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Literature: Jim Button
Jim Button is the protagonist of a two-book series by Michael Ende (author of The Neverending Story), consisting of Jim Button and Luke the Engine Driver (Jim Knopf und Lukas der Lokomotivführer) and Jim Button and the Wild 13 (Jim Knopf und die Wilde 13).

The most well-known screen adaption is the Puppet Show by the Augsburger Puppenkiste. There has also been an Animated Adaptation.

The books provide examples of:

  • Always Chaotic Evil: Dragons. Or so we're told, but it's ultimately subverted when Mrs. Grindtooth reveals that dragons are evil by nature but are unhappy because of it, and that they act as terrible as they can in the hope that someone will defeat them and turn them good — upon which they become Golden Dragons of Wisdom.
  • Bad Is Good and Good Is Bad: The general philosophy of dragons. Half-dragons like Nepomuk often try to imitate them, with various levels of success.
  • Balcony Speech: Mentioned to be King Alfred the Quarter-to-Twelfth's usual method for communicating with his subjects. Since said subjects consist of three people (four after Jim arrives), this seems to be more about the ceremony than any sort of practicality.
  • Being Evil Sucks: Directly referred to by the Golden Dragon of Wisdom/ex-Mrs Grindtooth, who states that all dragons are unhappy because they're evil, and when they revel in their evil it's in the hope that some hero will come along and defeat them and as such turn them into Golden Dragons of Wisdom. Unfortunately, most heroes who defeat dragons kill them in the process, so the transformation is a rare thing.
  • Defeat Means Friendship: Happens in both books, more spectacularly with the dragon Mrs. Grindtooth, as in this universe any dragon who is defeated but not killed turns into a Golden Dragon of Wisdom.
  • Defector from Decadence: Nepomuk, after the dragons headhunt him for helping Jim and Luke, pretty much renounces the evil ways of dragons, claiming he'd much rather be a good guy like Jim and Luke, since they've actually treated him decently. He does have the occasional relapse into Jerk Ass behavior, though since he was never worse than a Jerk with a Heart of Gold to begin with, the worst he ever does is sling around a few insults and act impolite.
  • Divided for Publication: Jim Button and Luke the Engine Driver was supposed to be just one book, but the editors felt it was too long for a "kiddie book", and made Ende split it in two. (This was long before J. K. Rowling.)
  • Dub Name Change: While there are many examples of mere translations, Luke's homeland still had to rhyme with "Sorrowland" ("Kummerland" in the German original) and be different by only one letter, so "Lummerland" became "Morrowland". Also, the change from "Alfons" to "Alfred" cannot be justified by translation.
  • The Emperor: Mandala has a non-evil one.
  • Extreme Omnivore: Dragons and half-dragons can eat and digest anything, but are most partial to lava.
  • Fantastic Racism: Dragons forbid "racially impure" dragons from entering the Dragon City, leaving the half-dragons to a miserable existence in the Land of the Thousand Volcanoes.
  • Fantasy Counterpart Culture: Mandala is an idealized version of Imperial China. (In earlier editions, it actually was named China.)
  • Genius Bruiser: Luke. Despite his peaceful nature, he's phenomenally strong and quite a skilled fighter — but he's also extremely knowledgeable about the world and often plays Mr. Fixit when needed.
  • The Good King: The Emperor of Mandala. King Alfred the Quarter-to-Twelfth of Morrowland is also considered a good king and is genuinely concerned with the well-being of his subjects, but is rather more ineffectual than most examples of the trope.
  • Happily Adopted: Jim. Though he is surprised and momentarily distressed to find out that Mrs Whaat isn't his real mother, the distress doesn't last for long.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Jim and Luke.
  • Hollywood Mirage: Jim and Luke encounter some really surreal ones in the desert.
  • In Which a Trope Is Described
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Nepomuk. This is a pretty big problem for him, since dragons are supposed to be evil, and as a half-dragon Nepomuk stribes to be like the pure-blood dragons... but to his frustration, he just isn't that bad a guy and seldom manages to be more than just rude and impolite.
  • Living Ship: Luke's locomotive Emma literally gives birth to Jim's locomotive, Molly.
  • Mix-and-Match Critters: Half-dragons. Nepomuk, for example, is half-dragon and half-hippo.
  • Mordor: Sorrowland.
  • No Export for You: Only the first Jim Button book has been translated into English; the translation was published over 20 years ago, hasn't been reprinted since, and goes for about $250 on Amazon.
  • Our Dragons Are Different: While the dragons of Jim Button fulfill the classic role of dragons who are evil, breathe fire and kidnap princesses (well, at least one princess), this trope turns out to be a very important plot point.
  • Perpetual Motion Machine: Invented by the protagonists of the second book. Essentially, their version is based on a magnet which you can switch on and off, which pulls their locomotive.
  • Perspective Magic: Poor Mr. Tur Tur appears to be larger the further away from him you stand. It didn't do wonders for his social life. He eventually managed to make good use of this by getting a job as a lighthouse keeper (or actually, as a light house) at Jim's island home.
  • Pinball Protagonist: Jim certainly has traits of this, especially in the first book; since Luke is effectively both the brains and the brawn of the duo, this often leaves Jim with very little to do. He gets his moments, though, and part of his Character Development in the second book revolves around him growing out of this trope, learning to use his brain more, and eventually single-handedly saving the day.
  • Plot Tailored to the Party: Most of the supporting characters have skills or powers that eventually turn out to be very useful for some part of the plot.
  • Quintessential British Gentleman: Mr. Sleeve, despite being a Morrowlander and not actually English, is portrayed as a stereotypical Englishman. He's unfailingly polite and well-educated, and is most often seen taking a stroll, wearing a bowler and carrying an umbrella.
  • Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness: Ping Pong has a mild case of this.
  • She Is the King: Well, Li Si was considered for the position of King of the Sky Kingdom but she turned it down. Anyway, her father is the Emperor of Mandalia and it's not clear if she'll become Emperor or Empress once she inherits the throne.
  • Supreme Chef: Mrs. Whaat, with ice cream as her specialty.
  • 2 + Torture = 5: The dragon Mrs. Grindtooth (Frau Mahlzahn) tries to use this technique on her pupil/slave Li Si. Li Si, being both very intelligent and very brave, refuses to fold.
  • Underwater Ruins: Jamballa.
  • Wise Beyond Their Years: Babies in Mandala are well-educated and verbose even before they get the hang of walking, as Ping Pong demonstrates.

