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[-[[caption-width-right:350:[[WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack "Yes, I would like to place an order for cartoons. I'd like the art style... Extra thick!"]][[note]]L-R, top to bottom: ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'', ''WesternAnimation/KickButtowskiSuburbanDaredevil'', ''WesternAnimation/TheGrimAdventuresOfBillyAndMandy'', ''WesternAnimation/MrMagoo'', ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones'', ''WesternAnimation/WordGirl'']][[/note]]-]

Animation style characterized by visible heavy black borders around characters and objects. This style began being used by a few animation companies in the early 1950s (mostly UPA, of WesternAnimation/GeraldMcBoingBoing and WesternAnimation/MrMagoo fame), and became dominant in American TV animation during the '60s and '70s, eclipsing the more naturalistic style used in most animation during earlier decades. It was phased out during the early '80s, when more naturalistic styles again became dominant in American animation, but then became the standard ''yet again'' (on television at least) during the late '90s, and so it remains to this day. Shows animated in [[UsefulNotes/AdobeFlash Flash]] tend to look good in this style.

This is sometimes considered to be among the most defining traits of modern day American animation, mostly when contrasted with the similar "{{anime}}=big eyes" notion to emphasize the differences between U.S. and Japanese animation. When this art style does show up in Japanese media, it tends to have uneven lines and crayon shading in imitation of children's doodles (''rakugaki'').

Compare and contrast ThinLineAnimation, LimitedAnimation, WebAnimation, SuperDeformed.


* A Jell-O commercial featuring [[Disney/AliceInWonderland Alice]] talking with the Griffin and the Mock Turtle used this. The animation recycled from Alice's movie even had the outlines thickened to match.

[[folder:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* ''Manga/AttackOnTitan'': It's not of uniform thickness, though, giving the impression of a brush pen.
* The mochi segments in the fifth season of ''WebComic/AxisPowersHetalia'' use this.
* Close-up shots in ''Anime/CasshernSins'' usually have this.
* Some episodes of ''Anime/DigimonSavers'' animate the child-level {{mons}} in this style, particularly in the series' tail end. It's very inconsistently done and is probably a product of the OffModel {{Art Shift}}s which plague the series.
* Used in the ''Anime/DragonBallZ'' film Fusion Reborn. Especially apparent during Goten and Trunks' fight with Hitler.
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' has done a couple {{Art Shift}}s to this type of style for some comical moments.
** The first ending of ''Brotherhood'' is entirely animated in thick lines and crayon colors, representing drawings made by Ed and Al before they lost their bodies.
* ''Manga/{{Hellsing}}'' is different in how the anime and OVA series averts it when the manga has very noticeable thick line drawing.
* The anime adaption of ''LightNovel/HyakkaRyouranSamuraiGirls'' uses this in the character designs and weapons. The general art style resembles traditional ink painting.
* ''Manga/{{Kaiji}}'' and ''Manga/{{Akagi}}'' both the works of Nobuyuki Fukumoto and both animated by Madhouse.
* Appears in episode 7 of the ''LightNovel/{{Katanagatari}}'' anime, which is closer to the light novel's art style.
* ''Manga/KoeDeOshigoto'' uses this as an artistic direction; it's used to emulate the look of {{Eroge}} CG's.
* The western animation-like anime ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'' by Gainax.
* Applied at times on the character designs in ''Anime/SamuraiChamploo''.
* Used in ''Anime/SuperMilkChan'' making it look a lot like a mix of ''WesternAnimation/RenAndStimpy'', ''Creator/DrSeuss'', and ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls''.
* The fourth episode of ''Anime/DragonBallSuper'' is full of this, particularly the scenes with Emperor Pilaf.
* ''Anime/YuGiOh'' features this from time to time. Notably during closeups of the characters' faces.
* Any work of ''Creator/KoutaHirano'', where it's used to accentuate the angular, dynamic designs of his NoodlePeople characters, though it's less pronounced in the TV version of ''Anime/{{Hellsing}}''. [[Manga/{{Hellsing}} OVAs]] and ''Manga/{{Drifters}}'', [[UpToEleven OTOH]]

* ''Film/AScannerDarkly''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfKells'', though it was {{invoked}} purposely to resemble medieval illustrations.

