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* ''Film/TheManWhoLaughs''

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* ''Film/DifferentFromTheOthers''
* ''Film/TheDoll''


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* ''Film/IDontWantToBeAMan''

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* ''Film/DiaryOfALostGirl''


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* ''Film/MadchenInUniform''

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* ''Film/TheManWhoLaughs''

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* ''Film/DieNibelungen''


!! Films made in this era

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!! Films !!Works made in this era
era

[[AC:Films:]]


** ''Film/TheTestamentOfDrMabuse''



* ''Film/TheGolem''



* ''Film/DasTestamentDesDoktorMabuse''
* ''Theatre/TheThreepennyOpera''



[[AC:Literature and Theatre:]]

* ''Literature/BerlinAlexanderplatz''
* ''Theatre/TheThreepennyOpera''



* ''Series/BabylonBerlin'' is set during this time and prominently features the political turmoil of the age.
* The novel ''Literature/BerlinAlexanderplatz'' and its film and tv adaptations are considered one of the definite portraits of the CityNoir side of the era.

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* ''Series/BabylonBerlin'' is set during this time and prominently features displays the social and political turmoil turmoils of the age.
era.
* The novel ''Literature/BerlinAlexanderplatz'' and its film and tv TV adaptations are considered one of the definite portraits of the CityNoir side of the era.



* The musical and movie ''{{Theatre/Cabaret}}'' takes place during this time. The rise of the Nazis helps lead to a [[spoiler: DownerEnding]].

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* The musical and movie ''{{Theatre/Cabaret}}'' ''Theatre/{{Cabaret}}'' takes place during this time. The rise of the Nazis helps lead to a [[spoiler: DownerEnding]].


* Klaus Mann's ''Literature/{{Mephisto}}'' and [[TheFilmOfTheBook its film adaptation]].

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* Klaus Mann's ''Literature/{{Mephisto}}'' and [[TheFilmOfTheBook [[Film/{{Mephisto}} its film adaptation]].adaptation]]. Both straddle the fall of Weimar and rise of Nazism.


* Part of the song "Learn to Do It" in ''{{WesternAnimation/Anastasia}}'' (it's not clear at what point in the song they've crossed the Polish-German border, but they're boarding a ship in Stralsund by the end)
* A few strips in ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' show Germany towards the tail end of the Republic, growing more than peeved at having to put up with the Treaty of Versailles.
* ''Series/BabylonBerlin'' is set during this time and prominently features the political turmoil of the age.



* ''[[https://www.chaosium.com/berlin-the-wicked-city-pdf/ Berlin - The Wicked City]]'', a 2019 setting book for ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'' Seventh Edition, details Weimar Berlin and it's various connections to The Mythos.



* ''Literature/TheTinDrum'' is partially set in this era, though it also covers UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo and the [[UsefulNotes/WestGermany aftermath]].
* "Ich Erinnere Mich an die Weimarer Republik", a song by Music/TheWorldInfernoFriendshipSociety, told from the point of view of Creator/PeterLorre and other German exiles.



* "Ich Erinnere Mich an die Weimarer Republik", a song by Music/TheWorldInfernoFriendshipSociety, told from the point of view of Creator/PeterLorre and other German exiles.
* Klaus Mann's ''Literature/{{Mephisto}}'' and [[TheFilmOfTheBook its film adaptation]].
* ''Film/NoneShallEscape'', a 1944 film about a trial against a Nazi officer following the end of the (then-ongoing) second world war, told via {{flashback}}s from the points of view of the witnesses at the trial. The first flashback takes place the newly-formed Polish state in 1919 right after the end of WWI, the next one takes place in the Weimar Republic in 1923 right before and after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_Hall_Putsch Beer Hall Putsch]] before skipping ahead to 1929 and then to UsefulNotes/NaziGermany in 1934 after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_the_Long_Knives Night of the Long Knives]], and the third and last one takes place in Nazi-occupied Poland during WWII.



