open/close all folders
Voiced by: Dickie Jones, June Forray (1954 read-along book), Peter Westy (Who Framed Roger Rabbit), Kevin Brando (Disneyland), Elijah Wood (education series), Michael Welch (House of Mouse), Seth Adkins (Gepetto, Kingdom Hearts), Elan Garfias (Kinect Disneyland Adventures), Nick Carson (Kingdom Hearts 3D)The young puppet protagonist, given life by the Blue Fairy. If he proves himself brave, truthful, and unselfish, then he will one day become a real boy.
- Adaptational Heroism: His literary counterpart was little more than a Bratty Half-Pint and a Jerkass. Here, Pinocchio is little more than an innocent and easily misguided Cheerful Child.
- Adorkable: His naive and childlike demeanor makes him endearing.
- Animate Inanimate Object: He's a puppet that can move on his own.
- Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny!: Oooh, a candle...
- Badass Adorable: He is implied to be the only child to have ever escaped the Coachman's clutches.
- Character Development: Once he is given life by the Blue Fairy, Pinocchio acts his age; he is very whimsical, childlike, naive, and impressionable. Because of his youthful ignorance, he can be seen as rather mischievous and often lands himself into trouble, albeit unintentionally. This is seen several times throughout the film, and the trait, unfortunately, makes Pinocchio an easy pawn in the schemes or motivations of various antagonists. Even so, as the film progresses, Pinocchio notably learns from experiences and takes them into account; eventually becoming selfless, sensible, brave, and obtaining impressive leadership qualities.
- Constantly Curious: Try to explain a simple concept like sleeping to Pinocchio, and he will ask "why" until there are no explanations left.
- Determinator: Towards the film's climax, he faced off against a whale as big as a castle to protect his father.
- Four-Fingered Hands: Due to being a puppet.
- Heroic Sacrifice: He sacrifices himself to help his father Geppetto.
- Horrible Judge of Character: What typically gets him into trouble.
- Kid Hero: He's the main protagonist.
- Meaningful Name: Pinocchio's name means "Pine Seed" in Italian. This means that he is definitely made of pine wood, and the Blue Fairy also called him "little puppet made of pine" before bringing him to life.
- Morality Pet: To Lampwick; the young delinquent may have been a bad influence on Pinocchio, but he did genuinely like him.
- Nice Guy: Happy-go-lucky, brave, innocent, sweet, and carefree.
- Nice Hat: Never seen without his hat; it's a yellow one with a red feather.
- Outside-the-Box Tactic: He employs a plan crazy enough to work towards the end.
- Pinocchio Nose: Trope Namer, Pinocchio's nose increasing in size whenever he lies.
- Pinocchio Syndrome: Trope Namer and Trope Codifier. He's a puppet who wants to be a real boy.
- Pursued Protagonist: Everyone's out to get him.
- Pyro Maniac: Granted it was a necessity to escape Monstro's clutches, but crazily surreal considering he's made of wood.
Voiced by: Cliff Edwards, Hal Smith (Read Along Book), Eddie Carroll (1973-2010), Phil Snyder (2010-2014), Joe Ochman (currently)
A homeless cricket who takes the job of being Pinocchio's conscience, giving him moral advice... which is usually ignored.
- Ascended Extra: In the original story, he was a nameless cricket who was squashed by the title character early on and appeared later as a ghost. In the Disney version, he was given the name Jiminy Cricket and promoted to narrator.
- Breakout Character: He has become a representative of Disney second only to Mickey himself, and about on par with Tinker Bell.
- Bullying a Dragon: Starts name-calling Monstro "blubbermouth" and "big moose". Monstro doesn't even notice him.
- Character Development: Prior to meeting Pinocchio, Jiminy was sort of a realist and did not believe in fairy tales and wishes. Of course, after the adventure with him and the little wooden boy, Jiminy's view of the world changed greatly.
- The Conscience: Trope Codifier. The conscience to the title character.
- Covert Pervert: He goes from angrily not watching Pinocchio's show to excitedly watching it with eyeglasses on when he sees the French girl puppets doing the kick dance.
- Fully Dressed Cartoon Animal: First in ragged street clothes, then in a dapper black tux for the remainder of the film.
- Honest Advisor: Acts like this to Pinocchio.