[[folder:{{Video Games}}]]
* Early cel-shaded games such as ''VideoGame/JetSetRadio'' and ''VideoGame/CelDamage'' utilized bold outlines.
* ''VideoGame/AlienHominid'', ''VideoGame/CastleCrashers'', and ''Super VideoGame/MeatBoy'', all made by the Website/{{Newgrounds}}.
* ''VideoGame/AngryBirds''
* ''VideoGame/{{Awesomenauts}}''
* ''VideoGame/TheBindingOfIsaac'' uses this animation style to take the edge off of just how screwed up everything is.
* ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands}}'' uses this effectively for comic like graphics.
* ''VideoGame/HellYeahWrathOfTheDeadRabbit''
* ''VideoGame/IttleDew'', a twisted ''[[Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda Zelda]]'' tribute game, utilizes an artstyle resembling ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaTheWindWaker Wind Waker]]'''s 2D artworks.
* The first three ''VideoGame/MarioAndLuigi'' games had somewhat of a graffiti-style to it, with (you guessed it) thick outlines. It was dropped for the fourth game in favor of pseudo-3D sprites.
* ''Rakugakids'' (a Creator/{{Konami}} FightingGame for the UsefulNotes/Nintendo64) has character sprites drawn this way, clashing with the realistically drawn backgrounds.
* ''VideoGame/RaymanOrigins''
* ''VideoGame/RhythmHeaven''
* ''VideoGame/{{Shantae}}''
* The GBA game ''VideoGame/SonicBattle'', which sported a thick-lined graffiti style.
* ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros For Nintendo 3DS'' adds black borders around characters to make them more visually distinct on the handheld's relatively small screen.
* ''VideoGame/WarioWare''
* ''VideoGame/YoshisIsland'' has this as a large part of the distinctive art style, though the thick lines are most noticeable on background objects.
* ''VideoGame/YoshisStory'' uses this in cutscenes.
* ''VideoGame/ChampionsOnline'' has a graphics option for this.
* ''VideoGame/HollowKnight''

[[folder:{{Web Animation}}]]
* ''Animation/{{Pucca}}'' is a non-American example.
* ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner''
* ''WebAnimation/HappyTreeFriends''

* ''Webcomic/PennyArcade'' used to have thick outlines (''especially'' in the 2000-2003 strips), up until about 2008-2009, in which the outlines slowly became thinner.
* 2004-2006 ''Webcomic/VGCats'' comics. Almost nowhere to be seen in later comics.
* ''Webcomic/YumeHime''
* ''Webcomic/CyanideAndHappiness''

[[folder:{{Western Animation}} - Theatrical]]
* Creator/FleischerStudios used this for the bulk of their cartoons house style. It was apparently a holdover from Max Fleischer's years as a newspaper cartoonist.
* The cartoons of Creator/VanBeurenStudios likewise used this, but ditched it around 1934 when Burt Gillett arrived at the studio and overhauled the art direction.
* The films made by Creator/{{UPA}} [[TropeCodifier codified]] the style as we know it today. The studio was revolutionary in its application of modern design to animation, which included bold lines and simple graphic shapes for the characters.

