is a 1941 film directed by Howard Hawks
and starring Gary Cooper
. It tells the mostly true story of Alvin C. York, a farmer from the Appalachian mountains of Tennessee who became a pacifist after converting to Christianity. When the United States declared war on Germany, entering World War I
, York applied for conscientious obejctor status, citing his religious beliefs. York's application was denied, and he was drafted into the infantry—where he became a Medal of Honor winner for his actions in combat, one of the most decorated American soldiers to ever live.Sergeant York
was a massive success and a career highlight for both Hawks and Cooper. It was nominated for eleven Oscars
and won two, including the first of Cooper's two Best Actor awards.
- As the Good Book Says: Alvin and his CO have a little duel of sorts, as York quotes all the more pacific Bible verses, and the officer cites other passages in order to convince York that it's OK to fight.
- Bar Brawl: Alvin leads a wild life before getting religion, one that includes getting into a fight at the local moonshine bar.
- Bloodless Carnage: Hardly any blood anywhere in the movie, except for Blood from the Mouth from one American mowed down by German machine guns. Most prominent when Pusher gets blown up with a grenade—no blood.
- Call Back: York uses the "gobble, gobble" call to get a turkey to pop its head up so he can shoot it, and later explains to his fellow soldiers how to shoot a line of turkeys—start with the last one so the others don't know what's happening. Both of these are referenced later when he is taking out an entire line of Germans in a trench.
- Conscription: What forces York to go to war.
- Country Mouse: Alvin could not be more of a rube when the war drags him out of Appalachia. Not only has he never ridden a subway, he doesn't know what one is.
- Down on the Farm: The whole first half of the film is York's life in the mountains, romancing his sweetheart Gracie (Joan Leslie) and trying to buy a better patch of land.
- Draft Dodging: York at first simply refuses to register for the draft. After being told he must register, he appeals all the way up the chain before finally being forced to report for service.
- Have a Gay Old Time: "That strikes me as mighty queer" (strange).
- Improbable Aiming Skills: In the first scene York manages to shoot his initials into a tree, on horseback, while drunk. His instructors at boot camp are mesmerized when York hits the bullseye at the shooting range every time. This comes in handy when York has to shoot Germans.
- I Surrender, Suckers:
- York's platoon forces the surrender of a German unit. The German commander, however, knows that there are a couple of machine gun nests at the top of the hill that the Americans didn't see. While holding his hands in surrender, he nods to the machine gunners atop the hill, who rake York's men with fire.
- Another German soldier who has surrendered pulls a grenade and throws it, killing York's pal.
- Left the Background Music On: When a fight breaks out at a bar, someone stumbles into the automatic piano, which gets bumped to "Fast" speed as the fight continues.
- Martial Pacifist: Sgt. Alvin C. York. Pacifist, conscientious objector. Killed 20 Germans, captured two machine gun nests, captured 132 German soldiers all by himself. He later explains that he had to do it, to stop the Germans from killing his comrades.
- Stiff Upper Lip: A British soldier with the Americans calmly instructs them on when they need to duck the German artillery shells that are falling all around them.