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1%% NOTE TO EDITORS: Examples should be posted in alphabetical order. If the film and source material have different titles,²%% organize based on the film title.²%%²%% Due to overflow, examples for Philip K. Dick, Stanley Kubrick, and Stephen King belong in the specific folders at the bottom.²%% This page is for Live-Action Film examples only; "Displaced by Animated Film" and "Displaced by Live-Action TV"²%% examples belong on the main page.²%%²²For other examples, return to the main page [[AdaptationDisplacement here.]]²²[[foldercontrol]]²²[[folder:Superhero Comic Book Movies]]²* Pretty much all of the movie adaptations of the main superhero comics from Marvel and DC fall into this nowadays. Due to a variety of factors[[note]][[AnimationAgeGhetto being perceived as only consisting of child-friendly material]], [[CommitmentAnxiety being hard to get into because of decades worth of printed material]], [[ContinuityLockout being hard to keep track of because of continual rewrites and retcons]][[/note]] superhero comics don't usually see a huge surge in sales no matter how [[Film/TheAvengers2012 massively]] [[Film/TheDarkKnightTrilogy successful]] their movie adaptations are. It's still arguably not a complete example of displacement, since people are fully aware that these characters originated from comic books, but the American comic book market is a shadow of its former self, and modern audiences are more likely to be exposed to them through movies than through their original medium of comics. ²** The month the massive hit ''Film/IronMan3'' opened in theaters, not a single ''Comicbook/IronMan'' trade managed to make it into the list of Top 10 best-selling graphic novels at bookstores, which was dominated by fare like ''Manga/SailorMoon'' and ''Manga/{{Naruto}}''.²** An exception would be when ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'' was about to be released, and issue #1 of Rocket Raccoon's solo series topped the charts, selling about three times more than the second-place title.²* Some films make such an impact that the comics have to shift to match them; even previous fans feel that anything that doesn't match the film is now wrong. This usually happens to fringe properties (being less popular makes them less defined, giving the movies more room), but there are exceptions.²** Henry Pym, the original Ant-Man, [[DomesticAbuse attacked his wife]] Janet Van Dyne in one comic that he could [[NeverLiveItDown never live down]], and has become known as a wife beater ever since. The films skipped that baggage by making Ant-Man films that don't star Pym but his LegacyCharacter Scott Lang, demoting Pym to MissionControl. This was extended to the comics, where Scott Lang is now Ant-Man every time the character is needed. Even lampshaded in the 2018 ''Ant Man & The Wasp'' comic. The first scenes feature Pym and Van Dyne, and say "They were a legendary team. Together, they shared a love so bright it shamed the stars. [[GilliganCut This is not their story]]". ²** The Hulk was indeed a founding member of the Avengers. He also quit the team ''two issues'' later, and didn't rejoin until after [[Film/TheAvengers2012 the first movie]] came out. He became a member for a few years afterwards, up until ''ComicBook/SecretWars2015'', after which he disappeared off the radar, [[ComicBook/CivilWarII then got killed]]; when [[ComicBook/ImmortalHulk he finally came back]], he wasn't on the team, his cousin ComicBook/SheHulk instead serving as the Avengers' Hulk.²** In the mainstream comics, ComicBook/NickFury is a white man, and while he and SHIELD often work closely with the Avengers, SHIELD is a very separate entity. In the ComicBook/UltimateMarvel continuity, however, Nick Fury is a black man modeled on Creator/SamuelLJackson (who plays him in the MCU), and ComicBook/TheUltimates (an alternate version of the Avengers) were organized by SHIELD and operate under their command. The films followed the design of the Ultimates, and the mainstream comics soon followed them, with the Avengers working for SHIELD after ''ComicBook/CivilWar''. As for Fury, they have created a mixed-race (but appearing black) long-lost son for Fury, who began calling himself Nick Fury, Jr. and essentially taking on the role his father played in the movies.²** Agent Phil Coulson, an original character within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, grew popular enough to become a CanonImmigrant. Later he starred in the TV series ''Series/AgentsOfSHIELD'', full of other original characters, and now most of them are Canon Immigrants as well.²** The ''ComicBook/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'' were originally a niche team that operated in the 31st century. It got relaunched in 2008, set in the present and with the familiar cast of Star-Lord, Gamora, Drax, Rocket, and Groot... and Adam Warlock, Quasar, and Mantis. There were oddities (Groot could speak normally at first), and Star-Lord and Drax were quickly killed off. They relaunched again after the movie was announced, this time starring just the "core" five.²** The [[EstrogenBrigade fan response]] to the cinematic [[{{Film/Thor}} Loki]] got his comics character redrawn to resemble Creator/TomHiddleston. Compare [[http://img3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20121226152257/marveldatabase/images/5/51/Loki_Laufeyson_(Earth-81225).jpg before]] and [[http://media.tumblr.com/0ed5b9ca9df753f8420b259990abd168/tumblr_inline_mxel5kDsaL1rn7obi.png after]].²** Before ''Film/{{Blade}}'', Blade was a human being who was immune to vampirism, but otherwise normal. The comics quickly replaced their version with the half-vampire Daywalker.²** An interesting exception: Marvel has steadfastly avoided Tony Stark and Pepper Potts hooking up, despite both being single and a long history of flirtation.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Examples #-F]]²* After a year on TheShelfOfMovieLanguishment, ''Film/NineAndAHalfWeeks'' came out eight years after the original book, a memoir of a relationship the pseudonymous author claims she actually had, and failed. Since the book was not widely reprinted after the movie's box office failure, and since the movie takes the book primarily as inspiration, the audiences that [[VindicatedByVideo later gave it a cult following on video]] were largely unaware of the book's existence outside the movie's credits.²* Everyone knows about the movie ''Film/ThreeHundred''; not so many know that it's based on a Creator/FrankMiller comic book from the late 1990s. Both were also ([[VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory very loosely]]) based on a real, historical battle. There have even been complaints about the liberties the film takes with history from people who don't realise it's a comic book adaptation.²* How many classic cinema fans today are aware that ''Film/TheAfricanQueen'' is actually based on a novel by C.S. Forester?²* Most people believe that ''Film/{{Airplane}}'' is an original send-up of "airplane disaster" movies in general (''Airport 1975'' and the like). It's much more specific than that -- ZAZ bought the rights to do a remake of the 1957 Paramount film ''Film/ZeroHour'', which shares the same plot, most of the same characters, and even some of the same lines, so in essence ''Airplane!'' is a PlayedForLaughs remake of ''Zero Hour!''²* The 1938 film ''Film/{{Algiers}}'' is a remake of the 1937 film ''Film/PepeLeMoko''. The producers of the remake [[MissingEpisode tried to destroy all copies of the previous film]], and darn near succeeded.²** Also, in neither film did Creator/JeanGabin or Creator/CharlesBoyer say any variation of "[[BeamMeUpScotty Come with me to ze Casbah]]."²* ''Film/AllAboutEve'' was based on a short story, "The Wisdom of Eve", which was only later adapted into a play and a musical.²* Many Creator/MarxBrothers fans are unaware that their early films, ''Theatre/AnimalCrackers'' and ''Theatre/TheCocoanuts'', started out as Broadway musicals.²* ''Theatre/{{Annie}}'' is a famous musical from TheSeventies about a little red-headed girl who goes through a RagsToRiches story. This became a movie in TheEighties. The musical is based off a [[PrintLongRunners long-running]] comic strip called ''ComicStrip/LittleOrphanAnnie'', who most people probably only recognize from ''Film/AChristmasStory'' or ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken''. Arguably both the stage musical and the strip have been displaced by the 1982 movie.