The Mystery of Urulgan is a 1991 Science Fiction Action-Adventure novel by Kir Bulychev. In pre-revolutionary Siberia, an English explorer has vanished without a trace, so his daughter Veronica Smith goes there to search for him. She is joined by her fiance Douglas Robertson, his Chinese manservant, a merchant, and an exiled revolutionary. The small band travels down the Lena River, and reaches the place where the Urulgan meteorite fell to the Earth. The travelers discover that frozen inside the meteorite is an alien spaceship. The alien hopes the humans are civilized, and shows them his fantastically advanced technology. But this makes the people behave at their worst, and they try to kill the alien. He eventually escapes from Earth, possessed by a hatred of humanity.This book signalled the increasing cynicism of Bulychev, who was no longer the same man who had written of a beautiful tomorrow in Alice, Girl from the Future.
- Cerebus Syndrome: Compared to Bulychev's earlier works.
- Cryogenically Frozen: Ron in his spaceship.
- Darker and Edgier: Compared to other First Contact stories.
- Magic Meteor: Is actually a frozen spaceship.
- Mighty Whitey: Douglas thinks he is a Mighty Whitey, but soon becomes weak, foolish, and detrimental.
- Captain Smith's ship is called the Venture, the same name as the ship in King Kong (1933).
- The premise of "people travel down the river and discover the worst in themselves" has been seen in Heart of Darkness, Apocalypse Now, and other works.
- The alien shows off his technology, but is attacked by humans, similar to in The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951).
- Take That!: Kir Bulychev heavily criticizes the 1900s-1910s, especially the sexism, racism, and imperial greed of the era.
- Technology Porn: The alien has a duplicator which can copy any object.
- The Tunguska Event: Alluded to when Professor Mueller is talking with Veronica about meteors.