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* ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' by George Orwell details the global takeover of all the world by three totalitarian superpowers using propaganda, perpetual monitoring of all citizens and control of media to a degree that makes Stalin seem a friend to free press. The novel explores the consequences of monoculture through economic and mental oppression by an authoritarian government run wild.


* ''Literature/ForAllTime'' starts off with reasonable plausibility. FDR dies of a stroke just a few weeks after Pearl Harbor, leaving Henry Wallace in charge of the country. Far less competent than his predecessor, not to mention Anglophobic, Wallace ends up prolonging World War II with his poor decisions. The American forces have to make do without General Patton, the D-day landing starts a year earlier...and fails miserably, Japan is invaded and [[BalkanizeMe split in two]], the Nazis launch a suicide attack on New York city, and the war ends with ''six'' nuclear bombings in both Germany and Japan. After that, things go [[CrapsackWorld completely insane.]]

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* ''Literature/ForAllTime'' starts off with reasonable plausibility. FDR dies of a stroke just a few weeks after Pearl Harbor, leaving Henry Wallace in charge of the country. Far less competent than his predecessor, not to mention Anglophobic, Wallace ends up prolonging World War II with his poor decisions. The American forces have to make do without General Patton, the D-day landing starts a year earlier...and fails miserably, Japan is invaded and [[BalkanizeMe split in two]], the Nazis launch a suicide attack on New York city, City, and the war ends with ''six'' nuclear bombings in both Germany and Japan. After that, things go [[CrapsackWorld completely insane.]]


** His ''The War That Came Early'' series is also a very well done and realistic take on what might have happened if the Munich conference had failed and WWII had started a year early.



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* ''Film/District9'': In 1982, a giant alien spaceship comes to a stop over the city of Johannesburg. Rather than an invading or benevolent force, it houses a million alien refugees who have nowhere to go. Attempts are made to integrate them into human society, but these all fail and so, by 2010, the aliens relegated to the titular District 9, a run-down slum with Apartheid-like conditions.



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*''Unsong'' is a very good example of a type X, the point of divergence is December 24, 1968 when Apollo 8 crashed into the crystal sphere that surrounds the earth, breaking both it and the celestial machinery engineered by Uriel that ran physics as we know it. After that it's surprisingly hard with careful thought and philosophy put into it.


* ''Literature/ToAPlaceYouDoNotKNow'' has YHWH, yes ''[[Literature/TheBible that]]'' YHWH, decide on a different holy land for his chosen people. Rather than having the Israelites invade Canaan, he instead teleports them all away to the then-uninhabited New Zealand, which becomes known as Yisrael. Seems to be moving in a Type I-II.

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* ''Literature/ToAPlaceYouDoNotKNow'' ''Literature/ToAPlaceYouDoNotKnow'' has YHWH, yes ''[[Literature/TheBible that]]'' YHWH, decide on a different holy land for his chosen people. Rather than having the Israelites invade Canaan, he instead teleports them all away to the then-uninhabited New Zealand, which becomes known as Yisrael. Seems to be moving in a Type I-II.


Note also that [[TropesAreTools none of these types are inherently superior or inferior to the others]] and all can be used effectively depending on the purpose to which they are being put and the story being told; a Type I might be more a plausible examination of the history than a Type IV, but a Type IV might, despite its issues with historical credibility, simply be a more entertaining story than a Type I. Of course, no amount of plausibility (or lack thereof) in the premises is going to salvage honestly bad writing.

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Note also that [[TropesAreTools [[Administrivia/TropesAreTools none of these types are inherently superior or inferior to the others]] and all can be used effectively depending on the purpose to which they are being put and the story being told; a Type I might be more a plausible examination of the history than a Type IV, but a Type IV might, despite its issues with historical credibility, simply be a more entertaining story than a Type I. Of course, no amount of plausibility (or lack thereof) in the premises is going to salvage honestly bad writing.