²* Unless you're a devotee of English Lit, Joseph Conrad's 1902 novella ''Literature/HeartOfDarkness'' has been completely eclipsed by Creator/FrancisFordCoppola's ''Film/ApocalypseNow'' -- which is ironic, because the final spoken line in the movie ("The horror! The horror!") is lifted verbatim from the book. For this, you can probably blame Creator/RobertDuvall's Colonel Kilgore: "I love the smell of napalm in the morning!"²* ''Film/OAutoDaCompadecida'' is often held as a classic of Brazilian cinema, but very few people know it was based on a play by Ariano Suassuna that was very different from the movie, due to taking aspects from his other works. It was also the ''third'' adaptation of said play with the first one made in 1969 and the second one (a parody, no less) in 1987, both of which are considered extremely obscure with the 2000 movie being the most well known.²* How many people are familiar with the children's novel ''The Sheep-Pig'', by Creator/DickKingSmith? How about ''Film/{{Babe}}''?²* Before ''Film/BabesInArms'' was a famous MGM musical starring Creator/MickeyRooney and Creator/JudyGarland, it was a Broadway hit by Rodgers and Hart. The film version retained and popularized the original show's premise of kids putting on a show in a barn; what it did not retain, sadly, was more than a couple of Rodgers and Hart's songs.²* ''Theatre/BabesInToyland'' is best known as a Creator/LaurelAndHardy movie from 1934, which was subsequently remade several times. Its true origin was thirty-odd years earlier as a stage extravaganza (which was produced as a SpiritualSuccessor to a highly popular adaptation of ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'').²* ''Film/{{Barbarella}}'' is more well-known than the French comics that it's based on, at least outside of France where the comics had some cultural impact.²* A decidedly negative case: ''Film/BattlefieldEarth'', the universally despised BoxOfficeBomb of a 2000 film starring Creator/JohnTravolta, is this relative to ''Literature/BattlefieldEarth'', the [[CriticalDissonance bestselling but polarizing]] 1982 novel written by Creator/LRonHubbard on which it was based. This may be at least partly because the book sold well to a niche audience while the movie failed miserably in its attempt to be a crowd-pleasing hit (and was made after more negative allegations about [[ChurchOfHappyology Scientology]] had been made).²* In the U.S. at least, more people have watched the ''Film/BattleRoyale'' movie adaption instead of the 600-plus-page book by Koushun Takami. Opinions are split on whether [[AdaptationDistillation the film does the novel justice]] or the alterations are far too drastic.²* The film ''Film/{{Beaches}}'' is much better known than the 1985 novel it was loosely based off. There was even a sequel to the novel entitled ''I'll Be There'', though it has never been adapted.²* ''Film/TheBeastmaster'': The original Andre Norton novel takes place in the future and involves [[ApocalypseHow Earth being destroyed]], and the protagonist is Navajo. Nobody wears a loincloth, and there isn't any HumanSacrifice.²* Jerzy Kosinski's novella ''Film/BeingThere'' is still in print, but it's with a picture of Creator/PeterSellers on the U.S. cover and a tagline that it was the basis for a film on the U.K. one. Arguments that the movie was an improvement on the book don't help.²* ''Film/BenHur1959'' was based on a [[Literature/BenHur book]] by Lew Wallace (it was the best-selling American novel until ''Literature/GoneWithTheWind''), but has since overshadowed it as well as the other three film adaptations, including an animated one.²* ''Film/BirdBox'' was a well regarded book, but it did not become the memed-to-death pop culture phenomenon until it was turned into a film.²* Not many people are aware, despite Daphne du Maurier getting due credit, that Creator/AlfredHitchcock's ''Film/TheBirds'' is based on one of her short stories.²* The ''Film/BladeTrilogy'' movies were pretty successful but they overshadow [[ComicBook/{{Blade}} the comic character]] to the point that even comic fans seemingly prefer the movie version since none of Blade's comic series lasted very long.²* Most people who watched and enjoyed [[Film/TheBourneSeries the Bourne movies]] are blissfully unaware of [[Literature/TheBourneSeries the books]] they're loosely based on. Whether this is a ''bad'' thing is left as an exercise to the reader.²* ''Film/BreakfastAtTiffanys'' was a novella by Truman Capote before it was [[Film/BreakfastAtTiffanys an Audrey Hepburn film]].²** An interesting case because although most people know the film was an adaptation and are aware of Capote's novella, most are unaware of how vastly different they are (specifically, that the film was a [[ScrewballComedy Screwball]] RomanticComedy, and that the book has no romance whatsoever between the narrator and the lead.)²* ''Film/TheBridgeOnTheRiverKwai'': Pierre Boulle's ''The Bridge Over the River Kwai'' (and its sequels) suffer from this, as most people can only recall the famous movie starring Sir Creator/AlecGuinness.²* Some people react the same way to ''Film/BuckRogers''. They may be aware that it was based on a newspaper comic strip, but not that ''that'' was based on the novella ''Armageddon 2419 A.D.'' by Philip Francis Nowlan.²* ''Film/{{Camille|1936}}'' (1936) starring Creator/GretaGarbo overshadows the Creator/AlexandreDumasFils novel/play ''Theatre/LaDameAuxCamelias'', which is the original. ''La Dame Aux Camelias'' is about a consumptive courtesan who falls in love, and was overshadowed first by Verdi's opera adaptation ''Theatre/LaTraviata'', and then by several film adaptations (including the aforementioned ''Camille'').²** The 2001 musical film ''Film/MoulinRouge'' also borrows heavily from Dumas' novel. Early drafts of the script included even more plot parallels to ''Camille''/''La Traviata'', including an intervention by Christian's father.²* While ''Film/{{Carnosaur}}'' wasn't exactly popular, it's certainly more famous than [[Literature/{{Carnosaur}} the novel it was loosely based on.]]²* The film ''Film/{{Carousel}}'', like most Creator/RodgersAndHammerstein musicals, was a Broadway show before it was a film. But before ''that'', it was a Hungarian play called ''Film/{{Liliom}}''. Which incidentally inspired a now-obscure Creator/FritzLang film, 20 years before ''Carousel''.²* ''Film/{{Casablanca}}'' was based on an unperformed play called ''Everybody Comes to Rick's''. Incidentally, ''Everybody Comes to Rick's'' was written before the U.S. entered World War II and was set in the "present". Since the film went into production after the U.S. entered the war and the storyline wouldn't make sense if the U.S. was in the war, lines were added to make it clear that the movie's setting is pre-Pearl Harbor.²* The story and characters of ''Literature/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory'' are better known from the two movies, mainly [[Film/WillyWonkaAndTheChocolateFactory the 1971 film adaptation]], than the source novel these days. To the point that people accused [[Film/WillyWonkaAndTheChocolateFactory the 2005 film]] of making stuff up when it was actually restoring things that were in the book but left out or changed for the 1971 film.²** The misconception has gotten to the point that the 2005 film's reputation was quickly destroyed. (For that matter, the novel is an example of AdaptationOverdosed. [[Theatre/TheGoldenTicket An opera, anyone?]] How about [[Theatre/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory a West End musical]] that slips in a few [[InternalHomage internal homages to other versions]]?)²* Mention ''Film/CheaperByTheDozen'' to most people, and they'll probably assume you're talking about the 2003 film. Chances are they won't know there was a book, or that the book actually got an earlier film adaptation in 1950. ²* The Disney Channel movie (and later band) ''Film/TheCheetahGirls'' was based on a 13-book series by Deborah Gregory that lasted from 1999-2001.²* ''Literature/ChildrenOfMen'' was originally a 1992 dystopian novel by author P.D. James, which has since been completely overshadowed in most pop culture circles by Creator/AlfonsoCuaron's overly gritty-realist [[Film/ChildrenOfMen 2006 film adaptation of the same name]] which features Hollywood stars Creator/CliveOwen, Creator/JulianneMoore and Creator/MichaelCaine.