- Mars Needs Women: Jiminy seems to have a preference for human(ish) women.
- Morality Chain: As Pinocchio's conscience, it's his job to guide him along the straight and narrow.
- Nice Guy: Being an official conscience, Jiminy is rather wise and optimistic. He can be a bit aggressive when upset, but means well.
- Nice Hat: His top hat.
- Not So Above It All: For all his attempts to keep Pinnochio on the straight and narrow, he's shown to have some problems with keeping his Pride and Lust under control. His first question when being assigned to be Pinnochio's conscience is if he gets a badge. It's worth noting, though, that Jiminy's character changes over the course of the film—he gradually becomes more interested in Pinocchio's well-being, to the point where he's willing to risk his life to travel with him when the puppet goes looking for Monstro. Tellingly, at the end of the movie, he steps outside to speak with the Blue Fairy—not to demand a reward, but sincerely thank her for her kindness.
- Punny Name: The name is a play on the exclamation "Jiminy Cricket!", a minced oath for "Jesus Christ" .
- Significant Monogram: No coincidence, since his name comes from a Bowdlerisation of Jesus Christ.
- Snarky Non-Human Sidekick: Considered by many to be not only the first Non Human Disney sidekick in a long line of many, but also the first wise cracking sidekick who used (what was at the time) modern humor and colloquialisms.
- Spared by the Adaptation: More or less. In the book he was killed early, having another appearance as a ghost and his two other appearancs he is fine again.
- Undying Loyalty: Even though he sometimes gets exasperated by Pinocchio, he doesn't hesitate to follow him into whatever dangers he ends up in.Jiminy: "I might be live bait down there, but I'm with you!"
Voiced by: Christian Rub, Tony Pope (1992-2002), Jeff Bennett (2004 - current)
A kindly old woodcutter and toymaker who was never able to have a son of his own. One night, he wishes upon a star, and Pinocchio comes to life.
- Adaptational Badass: A subtle one. In the original Italian story of Pinocchio, Geppetto was depicted as a woodcarver on hard times, so poor he can't even afford wood for a fire, so he paints one in his fireplace! Here, he is a Gadgeteer Genius when it comes to woodcarving and it's never once implied he's having a hard time.
- Adaptation Personality Change: Here, he is a full-on Nice Guy. In the book Geppetto, while still a loving father, was more a Grumpy Old Man.
- Badass Grandpa: The scene where Monstro eats the tuna is a fishing opportunity. This is born out of desperation, but it's still a pretty cool moment.
- Bumbling Dad: He's a bit absent-minded.
- Cool Old Guy: Geppetto is a genius woodcarver and also appears to have some musical talent, as he not only creates a number of music boxes, but is seen playing a concertina. He is also a kid man who enjoys bringing happiness to others.
- Doomed Defeatist: He's tried and failed to escape Monstro so many times, he's convinced himself its impossible, even in the face of his son's determination and optimism.
- Doting Parent: He doesn't care Pinocchio has gone and slightly-transformed himself into a donkey, so long as they're still together, is all that really matters.
- For Happiness: All his life Geppetto has brought so much happiness to others, the Blue Fairy herself admitted he deserved to have his wish granted.
- Gadgeteer Genius: If even half of the objects in his workshop are his creations, then he is truly a master of miniature mechanics and clockwork.
- The Hermit: He lives alone with his kitten Figaro and goldfish Cleo.
- Kindhearted Cat Lover: He has a kitten named Figaro, whom he does love, although early on, he uses the not-yet-brought-to-life Pinocchio to playfully torment the kitten.
- Nice Guy: His kindness and generosity get him noticed by the Blue Fairy.
- Papa Wolf: He searches everywhere for his missing son, though ironically, manages to put himself in greater harm's way and now needs rescuing himself.
Voiced by: Mel Blanc, Clarence Nash, Frank WelkerPinocchio and Geppetto's pet cat. Outside of Pinocchio, he's also Minnie Mouse's pet cat.
- Adaptational Heroism: Whenever Figaro is seen in any modern Disney merchandise or cartoon, he acts more kind and nice compared to how he acted in the film and some of his shorts. Especially in Minnie's Bow Toons.
- Ascended Extra: He is based of a cat that Geppetto had in the book, which was mentioned when Pinocchio lost his feet.
