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1%% Image moved here from FemmeFataleSpy per Image Pickin' thread: https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1427979868096788300²%% Please do not replace or remove without starting a new thread.²%%²[[quoteright:321:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/mata-hari1.jpg]]²²Mata Hari (7 August 1876 – 15 October 1917), born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, was a Dutch spy and the most iconic example of a FemmeFataleSpy ever. ²²Born in Leeuwarden, at age fourteen her mother died and her father went bankrupt. She went to an all girls' school and after a still-unclarified incident with her teacher[[note]]Either she seduced him or he seduced her[[/note]] she was suspended from school. After leaving school she fell in love with a military colonial, Rudolf [=MacLeod=] who worked in Indonesia, then a Dutch colony. In 1895 they married and moved to Indonesia, which allowed her to receive financial stability and notability among rich [[GoodLookingPrivates military officers, whom she fancied more than other men]]. Their son and daughter were born in this country, but the son died due to poisoning. Her husband blamed her for not keeping a better eye on the boy and when they moved back to the Netherlands they divorced. ²²In 1905 she went to Paris and started a new life as an exotic dancer in salons. She called herself ''[[MeaningfulRename Mata Hari]]'' (translation: "Eye Of Dawn" in Malay language, and one of [[IHaveManyNames many names]] for UsefulNotes/TheSun) and combined her so-called Indonesian ritual dances with striptease acts. A long series of performances and [[ReallyGetsAround affairs with rich officers]] followed. She became a local celebrity, toured around many European cities but when UsefulNotes/WorldWarI broke out the bank froze her money because she was a foreigner. As a result she went back to her native country broke, disgraced and unhappy. She moved in with an old lover who had enough money to help her survive. Still she missed her old luxury life and moved back to Paris. As she did before she began performing again and having affairs with officers. The French intelligence service thought she might be useful to gain secret information from these officers and thus they asked her to spy for them. She agreed but, contrary to legend, most info she provided them was useless, because they had already found these things out. Many sources describe her as a naïve and gullible woman, living in a self-created fantasy world where she imagined herself to actually be the Indonesian exotic dancer she claimed to be in her acts. She did have HiddenDepths though: she [[{{Polyglot}} spoke five languages]]: Dutch, German, French, English and Malay (Bahasa Indonesia wasn't invented yet).²²In 1917 she was arrested by the French authorities under suspicion of being a double agent both for them as well as the Germans. There was no proof, except a German officer referring to her under a code name in a letter. It is now thought that the Germans deliberately used her to put the French on the wrong track[[note]]Documents declassified long after her death suggest that she really ''was'' a double agent, but the intelligence she provided the Germans wasn't any more valuable than that which she provided to the French - mostly gossip about the love lives of government officials - and that the Germans leaked her double agent status to the French themselves to get rid of her[[/note]]. She was eventually CourtMartialed in a [[KangarooCourt trial with a foregone conclusion]]. Her defense attorney, veteran international lawyer Edouard Clunet, faced impossible odds: he was denied permission either to cross-examine the prosecution's witnesses or to examine his own witnesses directly. Thus she was sentenced for high treason and ShotAtDawn. An issue of ''Magazine/TheNewYorker'' claimed that she was made to wear "a neat Amazonian tailored suit, especially made for the occasion, and a pair of new white gloves", but another account claimed that she wore the same low-cut blouse and tricorn hat ensemble which had been picked out by her accusers for her to wear at trial. However, neither account is consistent with the photographic evidence, and are likely false, especially considering that another myth claims [[FaceDeathWithDignity she blew a kiss to the firing squad]] before the order to shoot was given. Not to mention the even less believable UrbanLegend that she attempted stripping when she was in front of the firing squad for her execution, apparently on the belief that no one could shoot a body like hers. It didn't work, but it's not like she had a better option at that point.²²After her death Mata Hari became a legend. [[AdaptationOverdosed Several books, novels, comics, cartoons and films have been devoted to her]], many depicting her as a FemmeFataleSpy far more [[HistoricalBeautyUpdate beautiful]], intelligent, and seductive than she actually was in Real Life. Her tragic love life and self-created Indonesian origin story have also been subject to a lot of romanticization and FanService fantasies. She is one of the most iconic sex symbols of the 20th century and has been portrayed on screen by Creator/GretaGarbo, Creator/MarleneDietrich, Creator/JeanneMoreau and Sylvia Kristel. Despite all that, her importance (not to mention competence) as a spy was greatly exaggerated. For a more successful RealLife example of this trope, Creator/JosephineBaker would be a much better choice. Or as a SpearCounterpart, Creator/RoaldDahl.²²Her trial has also been the subject of many documentaries trying to uncover whether she was guilty or not. Up until the 1960s many believed the verdict to be true, but new research since then has cast more doubt over these accusations. Whatever the case she will likely remain a HistoricalDomainCharacter that will keep on inspiring many more {{expy}} FemmeFataleSpy stories to come. ²²For the film based on her life, see ''Film/MataHari''. ²²For the {{Pinball}} game by Creator/{{Bally}}, [[Pinball/MataHari click here]].