²* ''Theatre/TheChildrensHour'' is best known as a 1960s film starring Creator/AudreyHepburn instead of a play. The earlier {{bowdlerized}} version of the play, a film adaptation named ''These Three'', is somewhat well-known as well, but it's typically known in connection to the former two due to the [[HideYourLesbians extreme changes]] to the plot.²* ''Film/{{Chocolat}}''? Oh yeah, the Creator/JohnnyDepp movie -- wait, it was based on a book?²* There are lots of people who love ''Film/AChristmasStory'' who are unaware that: 1) It's only based on a few chapters of one Creator/JeanShepherd book (''In God We Trust, All Others Pay Cash''), and 2) Shepherd has a body of work about growing up in Indiana during the Depression, which he worked on for about three decades, spanning books, magazines, radio, TV and film.²* ''Film/TheCrow''. The 1994 film was a critical and commercial success, but how many people have read [[Comicbook/TheCrow the original graphic novel]], first published in 1989?²* ''Film/CrouchingTigerHiddenDragon'' was originally a {{wuxia}} novel written by Wang Dulu, part of a pentalogy released between the years of 1938 and 1942.²* The Creator/BradPitt film ''Film/TheCuriousCaseOfBenjaminButton'' is based on a jazz age short story with the same name by F. Scott Fitzgerald.²* Wolfgang Petersen's miniseries/film ''Film/DasBoot'' is an icon of the war genre, but most people don't realize it was based on a novel written by a man who actually served as a war correspondent aboard a real-life U-Boat during World War II.²* ''Film/TheDeparted'' is based on Hong Kong's ''Film/TheInfernalAffairsTrilogy''. The Hong Kong films were very successful and spawned a Korean remake, but never got any mainstream attention in the west. An announcer at the Academy Awards ceremony went as far as to state that it was adapted from a ''Japanese'' film called "''Internal Affairs''".²* Many ''Film/DieHard'' fans don't know that the first movie of the series is based on a novel (''Nothing Lasts Forever'' by Roderick Thorp, 1979). But wait, there's more. The book that ''Die Hard'' was based on was itself a sequel to a 1966 novel, ''The Detective''. ''The Detective'' had a film adaptation in 1968 starring Music/FrankSinatra, which ultimately became unrelated to the ''Franchise/DieHard'' series when Sinatra declined to star in the first entry of the latter. Moreover, ''Film/DieHard2'' was ''also'' based on a novel -- a novel ''entirely unrelated to the novel on which the first film was based'' (but all ''Die Hard'' sequels [[DolledUpInstallment started unrelated]]).²* ''Literature/DoctorDolittle'' was a series of books by Creator/HughLofting. There are [[TheFilmOfTheBook two film adaptations]], but [[Film/DrDolittle the one with Eddie Murphy]], an extremely loose update to ThePresentDay, is the better-known of them and had several sequels.²* Due to being an extreme LongRunner and the lack of home video, ''Film/DrWhoAndTheDaleks'' was better remembered within the ''Series/DoctorWho'' fandom of the 70s than the actual serial it was based on, "The Daleks". Several traits from the film that have worked their way into general understanding of the story are multicoloured Daleks, {{camp}} Thals in tons of makeup, Ian being PluckyComicRelief and the Doctor being a lot nicer (thanks to Creator/PeterCushing's charismatic SilverFox [[EraSpecificPersonality interpretation]] compared to Creator/WilliamHartnell's prickly and alien portrayal). This was part of Hartnell's relative unpopularity with the fanbase at that time and [[NeverLiveItDown exaggerated reputation for being angry and nasty]], as when people saw "An Unearthly Child" in 1981 as part of ''The Five Faces of Doctor Who'' and compared Hartnell's unpleasant personality to Cushing's.²* ''Film/DrugstoreCowboy'' is based on a novel, though this may be justified here as the novel, written by an Oregon convict serving a long sentence, was not published until after the movie came out.²* Mel Gibson's ''Film/{{Edge of Darkness|2010}}'' was based on a seminal [[Series/EdgeOfDarkness British miniseries]] that is very obscure outside of the U.K.²* ''Film/ElDorado'' was based on ''The Stars in Their Courses'' by Henry Brown.²* ''Film/{{Elle}}'' suffers from this because the novel it's based on not only has a different title, it hasn't been translated into English.²* The classic French erotic film ''Emmanuelle'' was an adaptation of the book ''Emmanuelle: Pleasures of a Woman''.²* ''Film/TheEnglishPatient'' is better known as a movie than as a book, inasmuch as it's known at all these days.²* ''Film/TheExorcist''. Yes, there was a novel before the film, which in turn was based on allegedly true events that took place in the Alexian Brothers Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. In RealLife, a young ''boy'' was allegedly possessed, but the novel's author changed it to a girl either out of respect or just for fiction's sake.²* ''Film/TheFan'' with Creator/RobertDeNiro and Creator/WesleySnipes was based on a novel by Peter Abrahams.²* ''Film/FatalAttraction'' was based on a short film called "Diversion" by James Dearden. Stanley Jaffe and Sherry Lansing saw it and thought it could be a feature film. So they hired Dearden to adapt it, and he got the unusual credit "Screenplay by JAMES DEARDEN, based on his original screenplay." When it became a huge hit, most people didn't realize it was a derivative work.²* The movie ''Film/FastTimesAtRidgemontHigh'' is remembered for many things today. Sean Penn's breakout performance as Jeff Spicoli, his "Hey bud, let's party" CatchPhrase, his battles with Ray Walston and the [[CaughtWithYourPantsDown poolside scene with Judge Reinhold and Phoebe Cates]]. It has been almost forgotten that it was based on a novel by Cameron Crowe, which was itself based on his year undercover at a Southern California high school.²* ''Film/FightClub'' was based on a book by Creator/ChuckPalahniuk. The book popularized Palahniuk as an author, but the film's cult success and social impact cause almost everyone to think of the film first. In a print edition of ''Fight Club'' that came out after the movie, Palahniuk relates a tour in which the tour guide quoted the movie. Palahniuk said, "You know, I wrote that book", and he responded, "There was a ''book?''"²* Relatively few people have heard of the play ''The Man Who Was Peter Pan'', which was adapted into ''Film/FindingNeverland''.²* Creator/DavidCronenberg's [[Film/TheFly1986 1986 remake]] of the 1950s film ''Film/TheFly1958'' is more famous than the original. That first film was based on [[Literature/TheFly a short story by George Langelaan]], [[https://alancook.wordpress.com/tag/the-fly-by-george-langelaan/ reproduced here for your reading pleasure]].²* The vast majority of people who have seen ''Film/ForrestGump'' aren't even aware that a book exists. (If you thought he got up to a lot of hijinks in the ''movie''...)²* ''Massacre'' by James Warner Bellah was later made into western ''Film/FortApache''.²* ''Film/FortySecondStreet'', before it was a movie musical and long before its well-known ScreenToStageAdaptation, was some novel by Bradford Ropes.²* ''Film/FourBrothers'' was a loose remake of an old Creator/JohnWayne {{Western}} called ''Film/TheSonsOfKatieElder''. However, it wasn't one of the Duke's most well-known films and is only really recalled by hardcore fans, allowing ''Film/FourBrothers'' to largely overshadow it with its unique tone and performances. ²* To date, there have been ''seven'' film versions of ''Film/TheFourFeathers'', notably the Korda Brothers' 1939 version and a 2002 remake starring Creator/HeathLedger. A.E.W. Mason's 1902 source novel is comparatively obscure.²* ''Literature/FreakyFriday'' was originally a novel with three sequels. The screenplay of the [[Film/FreakyFriday1976 first film adaptation]] was written by Mary Rodgers, the author of the novels.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Examples G-L]]²* Casual fans may not know that the 1944 film ''Film/{{Gaslight}}'' is a remake of a 1940 British film of the same name, and before that a 1938 British play which went on to have a long run on Broadway under the MarketBasedTitle ''Angel Street''.²* ''Literature/GentlemenPreferBlondes'' is most remembered as the title of a 1953 movie starring Jane Russell and Creator/MarilynMonroe. It's sometimes forgotten that this was loosely adapted from a Broadway musical (but not so loosely as to discard the show's most famous songs) adapted from a best-selling novel by Anita Loos.