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Anime & Manga
- In Ginga Densetsu Weed, many of the the dog characters are purebred (or were mixed-breeds that appeared to be purebred) despite most of them being born and living in the wild.
- At least Weed's case, his parents' breeds (Akita and Kishu) look similar enough that Weed's appearance is plausible, while a few other characters are considerably less likely. The art style is also somewhat notorious for making very different breeds look almost alike (Cross is a Saluki, but her overall build is very similar to the Akitas, for example).
- In Ginga: Nagareboshi Gin, which came before Weed, the trope is somewhat more justified. Many of the characters were dogs bred for hunting who ran away or were abandoned, so it makes sense that most of them would be purebred.
- Obscure anime Massugu ni Ikou averts this as a plot point: Mametarou feels a lot of anxiety about being a mixed-breed dog when all of his friends are pedigrees. When he finally admits his status to his Cloudcuckoolander girlfriend Hanako, she happily responds, "Then I'll be a crossbreed, too!" Hanako herself is a purebred Kishu Inu, but she brings an interesting wrinkle to the trope that's very much Truth in Television but rarely mentioned in fiction: she's from an old and highly-prized line, but her proportions aren't quite ideal for the breed and so she was removed from the breeding program. It's not too uncommon for breeders in Real Life to do this, keeping only the animals closest to the breed standard and selling the others as pets (often at a much lower price than a "show quality" animal would go for).
- Iggy from Jojos Bizarre Adventure is a random street dog who just happens to be a purebred Boston terrier.
- In Dennis the Menace (UK), Gnasher and his pups are all Abyssinian Wire-Haired Tripe-Hounds. It's not mentioned whether their Missing Mom was also a Wire-Haired Tripe-Hound, but the pups are never referred to as mongrels.note
- Averted with Sandy from Little Orphan Annie, who is a nondescript-looking mongrel. Played with in Annie (1982), where Sandy is played by a purebred but is referred to as a mutt. Played straight in Annie (2014) as Sandy is played by an Akita.
- Snoopy from Peanuts actually started out as a mongrel however was eventually retconned into a Beagle. He looks absolutely nothing like a Beagle.
Films — Animation
- In Oliver & Company, all the main canine characters (except for Dodger) are purebreds (including a Chihuahua and a Saluki). Oliver himself may or may not be a purebred cat.
- Other than the titular Tramp, many of the side characters in Lady and the Tramp are purebred. The sequel follows this as well. In a case of Gender Equals Breed, three of the four puppies in Lady and Tramp's litter are girls that look identical to their mother while the sole boy-puppy looks identical to his father.
- The Pixar film Up has several dogs: one is a Golden Retriever, another is a Doberman, and the rest are all Bulldogs and other "bully breeds."
- The Disney film Bolt doesn't feature many dogs, but the dogs it does show are all purebred (though Bolt doesn't look it).
- Averted in Roadside Romeo. Except for Charlie Anna (a bulldog), none of the cast appear to be purebred. This is actually rather surprising in Romeo's case, since he started out as the pampered dog of an obviously wealthy family before being abandoned — one might expect such a family to get a pedigreed pet.
- As in the book, Felidae features mostly purebred cats (though you wouldn't know it from the art style).
- Dante from Coco is a random street-dog who just happens to be a purebred Xoloitzcuintli, which is a rare and expensive breed.
Films — Live-Action
- Benji is probably the most famous aversion to this trope, being a mixed-breed shelter dog. In fact, the original producer wanted to use a shelter dog to play Benji in hopes of raising awareness about the plight of abandoned and unwanted dogs.
- Most of the dogs in Hotel for Dogs are purebred, which is a little jarring considering all the dogs in the movie are supposed to be strays.
- Cats & Dogs uses purebred dogs for their main characters along with side and background characters.
- White Bim Black Ear plays with this trope. Bim is a purebred Gordon setter, but he's an albino, white with black spots instead of the black with mahogany that is supposed to be the coloring of the breed. His breeder is on the verge of drowning Bim when a customer buys him.
- Averted in the Short Story "Herr und Hund" (master and dog) by no one by Dichter and Denker Thomas Mann. The dog from the title is a mixed-breed pointing dog.
- Felidae is a rare cat example. The majority of the characters have defined breeds. Oddly, the breed known as the European Shorthair seems to be occasionally used to refer to cats that aren't purebred, when the proper term would be Domestic Shorthair/Longhair, or Moggy. It's unknown if this is a translation hiccup, a mistake on the author's part, or intentional, or catbreeding marching on (the series began in 89, many breeds changed since), but it makes it uncertain whether or not all the cats really are purebred.