[[folder:{{Western Animation}} - Television]]
* Creator/HannaBarbera had an appealing style such as this in the late '50s to early '60s. Their resurrection after several years in the wilderness in the '90s led to the renaissance of the style and its increased use in modern animated series. Their earliest shows used this style to show up well on small black and white television sets.
** ''WesternAnimation/DextersLaboratory'' (Mainly Seasons 1 and 2, the revival was ran by CNS but the animation was still thick lined, if to a slightly lesser extent)
** ''WesternAnimation/JohnnyBravo''
** ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls'' (the first three seasons only, as Cartoon Network Studios took over the show in 2003)
*** The [[WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls2016 2016 reboot]], however, averts this by using thin outlines.
** ''WesternAnimation/TwoStupidDogs''
* The works of Creator/ButchHartman:
** ''WesternAnimation/DannyPhantom''
** ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'' (it's been lessened in later seasons, but it's still there)
** ''WesternAnimation/TUFFPuppy''
* An odd variant with Creator/{{Nelvana}}'s futuristic shows ''WesternAnimation/BlastersUniverse'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Cyberchase}}'': The animation of the characters and objects tends to have black bold outlines, but the backgrounds are so heavily vectorized and detailed that they feature no outlines whatsoever, making it seem that they don't match with the actual animation.
* ''[[Disney/OneHundredandOneDalmatians 101 Dalmatians: The Series]]'', more so in the episodes by [[Creator/SunminAnimation Sun Min Co.]], [[Creator/WaltDisneyAnimationUnits Walt Disney Animation (Japan)]], Creator/SunwooEntertainment, and Creator/KokoEnterprises.
* ''WesternAnimation/AlmostNakedAnimals''
* '''WesternAnimation/TheAlvinShow''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldOfGumball'' started using moderately thicker outlines [[ArtEvolution in season two]] for most of the [=2D=] characters. All of them pale in comparison to Clare, who has an outline [[http://vignette3.wikia.nocookie.net/theamazingworldofgumball/images/a/a0/1439508703297.jpg approximately five time as thick as anyone else's]]--so thick that [[ExaggeratedTrope a cross-section of her arm would be more outline than body]].
* ''WesternAnimation/AquaTeenHungerForce'' featured this from time to time, especially in later seasons.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Archer}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/AtomicBetty''
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold''
* ''WesternAnimation/BlastersUniverse''
* ''WesternAnimation/BlazingDragons'' Season 2 had thick lines (along with some radical changes in character design) that was a sharp contrast to the cleaner look of season 1.
* ''WesternAnimation/BrandyAndMrWhiskers''
* ''WesternAnimation/CampLazlo''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Catscratch}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/ChalkZone'' on a few occasions. Creator/SunwooEntertainment did this in the show's second season as a result of [[OffModel inconsistency]]; they switched to the show's thinner outline look in season three, and Creator/ToonzoneEntertainment and Creator/YesonEntertainment gave the show thick outlines during season four (albeit colored instead of black like the show used for the first three seasons). The ''WesternAnimation/OhYeahCartoons'' short "The Amazin' River" had thicker outlines than the rest of the ''[=ChalkZone=]'' shorts (and season one), due to it being storyboard artist Bob Boyle's regular style (he later went on to work on ''The Fairly [=OddParents=]'' and created ''Yin Yang Yo!'' and ''Wow! Wow! Wubbzy'', all three utilizing thick line animation).
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Clarence}}'', but only in the opening titles.
* ''WesternAnimation/ClassOf3000''
* ''WesternAnimation/ClerksTheAnimatedSeries''
* ''Literature/CliffordTheBigRedDog'' and ''Clifford's Puppy Days''
* ''WesternAnimation/CloneHigh'' almost looks like it shares the same character designers as ''WesternAnimation/DextersLaboratory'' and ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls''.
* The early seasons of ''WesternAnimation/CodenameKidsNextDoor'' had this.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Daria}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/DrawnTogether'', with its mishmash of art styles, has internet Flash parody Spanky Ham animated this way.
* ''WesternAnimation/DuckDodgers''
* ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy'' has it along with its wobbling animation which makes it unique.
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'': The pre-revival seasons had this.