[[AC: Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} TabletopGame/InfiniteWorlds'' offers the United States Of Lizardia - A world, very much like our own circa 1994, but populated by an evolved species of dinosaur rather than humanity. The fact that it fits here in IV instead of X is because there isn't clearly any particular ''reason'' why this happened. The sheer absurdity is heavily lampshade hung - The best guess for how it could possibly exist by the people who in the Infinite Worlds setting study alternate worlds is basically a God with a weird sense of humor pranking people who study alternate worlds.



* ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} TabletopGame/InfiniteWorlds'' offers the United States Of Lizardia - A world, very much like our own circa 1994, but populated by an evolved species of dinosaur rather than humanity. Beyond Type X, it's also very much Type IV which is heavily lampshade hung - The best guess for how it could possibly exist by the people who in the Infinite Worlds setting study alternate worlds is basically a God with a cruel sense of humor pranking people who study alternate worlds.


* The online ''1983: Doomsday'' takes its POD from a real-world event - a false nuclear launch alert in Russia that could have turned into a full-blown nuclear exchange. In this timeline, it does. The timeline's authors allow for some play, making it a soft Type I, but work hard to keep things relatively authentic (any "real world" people presented as surviving Doomsday must have been verified as being in an unaffected area. For instance, Barack Obama was a student at Columbia in September 1983, and was almost assuredly killed when NYC was obliterated, but George W. Bush was in rural Texas and survived.)

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* The online ''1983: Doomsday'' ''Literature/NineteenEightyThreeDoomsday'' takes its POD from a real-world event - a false nuclear launch alert in Russia that could have turned into a full-blown nuclear exchange. In this timeline, it does. The timeline's authors allow for some play, making it a soft Type I, but work hard to keep things relatively authentic (any "real world" people presented as surviving Doomsday must have been verified as being in an unaffected area. For instance, Barack Obama was a student at Columbia in September 1983, and was almost assuredly killed when NYC was obliterated, but George W. Bush was in rural Texas and survived.)


[[AC:LiveActionTV]]
* In the ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' episode "The City on the Edge of Forever," Kirk and Spock go back in time and save one particular pacifist activist from dying - this somehow causes the Nazis to win WWII, because her activism kept the U.S. out of the war until it was too late. That was ''really'' happening in real history; strong, organized pacifist and isolationist movements were very influential over the American public and many American politicians in the early years of WWII, which is why it took an Axis attack on American soil to get the U.S. to enter the war. While no amount of pacifist speeches in the world would ever make any difference after Pearl Harbor, sufficiently early POD would butterfly the Pearl Harbor attack altogether: the Japanese attacked due to the American embargo starving Japan of oil and other raw materials. It's entirely possible that with a sufficiently strong pacifist movement in the USA, there would be no embargo in the first place. Either that, or Japan would be confident that attacking Dutch Indonesia for an alternate oil supply wouldn't trigger the Americans to declare war (the USA wasn't going to war over Indonesia, but the Japanese didn't knew that), and thus would see no need to "strike first".



* The ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' episode "The City on the Edge of Forever," where Kirk and Spock going back in time and keeping one particular pacifist activist from dying somehow causes the Nazis to win WWII, because her activism keeps the U.S. out of the war until it's too late. That was ''really'' happening in real history; strong, organized pacifist and isolationist movements were very influential over the American public and many American politicians in the early years of WWII, which is why it took an Axis attack on American soil to get the U.S. to enter the war. While no amount of pacifist speeches in the world weren't going to make any difference after Pearl Harbor, sufficiently early POD would butterfly Pearl Harbor attack altogether. Japanese attacked due to American embargo starving Japan of Oil and other raw materials. Its possible that with USA pacifist movement sufficiently strong, there would be no embargo, or Japan would be confident that attacking Dutch Indonesia for alternate oil supply would not trigger American declaring war (USA wasn't going to war over Indonesia IOTL, but Japanese didn't knew that), and would see no need to "strike first".


