing Ronan the Accuser for killing his wife and daughter. After Ronan dies, he decides that he was just a pawn of Thanos, and that's who he really needs to kill.
- Prior to that moment, it had never been stated that Ronan was working for Thanos when he killed Drax's family. The film makes it appear they were only currently working together so Thanos would destroy Xandar in exchange for Ronan acquiring the Infinity Stone.
- A major point of contention between the Space Wolves and the Inquisition in Warhammer 40,000. After the First War for Armageddon, the Inquisition decided that the Guardsmen and civilians who'd fought might be corrupted by Chaos (or start talking about what they'd seen about Chaos), and enacted a mass sterilization and forced labor program for the civilians and shot down the Guard transports. This did not sit well with the Space Wolves, who had fought alongside these men and women, and took it upon themselves to rescue all those that they could without opening fire on Inquisitorial ships. The Inquisition failed to take the hint and almost started a civil war with the Wolves.
- In the first book of The Saxon Stories, Ragnar tracks a man who betrayed him, and attempted to murder his adopted son, to a monastery. The bishop there tries to explain that the man is dying from his wounds and that anyone who seeks protection at a church is entitled to it. Ragnar grows more and more furious at the priest sheltering a man who betrayed his lord and attempted to murder a teenage boy, until he eventually decides that the priest and church must be evil if they allow evil men to take shelter, and slaughters the bishop, the rest of the monastery, and the man in question.
- In Frankenstein, Frankenstein's creation jumps off the slippery slope this way, by eventually extending his (previously justifiable) hatred of his abusive creator to cover said creator's family, murdering people for the crime of sharing the Frankenstein bloodline.
- An unusual example occurs on Angel with the Vampire Hunter Holtz, who seeks vengeance on Angelus for murdering his family and forcing him to stake his own daughter. In this case, Holtz comes after Angel even after acknowledging that Angel is essentially a different person than the soulless Angelus. The trope is played straight in that Holtz's vengeance also encompasses Angel's infant son and his allies in Angel Investigations. Holtz's assistant, Justine, is also a clearer example, int that she hates all vampires because one of them killed her sister.
- On Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Warren shoots and kills Tara and is in turn apparently killed in revenge by Willow, after which she also vengefully targets his former partners Jonathan and Andrew, despite their lack of involvement in the shooting... and when Buffy and the Scoobies prevent these murders, she blames and attacks them!
- Star Trek: Deep Space Nine:
- Sisko is an inversion, feeling this way about himself after playing a part in tricking the Romulans into declaring war on the Dominion. This includes bribery, manufacturing evidence, covering up the murder of a high-profile Romulan ambassador, and framing the Dominion for a crime they hadn't committed. It's easy to see his point, except he can live with it, if it meant preserving the Federation. At least, that's what he tells himself.
- Ilon Tandro in the episode "Dax" is obsessed with finding and punishing the traitor who was responsible for the murder of his father, General Ardelon Tandro. He strongly suspects his father's friend Curzon Dax, who could have carried out the murder and was never able to provide himself an alibi, but since Curzon is dead, he decides to place the symbiotic lifeform that lived in his body, and its current host Jadzia Dax, on trial in Curzon's place. He (correctly) assumes he'll be the only one to see things this way and tries to straight-up kidnap Jadzia before demanding extradition when that fails, with Sisko basing his defense on this. When it turns out Curzon had an alibi after all, being in the general's wife's bed at the time, the argument is abandoned.
- The Wire:
- Part of the utter, systemic failure of the drug war comes about because the police tend to treat anyone living near a drug-dealing operation with considerable brutality whenever one such operations harms or even simply embarrasses a police officer or a public official, and in turn most people living in drug-affected areas behave as if every police officer is a brutal thug or a Corrupt Cop because some of the police fit that description.
- In another example, when Corrupt Cop Major Valchek becomes enraged that stevedores' union chief Frank Sobotka has gotten a coveted stained-glass window at their church before Valchek, he sends his officers to harass the entire union with selective enforcement. Later still, frustrated that the investigation he instigates has moved on from Sobotka and the union to chase international drug and human traffickers, he calls in the FBI, knowing that they will focus on busting the stevedores' union first and foremost. By the end of the season, the union is gone, and by the end of the series at least some of the members are homeless after losing their jobs. Really, it's safe to say that the world of The Wire runs on this trope.
- CSI: NY: The Compass Killer. Driven insane from the grief and the brain damage that ensued from a madman entering his office and blowing away everybody inside with a shotgun (including his wife) before killing himself, architect Hollis Eckhart started killing everybody that had anything to do with it. The guy who sold the madman the gun, the shrink that didn't diagnose the shooter as an unstable man, the guard that didn't search the shooter thoroughly... and himself, for putting his wife in danger. It didn't helped in any way at all that the madness which made him decide to perform these acts also made him identify innocent people as those that were the targets of his vengeance.