The 1986 animated series provides examples of:

  • Adaptation Expansion: The 1996 animated series has the same main characters and basic plot as the books, but is padded with a lot of added characters and subplots.
    • It also gives Mrs Grindtooth an extra motivation for imprisoning the children in the first place, which is based on a lot of misunderstandings and misconceptions about the nature of humans. She's growing old and, having misunderstood the saying that "Laughter makes you younger," she kidnaps a bunch of children so that they can teach her the power of laughter. When the children don't feel much inclined to laugh being imprisoned in Sorrowland, she decides to torture them until they cooperate — and having heard that human children find school to be torture, she starts the mock-school.
  • Ascended Extra:
    • Pi Pa Po, the Evil Chancellor of Mandala is a fairly minor nuisence in the book and is quickly disposed of, but in the animated series he's a major antagonist, constantly following Luke and Jim to thwart them, and is even the one who arranged for Princess Li Si to be kidnapped.
    • Li Si and Ping Pong likewise have much larger roles.
  • Big Bad Ensemble: Mrs. Grindtooth and Pi Pa Po during the first story arc. The Wild 13 and again Pi Pa Po during the second story arc.
  • Cannot Tell a Joke: Mrs. Grindtooth, largely because she has no concept of humor.
  • Canon Foreigner: Dozens of them. Perhaps most central are Mrs. Grindtooth's half-dragon Evil Minions (directly contradicting the book's statement that full-blood dragons refuse to deal with half-dragons) and Pi Pa Po's Sycophantic Servant Mei Wen Ti.
  • Jerk Ass: Pi Pa Po and Mrs Grindtooth
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Nepomuk, the "heart of gold" part emphasised even more than in the book. Here, he is barely even a jerk and even other half-dragons shun him because he's "too nice".
  • MacGuffin: Li Si's locket.
  • Mix-and-Match Critters: The half-dragons; much more obviously so than in the book, where the only half-dragon we actually meet is Nepomuk. Here we meet tons of them, all of which are more or less obvious mixes of dragons and various animals.
    • In fact, Nepomuk himself is almost a Subversion of this, as he's the only half-dragon we meet whose non-dragon parentage isn't immediately obvious (his mother was a hippo, but beyond some vague hippo-like facial features he doesn't look much like one).
  • Never Say "Die": The English dub in particular gets ridiculous with the euphemisms the characters resort to in their total unwillingness to say "die" or "kill."
    • Making it even more of a shock the first time it's averted, by the Emperor's line to Ping Pong: "I may look like I'm alive, but with Li Si gone, and Jim and Luke, I feel as if I were dead."
    • And in the season one finale, the words "die," "dying" and "killed" are used several times, by and about the defeated Mrs. Grindtooth. Of course, she is spared death at the last moment, due to experiencing joy for the first time in her life — and as in the book, transforms into a Golden Dragon of Wisdom.

Jack RodmanGerman LiteratureDie Kinder aus Nr. 67
The Jewel KingdomFantasy LiteratureJim Springman and the Realm of Glory
JillChildren's LiteratureJim Springman and the Realm of Glory
Colonel SunLiterature of the 1960sJohn Putnam Thatcher

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