As I Lay Dying is a novel by William Faulkner, and arguably among the least Mind Screw-like and most comprehensible of his works, and thus a good starting point.The basic plotline: Addie Bundren, the matriarch of the Bundren family, has died and expressed a wish to be buried in her hometown, Jefferson. Her husband Anse and children Cash, Darl, Jewel, Dewey Dell and Vardaman comply — although in many characters' cases, for not-entirely-altruistic reasons — pack up the corpse and go. This being a Faulkner novel, of course, things go wrong. Very wrong.
As I Lay Dying contains examples of:
Anti-Hero: Jewel. Despite being a complete bastard, he's arguably the only one of the Bundrens with completely good intentions. And, arguably, the one who cares the most about Addie.
Beige Prose: "My mother is a fish." This also applies to Cash's sections before he replaces Darl as the objective narrator.
The Chessmaster: Anse, if you believe that he acts stupid and useless on purpose so that he never has to work a day in his life. He even ends up getting a new wife, along with his new set of teeth, at Jefferson so that he has a new set of hands to replace Addie.
Addie, whose burial in Jefferson was specifically requested in order to destroy her family.
Due to the Dead: The whole plot, but subverted in that most of the characters are just using it as an excuse.
Dysfunctional Family: All Anse cares about is getting new teeth and a new wife, most people think Darl is weird because he's clairvoyant, Jewel is angry about everything, and Vardaman thinks his mother is a fish. Dewey Dell is slightly less dysfunctional than the aforementioned, though she does have a slightly incomprehensible dream where she couldn't feel anything, even the fact that she was a woman, except for the cool wind blowing across her naked body. All things considered, Cash seems rather normal, though he obsessed over creating the coffin.
In Section 30, Dewey Dell describes a nightmare she had where she could not feel anything, even the fact that she was a girl, and then she felt a "they" beneath her that was "like a piece of cool silk dragged across [her] legs." It's really a metaphor for her repressed sexuality.
My Significance Sense Is Tingling: Darl is clairvoyant. Darl narrates the moment of Addie's passing when he isn't even in the room. He also knows that Jewel is Addie's illegitimate son and that Dewey Dell is pregnant.