²* The trope ReleasedToElsewhere misidentified its TropeNamer ''Literature/TheGiver'' as a film without addressing its literary origin.²* ''Film/TheGodfather'' series is widely known as some of the best films ever made. The books, which were actually bestsellers when the first film was written, are best known for having been adapted into films. However, Paramount backed Mario Puzo's books, so they were planning to displace them in the first place.²* ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', InUniverse example: On an episode of ''Series/{{Roseanne}}'', despite being told three times that ''Gone With the Wind'' was originally a book, Roseanne still can't contain her astoundment.²* ''Film/GoodBurger'' is better known as a film than the original ''Series/AllThat'' sketches with modern audiences. ²* ''Film/TheGraduate'' was originally a book by Charles Webb.²* ''Film/GrandHotel'' was adapted from a play, which was translated from a German play, which was based on a novel.²* ''Film/{{Grease}}'' is much better known as the 1978 movie than the original Broadway musical, and a lot changed when the story was adapted to movie format. Both the movie and Broadway show also displaced the early, off-Broadway ''Grease'' musical that had run at Chicago's Kingston Mines theater.²** Many modern productions of the play even insert elements from the movie, mainly a couple of the songs and the name of the boys' gang.²* ''Film/{{Hairspray}}'': Everybody knows the 2007 musical... which was adapted from a Broadway show that was based off of [[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0095270/ a movie released in 1988]] which ''wasn't actually a musical''.²* Takashi Miike's ''Film/TheHappinessOfTheKatakuris'' is based on a 1998 South Korean film by Kim Ji-Woon called ''Film/TheQuietFamily''. That it's so ''loosely'' based on it is probably the reason why ''The Quiet Family'' isn't even mentioned on the TV Tropes page for the Katakuris.²* Both the 1963 black-and-white psychological horror piece ''Film/TheHaunting1963'' with Claire Bloom and its 1999 remake are much more well-known than the book they were based on--Shirley Jackson's 1959 novel ''Literature/TheHauntingOfHillHouse''.²* A lot of people didn't know ''Comicbook/{{Hellboy}}'' was a comic before a movie, and that in many ways they're drastically different.²* Creator/CliveBarker's ''Film/{{Hellraiser}}'', as well as [[Franchise/{{Hellraiser}} its 9 sequels]], are so popular with horror fans that there are probably some people out there who don't realize that it was based on a novella called ''Literature/TheHellboundHeart'', which was also written by Barker.²* ''Film/HighNoon'' was based on ''The Tin Star'', a book by John W. Cunningham.²* ''Film/HisGirlFriday'' is the most popular version of the story which originated in the play ''Film/{{The Front Page|1931}}'', which had an earlier film adaptation. Long stretches of ''The Front Page'' are still recognizable in ''His Girl Friday'', despite substantial alterations including a {{gender flip}}ped protagonist.²* ''Film/AHistoryOfViolence'' was loosely based on a graphic novel of the same name.²* ''Film/HouseOf1000Corpses'' was actually inspired from a haunted house attraction of the same name, that Music/RobZombie created in 1999 for [[Theatre/HalloweenHorrorNights Universal's Halloween Horror Nights]].²* Anyone who knows the name ''Howard the Duck'' most likely knows it for the [[Film/HowardTheDuck infamous movie]] by Creator/GeorgeLucas instead of the obscure [[Creator/MarvelComics Marvel]] [[Comicbook/HowardTheDuck comic book character]].²* ''Film/IAmLegend'' is a pretty bad example, as there are '''three''' movies all loosely based the a book; [[Literature/IAmLegend the book]] was a major TropeCodifier for the vampire (and by extension, zombie) genre, but is lesser known than its adaptation starring Creator/WillSmith.²** As noted above, the movie overshadows the other two -- a semi-faithful ''Film/TheOmegaMan'' (starring Creator/CharltonHeston) and the most faithful version ''Film/TheLastManOnEarth'' (starring Creator/VincentPrice), which was partially written by the author Creator/RichardMatheson himself, though word through the vine is that Matheson was so disappointed with that film's final result and deviations from the original book that he refused to have his name attached to it, instead being credited as 'Logan Swanson'.²* Creator/AngLee also managed to do this with ''TheIceStorm'', another example of a film improving on a non-bestselling book so much that most viewers aren't aware the original existed. ²* The manga ''Manga/IchiTheKiller'' has been displaced by its live action adaptation. Especially odd since the manga was [[BannedInChina Banned In]] ''[[BannedInChina Japan]]''. Even more so than the manga though, is the anime.²* The 2002 Christopher Nolan film ''Film/{{Insomnia}}'' is a remake of the much less-known Norwegian film ''Insomnia'' from 1997. The original is said to be much darker, in particular [[spoiler: the dead dog that Al Pacino fires a bullet into in the remake was alive in the original]].²* ''Film/IKnowWhatYouDidLastSummer'' was originally [[Literature/IKnowWhatYouDidLastSummer a book]] written by prolific YA horror/suspense novelist Lois Duncan.²* Some youngsters think the cartoon version of ''WesternAnimation/InspectorGadget'' was based on the [[Film/InspectorGadget 1999 movie]], making their older cousins/siblings feel very old.²* Film/JamesBond is more famous as a movie icon than as [[Literature/JamesBond a novel series]], with the "Bond formula" being exclusive to the movies. However, the release of ''Film/CasinoRoyale2006'' was accompanied with a marketing push for the original books.²* ''Film/{{Jaws}}'' was based on a best-selling novel with the same name, written in 1974 by Peter Benchley. The novel is almost completely forgotten today. {{Iron|y}}ic, as the original [[http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3018/2313866590_9ec9c0f7e6.jpg?v=0 poster]] ''reminds'' you that it's based on the book.²* Before it was a movie, ''Film/JudgmentAtNuremberg'' was an episode of the Creator/{{CBS}} anthology series ''Series/Playhouse90''. Maximilian Schell played the same role in the TV episode as in the theatrical remake, but the rest of the cast was different.²* ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' is an impressive example. The book is the most popular novel of one of the most popular modern novelists. The film is one of the highest-grossing films of all time and ushered in the reign of the CG-driven blockbuster. The film was so popular that Crichton used its plot rather than the one from his own novel when writing the novel's sequel, most notably retconning away Ian Malcolm's death since he survived in the film and having Gennaro die of dysentery between books because he died (on the toilet, no less) in the film.²* ''Film/{{Zathura}}'' seems like a [[RecycledInSpace space-themed]] ''Film/{{Jumanji}}'' knock-off. Not only is it based on a book by the same author, but it's a sequel to ''Jumanji''.²* ''WesternAnimation/{{Jem}} and The Holograms'''s [[Film/JemAndTheHolograms live-action adaptation]] was anticipated to be this to the target audience of teenagers, as the cartoon came out 30 years before the film. Ultimately averted, as both the cartoon and [[ComicBook/JemAndTheHolograms IDW comic adaptation]] are well known, the film was too unfaithful for older fans and too poorly marketed to attract new ones, so it sunk like a stone at the box office.²* ''LightNovel/KamikazeGirls'' maybe know in Japan as a LightNovel and a {{Manga}}, but in the west is mostly known as a film.²* While quite a few people are aware that the 2010 film ''Film/KickAss'' (and to an extent, it's sequel) was an adaptation [[ComicBook/KickAss of a comic book]] due to its satirical take on superhero movie tropes of the 2000s. A lot of people don't know that ''Film/KingsmanTheSecretService'' was also a [[ComicBook/TheSecretService comic book]] first, and that the two are both set in Mark Millar's own connected comic book universe. ²* The Creator/{{Toho}} {{Kaiju}} film ''Film/KingKongEscapes'' was actually based on the Creator/RankinBassProductions cartoon ''WesternAnimation/TheKingKongShow'' (Kong's opponent Mechani-Kong actually originated from the show, although aside from being a robot Kong, bears little resemblance in the live-action film), which has long since fallen into obscurity. ²* ''Film/{{Lifeforce}}'', aka the "Naked Space Vampire Movie". While the movie is mostly cult, [[Creator/ColinWilson the book on which it is based]] is even more obscure nowadays. ²* The classic 1931 film ''Film/LittleCaesar'' gets a permanent mention in all accounts of film history for practically creating the whole gangster genre (making it the great-granddaddy of ''Series/TheSopranos''). What every account leaves out is that it's based on a novel by W. R. Burnett.