- Sons of Anarchy: When Opie's wife is killed by Clay and Tig, he blames and seeks revenge on the ATF agent who led the Sons to believe that he (Opie) was a rat, while forgiving those who actually orchestrated and carried out the attack.
- Law & Order has numerous examples where the actual murderer gets a plea bargain relatively early in the episode so that the prosecutors can go after the "real villain"; these "real villains" included gun manufacturers/dealers, doctors/psychologists who prescribed/didn't prescribe medication, girlfriends who bought their boyfriends a jacket of the wrong color...
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. has Grant Ward. His need for 'closure' may fall into this. Bobbi Morse flat out states that there will always be someone he or his people need to seek 'closure' with, because that way he never has to take responsibility for his own role in screwing up his life.
- Fallout: New Vegas: The antagonist of the Lonesome Road DLC, Ulysses, hates the Courier because he blames them for the nuclear explosion that destroyed the Divide; it turns out the Courier once delivered a package to the Divide which contained the nuke's launch codes. The Courier, who makes a living out of delivering packages without knowing their contents, can't even remember the package clearly when Ulysses tells them what it was used for.
- From the very beginning, Ghost Trick makes a large deal out of the fact that various parties are trying to kill the female protagonist Lynne. At one point, the Big Bad tries to frame her for murder. Why? Back when she was a child, he was fleeing the police when he came across her playing in the park, so he took her as a hostage. If she hadn't been there, he would have never gone that far. Therefore she was partially responsible for ruining his life, even though it was his choice to take her hostage from the cops that were already chasing him.
- Final Fantasy XIII has Hope. During his character arc, he blames his motherís death on Snow, who in fact saved her life and tried to dissuade her from leaving her child to take up arms, instead of the military that not only sentenced her to death in the first place but fired upon and killed her.
- Muramasa: The Demon Blade: In the PS Vita Updated Re-release DLC, Miike the nekomata starts killing everyone even remotely connected to her owner's murder, down to the servants who work for her enemy's clan.
- In Goblins, Kore's Fantastic Racism extends not only to members of the 'monstrous races', but also to members of the 'civilized races' who could potentially harbor sympathy for monsters. This results in him executing a child whose 'crime' was being orphaned and Raised by Orcs, while delivering a speech about how allowing the child to live would result in the potential for greater evil to exist in future.
- A tendency for Double D in Ed, Edd 'n' Eddy, who is often punished along with the other Eds by the other vengeful kids, despite most inconveniences they make are caused by Eddy's callousness or Ed's oblivious stupidity. This usually counts as Misplaced Retribution, but in one episode Sarah points out that Double D probably didn't have any part in the Ed's antics, but decides to let him take the fall anyway.
Sarah: It's like they say, give those cute ones an inch and they'll take a mile!
- TRON: Uprising has Cyrus, who believes that It Is Beyond Saving while the grid is under Clu's control and tried to eradicate everything, including the programs who don't support the occupation.
- The trope is parodied in The Simpsons episode "Brother From Another Series", when Sideshow Bob, actually innocent and reformed for once, actually helps Bart and Lisa thwart his criminal brother Cecil from sabotaging a construction project he and Bob are working on together. In the aftermath, Chief Wiggum sends him to prison along with Cecil on general principle.
- More a justice by proxy failure, but this is a common fallacy of numerous Moral Guardians in that they not only want revenge or justice on someone who had killed after watching a television show or playing a Murder Simulator, they want revenge or justice on the show or game that was watched or played, on the writers, on the producers or developers, on channels who broadcast the show or stores that sell the game, anyone who had advertised in the production or promoted the show or game, on other similar shows and games, similar genres, books and films that are similar, musicians that had their songs used or have similar music, fans who had watched any of these shows, or films, or played any of these games, or listened to any of this music...
- A similar demand made by these groups is that gun manufacturers and sellers should be prosecuted if the people they sell guns to commit suicide, murder, rape, murder, etc. The fact is that U.S. laws don't necessarily hew to this trope, and immunize manufacturers from being sued for criminal misuse of their product. Other manufacturers who make things that can easily kill people, even when working exactly as they should, are given the same protection (for example, you can't sue the makers of Prestone because a Black Widow used it to poison her husband, or go after General Motors because a maniac used one of their trucks to plow onto a busy sidewalk). On the other end, a seller can only face charges if they knowingly sell to someone who is legally prohibited from purchasing or owning weapons, such as a convicted felon.
- One of the reasons Jews were discriminated against for many centuries in Christian-dominated societies was the belief that Jews were responsible for Jesus' crucifixion (never mind that Jesus himself was Jewish!)