- Breakout Character: Figaro is one of the earliest Disney characters to gain popularity next to Donald Duck that don't feature Mickey.. After Pinocchio, Figaro got his own series of shorts in the mid 40's along with Pluto.
- Cats Are Mean: While not mean, he does become very impatient around dinner time while Geppetto is worrying about Pinocchio. He tells Cleo and Figaro to not eat until he gets back. When he leaves Figaro decides to start eating until Cleo reminds him they can't eat until their owner arrives. Figaro remembers this and once again tries to eat but then turns frustrated and folds both his arms with an angry expression.
- Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: While Pinocchio, Geppetto, Cleo and Jiminy are present in the Kingdom Hearts series, for some reason, Figaro is not present, he did show up in the manga though.
- Cute Kitten: One of the earliest Disney cats from the Disney Animated Canon minus the kittens from "Three Orphan Kittens".
- Good Angel, Bad Angel: Yes, even Figaro has his version at least in the "Figaro & Frankie" short. Unlike Pluto or Donald, Figaro has a male angel while the bad angel isn't present. Possibly because the bad angel is already controlling Figaro's mind and thoughts.
- Named by the Adaptation: In the book, Geppetto's cat didn't have a name.
- Silent Snarker: While he isn't silent, he does express emotions around Pinocchio, Cleo and Geppetto.
Voiced by: N/APinocchio and Geppetto's pet goldfish.
- Canon Foreigner: This character did not appear in the book.
- Foil: To Figaro, this is most notable in the "Figaro and Cleo" short.
- Gender-Blender Name: Her name can also be a male's name.
- Nice Girl: Affectionate, innocent, sweet, and loyal.
- Ridiculously Cute Critter: She's a very cute-looking and feminine goldfish.
- Tertiary Sexual Characteristics: She has what appears to be lipstick and eyeshadow.
- The Voiceless: She often reacting or responding to a situation through silent smiles and water twirls. Though we do hear Cleo's coughing noises after Gephetto dips Pinocchio's hand into her bowl.
Voiced by: Evelyn Venable, Rosalyn Landor (1999 - current)She is a magical being who, fulfilling Geppetto's wish, transforms Pinocchio into a living being and later into a real boy. She also aids Pinocchio and Jiminy Cricket throughout their adventures, both directly and from afar.
- Adaptation Dye-Job: In the original novel, the Blue Fairy had turquoise/blue hair. In the Disney version, her hair is blonde while her dress is blue.
- Blue Is Heroic: She wears a sparkling blue dress and acts as the Big Good.
- Demoted to Extra: Her role in the film is significantly downplayed in favor of Jiminy Cricket's.
- Fairy Godmother: She is a magical being who, fulfilling Geppetto's wish, transforms Pinocchio into a living creature and later into a real boy.
- Fairy Sexy: A slender fair-skinned blonde that wears an elegant glittery blue dress. When she offers the position of conscience to Jiminy Cricket he is somewhat dumbstruck by her beauty. Additionally she was modeled after Jean Harlow, noted blonde bombshell of the era.
- Hair of Gold, Heart of Gold: Blonde, beautiful, angelic.
- Nice Girl: Due to her role as the good fairy, she has a kind and pure heart.
- Our Fairies Are Different: She appears as a full sized woman with exceptionally large wings. Naturally she's dressed in blue.
- Statuesque Stunner: Jiminy Cricket is not very good at disguising his attraction towards her.
- Supernatural Aid: Note, in the original story, the puppet came to life of his own accord.
- True Blue Femininity: Her dress. In the novel she is portrayed as having blue hair.
Voiced by: Walter Catlett, Alan Dinehart (Christmas Carol), Corey Burton (Disney on Ice)A sly anthropomorphic red fox and one of the antagonists, who tricks Pinocchio twice in the film.
- All There in the Manual: See Meaningful Name below.
- Amusing Injuries: Getting his head jammed within his own squashed hat.
- Barefoot Cartoon Animal: He wears spats, but no shoes.
- Book Dumb: Not very educated but certainly Street Smart. For someone who is not even able to spell "Pinocchio", he's fairly smart and clever.
- Cunning Like a Fox: As to be expected from a cartoon one.
