"Ladies and Gentlemen, I beg you, open your eyes, for you have arrived...at La Cage aux Folles."With music and lyrics by Jerry Herman and a book by Harvey Fierstein, La Cage aux Follesnote is a hilarious, touching, thought-provoking classic story about family and tolerance loved by millions the world over and naturally loathed by Christian Conservatives. Originally a French stage play written by Jean Poiret that debuted in 1973, a Franco-Italian movie adaptation was released in 1978 which was eventually Americanized as the 1996 hit comedy film, The Birdcage. This entry concerns both the American musical adaptation, which had its first production on Broadway in 1983 as well as the non-musical Franco-Italian film.Set in Saint-Tropez, France, the story centers around a gay couple, Georges and Albin. Georges is the owner and master of ceremonies of the eponymous, popular nightclub, La Cage aux Folles (translated as "The Cage of Mad Women")note which features drag entertainment with Albin as the headlining star, performing nightly as his celebrated drag alter ego, "Zaza". Georges' son, Jean-Michel, who was conceived during a past one-time heterosexual liaison with a woman named Sybil and whom he raised with Albin for over twenty years, then pays a visit to announce his recent engagement to his girlfriend, Anne Dindon. Unfortunately, Anne's father happens to be Edouard Dindon, the notoriously homophobic Deputy General of the ultra-conservative Tradition, Family & Morality Party (TFM), aiming to close the local drag clubs among other things upon reelection.So when Anne's parents wish to meet those of her fiancé's over dinner, Jean-Michel tries to conceal the truth about his fathers, telling them Georges is a retired military veteran and married to a woman in order to receive their blessing. Georges is reluctantly persuaded to go along with the farce, redecorating their gaudy home and making the impossibly flamboyant Albin into Jean-Michel's machismo "Uncle" while Sybil will play the mother. All seems lost when Albin simply just can't "play it straight" and Sybil cancels at the last minute, but as the families get awkwardly acquainted,...Albin dresses in drag to fill in as "mother".The show was a massive success on Broadway winning 6 Tony Awards including Best Musical. It is best known for its ground-breaking presentation of a happy, established gay couple, and for its proud message of tolerance (though ironically, for fear of offending any in the audience who disagree with the whole point of the show, the couple never kisses or does anything more). Nevertheless, Georges and Albin are shown to be a generous, loving pair capable of caring for a child and for one another. Having countless revivals over the years, it continues to be a hit in musical theatre (and recently in the West End) with one of it's songs, "I Am What I Am", becoming a rallying cry of the Gay Pride movement.
The musical and first film provide examples of the following tropes:
- An Aesop/Gay Aesop: Whether gay or straight, a family is a family. No one should ever have to pretend to be anything other than who or what they are for others to accept them. Live and love as hard as you know how... because the best of times is now.
- Attractive Bent-Gender: The idea behind Les Cagelles, the club's stunning "showgirls" most, if not all, of which whom are actually men. In the original Broadway staging in The '80s, the director managed to sneak in two women into the drag queen lineup and the audience was faced with the extra challenge of figuring out which ones they were.
- Albin as "Zaza".
- Jacob could be this as well when in drag.
- Bi the Way/If It's You, It's Okay: Georges and Sybil's one-time get-together which led to Jean-Michel.
- Camp Gay: Any homosexual character who isn't Georges (Renato in the film) or stage manager, Francis even though Georges has subtle nuances of this.
- Disguised in Drag: When Sybil once again disappoints and decides not to show up for dinner, Albin is compelled to save the day by posing a Jean-Michel's mother managing to fool the prospective in-laws.
- Invoked to spirit the Dindons out past the reporters Jacqueline brought.
- Don't You Dare Pity Me!: Albin sings this in "I Am What I Am".
- Drag Queen: Albin is a local celebrity as "Zaza".
- Les Cagelles along with "Chantal", "Hannah from Hamburg" and "Phaedra, the Enigma".
- Seemingly most of the club's employees which includes Drag Kings as well.
- Jacob desperately aspires to be one.
- Drama Queen/Large Ham: Albin most of the time.
- French Maid: Jacob, in most portrayals, is an amusing male example as well as an Affectionate Parody, French Maid Outfit and all.
- The Ghost: Sybil.Georges" "Sorry Sybil" should be her name.
- Has Two Daddies: Jean-Michel (Laurent in the film) was raised by Georges and Albin.
- Heteronormative Crusader/"Moral" Guardian: Edouard Dindon and the TFM.
- Hilarity Ensues
- I Am What I Am: The Trope Namer.
- It's Pronounced Tro-PAY: Naturally, many names and sayings in French are pronounced differently in contrast to their spelling. Dindon, for example, is pronounced "den-dawn" while Albin is said as "al-ban".
- Saint-Tropez ("san troh-pay")
- Jacob ("szha-kohb").
- Les Cagelles ("lay kah-jzhell").
- Last Chorus Slow Down: "With Anne on My Arm" and "The Best of Times".
- Missing Mom/Parental Neglect: Despite being the biological mother, Sybil has hardly ever seen Jean-Michel throughout his life. However, during the reprise of "Look Over There", Jean-Michel gladly admits Albin is his "real mother".
- Nobody Over 50 Is Gay: Averted with Georges and Albin who are supposed to be middle-aged (though the age range in most character descriptions is usually anywhere from 40 to 60).
- Queer People Are Funny
- Screen-to-Stage Adaptation/Recursive Adaptation: Averted. Word of God is that the musical is strictly based off Jean Poiret's 1973 stage play and not the movie.
- Small Start Big Finish: "I Am What I Am"
- Strawman Political: Edouard Dindon (renamed Simon Charrier in the movie).
- Title Drop: Reoccurring all throughout the show even as the title for one of the numbers no less.
- Token Minority: Zany housekeeper Jacob is generally portrayed as a black man (or an ethnic minority) in a traditionally mostly white cast. Regardless of whatever ethnicity any of the characters were originally, the roles can be open to anyone depending on the production.
- Trans Equals Gay
- Where Everybody Knows Your Flame: The eponymous drag club.
- Wholesome Crossdresser: As you'd expect with a drag club. With the exception of Georges and stage manager Francis, pretty much anyone at La Cage is this, especially Albin and Jacob.
We are what we are...
The Franco-Italian films (1978-1985).
- Ascended Extra: In the first movie, Sybil is renamed Simone Deblon and is given a bigger and much more affectionate role as apposed to being The Ghost in the play and musical.
- Hypocrite/Out with a Bang: In the first movie, Simon's boss, the president of a right-wing party that boasts "morality" and "tradition", dies in the arms of an underage prostitute.
- Sleep Mask: Albin wears one in the first sequel.
- Unexpected Inheritance: In the third movie, Albin will receive a massive fortune from a dead aunt,…provided he marries a woman and sires a child.
So hold this moment fast, and live and love as hard as you know how, and make this moment last, because the best of time is now...is now...is now.