* ''VideoGame/{{Homefront}}'' has a veritable perfect storm of events (a Saudi-Iran war that cripples oil supplies, another global depression, and a pandemic) serve to empower Korea and weaken America. After Kim Jong-il's death, his son, Kim Jong-un, manages to reunite both Koreas and elevate the country to global power status, even going so far as to absorb Japan and most of Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, [[FallenStatesOfAmerica America has become unstable, impoverished, and under martial law]], overrun with [[CrazySurvivalist survivalists]] and militias. All of this was made worse in January 2025, when the Greater Korean Republic launches an [=EMP=] strike on America, crippling the country's power supplies, followed by a military invasion of the mainland U.S. By 2027, the western half of America has come under Korean occupation and the country is split in half by the Koreans irradiating the Mississippi river.

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* ''VideoGame/{{Homefront}}'' has a veritable perfect storm of events (a Saudi-Iran war that cripples oil supplies, another global depression, and a pandemic) serve to empower Korea and weaken America. After Kim Jong-il's death, his son, Kim Jong-un, manages to reunite both Koreas by 2013 and elevate the country to global power status, even going so far as to absorb Japan and most of Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, [[FallenStatesOfAmerica America has become unstable, impoverished, and under martial law]], overrun with [[CrazySurvivalist survivalists]] and militias. All of this was made worse in January 2025, when the Greater Korean Republic launches an [=EMP=] strike on America, crippling the country's power supplies, followed by a military invasion of the mainland U.S. By 2027, the western half of America has come under Korean occupation and the country is split in half by the Koreans irradiating the Mississippi river.



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* ''VideoGame/{{Homefront}}'' has a veritable perfect storm of events (a Saudi-Iran war that cripples oil supplies, another global depression, and a pandemic) serve to empower Korea and weaken America. After Kim Jong-il's death, his son, Kim Jong-un, manages to reunite both Koreas and elevate the country to global power status, even going so far as to absorb Japan and most of Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, [[FallenStatesOfAmerica America has become unstable, impoverished, and under martial law]], overrun with [[CrazySurvivalist survivalists]] and militias. All of this was made worse in January 2025, when the Greater Korean Republic launches an [=EMP=] strike on America, crippling the country's power supplies, followed by a military invasion of the mainland U.S. By 2027, the western half of America has come under Korean occupation and the country is split in half by the Koreans irradiating the Mississippi river.


* ''[[VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlertSeries Command & Conquer: Red Alert]]'' seems to be Type X-IV. It ''starts'' with [[UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein Einstein]] building a TimeMachine [[HitlersTimeTravelExemptionAct and going back to kill Hitler]]. DirtyCommunists led by [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] invade Europe with [[ShockAndAwe Tesla coils]] and [[TankGoodness superheavy tanks]]. The Europeans win the war - but some thirty years later, we have a Soviet invasion of the United States this time... ''with [[EverythingsSquishierWithCephalopods giant battlesquids]], {{Weather Control Machine}}s, tanks masquerading as trees, [[FrickinLaserBeams Frickin Prismatic Beams]], CloningBlues, TeleportersAndTransporters, ''' [[CoolAirship bomber blimps]], [[MindControl Mind-Controlling]] soldiers and psychic possession via telephone''''', all served with a side order of [[LargeHam Ham]] and [[{{Camp}} Cheese]]. And then, when it seemed it was over, [[SerialEscalation Red Alert 3 comes-a-knockin'...]]

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* ''[[VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlertSeries Command & Conquer: Red Alert]]'' seems to be Type X-IV. It ''starts'' with [[UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein Einstein]] building a TimeMachine [[HitlersTimeTravelExemptionAct and going back to kill Hitler]]. DirtyCommunists led by [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin]] invade Europe with [[ShockAndAwe Tesla coils]] and [[TankGoodness superheavy tanks]]. The Europeans win the war - but some thirty years later, we have a Soviet invasion of the United States this time... ''with [[EverythingsSquishierWithCephalopods [[TentacledTerror giant battlesquids]], {{Weather Control Machine}}s, tanks masquerading as trees, [[FrickinLaserBeams Frickin Prismatic Beams]], CloningBlues, TeleportersAndTransporters, ''' [[CoolAirship bomber blimps]], [[MindControl Mind-Controlling]] soldiers and psychic possession via telephone''''', all served with a side order of [[LargeHam Ham]] and [[{{Camp}} Cheese]]. And then, when it seemed it was over, [[SerialEscalation Red Alert 3 comes-a-knockin'...]]