* A few strips in ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' show Germany towards the tail end of the Republic, growing more than peeved at having to put up with the Treaty of Versailles.
* Part of the song "Learn to Do It" in ''{{WesternAnimation/Anastasia}}'' (it's not clear at what point in the song they've crossed the Polish-German border, but they're boarding a ship in Stralsund by the end)
* Klaus Mann's ''Literature/{{Mephisto}}'' and [[TheFilmOfTheBook its film adaptation]].
* ''Series/BabylonBerlin'' is set during this time and prominently features the political turmoil of the age.
* ''[[https://www.chaosium.com/berlin-the-wicked-city-pdf/ Berlin - The Wicked City]]'', a 2019 setting book for ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'' Seventh Edition, details Weimar Berlin and it's various connections to The Mythos.

to:

* A few strips in ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' show Germany towards the tail end of the Republic, growing more than peeved at having to put up with the Treaty of Versailles.
* Part of the song "Learn to Do It" in ''{{WesternAnimation/Anastasia}}'' (it's not clear at what point in the song they've crossed the Polish-German border, but they're boarding a ship in Stralsund by the end)
* Klaus Mann's ''Literature/{{Mephisto}}'' and [[TheFilmOfTheBook its film adaptation]].
* ''Series/BabylonBerlin''
''Literature/TheTinDrum'' is partially set during in this time era, though it also covers UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo and prominently features the political turmoil of the age.
* ''[[https://www.chaosium.com/berlin-the-wicked-city-pdf/ Berlin - The Wicked City]]'', a 2019 setting book for ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'' Seventh Edition, details Weimar Berlin and it's various connections to The Mythos.
[[UsefulNotes/WestGermany aftermath]].


Structurally, the Republic wasn't actually terribly different from the Hohenzollern Empire. Rather than an Emperor, there was a directly-elected ''[[UsefulNotes/ThePresidentsOfGermany Reichspräsident]]'' (Reich President), who, on account of his level of power, was called (only half-jokingly) the ''[[CaptainErsatz Ersatzkaiser]]'' ("Fake/Replacement Emperor"). Other than that, there were only a few other changes: the requirement that the Chancellor have the support of the Reichstag and the extensive emergency powers of the President (Article 48) being the most important. Their new constitution was supposed to be the Best Constitution Ever, thus uniting the best things (considered) from the constitutions of the most successful western democracies: a strong president as in America, a strong parliament as in the (Third) French republic, and direct democracy/plebiscites as in Switzerland.[[note]]Interestingly, none of the plebiscites on the Reich level succeeded, though some came awfully close. The constitution of UsefulNotes/TheBonnRepublic does not allow for any form of direct democracy on the federal level and many state constitutions initially didn't either. Whether this is a good thing or not has come up repeatedly in UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic and overall a tendency in favor of direct democracy has shown itself in state constitutional amendments and local plebiscites being easier than ever before[[/note]] [[GoldenMeanFallacy All of these backfired spectacularly]]: the strength of the president became a problem when a half-senile, easily influenced Hindenburg had almost-dictatorial powers; the strong parliament, which could kick out every government they didn't like, made governing first difficult and finally impossible when the Nazis and the Commies got more than 50% of the votes, and the plebiscites were welcome opportunities for agitators from both left and right to spread their propaganda.