²* While not completely displaced, ''Film/TheLittleRascals'' movie from 1994 is a better-known than the original series of theatrical shorts with modern audiences.²* Many more people have watched the ''[[Film/TheLordOfTheRings Lord of the Rings]]'' trilogy (and played the spinoff video games, etc.) than have read [[Literature/TheLordOfTheRings the book]] it's based on. Though the book is a TropeCodifier for the HighFantasy genre, it still remains a CultClassic and hasn't escaped MainstreamObscurity compared to say the ''Literature/HarryPotter'' books. This also applies to its predecessor ''Literature/TheHobbit'' as compared to the later ''[[Film/TheHobbit Hobbit]]'' trilogy from the same filmmakers.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Examples M-R]]²* Booth Tarkington's ''The Magnificent Ambersons'' was a prizewinning bestseller in its day (the early 1920s), but today it's been displaced by [[Film/TheMagnificentAmbersons the film adaptation]], known for being Creator/OrsonWelles' followup to ''Film/CitizenKane'', and for its [[ExecutiveMeddling studio-forced]] TroubledProduction.²* Not only is the 1941 film ''Film/{{The Maltese Falcon|1941}}'' an (incredibly faithful) adaptation of [[Literature/TheMalteseFalcon a novel]], there were two other adaptations, one [[Film/TheMalteseFalcon1931 with the same title]] and [[Film/SatanMetALady one with a different title]], before it. Creator/DashiellHammett is still widely known as a highly influential and often-imitated author, but ''The Maltese Falcon'' is considered one of the greatest films of all time.²* ''Film/TheManWhoShotLibertyValance'' was originally written by Dorothy M. Johnson.²* ''Literature/MaryPoppins'' was a series of books, and Miss Poppins was not 'Practically Perfect in every way', as evidenced by the stage play. Furthermore, while the books are set in [[TheGreatDepression the 1930s]], [[Film/MaryPoppins the Disney film]] has inextricably associated her with Britain's [[TheEdwardianEra Edwardian era of 1910]].²* In an example of an adaptation into a third medium causing the displacement, the long running ''[[Series/{{Mash}} M*A*S*H*]]'' series has led many people to forget that [[Film/{{Mash}} the film on which it was based]] is itself adapted from [[Literature/{{Mash}} a novel]].²* Not many people know that the film ''Film/TheMask'' (with Creator/JimCarrey), was based on [[ComicBook/TheMask a series of rather adult-oriented and graphic comic books of the same name.]] Since the movie and its AnimatedAdaptation for television, more family-friendly versions of the comic have been made.²* ''Film/MeanGirls'' was originally a non-fiction book called ''Queen Bees and Wannabes'' by Rosalind Wiseman.²* ''Film/MeetTheParents'', the 2000 film starring Creator/RobertDeNiro and Creator/BenStiller, is a remake of a little-known 1992 independent film of the same name, which featured Creator/EmoPhillips in a OneSceneWonder role but otherwise didn't have anyone well-known in the cast. The names of main characters and the general premise of a man having a disastrous first meeting with his girlfriend's parents are all that remained from the original film.²* ''Film/MenInBlack'' is loosely based off [[Comicbook/MenInBlack a relatively obscure comic book.]] The characters' names and relative roles are there (Zed, K, and J, though J wasn't black and Zed was a ''computer''), and they're TheMenInBlack; that's about it.²* The silent science-fiction film ''Film/{{Metropolis}}'', which codified many sci-fi tropes, was written concurrently with a serial novel of the same name by the screenwriter, Thea von Harbou. English translations of the novel have been reprinted over the years, but the reason was mainly because previously available copies of the film were incomplete; the only way people could piece together the original plot was by reading the novel. Now that a (nearly) complete cut of the film has been found, the novel might fall into obscurity again.²* ''Film/MidnightCowboy'' was originally a novel by James Leo Herlihy.²* ''Film/MidnightExpress'' was based on a memoir by Billy Hayes of his actual time in, and eventual escape from, a Turkish prison.²* ''Film/MidnightSun'' was originally a manga about an IllGirl who is allergic to the sun however the LiveActionAdaptation is by far more well-known.²* Some people don't know that ''Film/MissionImpossible'' was originally [[Series/MissionImpossible a TV series]] (which was loosely inspired by the film ''Film/{{Topkapi}}'', which was based on an Eric Ambler novel).²* You know the ''Film/TheMothmanProphecies''? Yeah it was a book. And a ''non-fiction'' book, at that.²* The 1961 {{kaiju}} film ''Film/{{Mothra}}'' is loosely based off of the obscure novel ''The Luminous Fairies And Mothra''.²* Not exactly the film, but ''Film/MortalKombatTheMovie'' features a catchy [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EAwWPadFsOA techno music]] by ''The Immortals''. This piece of music did not appear in a game until ''VideoGame/MortalKombat11'', [[SongAssociation but yet it's synonymous to the whole video game franchise]] as its 'official theme song'.²* ''Film/MrsDoubtfire'' is actually based on the book ''Madame Doubtfire'' by Anne Fine, re-titled ''Alias Madame Doubtfire'' in the U.S.²* Quite a few people are unaware that Creator/StevenSpielberg's film ''Film/{{Munich}}'', as well as the lesser-known ''Film/SwordOfGideon'', are both adapted from a book "based on true events".²* Creator/JohnFord's ''Film/MyDarlingClementine'' (1946) is generally considered one of Classic Hollywood's greatest Westerns. Less well-remembered is ''Frontier Marshal'' (1939), of which it's a close, in some scenes almost shot-by-shot remake. Which was itself a remake of a 1934 film of the same title... which in turn was based on Stuart N. Lake's same-titled biography of Earp.²* ''Film/MysteryMen'' was (very loosely based on) a comic by the creator of ''ComicBook/FlamingCarrot'' before it was a movie.²* ''Film/TheNakedGun'' film trilogy, starring Leslie Nielsen and written by the famous Zucker/Abrams/Zucker (ZAZ) team, was based on a short-lived TV series called ''Series/PoliceSquad'' that was [[ScrewedByTheNetwork canceled after 6 episodes due to low ratings]]. The TV series had every joke in the movies, plus a large number of bizarre additional {{running gag}}s (impossible to replicate in a movie), and had very high joke density (blink and you'll miss three) -- best watched on DVD, but aired before home video recording became common.²* ''Film/NannyMcPhee'' was originally a series of books, called ''Nurse Matilda''.²* Most people outside Germany, where it remains a literary classic, have ''no idea'' that ''Literature/TheNeverendingStory'' was in fact a bestselling book first -- and that the original movie only adapts the first half of it, [[ArtifactTitle resulting in the title going unexplained]]. The author, Creator/MichaelEnde, was not pleased with the changes made for the movie adaptation and wanted his name to be removed from the credits, which is likely a reason for the book's obscurity. (The second movie uses bits and pieces of the book's second half, and the third film even less.)²* ''Film/NightAtTheMuseum'' was based on a children's book.²* ''Film/NightOfTheLepus'' was loosely adapted from a novel titled "The Year of the Angry Rabbit". One key difference: the book was a satire with its tongue firmly in its cheek, and it clearly knew the premise wouldn't be scaring anyone. The movie played every word of its script dead seriously, desperate for audiences to be terrified by '''Giant Killer Bunny Rabbits'''.²* While Creator/CormacMcCarthy certainly has a strong audience, most will know ''Literature/NoCountryForOldMen'' as one of the [[Creator/TheCoenBrothers Coen Brothers]] movie.²* ''Film/{{The Nutty Professor|1996}}'' -- Eddie Murphy's popular 1996 film was a remake of a [[Film/TheNuttyProfessor1963 Jerry Lewis vehicle from 1963]].