- Even Evil Has Standards: He's perfectly fine with conning small children out of their money and freedom, and if one scene is to be believed, with doing hits as well. However, when the Coachman mentions taking young boys to Pleasure Island, he's absolutely horrified. And when the Coachman assures them that the boys won't return as themselves and makes a Nightmare Face for emphasis, the fox cowers in fear.
- Faux Affably Evil: As to be expected from a conman.
- Honest John's Dealership: Trope Namer. A fox that cheated Pinocchio on several occasions.
- Ironic Nickname: He is called "Honest" John in the actual film.
- Karma Houdini: He doesn't receive much punishment for conning children for personal gain.
- Large Ham: Honest John's flamboyant gesturing.
- Loveable Rogue: Downplayed. He is cool and charming enough to be likable, but he's clearly not supposed to be a sympathetic character.
- Meaningful Name: J. Worthington Foulfellow.
- Nice Hat: An old top hat.
- Professional Killer: "Honest" John is implied to be this as he says to the Coachman "Who do I have to (makes throat slashing motion)"; his book counterpart was one too.
- Sissy Villain: Probably due to his Large Ham persona and the fact that he just can't stop waving his hands around.
- Those Two Bad Guys: With Gideon.
- Villain Song: "An Actor's Life For Me". It's cheerful, but it's sung by Honest John to convince Pinocchio to become an actor.
- Villainous Friendship: With his Bumbling Sidekick Gideon, obviously. Also, both of them appear to be on friendly terms with the Coachman, and probably with Stromboli as well.
Voiced by: Mel Blanc, Alan Dinehart (Christmas Carol)Honest John's mute and crafty anthropomorphic feline sidekick.
- Barefoot Cartoon Animal: Like his boss.
- Bare Your Midriff: Rare male example.
- Bumbling Sidekick: To Honest John.
- Cats Are Mean: Gideon is a cat and, like his boss, a bad guy.
- Nice Hat: Like John he wears an old top hat.
- Smash Mook: He wields an enormous mallet.
- The Silent Bob: Apart from his three hiccups, Gideon is mute.
- The Speechless: He was originally meant to be voiced by Mel Blanc, but in the end all of his dialogue was cut, and Blanc's only contribution to a Disney movie was a hiccup.
- Those Two Bad Guys: With Honest John.
- When All You Have Is a Hammer: He's mute, so he prefers to let his huge wooden mallet do the talking when Honest John's diplomacy looks like its about to fail.
- Violence Is the Only Option: Either he clobbers someone, or John clobbers him for trying to.
Voiced by: Charles Judels, Thurl Ravenscroft (Disney on Parade), Ray Templin (Disneyland)A large, sinister, bearded Italian puppet-maker who forces Pinocchio to perform onstage in order to make money.
"And when you are growing too old, you will make good...FIREWOOD!"
- Adaptational Villainy: The puppeteer in the original story, although still intimidating, was talked out of burning Pinocchio and gave him some coins to help Geppetto out.
- Angrish: Stromboli unleashes quite a bit of this.
- Bald of Evil: Half bald, in this case.
- Beard of Evil: A long black beard.
- Big Bad Ensemble: With Monstro and the Coachman.
- Evil Is Hammy: "Going-a home-a to your father!" He's a villain in a Disney movie, after all.
- Evil Puppeteer: A Faux Affably Evil puppeteer who abuses Pinocchio.
- Fat Bastard: Very fat and definitely a Jerkass.
- Faux Affably Evil: He first appears to be a short-tempered but pleasant funny guy, but as Pinocchio discovers after the show finishes, he's actually a cruel Fat Bastard.
- Face Palm: "Going-a home-a to your father! Be back in the morning!", No you're not.
- Foreign Language Tirade: He goes into a basically unintelligible rant in Italian when counting the coins thrown on stage and finding a metal washer.
- Greed: His motivation for threatening Pinocchio.
- Greedy Jew: Despite being Italian, he shows most of the traits associated with this trope, both personality-wise and physically.Actually...
- Hair-Trigger Temper: He curses in Italian when he gets upset.
- Karma Houdini: Stromboli doesn't get any punishment other than not being able to use Pinocchio for his show - he even gets to keep all the money from the first night.
- The Show Must Go On: Even he appreciates in the midst of Pinocchio's bumbling, this is live entertainment - the show must go on at all costs.