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Structurally, the Republic wasn't actually terribly different from the Hohenzollern Empire. Rather than an Emperor, there was a directly-elected ''[[UsefulNotes/ThePresidentsOfGermany Reichspräsident]]'' (Reich President), who, on account of his level of power, was called (only half-jokingly) the ''[[CaptainErsatz Ersatzkaiser]]'' ("Fake/Replacement Emperor"). Other than that, there were only a few other changes: the requirement that the Chancellor have the support of the Reichstag and the extensive emergency powers of the President (Article 48) being the most important. Their new constitution was supposed to be the Best Constitution Ever, thus uniting the best things (considered) from the constitutions of the most successful western democracies: a strong president as in America, a strong parliament as in the (Third) Third French republic, Republic, and direct democracy/plebiscites as in Switzerland.[[note]]Interestingly, none of the plebiscites on the Reich level succeeded, though some came awfully close. The constitution of UsefulNotes/TheBonnRepublic does not allow for any form of direct democracy on the federal level and many state constitutions initially didn't either. Whether this is a good thing or not has come up repeatedly in UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic and overall a tendency in favor of direct democracy has shown itself in state constitutional amendments and local plebiscites being easier than ever before[[/note]] [[GoldenMeanFallacy All of these backfired spectacularly]]: the strength of the president became a problem when a half-senile, easily influenced Hindenburg had almost-dictatorial powers; the strong parliament, which could kick out every government they didn't like, made governing first difficult and finally impossible when the Nazis and the Commies got more than 50% of the votes, and the plebiscites were welcome opportunities for agitators from both left and right to spread their propaganda.



The question of whether the Nazis were "voted into power" or seized it sometimes comes up. On the one hand, it's true that Hitler was defeated soundly in the 1932 ''presidential'' election, and that the Nazi party never won an absolute majority of votes--in the March 1933 election with Hitler already chancellor, the National Socialist party gained 43.9% of the vote.[[note]]Even ''with'' voter intimidation and persecution of leftists.[[/note]] While this may seem extraordinary, it only seems so to countries with a two-party system (like the US). Many countries in the world have multiple parties in their governments, requiring parties to make alliances to govern effectively. In such a system, a party receiving 44% of the vote is a big win. Even though the Nazis "only" held 44% of the vote, its opponents were fractured into so many little parties that they didn't matter. The Nazis managed to get an agreement with another right wing party, and ''that'' got them over 50% both of the votes and of the seats in parliament. Furthermore, the third-largest party was the communists. Either way, democracy had been given a thumbs down by a majority of Germans. The Nazis banned the Communist party while still maintaining a facade of democracy, and there was a relatively free vote (with the Communists "abstaining" due to mostly being in jail) on whether Hitler should be given the power to make laws on his own. Hitler got the required two-thirds majority of those present, despite the Social Democrats voting against him, and the other parties (that had voted for Hitler in exchange for promises Hitler mostly broke) dissolved themselves, with the social democratic party being dissolved through Hitler's new legislative powers.

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The question of whether the Nazis were "voted into power" or seized it sometimes comes up. On the one hand, it's true that Hitler was defeated soundly in the 1932 ''presidential'' election, and that the Nazi party never won an absolute majority of votes--in the March 1933 election with Hitler already chancellor, the National Socialist party gained 43.9% of the vote.[[note]]Even ''with'' voter intimidation and persecution of leftists.[[/note]] While this may seem extraordinary, it only seems so to countries with a two-party system (like the US). Many countries in the world have multiple parties in their governments, requiring parties to make alliances to govern effectively. In such a system, a party receiving 44% of the vote is a big win. Even though the Nazis "only" held 44% of the vote, its opponents were fractured into so many little parties that they didn't matter. The Nazis managed to get an agreement with another right wing party, and ''that'' got them over 50% both of the votes and of the seats in parliament. Furthermore, the third-largest party was the communists. Either way, democracy had been given a thumbs down by a majority of Germans. The Nazis banned the Communist party while still maintaining a facade of democracy, and there was a relatively free vote (with the Communists "abstaining" due to mostly being in jail) on whether Hitler should be given the power to make laws on his own. Hitler got the required two-thirds majority of those present, despite the Social Democrats voting against him, and the other parties (that had voted for Hitler in exchange for promises Hitler mostly broke) dissolved themselves, with the social democratic party Social Democratic Party being dissolved through Hitler's new legislative powers.