- Another cat example exists in The Wild Road by Gabriel King. Tag is a Burmilla, based off the author's cat Iggy. Ragnar, the King of cats, is a Norwegian Forest Cat based on his cat Finn. Pertelot, the Queen of cats, is an Egyptian Mau. And Sealink is a Maine Coon. However, Magicou, Cy and Mousebreath are not purebred.
- Averted with Mr Fusspot in Making Money who, as a rich old lady's pampered pet, you might expect to be a purebred. Instead, when she challenges Moist to identify Mr Fusspot's breed, he correctly says "Er, all of them?"
- Subverted in Survivor Dogs. Almost no non-Leashed Dogs are purebred, and several of the ex-Leashed Dogs (including the protagonist Lucky) were mixes as well.
- In Warrior Cats canon this is subverted as no Clan cat has been described as a purebred. Some resemble purebreds, such as how Yellowfang resembles a Persian and Bluestar resembles a Russian Blue, however it's impossible for them to be pure due to the fact they're feral. Even the ex-kittypets all seem to be nondescript mixes. This doesn't stop fans (and even some of the writers) from referring to certain characters as purebreds though. For example, Bluestar is frequently described as a Russian Blue however she has the wrong eye colour (blue instead of green) and isn't from a purebred Russian Blue lineage.
- Postapocalyptic Dogs are a recurring element of Fallout, and since the same few models are used for all dogs, if one is a purebred then many more are—despite the setting not being some place you'd expect people to keep distinct breeds:
- 1 and 2 are the only full exceptions by merit of the in-game model and the original Dogmeat's character portrait not resembling any particular breed. The model for the robodogs, including K9, is a slightly modified version of the regular one.
- All of the non-mutated dogs in 3, including its Dogmeat, look like Australian cattle dogs, a reference to Max's dog in The Road Warrior. The mutated dogs, though suffering from hair loss and some radiations burns, look strangely like pitbulls. New Vegas recycles these two models, modifies the non-mutated dog model to make the cyberdogs (including Rex), and adds in the wolf-like Legion mongrel.
- The generic, non-mutated dogs in Fallout 4 are rottweilers, albeit with some coat variation. Dogmeat, who has a fully unique model in this game, is a German shepherd. The mongrels and mutant hounds are far more heavily deformed than earlier counterparts, though still recognizably similar to dobermans and bulldogs, respectively.
- In Nintendogs, and other similar dog sim games, the dogs are generally purebred.
- Dog-like Pokémon are usually based on specific dog breeds (Snubbull and Granbull are Bully Bulldogs, Furfrou is a standard poodle, Lillipup is a Yorkshire terrier), mythological creatures (Arcanine is based on the shisa, Lucario on Anubis), or both (Houndour and especially Houndoom are doberman Hellhounds).
- The dog anthros in Star Fox are all purebred based.
- The Sims 3 Pets subverts this. Most dogs are purebred but there are also some "designer dogs" available. You can also design a mutt for yourself.
- In Harvest Moon: A Wonderful Life the protagonist finds two stray dogs at the start of the game and picks one to own. They just so happen to be a Beagle and a Shiba Inu. Carter also owns a Chihuahua that can't be interacted with.
- In Dog's Life you can control various dogs and almost all of them are purebred. The protagonist Jake is an American Foxhound and his love interest is a Labrador Retriever.
- One famous inversion is Charlie Dog from Looney Tunes. He uses his mongrel status to claim that he's "all the good breeds rolled into one", then rattles off half a dozen breeds that he is 50 percent of.
- The dogs in the 2010 iteration of Pound Puppies are all purebred as well.
- Of the three dogs in the Arthur cast not of the Funny Animal variety, only the latest arrival, Killer, is purebred. Pal's breed is unknown, and Amigo is a Bulldog-Boxer mix. It comes up in one episode where it keeps all but Killer from competing in a dog show.
- "Conformation" dog shows — which is the type the public usually associates with the phrase 'dog show' — usually only allow purebred dogs to compete in them, but it's justified in that the whole point of a conformation dog show is to determine which individual dogs are the best examples of their particular breed (and then deciding which individual dog is ultimately "Best in Show"). However, other types of dog shows, such as herding trials or obedience competitions, often allow mixed-breed dogs to compete.
- In some places, this might appear to be true. In many areas most dog owners have purebreds. This often leads to people asking "What breed is your dog?". With the decrease in popularity of pet stores and the increase in shelters (at least in America), however, owning mixed breed dogs is becoming more common.