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* ''Literature/TheManInTheHighCastle'', as a victim of DatedHistory, falls into his category. After FDR is assassinated in 1933 by Giuseppe Zangara, the New Deal is never implemented and thanks to the poor presidencies of Garner and Bricker, America's economy doesn't recover in time to help the allies fight off the Nazis. [[AmericaWonWorldWarII Without American aid, Britain and the USSR are quickly conquered.]] Japan, meanwhile, never attacks Pearl Harbor and manages to swallow up East Asia into its Co-Prosperity sphere with little resistance. Germany and Japan later launch a joint invasion of the United States in 1947, [[DividedStatesOfAmerica splitting the country into two puppet states with a buffer zone between them.]] By 1962, a new Cold War is raging between the world's competing imperial superpowers. While Japan maintains a fairly incompetent and liberal grip on their colonies, the Nazis continue a psychotic drive for racial purity, going so far as to initiate the genocide of the African continent's entire population. Germany has also managed to [[RegionalRedecoration drain the Mediterranean sea to create farmland]] ''and'' colonize the moon and explore Mars and Venus.


At their best, they set aside the personal "wants" and "if only's" of the author and try to accurately determine the most likely WhatIf result of a [=PoD=]. In some cases they are arguably [[RealityIsUnrealistic more "plausible" than actual history]]! A majority of historical counter-factuals fall into this category. [[AlternateHistoryWank Alternate History Wanks]] very rarely fall into this category.

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At their best, they set aside the personal "wants" and "if only's" of the author and try to accurately determine the most likely WhatIf result of a [=PoD=]. In some cases they are arguably [[RealityIsUnrealistic more "plausible" than actual history]]! A majority of historical counter-factuals fall into this category. [[AlternateHistoryWank Alternate {{Alternate History Wanks]] Wank}}s very rarely fall into this category.



[[InSpiteOfANail Butterflies may be utterly ignored]], PoliticallyCorrectHistory may make an appearance, and plausibility will take a back seat to Rule of Drama/Cool/Comedy. Perhaps [[MirrorUniverse parallelism has run to extreme levels]] or the author uses Historical Domain characters born way after the [=PoD=] ("I don't care if he was born centuries after the historical Fall of Rome, I want General Patton fighting the Modern Romans in Gaul!"). Perhaps the rate of technology growth is just too high. Perhaps the [[WriterOnBoard author's politics and desires]] so tint the work that it breaks any WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief and turns it into an AH-themed AuthorTract. Many [[AlternateHistoryWank Alternate History Wanks]] fall into this Type.

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[[InSpiteOfANail Butterflies may be utterly ignored]], PoliticallyCorrectHistory may make an appearance, and plausibility will take a back seat to Rule of Drama/Cool/Comedy. Perhaps [[MirrorUniverse parallelism has run to extreme levels]] or the author uses Historical Domain characters born way after the [=PoD=] ("I don't care if he was born centuries after the historical Fall of Rome, I want General Patton fighting the Modern Romans in Gaul!"). Perhaps the rate of technology growth is just too high. Perhaps the [[WriterOnBoard author's politics and desires]] so tint the work that it breaks any WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief and turns it into an AH-themed AuthorTract. Many [[AlternateHistoryWank Alternate {{Alternate History Wanks]] Wank}}s fall into this Type.



''Note:'' These works are often defined as AlienSpaceBats and in fact the original term "AlienSpaceBats" was coined to refer to these type of implausible works!

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''Note:'' These works are often defined as AlienSpaceBats AlienSpaceBats, and in fact the original term "AlienSpaceBats" was coined to refer to these type of implausible works!