[[caption-width-right:350:''"They carry the name of the enterprise - but who carries its spirit?"'' [[note]]A ''Simplicissimus'' caricature depicting, from left to right: a [[CorruptChurch cleric]], a [[CorruptPolitician politician]], a [[ArmiesAreEvil Reichswehr soldier]], [[{{Lumpenproleteriat}} a vagrant]], a [[WorkingClassPeopleAreMorons farmer]], a [[CorruptCorporateExecutive capitalist]], an [[IntellectuallySupportedTyranny intellectual]], and an [[UsefulNotes/NaziGermany SA trooper]][[/note]]]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:''"They carry the name of the enterprise - but who carries its spirit?"'' [[note]]A ''Simplicissimus'' caricature depicting, from left to right: a [[CorruptChurch [[SinisterMinister cleric]], a [[CorruptPolitician politician]], a [[ArmiesAreEvil [[SociopathicSoldier Reichswehr soldier]], [[{{Lumpenproleteriat}} a vagrant]], a [[WorkingClassPeopleAreMorons [[CorruptHick farmer]], a [[CorruptCorporateExecutive capitalist]], an [[IntellectuallySupportedTyranny intellectual]], and an [[UsefulNotes/NaziGermany SA trooper]][[/note]]]]


[[caption-width-right:350:''"They carry the name of the enterprise - but who carries its spirit?"'' [[note]]A ''Simplicissimus'' caricature depicting, from left to right: a [[CorruptChurch cleric]], a [[CorruptPolitician politician]], a [[ArmiesAreEvil Reichswehr soldier]], [[{{Lumpenproleteriat}} a vagrant]], a [[WorkingClassPeopleAreMorons farmer]], a [[CorruptCorporateExecutive capitalist]], an [[IntellectuallySupportedTyranny intellectual]], and an [[ThoseWackyNazis SA trooper]][[/note]]]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:''"They carry the name of the enterprise - but who carries its spirit?"'' [[note]]A ''Simplicissimus'' caricature depicting, from left to right: a [[CorruptChurch cleric]], a [[CorruptPolitician politician]], a [[ArmiesAreEvil Reichswehr soldier]], [[{{Lumpenproleteriat}} a vagrant]], a [[WorkingClassPeopleAreMorons farmer]], a [[CorruptCorporateExecutive capitalist]], an [[IntellectuallySupportedTyranny intellectual]], and an [[ThoseWackyNazis [[UsefulNotes/NaziGermany SA trooper]][[/note]]]]


Economically, though...well, the Mark suffered from RidiculousExchangeRates, thousands of people lost any money that wasn't saved as gold, foreign currency, or silver, and when things looked as if they had somewhat stabilized, the economic crisis of 1929 struck. This might have also recorded one of the first cases of RidiculousFutureInflation...except not in the future, and with somehow worse inflation. Case in point: you could sit down for tea when the inflation was at it's worst at taking the bill two hours later, only to find that your bill had somehow doubled within the two hours you were eating. Germany became so ruined that people didn't even hesitate to give their vote to UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler after he promised them economic prosperity. The Nazis beating up their opponents also contributed, though the violence was entirely mutual.

to:

Economically, though...well, the Mark suffered from RidiculousExchangeRates, thousands of people lost any money that wasn't saved as gold, foreign currency, or silver, and when things looked as if they had somewhat stabilized, the economic crisis of 1929 struck. This might have also recorded one of the first cases of RidiculousFutureInflation...except not in the future, and with somehow worse inflation. Case in point: you could sit down for tea when the inflation was at it's its worst at taking the bill two hours later, only to find that your bill had somehow doubled within the two hours you were eating. Germany became so ruined that people didn't even hesitate to give their vote to UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler after he promised them economic prosperity. The Nazis beating up their opponents also contributed, though the violence was entirely mutual.


* ''Film/Faust''

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* ''Film/Faust''''Film/{{Faust}}''

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* ''Film/Faust''

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