In the episode "Waiting for God", Lister — who has discovered that the race of Cat-people who evolved from his pet cat worshipped him as their God 'Cloister the Stupid', has discovered a dying, blind cat-priest who has lost his faith and succumbed to bitterness. Making a grand entrance as Cloister, Lister ensures that the man goes to his grave happy that his God has finally validated his faith:
Priest: [Despairing] You tested me, Cloister, and I failed...
Lister: No, you didn't fail, old man. You passed. I'm giving you an A-plus Distinction.
Priest: You mean... there's a place for me on Fuchal?
Lister: A place? You got your own bathroom ensuite. Corked floors. Your own barbeque on the patio, double-glazing. A phone, everything.
Beyond a Joke, when Kryten realises that he's been able to make something of himself and do so even though his jilted creator had invented him as a Take That at her ex.
In Holoship, when Rimmer lists all the reasons he considers himself a failure, but Lister actually tells him there was nothing wrong with his job or the way he lived his life.
Also from Holoship, when Rimmer says goodbye to the rest of the crew. His speech is half-Heartwarming, half-Funny but the best moment comes afterwards. Lister says a quiet "see ya smeghead" and Rimmer actually gives a small smile.
In Thanks for the Memories, the crew celebrate Rimmer's deathday. Afterwards, a drunken Rimmer tells Lister that he only ever made love once in his entire life. Lister decides to fix things, and adjusts Rimmer's hologrammatic memory...
Rimmer: You gave me eight months of your memory... as a present?
It's a small thing but, watching Lister going into a rage and try to attack the Inquisitor when he thinks the rogue android had just removed Rimmer and the Cat from existence counts.
Lister wanting to smash the Inquisitor for killing the other Kryten counts also.
Which leads to one of the few scenes with Lister being genuinely nasty; when the Inquisitor erases himself from history, Lister delightsin rubbing it in his face.
Stoke me a Clipper. There are quite a few little moments in this one, but to my mind the best is at the end, when the crew are having a funeral for "Rimmer" (actually Ace) and Lister awards him a posthumous First Officership. Then all the crew perform a Rimmer-salute.
Even better, when Rimmer leaves, he shakes hands with Kryten and Cat. But he and Lister hug.
It's not just that - It's implied that Kryten & Cat genuinely believe that their Rimmer is the one who died but Lister is fully aware of the truth.
And the preceding space cemetary scene. The rings of a planet are made up of uncountable Ace light bees. Lister points out to an unconfident Rimmer that he's unlikely to break the chain. And the music is wondrous. It's an amazing scene, really.
In the episode where Kryten is to be replaced by the latest android model Hudzen 10, the crew, hungover as they are, vow to fight to protect Kryten. Even the normally selfish Cat. Kryten muses if this is the human quality called "Friendship". Lister says "Don't give me the Star Trek crap, it's too early in the morning!"
Also Kryten's entire "night to remember," if only because it's one of the rare times when all the Dwarfers are working toward one goal without bickering, something that's usually damn near impossible, in order to give Kryten a decent farewell.
Whilst it is played for laughs, Lister's video pep talk to himself in Fathers & Suns is essentially his rather bizarre way of acknowledging his shortcomings and attempting to better himself.
Especially since it actually sticks. In subsequent episodes Lister is indeed seen studying for the ship's astro-navigation exams.
The revelation that Rimmer's mother gave him the middle name Judas because she was a member of the Church of Judas, which believed that Judas was actually the twin brother of Jesus Christ & sacrificed his own name & life to help spread his brother's message of peace & compassion throughout the world, and was really the one who was crucified, and she wanted her son to have those qualities.
In the final episode of Series X (The Beginning), Rimmer finds out that the man he thought was his father was not, and that his real father was in fact 'Dungo' the family gardener, causing Rimmer to be struck dumb. Despite being portrayed in typical Red Dwarf fashion, both Kryten and Lister appear to feel sorry and show concern for Rimmer:
Kryten: This is the worst thing that could happen: Mr. Rimmer has always had a hugo ego and no self-confidence.
Lister: Now his ego's smaller than a pixie's right nut after an icy bath. Well ya know, he thought he came from a military family -high flyers, success ingrained in the very core of their DNA- now he discovers he's no better than me.
And then upon Rimmer's return, he reflects that he no longer hears the voice of the man he thought was his father constantly demeaning him & destroying his self-worth, but that "Dungo.. Dennis.. Dad.." would be so proud of everything he'd accomplished in his life. After Rimmer's plan works & he gives the order to return to Red Dwarf, he proudly declares "The slime's coming home."
Which is a great Call Back to the ending of the very first episode of the series, "The End".
The rest of the crew might be faking their affection for Rimmer at the end of Terrorform, but they certainly aren't faking the lengths they were willing to go to to rescue him from the Self-Loathing Monster's lair.
Kryten: Sir! Another barrage could bring down the ceiling and bury us all!