Literature / On the Beach

On the Beach is a 1957 novel by Nevil Shute that explores the aftermath of a nuclear war that wiped out all life in the northern hemisphere. The southern hemisphere was left untouched by the bombs, but not the fallout: each year more radioactive material is moved south by seasonal winds, and as the fallout accumulates, life slowly dies off, latitude by crawling latitude.

The story follows a group of people in Melbourne, Australia who go on about their lives as they wait for the inevitable end. With only a handful of years left, desperation is sliding into acceptance. When a Morse-like code is received and identified as coming all the way from Seattle, a stranded US submarine is sent to investigate this glimmer of hope - small and unlikely though it is.

The book was adapted into two movies by the same name, first in 1959 and then in 2000. The 1959 version was directed by Stanley Kramer and starred Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner, Fred Astaire, and a pre-Psycho Anthony Perkins, who struggles with an Australian accent. The first movie has inspired the Strugatsky Brothers to write Far Rainbow in 1962.

Not to be confused with Beach Episode, or at least not what normally comes to mind when one thinks of that. It has nothing to do with bikini girls, and is anything but upbeat.

Tropes featured in the book or movie include:

  • Apocalypse Anarchy: Somewhat downplayed. The society never really disintegrates, but at the end, people were just taking stuff from stores. Also, hosting a lethal car race.
  • Apocalypse How: Class 3a at the least, presumably a Class 4. Possibly a Class 5.
  • Beta Couple: Peter and Mary Holmes
  • Better to Die than Be Killed: The cyanide pills. Depending on personal convictions not everyone takes them, and some commit suicide in other ways.
  • Cyanide Pill: The Australian government provides cyanide pills to its citizens so that they need not die slowly of radiation poisoning.
  • Despair Event Horizon: The impending death of humanity. And when the radio transmission proves not to be the result of human activity. And towards the end, when people start developing symptoms of radiation sickness, and know the time has come.
  • Downer Ending: Obviously. Never once does the book's tone deviate from calm acceptance.
  • The End of the World as We Know It: And Australians largely decide to go out doing whatever makes them most comfortable.
  • Exact Time to Failure: Averted — the estimate of when people in Melbourne will start dying of radiation poisoning turns out to be inaccurate.
  • Face Death with Dignity: In the best Australian way.
  • Hard-Drinking Party Girl: Moira, bordering on The Alcoholic.
  • Infant Immortality: Averted. Graphically so in the 2000 adaptation, where several children are seen dead of suicide poisoning.
  • Ironic Nursery Tune: "Waltzing Matilda".
    • "Waltzing Matilda" is a song about suicide, which makes grim sense given that the story's theme is the entire world's (unintentional) suicide.
  • Just Before the End: The northern hemisphere is toast; the book narrates the Australian population's attempts to live out their last days in joy.
  • Just Following Orders: Discussed and angrily thrown back at the submarine's captain. Mostly, Australians don't really care if the USSR (China in the 2000 film) or the US fired first.
  • Lost in Transmission: In the book and in the first movie, the Australians hear garbled Morse Code radio messages from the United States (Seattle in the book, San Diego in the first movie), which turn out to be caused by a broken window frame striking a telegraph key. In the second movie, the submarine crew receive a garbled message every day at roughly the same time. They're tracking it to see if it's from a group of survivors, but it turns out to be a solar-powered laptop transmitting on its own. Doubles as an Apocalyptic Log.
  • Mass "Oh, Crap!": When the submarine's crew finds the radio message was not the result of human activity — a broken window in the book and first film, a solar-powered laptop in the second film.
  • Nuclear Option: Obviously.
  • Planning for the Future Before the End: Even though they're all fully aware they're going to die within a few months, the characters continue to plant gardens for the following year, talk about getting new clothes and accessories for their growing children, and generally maintain the polite fiction that the world isn't ending in order to Let Them Die Happy.
  • Riddle for the Ages: In the 2000 film. How did a standoff over Taiwan escalate so quickly? Which side fired first?
  • Salt the Earth: The nuclear version.
  • 20 Minutes into the Future: The 1959 film is set in 1964.
  • Vomit Discretion Shot: Averted in the 2000 film. Towards the end when the cast develops radiation sickness, most of them are shown vomiting, huddled in vomit-stained clothing.
  • Wrong Name Outburst: In the 1959 film, everyone's having fun frolicking outside, including Dwight. Then he accidentally uses the name of his dead wife when he is affectionately calling Moira an "outrageous liar". The mood becomes subdued very quickly after that.

Alternative Title(s): On The Beach

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Literature/OnTheBeach