²* The 2001 version of ''Film/OceansEleven'' overshadows the original 1960 version by the same name to the extent that people who see the Ocean's Eleven Casino near San Diego think the casino was named for the 2001 movie, not the 1960 version.²* Whilst ''Manga/{{Oldboy}}'' was a rather successful story about revenge following imprisonment, most people have only heard of its award-winning DarkerAndEdgier [[Film/{{Oldboy 2003}} film counterpart]]. Originally a mystery/thriller story about protagonist Yamashita trying to discover why he was locked up for ten years, the Korean adaptation instead traded a lot of the tension, drama and reveals that probably wouldn't work in a 2 hour film, instead opting for a RoaringRampageOfRevenge approach. Considering the movie is infamous for having its protagonist remove a man's teeth with a claw hammer and eat a real living squid, it really isn't surprising people have a tendency to know and remember the movie version.²* ''Film/OneFlewOverTheCuckoosNest'' was originally a novel by Ken Kesey, later adapted into a film with Creator/JackNicholson.²* ''Film/OneTwoThree'' is based on the obscure Hungarian play ''Egy, kettő, három'' by Ferenc Molnár.²* The German children's novel ''Das doppelte Lottchen'' by Erich Kästner, translated into English as ''Literature/LottieAndLisa'', isn't nearly as well known as ''Film/{{The Parent Trap|1961}}'' and its remakes (except in German-speaking countries, where the book is considered a classic and where film adaptations tend to stick closer to it).²* ''Film/ThePhiladelphiaStory'' was a play by Philip Barry before it was a movie, but the play, like the movie, was produced as a vehicle for Creator/KatharineHepburn.²* Disney managed to displace itself with ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'', which is better known than [[Ride/PiratesOfTheCaribbean the ride]] in Ride/DisneyThemeParks that inspired it. They have since modified the ride to feature Jack Sparrow animatronics in place of some of the generic pirates they had before.²** Likewise, the ride displaced the film ''it'' was based on: the 1950 version of ''Film/{{Treasure Island|1950}}''. Hence, the film series is based on a ride, based on a film, based on [[Literature/TreasureIsland a book]].²* When most people think of ''Franchise/PlanetOfTheApes'', they think of [[Film/PlanetOfTheApes1968 the classic 1968 film]] starring Creator/CharltonHeston, Creator/RoddyMcDowall, and Creator/MauriceEvans, or perhaps the [[Film/PlanetOfTheApes2001 ultimately forgettable 2001 remake]] starring Mark Wahlberg -- not [[Literature/PlanetOfTheApes the novel by Pierre Boulle]]. This may largely be because the original novel was written in French. Despite [[MisBlamed what you might think]], Creator/TimBurton didn't make up the ending to the 2001 movie; it's actually closer to the original book than the 1968 movie. But in the book, it made a kind of sense and followed naturally from the events in the story, instead of being tacked-on [[GainaxEnding surreal randomness]]. 2010s audiences might be more familiar with the ''{{Film/Rise|Of The Planet Of The Apes}}'' prequel continuity than either of those.²* ''Film/PokemonDetectivePikachu'' was based on a decently-selling [[VideoGame/DetectivePikachu spinoff game]] that didn't quite catch on in the West. Creator/RyanReynolds voicing the title character almost certainly helped with this.²* ''Film/PrimalFear'' was based on a novel by William Diehl.²* Many people who can quote the script of ''Film/ThePrincessBride'' by heart have never touched [[Literature/ThePrincessBride the novel]] it was adapted from. William Goldman wrote both.²* ''Film/TheProducers'' has a long and convoluted one. The musical movie based on the broadway show (itself satirized in Series/CurbYourEnthusiasm), based on the 1960s hit film that launched Gene Wilder's career, was itself based on Creator/MelBrooks' unproduced musical, ''Springtime For Hitler''.²* Creator/AlfredHitchcock made ''Film/{{Psycho}}'' famous as a movie, but it was originally [[Literature/{{Psycho}} a novel]] by Robert Bloch. Some of the displacement here may be attributed to Hitchcock himself: the story goes that he bought all the copies of the book he could find so that the ending of the movie wouldn't be spoiled.²* Since the Craig Harrison novel on which ''Film/TheQuietEarth'' is based is very hard to find today ''in'' New Zealand and impossible anywhere else, few people who don't pay attention to the credits realize the movie is an adaptation.²* The same thing applies to the ''Franchise/{{Rambo}}'' series (''Literature/FirstBlood'', 1972), which is also victim of the OddlyNamedSequel -- most people forget that the first ''Rambo'' movie was titled ''Film/FirstBlood'', not ''Rambo''. The sequel was ''Film/RamboFirstBloodPartII'', which was followed by ''Film/RamboIII'' (there is no ''Rambo 2''), which is then followed by the confusingly titled ''[[Film/RamboIV Rambo]]'' from 2008. Also ''First Blood'' was actually based on a book wherein [[spoiler:John Rambo dies at the end]]. Bet you never knew that. Also, there has been significant displacement of the first film within the ''Rambo'' film franchise itself. How many ''Rambo'' fans remember that ''First Blood'' was a depressing film about a ShellShockedVeteran fleeing the law?²** To put it in further perspective: the original casting choice was Creator/DustinHoffman, and had elements closer to a slasher film than an action flick, with the unique twist that the slasher himself was comparatively innocent. Sure, he was a threat to everyone around him, but only because the law provoking him to the point where he had flashbacks.²*** Colleges and high schools actually used to teach ''First Blood'' (Creator/StephenKing used in it when he worked as a teacher). The association of the novel with reactionary politics grows doubly ironic.²* ''Film/ReAnimator'' is much better known than ''Literature/HerbertWestReanimator'', a magazine serial by Creator/HPLovecraft. While the title character of Lovecraft's serial was explicitly blond and blue-eyed, all adaptations after the movie came out more closely resemble the film's lead Creator/JeffreyCombs.²* Maybe one of the most magnificent examples of adaptation displacement is in the progression of Creator/DashiellHammett's novel ''Literature/RedHarvest'' -- the story began as a HardboiledDetective novel (''Red Harvest''), then became a JidaiGeki film (''Film/{{Yojimbo}}''), and was '''then''' adapted once more as a SpaghettiWestern (''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'') before being again adapted as Gangster Films ('''Film/LastManStanding'' and ''Film/MillersCrossing''). Any story in which a character plays two opposing sides against each other will be called a ''Literature/RedHarvest'' knock-off. Even still, much fewer people have actually read the book than have seen its adaptations.²* ''Red River'' was originally ''The Blazing Guns of the Chisholm Trail'' by Borden Chase.²* ''Film/RioBravo'' was originally a book by Barbara Hawks [=McCampbell=], Creator/HowardHawks' daughter.²* ''Film/TheRing'' is the American remake of the Japanese horror flick ''Film/{{Ringu}}'', which is an adaptation of a book by the same name by Koji Suzuki. Proof can even be found in the oft-referenced "crawl out the TV" scene: whilst an almost iconic scene for the series, ''[[AudienceColoringAdaptation it doesn't happen once in the books]]''.²** Further of note is that, while the films lead to [[ContestedSequel their own less popular sequels]], the book spawned separate, successful sequels that follow different protagonists: ''Spiral'' follows Ando Mitsuo, the coroner on the ''Ring'' deaths; and ''Loop'' follows Kaoru Futami investigating the [[TheLawOfConservationOfDetail seemingly irrelevant]] "LOOP Project".²* ''Film/RoadToPerdition'' was adapted from a comic, which itself was loosely inspired by ''Manga/LoneWolfAndCub''.²* ''Film/TheRockyHorrorPictureShow'' is another movie musical that displaced the original stage version (known as ''The Rocky Horror Show'').²* ''Film/RunWildRunFree'' isn't exactly famous, but it's a lot better known than the original novel, ''The White Colt''.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Examples S-Z]]²* Richard Mackenna's novel ''The Sand Pebbles'' was a best-seller in its day, but has long since been eclipsed by the Creator/SteveMcQueenActor-starring [[Film/TheSandPebbles movie adaptation]].