²²----²'''Mata Hari in popular culture'''²²[[foldercontrol]]²²[[folder:Anime & Manga]]²* Nancy Makuhari in ''Anime/ReadOrDie'' [[spoiler:is both TheMole and a literal clone of Mata Hari.]]²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Comic Books]]²* ''ComicBook/DeKiekeboes'': The two-parter "Kiekeboe in Carré" [[note]] Carré is a theater in Amsterdam [[/note]] and "De Schat van Mata Hari" (translation "The Treasure Of Mata Hari") are two albums in which the family goes out to search the hidden treasure of Mata Hari. ²* In ''ComicBook/SpyBoy'', Bombshell uses "Marta Hari" as her school-going alias. ²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Fan Works]]²* In the ''VideoGame/Persona5'' web comic ''Webcomic/Persona5AdultConfidantAU'', Mata Hari is the Persona of teen reporter/Phantom Thief Ichiko Ohya.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]²* ''Film/MataHari'': Creator/GretaGarbo plays the titular sexy dancing spy in a VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory account.²* ''Film/TheThreeStooges'': In the film ''Film/YouNaztySpy'' a female spy called "[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pickled_herring Mattie Herring]]" appears to try assassinate the Stooges during their tenure as dictators. ²* Marta Bond, the illegitimate daughter of Mata Hari and Film/JamesBond in the spoofy ''Film/CasinoRoyale1967'' is this trope played for maximum silliness. The daughter is played by a 25-year old Joanna Pettet, but she would have to be 50 at least. But then, this movie is not at all logical or linear.²* ''Film/{{Notorious}}'': Alicia Huberman is asked by the US government to seduce (and eventually marry) a Nazi agent in order to have someone with inside access to his house who can look out for the illegal activities the US government suspects are going on in there. When told the nature of her assignment, Alicia mentions Mata Hari, saying "Mata Hari, she makes love for the papers."²* ''Film/InglouriousBasterds'': Bridget von Hammersmark is an {{Expy}} of Mata Hari, though relies more on her fame from being a movie star than her sexual charm, though. During a guessing game she plays with the others Mata Hari is one of the answers. ²* In ''Film/Suspiria1977'', Olga refers to herself as Mata Hari in her first scene. It foreshadows that Susie will become a spy into the strange goings on at the academy.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Literature]]²* In the author's note at the end of ''Literature/TheAliceNetwork'', Mata Hari was described as a "sultry untrustworthy harlot."²-->[F]emale spies were seen either as Madonnas or whores: stainless visions of purity like the martyred Edith Cavell, or sultry untrustworthy harlots like Mata Hari.²* ''Literature/AnnoDracula'': She is mentioned to be one of {{Dracula}}'s vampire brides in the first book. She cameos in the second one, which is set during World War I and she is executed by French soldiers with silver bullets.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Live-Action TV]]²* ''Series/DoctorWho'': The Doctor met Mata Hari in the episode "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS33PrequelPondLife Prequel Pond Life]]"²* ''Series/TheYoungIndianaJonesChronicles'': Yes, apparently Henry Jones Junior lost his virginity to ''the'' Mata Hari in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI.²* ''Series/{{Alias}}'': One of TWOP's [[FanNickname favorite nicknames for Irina]] is "Mama Hari".²* In an episode of ''Series/{{Charmed|1998}}'' Richard attempts to use a spell to cleanse his karma, but it somehow ends up imbuing Phoebe with Mata Hari's leftover karma - making Phoebe think she is the famous spy.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Music]]²* Mentioned by name by The Real Roxanne in her AnswerSong to UTFO's "Roxanne, Roxanne".²--> ''You said your name was Gary, didn't choose to call you Barry, didn't care if your name was Mother Mata Hari.''²* Also mentioned in "As You Turn To Go", a song by Stephin Merrit written for his musical project The 6ths:²--> ''I know I'm not supposed to say "I'm sorry"''²--> ''I know you've had more loves than Mata Hari''²* Music/DschinghisKhan wrote a song about her. ²* Atomic Fireballs wrote a song about her, indicating she may have had some voodoo abilities(a major theme of the band's music)²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Pinballs]]²* Mata Hari from Creator/{{Bally}}'s ''Pinball/MataHari'' pinball, naturally.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Video Games]]²* The adventure game ''Mata Hari'' is based on her. Reviews have been mixed, but the general consensus is it's SoOkayItsAverage.²* Margarete from ''VideoGame/ShadowHearts''... ''is'' Mata Hari.²* In ''VideoGame/FateGrandOrder'', Mata Hari can be summoned as an Assassin class Servant. She is relatively weak, but can paralyze many enemies with lust. Compared to her official pictures, Mata Hari in this game [[RuleOfSexy for some]] [[MostCommonSuperpower reason]] [[HotterAndSexier has huge boobs.]]²* In ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater'', Snake refers to Eva as "a regular Mata Hari", to which she responds, "The least you could do is call me Cynthia."²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Visual Novels]]²* While she doesn't appear in the flesh, Claudia Jerusalem from ''VisualNovel/DiesIraeInterviewWithKazikluBey'' really looks up to Mata Hari and is in general a huge fan of hers.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Western Animation]]²* The ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' WartimeCartoon ''WesternAnimation/PlaneDaffy'' features a seductive Nazi spy pigeon named [[{{Spoonerism}} Hatta Mari]] (who, despite the origin of her name, didn't look like her and was said to be a precursor to what Creator/JayneMansfield would look like in real life).²* Discussed in ''WesternAnimation/TintinAndTheLakeOfSharks'': When Tintin catches [[TheMole ugly old housekeeper Madame Black]] red-handed, he tells her "Spies have changed a lot since Mata Hari, haven't they?"²[[/folder]]²----

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