Near the beginning of The Thief and the Cobbler, Zigzag does this after stepping on one of Tack's tacks. It's also how he wins at the end.
In Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket does it after kicking a billiard ball.
Lampshaded in Animalympics (1980). As the voiceover says "the thrill of victory, the agony of defeat", the last phrase comes out just as the polar bear carrying the torch through a desert starts hopping and blowing on his poor, sand-scorched feet.
A classic example is Starscream in Transformers: The Movie. As Autobot City transforms, he gets his foot stuck in a closing door. He has to blast it (and his foot) to get out, leading to the classic whine, "Owww, my foot!"
In My Friends Tigger & Pooh: Super Duper Super Sleuths, Tigger lifts a rock using super-strength that he's gained, but then drops it on his foot when the super-strength disappears. He manages to free his foot and then says that it's okay because it only hurts when he hops.... "Owie, owie, owie! Why am I hopping?"
This also happens to Chef Louis in The Little Mermaid, after a pan falls onto his foot while he is chasing after Sebastian.
Patou the dog from Rock-A-Doodle actually bites the evil owl's foot in order to save Edmund (who was turned into a cat by the owl's magic) from being eaten.
In 9, 2 kicks the Cat Beast's corpse in a sort of "Ha-ha, take that!"/celebratory manner, and then hops around holding his foot.
On the DVD release of The Lorax, there's a special feature in which the viewer can watch the characters playing with objects from the Once-ler's cart. If you select the cart to get more items, the Lorax kicks it and then hops off the screen clutching his foot.
Thumbelina in Thumbelina, when Mrs. Toad (an anthropomorphic toad wearing high heels) steps on her foot.