** ''Creator/ParadoxInteractive'' games in general usually qualify as Type II, since the studio tends to forsake balance in favor of hard, extensive research. This historical accuracy lasts up until the point that each game starts, then it's at the mercy of the player.

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** ''Creator/ParadoxInteractive'' Creator/ParadoxInteractive games in general usually qualify as Type II, since the studio tends to forsake balance in favor of hard, extensive research. This historical accuracy lasts up until the point that each game starts, then it's at the mercy of the player.



--> '''Amy''': In a world where rhinoceroses are domesticated pets, who wins the Second World War

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--> '''Amy''': In a world where rhinoceroses are domesticated pets, who wins the Second World WarWar?



* Drew's ''Rumsfeldia'' timeline on ''Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom'' is definitely at least an upper-end Type III overall.

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* Drew's ''Rumsfeldia'' timeline on ''Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom'' Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom is definitely at least an upper-end Type III overall.



* ''Literature/TheGunsOfTheSouth'' by [[Creator/HarryTurtledove Guess Who]]: Time-traveling South African white supremacists bring Robert E. Lee's army AK-47 assault rifles. Only a stand-alone book (so it's hard to predict long-term trends), but seems to go Type I after the [=PoD=].

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* ''Literature/TheGunsOfTheSouth'' by [[Creator/HarryTurtledove Guess Who]]: Turtledove: Time-traveling South African white supremacists bring Robert E. Lee's army AK-47 assault rifles. Only a stand-alone book (so it's hard to predict long-term trends), but seems to go Type I after the [=PoD=].






* The ''Literature/WestOfEden'' trilogy is probably an X-III, with the fantastic element being that the dinosaurs were never wiped out, and later evolved into an intelligent saurian people. Realistically speaking, the extinction of the dinosaurs is probably what allowed mammals to gain dominance and thus humans to come to be. According to the author, there were never any dinosaurs on the American continents, thus allowing humans to evolve. For those who aren't aware, the ''T.rex'' was an American dinosaur.

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* The ''Literature/WestOfEden'' trilogy is probably an X-III, with the fantastic element being that the dinosaurs were never wiped out, and later evolved into an intelligent saurian people. Realistically speaking, the extinction of the dinosaurs is probably what allowed mammals to gain dominance and thus humans to come to be. According to the author, there were never any dinosaurs on the American continents, thus allowing humans to evolve. For those who aren't aware, the ''T.real ''T. rex'' was an American dinosaur.



* Literature/AroseFromOutTheAzureMain has a literal [[AlienSpaceBats alien space bat]] transport [[UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher Thatcher's]] Britain to 1730. After the dislocation, it shifts into Type 1, except for the occasional look at scientists trying to work out what caused the dislocation.

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* Literature/AroseFromOutTheAzureMain ''Literature/AroseFromOutTheAzureMain'' has a literal [[AlienSpaceBats alien space bat]] transport [[UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher Thatcher's]] Britain to 1730. After the dislocation, it shifts into Type 1, except for the occasional look at scientists trying to work out what caused the dislocation.



* Due to its TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture ageing into this while the series was still ongoing, combined with a few genuinely historical entries, ''VideoGame/MetalGear'' lands here. The ''Metal Gear'' universe involves HumongousMecha in the 1970s, mass nuclear disarmament (hinted to verge on ''world peace'') in 1999, the US government being controlled by an AI in the early 2000s, and by 2014 the entire world is consumed by a bizarre, psychedelic "War Economy" of biomechanical weapons and {{Nanomachines}}.

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* Due to its TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture ageing into this while the series was still ongoing, combined with a few genuinely historical entries, ''VideoGame/MetalGear'' lands here. The ''Metal Gear'' universe involves HumongousMecha in the 1970s, mass nuclear disarmament (hinted to verge on ''world peace'') in 1999, the US government being controlled by an AI in the early 2000s, and by 2014 the entire world is consumed by a bizarre, psychedelic "War Economy" of biomechanical weapons and {{Nanomachines}}.{{nanomachines}}.

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