Voiced by: Charles Judels, Ray Templin (Disneyland)The devious and sadistic owner and operator of Pleasure Island, who enjoys turning unruly boys into donkeys.
"Give a bad boy enough rope, and he'll soon make a jackass of himself."
- Ambiguously Human: He at one point gives a Nightmare Face to Honest John and Gideon that makes him resemble the devil.
- Ax-Crazy: Shown when he's tells Honest John and Gideon about his business.
- Bad Boss: He's pretty cruel to his henchmen. See Whip It Good.
- Big Bad Ensemble: With Monstro and Stromboli
- Everyone Calls Him "Barkeep": Only known as "The Coachman".
- Evil Brit: A pure evil brit.
- Evil Laugh: During his meeting with Honest John and Gideon.
- Evil Old Folks: In this case, pure evil.
- Fat Bastard: Up to Eleven. He's not fat and mean, he's actually obese and evil.
- Faux Affably Evil: Far more so than Honest John and Gideon.
- Four-Fingered Hands: Overlapping with Ambiguously Human, his four fingers distinguishes him from the other human characters.
- Karma Houdini: Though you do get to fight him and give him a Disney Villain Death in the SNES game.
- Knight of Cerebus: He turns children into donkeys for his own benefit. Granted, Stromboli is pretty mean too, and Monstro is scary, but they can't match the Coachman for pure evil.
- Knight Templar: It's possible that to him, he's punishing his donkeys for being naughty little boys, albeit with no mercy.
- Nice Hat: The only thing nice about him, apparently.
- Nightmare Face: Red with a Slasher Smile and large eyes
- Satanic Archetype: Taken to the extreme, as it's implied that he is literally the Devil.
- Slasher Smile: They never come back... as BOYS!!!
- Sudden Name Change: Was actually referred as "Barker" in the film's subtitles when he finally brings several boys which he kidnapped (including Pinocchio himself) to Pleasure Island. However, the subtitles start to refer him as "Coachman" again when he and some gorilla-demon-looking-things start to round the now-transformed boys into crates headed for either the salt mines or the circus.
- They Look Just Like Everyone Else: Part of what makes this character so terrifying by Disney villain standards is that he basically looks like a normal, grandfatherly old man. There's no clear visual indication of his evil until he makes his Nightmare Face.
- Vile Villain, Saccharine Show: While the other villains only want wealth at the end of the day, the Coachman is a devilish slavedriver who runs an amusement park that magically turns young boys who use the attractions into donkeys. The ones that lose their voices are then sold to salt mine and circuses. As the ones who can still talk... well, they're put in cages, and we don't know what happens to them after that. It seems that none of them are ever human or see their homes again, though. And he gets away with it, too! Which is unique, considering every other villain falls to the hero. It is also implied that from his Nightmare Face that he isn't completely human. This may be because of his choice of targets: Bad boys who should be at school, making him some karmic bogeyman.
- Whip It Good: He whips his own minions.
- Would Hurt a Child: He transforms children into donkeys.
Voiced by: Frankie Darro, Clarence NashA naughty boy that Pinocchio befriends on his way to Pleasure Island.
- Baleful Polymorph: Turned into a donkey and sent off to the salt mines.
- The Corrupter: To Pinocchio; Lampwick gets Pinocchio to start fights, smoke, break things, and play pool.
- Evil Counterpart: To Pinochhio. While not exactly "evil", Lampwick is a jerkass, Bratty Half-Pint version of the naive, Nice Guy Pinocchio.
- Evil Redhead: Although he isn't evil, just a Jerkass and all-around mischief-maker.
- I Want My Mommy: The last thing that happens before he's turned into a mule is calling for his mother.
- Jerkass: Arrogant, rude, mischievous, and cocky.
- Jerk Jock: He can be considered a jock as he was able to shoot a pool ball from an awkward angle and somehow was able to cause the cue ball to make a group of pool balls stack on top of each other.
- Nice Hat: A bowler hat with a single feather in it.
- Pet the Dog: Despite his bratty nature, he does genuinely like Pinocchio.
- Shadow Archetype: To Pinocchio. Lampwick represents what Pinocchio could be if he didn't have a conscience.
- Spared by the Adaptation: In the books, Lampwick dies from hunger and exhaustion after being overworked. We do not see his fate in the film.
