Evil Is Sexy: Rameses and to a certain extent Baka. (Well, after all, Vincent Price.)
Hilarious in Hindsight: Charlton Heston and Vincent Price play enemies in this film - both men would later play the lead role in cinematic adaptations of I Am Legend, Price in The Last Man On Earth and Heston in The Omega Man.
Narm: Any time Nefretiri says Moses. "Moooses, Moooses..."
A good chunk of the movie swings between this and Narm Charm, at least by today's standards. Back when the film was made, this kind of acting was probably the norm.
Actually kind of old-fashioned for 1956, as more films were being made with naturalistic acting. However, DeMille was a Victorian born and bred, and conceived this picture as a series of theatrical set pieces, called tableaux. You can almost see the curtain fall at the close of each scene. And so the actors spoke that way too.
Nightmare Fuel: The Angel of Death, assuming the form of an ominous fog.
Tear Jerker: In the scene where Moses decides to live as a Hebrew, you can see a man chopping straw. He looks so hopeless.
Nefretiri is too, given her frantic, Stepford Smiler denial—"He will not die!"—and the way she collapses when he's gone.
The death of Simon, an elderly slave. He dies thinking he never got to meet the deliverer. Little does he know he's talking to him.
Visual Effects of Awesome: The parting of the Red Sea, accomplished by digging out two parking lots and creating an artificial waterfall on either side. Over fifty years later, it's still the greatest scene ever photographed.
The movie is about godly people seeking freedom from a pagan dictator. In the introduction (theatrical and DVD/Blu-ray releases only), De Mille discusses the central theme of the film as about whether men are free individuals or the property of the state. Remember the era this film was produced in, and consider its possible hidden meanings.
One of the film's themes is that people should be ruled over by set laws rather than the unrestricted whims of a dictator. Thus, the Ten Commandments are framed in quasi-Enlightenment terms as a proto-version of the Magna Carta or the U.S. Bill of Rights.
The Woobie: Lilia. Almost becomes a sex slave to Baka, separated from Joshua and forced to give in to Dathan to save Joshua, and nearly becomes a human sacrifice. The lyrics to her Leitmotif are "Death cometh to me to set me free".