²* The 1920s Russian novel ''Literature/SannikovLand'' is best remembered for the 1970s [[Film/SannikovLand film adaptation]].²* ''Scarface'' began as a novel by Armitage Trail, and was [[Film/{{Scarface 1932}} adapted into a film]] directed by Creator/HowardHawks and produced by Howard Hughes. Both have been completely displaced in popular consciousness by [[Film/{{Scarface 1983}} the 1983 reimagining]] by Creator/BrianDePalma.²* ''Film/ScottPilgrimVsTheWorld'' (and its game adaptation) has gotten lots of attention, popularity, and praise. But what some people don't know is that it was based on [[Comicbook/ScottPilgrim a six-volume comic book series]].²* ''The Search'' by Alan [=LeMay=] -- made into western ''Film/TheSearchers''.²* ''Film/TheSerpentAndTheRainbow'' was based on the novel by Wade Davis. Well, loosely based actually, as the original novel was more like a documentary and nothing at all like the horror film Wes Craven directed. Furthermore, Davis was not at all pleased with the film.²* More than a few people aren't aware that the 1989 comedy film ''Film/SheDevil'' starring Roseanne Barr and Creator/MerylStreep was a loose adaptation of a novel entitled ''The Life and Loves of a She-Devil'' by English author Fay Weldon. Fewer still likely know the novel received a much more faithful BBC miniseries adaptation three years before the film.²* The classic romantic comedy ''Film/TheShopAroundTheCorner'' is based on an obscure Hungarian play (''Parfumerie''), which also served as source material for the Broadway musical ''Theatre/SheLovesMe''.²** ''Film/YouveGotMail'' was loosely based on one or more of the above, modernized for the 1990s. In certain circles, the ones more into Meg Ryan than old films, it has displaced them.²* Not only is ''Literature/TheSilenceOfTheLambs'' based on a book, but the film's popularity even overshadowed the fact that it's the second entry of the series, the first book was ''Literature/RedDragon'', which was adapted as ''Film/{{Manhunter}}''. The popularity of ''The Silence of the Lambs'' meant most people didn't know Anthony Hopkins wasn't the first actor to play Hannibal Lecter, or that a prior entry existed until [[Film/RedDragon it was remade]] with Hopkins as Dr. Lecter.²* ''Film/SingleWhiteFemale'' was originally based on the novel ''SWF Seeks Same'' by John Lutz.²* Most people who saw the film ''Film/SlumdogMillionaire'' aren't aware it's an adaptation of a book by Vikas Swarup (''Q&A''). Which is a shame, because that fact appears on screen during the Academy Award-winning song-and-dance part of the closing credits. Before the actors are named.²* Although it wasn't a commercial nor a critical success, the Steven Soderbergh film ''Film/{{Solaris|2002}}'' is more famous than the [[Film/{{Solaris|1972}} Soviet classic cult film]] by Creator/AndreiTarkovsky, if only because the Soderbergh version enjoys better distribution. And both movies are better known than the original Stanislaw Lem novel.²* Many people who have seen the extremely cinematic movie version of ''Theatre/TheSoundOfMusic'' could swear that it wasn't an adaptation of a stage musical, and certainly not a star vehicle for an actress who wasn't Julie Andrews. Some who are familiar with both the movie version and the original Broadway version say that the movie version was an improvement; a few elements of the movie version have even made it into licensed productions and revivals as RetCanon. And then there's the autobiography ''The Trapp Family Singers'' Rodgers and Hammerstein were SuggestedBy, but that's obviously not as similar.²** The autobiography had already been eclipsed by the West German movie ''Die Trapp-Familie'' (1956), which also was fairly successful in America and had spawned a sequel -- ''Die Trapp-Familie in Amerika'' (1958) a year before ''The Sound of Music'' opened on Broadway.²* The film ''Film/SoylentGreen'' was inspired by the novel ''Literature/MakeRoomMakeRoom'' by Creator/HarryHarrison. In the novel, "soylent" is ''not'' made out of people and only warrants a passing reference. The novel is, in turn, an expansion of the short story "Roommates" by the same author.²* ''Stage to Lordsburg'' by Ernest Haycox is more famously known as ''Film/{{Stagecoach}}''.²* Likewise ''Film/{{Stalker}}'', the other Soviet classic cult film by Andrei Tarkovsy is loosely based on the short novel ''Literature/RoadsidePicnic'' by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky. Since it's only recently been published in an authorized English translation, and Tarkovsky took great liberties with the storyline (partially as a result of the [[TroubledProduction production problems]]), most people aren't aware of this.²** Curiously, the creators of [[VideoGame/{{Stalker}} the game]], GSC Game World, have produced a proof-of-concept trailer for a ''STALKER'' television show. They're currently shopping it around.²* Most people (especially if they're younger) know ''Literature/StarshipTroopers'' from [[Film/StarshipTroopers the Paul Verhoeven film]], not the Creator/RobertAHeinlein novel. Though the book and the movie are sufficiently different enough for one to get away with treating them as two different entities with a similar plot (the book focuses more on political commentary of the society the story takes place in, while the movie is a vociferous AuthorTract against the novel and its supposed glorification of militarism often mistaken for a straight action-adventure flick).²* More people know of the crazily violent film ''Film/RikiOhTheStoryOfRicky'' than [[Manga/RikiOh the manga on which it was based]]. The movie was actually only based on the first story arc of the manga (which covers the first volume and the beginning of the second), which continued for several volumes that were even more insane than what was adapted into the movie. [[SerialEscalation Considering the content that made it into the film...]]²* Hardly anyone remembers the Patricia Highsmith novel that ''Film/StrangersOnATrain'' is based on (though the novel gets a reference in ''Series/{{Castle}}'').²* ''Film/TheStuntMan'' was based on Paul Brodeur's novel. However, The Other Wiki only has a page for the movie.²* ''Film/{{Taxi}}'' was a remake of a French film by the same name. Few people knew it was a remake because the original ''Taxi'' and its sequels were never officially released on DVD in the U.S., although series director Luc Besson was a producer for the remake.²* ''Film/ThereWillBeBlood'' was based on (part of) Upton Sinclair's novel ''{{Oil}}!'', though most do not know that the film is even an adaptation. It is understandable that most would assume that this is an original creation from Paul Thomas Anderson, because each of his works prior to this one are all his original properties.²* John Carpenter's seminal 1982 sci-fi horror film ''Film/{{The Thing|1982}}'' and Howard Hawks' classic 1951 creature flick ''Film/TheThingFromAnotherWorld'' both overshadow Creator/JohnWCampbell's original novella ''Literature/WhoGoesThere'' ²* There are probably many people who've seen ''Film/TheThinMan'' films and are unaware of the fact that the original film is based on [[Literature/TheThinMan a novel of the same name]] by Creator/DashiellHammett. There are also plenty of other people who are aware that the film is based on the Hammett novel but then wrongly assume that the entire series is based on a series of ''Thin Man'' books. They're not. Not only was ''The Thin Man'' the only Nick and Nora Charles story Hammett ever published, it was also the very ''last'' novel Hammett ever published. Hammett did co-write the screenplays of the next 2 films in the series (he supplied the mysteries while others supplied the jokes) and those screenplays were much later posthumously adapted into novels, adding to the confusion.²* ''Film/TheThirdMan'' is a novel by GrahamGreene, but almost everyone knows it as a film. This case is sort of similar to ''2001''. Greene wrote the short novel to prepare himself for writing the screenplay. He might not even have published it, but the film was a runaway hit.²* ''Film/ThreeMenAndABaby'' was adapted from the French film ''Trois hommes et un couffin''.²* Speaking of Creator/OrsonWelles, ''Film/TouchOfEvil'' has made the obscure pulp novel on which it was based, ''Badge Of Evil'', even more obscure, not in the least because Welles made so many changes (such as relocating the action to the U.S.