* All of the marine animals from ''WesternAnimation/FishHooks''.
* ''WesternAnimation/GoodVibes''
* ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'', though starting from "A Tale of Two Stans" and onward, the lines started getting thinner.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheGrimAdventuresOfBillyAndMandy'' and its sister show, ''WesternAnimation/EvilConCarne''.
* ''WesternAnimation/InvaderZim'' uses this in a few episodes; Zim's antennae are noticeably thicker than usual in them.
* ''WesternAnimation/JimmyTwoShoes''
* The Henry and June shorts on ''WesternAnimation/KaBlam'' (though more often in later seasons)
* ''WesternAnimation/KappaMikey'': Played with, where only Mikey is drawn this way; his Japanese costars have thin outlines and are {{Animesque}}.
* ''WesternAnimation/KickButtowskiSuburbanDaredevil''
* ''Kim'' (2008 series)
* ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible''
* ''WesternAnimation/KingArthursDisasters''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'': Though the thick lines were dropped starting from season 2.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLoudHouse''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Maisy}}'' is a prime example of this. Based on simple picture books by Lucy Cousins, the characters and objects are all black lines with generally bright, cheery colors filled in to appeal to the youngest audiences.
* The 2010s series of ''Franchise/MickeyMouse'' shorts.
** The animated portions of the original ''Series/TheMickeyMouseClub'' as well, most notably in the opening sequence.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheMightyB''
* ''[[WesternAnimation/MightyMouse Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures]]''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Mixels}}'' often uses the thick black style for characters, though some elements of them, such as electricity spikes or ice crystals, are given colored outlines, as are all the backgrounds.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheMrMenShow'', though only the characters have these. The objects have no outline at all.
* ''WesternAnimation/MuchaLucha''
* ''WesternAnimation/MyGymPartnersAMonkey''
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLifeAsATeenageRobot'' went out of its way to look like 1930s animation as much as freakishly possible.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' uses a variation with colored outlines instead of plain black.
* ''WesternAnimation/NumbChucks''
* ''WesternAnimation/NatureCat'' is a rare modern example.
* ''WesternAnimation/RandyCunninghamNinthGradeNinja''
* ''WesternAnimation/RegularShow'': Downplayed starting from season 3, but few episodes still use thick lining.
* ''WesternAnimation/RenAndStimpy''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheReplacements''
* ''WesternAnimation/RobotBoy''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretSaturdays''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' when they switch to digital animation in season 14, though this is downplayed in the HD seasons.
* ''WesternAnimation/SpongebobSquarepants'': Some characters (especially Squidward) were animated this way between seasons 4 and 7.
* ''WesternAnimation/StarVsTheForcesOfEvil'' had this during the first half of season one before the animation studio (Mercury Filmworks) was changed to Creator/ToonCity, resulting in more thinner looking outlines. Thick lining is still noticeable, though not as much.
* ''WesternAnimation/StarWarsCloneWars''
* ''WesternAnimation/StevenUniverse''
* ''WesternAnimation/SymbionicTitan''
* ''WesternAnimation/TeachersPet'', though only in the Creator/ToonCity episodes.
* ''WesternAnimation/TeamoSupremo''
* ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitansGo'', in comparison to the [[WesternAnimation/TeenTitans original 2003 series]].
* ''WesternAnimation/TimeSquad''
* Any season one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'' animated by Creator/WangFilmProductions and--due to inconsistency--Creator/KennedyCartoons.
* ''WesternAnimation/ToddWorld''
* The ''WesternAnimation/TotalDrama'' franchise.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Trollz}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers''
* ''WesternAnimation/WanderOverYonder''
* ''WesternAnimation/WaysideSchool''
* ''WesternAnimation/WordGirl''
* ''WesternAnimation/WowWowWubbzy''
* ''WesternAnimation/XiaolinShowdown'' and its reboot, ''WesternAnimation/XiaolinChronicles''.
* ''WesternAnimation/YinYangYo''
* ''WesternAnimation/ZipZip''

* The Windows 10 emoji art [[https://emojipedia.org/microsoft/windows-10-anniversary-update/ since the Anniversary Update]]. Besides fitting with the flat Metro look, it also helps it show up better on backgrounds of any color.