- Tempting Fate: "What do I look like, a jackass?"
- Toxic Friend Influence: He encourages Pinocchio to behave much like the other children on Pleasure Island.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: It was never shown onscreen what happened to Lampwick, who was likely caught and sold by the evil Coachman. Though it is possible he escaped the island.
Monstro the Whale
Voiced by: Thurl RavenscroftMonstro is an enormous sperm whale and the antagonist in the third act.
- Adaptational Badass: All other adaptions of the Pinocchio story have the titular puppet and Geppetto escape fairly easily from the whale/The Terrible Dogfish. Monstro however, is terrifying, and he does NOT suffer failure lightly.
- Always a Bigger Fish: One of the songs lyrics dropped from the final theatrical production states he's the whale that swallowed the whale that swallowed whale that swallowed Jonah.
- Belly of the Whale: Pinocchio literally heads into his belly, in order to rescue his father Geppetto.
- Berserk Button: His prey escaping him.
- Big Bad Ensemble: With Stromboli and the Coachman
- Captain Ersatz: Of Moby-Dick.
- The Dreaded: All the undersea creatures are terrified of him. Just the mere mention of his name sends them into a panic.
- Extreme Omnivore: He eats anything, even ships.
- Final Boss: The last villain to be faced in the movie.
- Giant Equals Invincible: He just smashes through anything in his path, like a living force of nature.
- Informed Species: Monstro doesn't look like any real species of whale. The closest possible match, Livyatan Melvillei is nowhere near the same category of scale. He has the underbelly of a blue whale. From the side he looks a bit like a sperm whale, but a sperm whale's jaw is narrow, unlike Monstro's shovel-jaw.
- It Can Think: Pretending to be asleep in order to catch the school of tuna, while grinning evilly to himself. Trying to intercept Pinocchio and Geppetto's escape course during the chase and smashing up their raft to slow them down.
- Lightning Bruiser: And HOW. He's very big, very powerful and moves faster than anything through water.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: His name means "monster". The sea creatures indeed swim away really fast just by the mention of his name.
- Non-Malicious Monster: A possible interpretation. He's not evil or sadistic unlike Stromboli or the Coachman. He's just a hungry whale who's following his instincts.
- Punny Name: Monstro the (horrifying) Whale.
- Somewhere, a Mammalogist Is Crying: Monstro's insides look nothing like a sea mammals.
- Tragic Monster: A possible interpretation. Hair-Trigger Temper not withstanding.
- Uncertain Doom: He fails to recapture Pinocchio and Geppetto, smashing headlong into the cliff-shore, but given his extreme size and returning back to his normal shape in the last few frames, whether he perished or not is hotly debated and open to contention.
- Villainous Breakdown: Monstro during the climax in a rather terrifying way. Though seeing as two people just lit a huge fire inside him, you'd think its understandable that he'd be pissed, but no, all this act does is merely make him sneeze. When he realizes two people just escaped from his belly, he truly flips out. He gets more terrible and wrathful the more they dodge him and get closer to shore, so much so, he doesn't even care he's about to crash into a landmass.
Voiced by: Dickie JonesHe was a naughty boy who went to Pleasure Island. Like all of the other boys who went there, he did all kinds of bad behavior, such as fighting, smoking, drinking and gambling (to name a few).
- Baleful Polymorph: The Coachman won't allow him to leave Pleasure Island, obviously as he can still talk. His fate to work there for the rest of his life, paying for the fun he had.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: He's a troublemaker and that's exactly what got him into this mess. But deep down he loves his mother, so his transformation into a donkey isn't complete, and unlike Lampwick and the majority of the bad boys on Pleasure Island, can still talk.
- Nice Hat: A white sailor hat.
- Sacrificial Lamb: Was intended as this, but his other scene was cut out. Originally there was going to be a song on the ride to Pleasure Island where the bad boys would sing about how much fun they're going to have, and then at the dock when it's revealed that even this kid was turned into a donkey, the realization that Pinocchio's next would hit much harder.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: It is unknown what Alexander's ultimate fate was, nor that of the other talking donkeys. One possibility is that the talking donkeys were the ones that, early on when the island was shown for the first time, were being used to pull the stage coach. But probably, they stayed isolated until they forget to talk, and if that didn't happen, the Coachman probably packed them in crates.