A Soviet comedy movie released in 1973, and still immensely popular in The New Russia — like most Leonid Gaidai movies from that era. Based on a 1935 play by Mikhail Bulgakov, with a setting update — moving the "present day" action from the 1930s to the 1970s — but generally staying faithful to the original, with most of the funny lines taken directly from the play. One of the most promiment changes in the film was the merge of the Timofeyev character with the protagonist of two of Gaidai's previous films to form the so-called "Shurik trilogy".Engineer Alexander Sergeyevich "Shurik" Timofeyev (named Koka, from Nikolay, in the play) invents a time machine, which he uses to open a rift to the 1500s Moscow, straight into the palace of Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible. In the chaos that ensues, the time machine is damaged (in the play, it stays intact but its key is lost, forcing Timofeyev to seek a keymaker for a replacement), leaving the Tsar stranded in the present day while his namesake and look-alike, Soviet bureaucrat Ivan Vasilievich Bunsha, is stuck in the past with Gentleman Thief George Miloslavsky. The two are forced to dress as the Tsar and a noble, until their ruse is eventually exposed and they are rescued into the present just in time when Timofeyev fixes the time machine.Meanwhile, back in the 20th century, Ivan IV hides in Timofeyev's apartment until he encounters the inventor's wife Zinaida, an actress who had left Timofeyev for her director Yakin, and later Bunsha's wife, who mistakes him for her husband. She and Timofeyev's neighbor Shpak (previously robbed by Miloslavsky) call the police and ambulance, resulting in the two Ivans and Miloslavsky being taken away — although the Tsar escapes and returns to his time with Timofeyev's help.In the end, it is revealed that the it was All Just a Dream. Zinaida returns to Timofeyev, saying that she didn't even have a director named Yakin, and while the time machine didn't work in reality, the two reconcile. In the play, it further turns out that Shpak was robbed in reality, not just in the dream.
The Tsar sells his date of birth as "1533 since the birth of Christ", while a more historically accurate answer would be "7038 since the creation of the world". Russia only adopted the BC/AD calendar in Peter the Great's time.
And Ivan IV was born in 1530, not in 1533. Actually, in 1533 he became the Grand Prince of Moscow.
The eggplant caviar that's shown before the fest has actually been brought to Russia from Iran in the seventeenth century, that is, the next century prior to the events of the movie.note Even better, the caviar shown on the table is actually made of zucchini. Same can be said about the sceptre Bunsha holds while he's on the throne.
Ivan the Terrible's wife Marpha died on November 13, 1571, two weeks after the wedding from an unknown sickness (or poison). In the film, she is shown to be alive and well, and the weather outside clearly doesn't look like it's November.
Additionally, the presence of Marpha means that Moscow was recently sacked and burned by the Crimean Tatars. So the minstrels would not be singing about the victory over the Crimeans until the following year.
In the tsar's elevator scene, where he thinks the demons have entombed him, he crosses himself with three fingers. However, until 1653, those of the Russian Orthodox faith only used two fingers.
When being interrogated by the cops, Ivan the Terrible lists his major conquests, including Kazan, Astrakhan, and Reval (modern-day Tallinn, the capital of Estonia). However, in Real Life, Ivan besieged for two months but never took Reval. It's also strange that he fails to mention his conquest of Polotsk, an achievement the real Ivan was extremely proud of.
Technically he was not wrong about Reval: he says "Брал" [Bral], so his statement can be translated as "I have taken (successfully)" OR "I was trying to take (successfully or unsuccessfully)".
Deacon Theophan hands the faux-tsar Bunsha a decree to sign. However, tradition forbade Russian royalty from using quill and ink, and the tsar would usually only apply his seal.
The tsar's army is shown to consist of clean-shaven men, but it was against the law in those days for a commoner to shave. Most of the male servants in the palace are also clean-shaven.
Miloslavsky puts on a heavy suit of armor ridiculously quickly, even though it was a very time-consuming and complex process. Then again, this is clearly the Rule of Funny.
The triangular balalaika is a 19-century invention.
The only place he can get them at lunchtime, as all the electronic stores in the neighborhood are closed.
Deleted Scene: Several scenes were removed from the final product, but apparently, someone on Mosfilm made a 8-mm short-length silent movie roll featuring said cutouts, named The Black Gloves, focusing on Miroslavskiy's misfortunes, not to mention his later fate that happened roughly at the same time Ivan the Terrible was sent back to his time.
Deliberately Monochrome: The "real life" segments in the beginning and end, as opposed to Shurik's extended dream scene that takes most of the film, which is in color.
Eternal Russian: Bunsha and Miloslavsky have no problems communicating with 16th-century Russians, save for a few archaic words thrown in for no good reason. They also have no problem writing in Old Russian, which used a somewhat different Cyrillic script, the Old Church Slavonic, and a different system of spelling. By the same token, most people understand Ivan IV in the 20th century. Even his use of Gratiutous Old Russian is just treated as a quirk.
Some people just assume he's a method actor preparing to play Ivan IV.
The tsar also quickly learns criminal slang, despite not being exposed to it, unless he heard "busted by the cops" ("в милицию замели") somewhere else.
Eureka Moment: The original play has one, when Bunsha's rant causes Timofeyev to realize that he was operating the time machine with its mechanism locked, and he subsequently fixes it.
Genius Bonus: many historical events mentioned in the movie are real. The song sung by minstrels before Bunsha interrupts them is an actual old Russian song about the battle of Molodi. The Crimean khan's troops marauding near Moscow is an actual event from that same war (though they mixed up the order in which those events happened). The cruel and unusual execution by barrel of gunpowder also happened, with the exact same phrase uttered by Ivan IV, though the victim was a seditious aristocrat, not an inventor.
Gratuitous Old Russian: Ivan IV tends to switch between modern and 16th-century Russian. When he finds out the truth, Yakin tries to use archaic Russian words (which most modern Russian would never understand) but gives up quickly.
Impaled with Extreme Prejudice: When Miloslavsky tries to pass himself off as a prince, he's told that Prince Miloslavsky was recently executed in this manner by order of the tsar. Miloslavsky turns to Bunsha (impersonating the tsar) and quietly (and in a menacing tone) asks why he did that.
Only Electric Sheep Are Cheap: Sturgeon caviar and salmon roe are available in the Tsar's court in great amounts, which is realistic given that back then they weren't scarce. However, the eggplant caviar, a commonplace food for the Soviets, is treated as something very rare in the XVI century, something even the tsar can eat only in small amounts.
Royal "We": Averted, for the most part. However, when the tsar is being interrogated by the cops and asked for his last name, he replies "We are Rurikids" (i.e. of the Rurik dynasty).