-Mexican border) that it's widely considered that everything good about the film came from him.²* In many cases, if you say "Franchise/{{Transformers}}", [[FirstInstallmentWins people will think you're talking about]] [[WesternAnimation/TheTransformers the original cartoon]] thanks to PopCulturalOsmosis. However, kids, teenagers, and mainstream audiences will think you're talking about [[Film/{{Transformers}} the live-action film series]], because of the relatively low popularity of the cartoon outside its designated fandom. They were ''toys'' first.²* ''Film/TheTreasureOfTheSierraMadre'' is vastly better known than the book, to the point that even obsessive Bogart fans often don't realize it's an adaptation.²* ''Film/TrueGrit'' applies doubly so -- people typically think of it as a John Wayne film with a Coen Brothers remake, and rarely as the Charles Portis book.²* ''Film/TrueLies'' completely eclipsed the French film on which it was based, ''LaTotale!''.²* The 1957 film ''Film/TwelveAngryMen'' starring Henry Fonda was a remake of a 1954 [[LiveActionTelevision teleplay]].²* ''Film/TheUntouchables'' had a [[Series/TheUntouchables television show]] that is nowhere near as popular as the film. And before that it was a 1957 book written by Eliot Ness with Oscar Fraley.²* ''Film/{{Vertigo}}'' is widely considered Creator/AlfredHitchcock's greatest film. Few know it's based on Boileau-Narcejac's novel ''The Living and the Dead''.²* Many remember one version or [[Film/VillageOfTheDamned1995 the other]] of ''[[Film/VillageOfTheDamned1960 Village of the Damned]]'' but would look puzzled if asked about ''Literature/TheMidwichCuckoos''.²* ''Film/{{Wanted}}'' was not widely known to film audiences, who wouldn't have noticed that the film has almost nothing to do with [[ComicBook/{{Wanted}} the original comic]].²* Few people realize that ''Film/TheWarriors'' is based on a 1965 Sol Yurick novel of the same name. The novel is, in fact, considerably darker and more realistic than the [[GangOfHats fantastical]] setting of the movie.²* Movies based on Creator/AlanMoore's work (such as ''Film/{{Watchmen}}'') for DC usually follow this trope pretty well, though, because of his disgust with working with them (and hence Creator/WarnerBros); he often insists his name be taken off the projects. Only ''Watchmen'' has mostly avoided being overshadowed by its adaptation due to [[ComicBook/{{Watchmen}} its origin as a graphic novel]] being heavily advertised and accompanied by a huge surge in the comic's media attention and popularity.²* Not many people know that ''Film/WithnailAndI'' was based on a novel (written by the director) -- though whether it qualifies as this trope is debatable, since said novel was never actually published.²* Downplayed with ''Film/TheWizardOfOz''. While [[Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz the original book]] is still a classic, it isn't ''quite'' as iconic as the movie adaptation. In fact, there was [[Literature/LandOfOz a whole series of books]], but ''Oz'' had been adapted to film and stage long before the 1939 movie.²** The most significant indicator of this is often in later ''Wizard of Oz'' adaptations. Even those that are supposedly adapted straight from the book tend to repeat certain decisions made in the 1939 movie, specifically the use of the CompositeCharacter version of Glinda and eliminating most of what happens in Oz after the Wizard disappears.²%% * ''Film/TheWolfman2010''.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Author -- Philip K. Dick]]²Creator/PhilipKDick is a favorite source for film adaptations, though he didn't live long past ''Film/BladeRunner'' to see his future movie influence. Examples of his work being overshadowed include:²** ''Film/BladeRunner'', based on ''Literature/DoAndroidsDreamOfElectricSheep''.²** ''[[Film/TotalRecall1990 Total Recall]]'', based on ''Literature/WeCanRememberItForYouWholesale''.²** ''Film/MinorityReport'', based on ''The Minority Report''.²** ''Film/{{Impostor}}'', based on ''Impostor''.²** ''Film/{{Screamers}}'', based on ''Literature/SecondVariety''.²** ''Confessions d'un Barjo'', based on ''Literature/ConfessionsOfACrapArtist''.²** ''Film/AScannerDarkly'', based on ''Literature/AScannerDarkly''.²** ''Film/{{Paycheck}}'', based on ''Paycheck''.²** ''Film/{{Next}}'', based on ''Literature/TheGoldenMan''. ²Most are far better known to the general public than the originals, though Dick's writing is still quite popular in science fiction literary circles. Perhaps because the originals aren't terribly well-known, most adaptations take massive liberties with the material, making them almost entirely unlike the original. It doesn't help that Philip's style is so left field as to be out of the ballpark.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Author -- Stephen King]]²A significant amount of King's non-horror novels and short stories suffer this, especially as he's widely known as "one of the big horror writers." Major films based on his novels include: ²* ''Film/TheRunningMan'', a dystopian sci-fi.²* ''Film/TheShawshankRedemption'', a prison drama.²* ''Film/TheGreenMile'', a dramatic SerialNovel.²* ''Film/StandByMe'', a ComingOfAge story.²That said, even his shorter horror fiction suffers this, albeit to a lesser degree; often, you'll hear ''"Wait, that was a Stephen King story?"'' from:²* ''Film/PetSematary1989''²* ''Film/ChildrenOfTheCorn1984''²* ''Film/{{Firestarter}}''²* ''Film/TheShining''[[note]]see "Stanley Kubrick" below for more info[[/note]]²* ''Film/TheLawnmowerMan''[[note]]Originally, this movie was titled ''Cyber God'' and was completely unrelated to this story; it was New Line Cinema's decision to meld the two together. The finished product is so different King sued to get his name removed from the title (at first it was called ''Stephen King's The Lawnmower Man''), and it's not listed on King's homepage among the other movies based on his books.[[/note]]²* Even ''[[Literature/DifferentSeasons Apt Pupil]]''.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Director -- Stanley Kubrick]]²This is actually common with a lot of Creator/StanleyKubrick's movies:²* ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'' remains well-regarded while Howard Fast's novel has long since faded into obscurity.²* ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'' was adapted from Creator/ArthurCClarke's short story, ''TheSentinel'', which it swiftly overshadowed.²** Working in collaboration with Stanley Kubrick, Clarke wrote a novel version which Kubrick turned into a screenplay as they went. Then when Kubrick shifted the penultimate scene from the surface of Saturn's moon Iapetus to Jupiter orbit for ease of production, and invented the "open the pod door, Hal" scene, Clarke's novel was pushed to the back too (and ultimately {{retcanon}}ed -- when Clarke wrote ''2010'', he wrote it as a sequel to the movie, not the book).²* Kubrick's controversial ''Film/AClockworkOrange'', aided by a legendary score and a star-making performance by Malcolm [=McDowell=], overshadowed [[Literature/AClockworkOrange the book]], which has enjoyed much of its later success due to the film. Burgess later regretted the book and was particularly displeased by the film, in part due to the attention it continued to give the book.²* The UsefulNotes/VietnamWar film ''Film/FullMetalJacket'' is based on a now obscure semi-autobiographical novel by [[SemperFi U.S. Marine Corps]] veteran Gustav Hasford called ''The Short-Timers''.²* ''Film/DrStrangelove: Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb'', widely recognized as one of the best movies ever, was taken from Peter George's non-satirical book ''Red Alert''. (George subsequently wrote a novelization.)²* ''Film/BarryLyndon'' is already one of Kubrick's more obscure films. It was originally a novel by William Makepeace Thackeray.²* Ever heard of ''Traumnovelle''? No. Maybe you've heard of ''Film/EyesWideShut''.²* Kubrick's adaptation of ''Film/PathsOfGlory'' is widely considered a classic in the war genre. You won't find very many people who have read the book.²* ''Literature/TheShining'' is still fairly well-known as a Creator/StephenKing novel, but most people will immediately think of [[Film/TheShining the Kubrick film]] when they hear the title. This caused King no end of frustration, since he [[DisownedAdaptation hated what Kubrick did to the story]]. ²[[/folder]]²²----

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