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- Blazing Saddles starts with this when the local railroad runs into quicksand, forcing the company to attempt to tear down a nearby town to make sure construction runs on schedule.
- Belgian/Mongolian film Khadak involves a group of nomadic herders who are told by the government that their livestock have all caught a plague, and will have to be destroyed, thus requiring the herders to settle down in town and go to work. It's a plot to get the herders off the land, which is then turned into an enormous mine.
- Used in the plot of Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Smith wants to turn a tract of land into a not-Boy Scout camp. The same land is bought by a corrupt businessman planning on grafting it to the government to build a hydroelectric dam proposed by his paid-off Senator. A battle of wills ensues.
- In Once Upon a Time in the West, McBain knew that any train line through the region could only refuel water for the steam engine in a single place and build his farm on the site, expecting to make a small fortune by selling water to the train company. So Morton had the family killed by Frank so that he could buy the land himself.
- In Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Judge Doom intends to wipe out Toontown with a gigantic Dip-spraying machine so a new freeway can go through its former location.
- Wild River: A rare example of a work in which the person/entity building the "railroad" is sympathetic and well-intentioned. The Tennessee Valley Authority will do a world of good for Appalachia, bringing jobs and electricity, and stopping the regular deadly, catastrophic floods of the river, saving lives and property. Chuck Glover, the TVA man, doesn't want to hurt anybody. Still, though, Ella Garth and her island stand in the way of the dam the TVA needs to build.
- Avatar: Humans go to Pandora to mine unobtanium. The largest deposit is, unfortunately, under the Na'vi Hometree.
- In The Ghost and the Darkness, the obstacle obstructing the railroad is a pair of man-eating lions who are decimating the construction crew.
- In Daredevil, Wilson Fisk's master plan is to raze down Hell's Kitchen and replace it with his own building plans.
- In Up, Carl's house is in a block where a major development is planned, and when he kept stubbornly refusing to sell it, the developers attempted to get him committed to a senior home. They did succeed in evicting him and clearing the lot, but not quite they way they expected.
- Is the focus of a two-part Regular Show episode. The railroad leads to Hell, reviving several antagonists.
- The controversial concept of Eminent Domain embodies this trope. For example, Kelo v. City of New London established the very scary precedent that it's legal for the government to use eminent domain to force people to sell their properties to land developers, as long as the government can make a case that the proposed development would significantly enrich the community. In at least one case, this has resulted in a company demolishing a block of historic houses, then changing its mind and not actually building anything there.
- Regarding the Kelo decision, it might be well to note that it was particularly controversial because the land was being confiscated to give to another private owner, for commercial development, as opposed to using it to build public works like eminent domain is really used.
- At least there is some good to come out of it: After the precedent was established, a number of states enacted legislation clarifying that eminent domain could only be used to build something with an obvious benefit to the public.
- Pierre Trudeau evicted an entire town on the Gaspé Peninsula, bulldozed and burnt down the houses, in order to turn the land into a nature preserve.