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1The classic twelve-bar blues: (I, IV, I, V, IV, I; often all of them being [[superscript:7]] chords). A ChordProgression that started out being used for blues songs (hence the name) but later worked its way into big-band swing and particularly early rock-and-roll, where it became all but omnipresent up until the mid-60's. Like the DooWopProgression, it has a distinctly "classic" feel to modern listeners. It's so recognizable that all Marty [=McFly=] had to tell his backup band in ''Film/BackToTheFuture'' was "This is a 'blues' riff in B" and they were able to properly accompany his rendition of Music/ChuckBerry's "Johnny B. Goode" (until he started channeling Eddie van Halen, anyway).²²The progression isn't strictly 12-bar, though. For example, "Heartbreak Hotel" is written with an 8-bar cycle, but otherwise uses the same chords as the standard progression.²²It is an early variant of ThreeChordsAndTheTruth.²²Compare TheFourChordsOfPop, which seem to have replaced this from the late 60's to the present as the dominant chord progression in popular music.²²!Songs using this chord progression:²* Music/GlennMiller's "In the Mood"²* Music/ChuckBerry's "Johnny B. Goode"²* Music/TheBeachBoys' "Barbara Ann", with an extra two measures at the beginning²* Big Joe Turner's "Shake, Rattle and Roll"²* Music/BillHaleyAndHisComets: "Rock Around the Clock"²* The TropeCodifier is arguably W.C. Handy's "Saint Louis Blues".²* "Jump, Jive, An' Wail" by Louis Prima; famously covered by The Brian Setzer Orchestra²* Ellis Hall's "Flip Flop and Fly" (as heard in ''WesternAnimation/ChickenRun''), which is [[SuspiciouslySimilarSong similar sounding]] to the above.²* The Hippie Battle theme from ''VideoGame/EarthBoundBeginnings'' and ''VideoGame/EarthBound'', as well as "Rock and Roll (Mild)" and "(Spicy)" in ''VideoGame/{{MOTHER 3}}'' use this progression as they are in the style of 50's rock. In fact, the former is said to be based off "Johnny B. Goode".²* The blues standard "Hound Dog", made famous by Music/ElvisPresley.²** Also from Elvis, "Heartbreak Hotel", though as noted above, it's in 8-bar rather than the traditional 12-bar.²* "Greased Lightning" from the ''Film/{{Grease}}'' musical and film.²* The legendary Music/RobertJohnson, the king of the Delta Blues, recorded many examples of this, including such classics as "Crossroad Blues", "Sweet Home Chicago", and "Love in Vain".²* Music/PinkFloyd put a straight-forward 12-bar blues song, "Seamus", on their album ''Music/{{Meddle}}''. Just to keep things from seeming ''too'' normal, though, they used an actual dog to howl along with the instrumental section. A different dog performed live on their concert film, ''Live at Pompeii''.²* From Music/LittleRichard, "Tutti Frutti", "Long Tall Sally", "Lucille" and many others.²* Scott Weiland of Music/StoneTemplePilots fame released an album by this name. And yes, the songs matched this progression.²* The surfer tune "Wipe Out", first performed by The Surfaris in 1963.²* "Johnny C. Bad", that upbeat piano and bass tune that plays in a crowded bar and later the Dragon's Neck Coliseum in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI''.²* Music/BobDylan did quite a bit of 12-Bar Blues, most notably on "Subterranean Homesick Blues".²** "Bob", being a parody of Dylan's work by Music/WeirdAlYankovic, is also in the 12-bar style.²** Music/BobDylan's "Gotta Serve Somebody" from ''Music/SlowTrainComing'' is an interesting variant, with a minor I chord instead of a major one.²* The Louisiana Gator Boys in ''Film/TheBluesBrothers 2000'', fronted by B.B. King and with a literal [[AllStarCast all-star lineup]], [[ seen here singing "How Blue Can You Get."]] (The ending falls into a 16-bar blues style.)²* "Mighty, Mighty Man" by Roy Brown is one of the songs in constant rotation on "Galaxy News Radio" in the video game ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}''.²* "I Got A Marble And A Star" from ''Theatre/StreetScene''.²* The songs sung by the Hippie Hitler in the ShowWithinTheShow in ''Film/TheProducers'' (the original movie).²* The title screen/bonus stage theme from ''VideoGame/IceClimber'', also appearing in the ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros'' series.²* Adeleine's [[ battle theme]] in ''VideoGame/Kirby64TheCrystalShards''.²* The [[ theme]] to the 1980 game show ''Series/{{Blockbusters}}''.²* Music/NeilSedaka's song "Stupid Cupid", popularised by Connie Francis.²* "Li'l Augie Is A Natural Man" from the musical ''St. Louis Woman'' uses the 12-bar blues as the first section of the standard AABA pattern, as does "Any Place I Hang My Hat Is Home" (though only the final A section isn't truncated to 10 bars).²* Found occasionally in the works of Music/PDQBach with rather un-bluesy themes:²** The Prelude in A major from "The Short-Tempered Clavier."²** The Lullaby and Goodnight from the "Little Pickle Book" takes the familiar opening motif of Creator/JohannesBrahms' "Wiegenlied" and repeats it over the 12-bar blues changes.²** The third movement of "Concerto for Two Pianos vs. Orchestra" gives its theme a "Rock Around the Clock"-like bluesy twist halfway through (and throws in a quotation of [[Theatre/ThePiratesOfPenzance "I am the very model of a modern Major-General"]] in the eleventh and twelfth bars of this).²* "Unfinished Business" from the ''VideoGame/{{Skullgirls}}'' OST.²* The refrain of "Biggest Blame Fool" from ''Theatre/{{Seussical}}'' uses the all major-minor sevenths version.²* "Wild One" by Johnny O'Keefe (aka "Real Wild Child" in most of its covers).²* "Say Hey (I Love You)" by Michael Franti & Spearhead.²* "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby" and the chorus of "Honey Don't" by Carl Perkins (which replaces the IV in the tenth bar for a second V), both covered by Music/TheBeatles on the same album.²* "Money (That's What I Want)" by Barrett Strong, also famously covered by Music/TheBeatles.²* "Chains" by the Cookies, ''also'' covered by the Beatles.²* Beatles originals that use this chord progression include "You Can't Do That" and "For You Blue", in which George Harrison actually mentions this trope by name in the lyrics. "12 Bar Original" was an unreleased outtake that was eventually included on the ''Anthology 2'' compilation in 1996.²* "I Got You (I Feel Good)" by Music/JamesBrown.²* The principal theme of the second movement of Music/GeorgeGershwin's Concerto in F is a harmonically elaborate variation on this standard blues progression. (The blues theme of "An American in Paris" is a twelve-bar tune, but its chord progression doesn't fit this trope.)²* Two arcade games by Irem: Moon Patrol and Spartan X (AKA: "VideoGame/KungFuMaster") do this in their main themes.²* Used throughout the [[WesternAnimation/OhYeahCartoons Oh Yeah! Cartoon]] short "Blotto".²* The opening theme music to WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow does this[[note]]On the "You Eediot" album, it's referred to as "Dog Pound Hop".[[/note]], as well as the ending theme.[[note]]"Big House Blues", named after the original pilot.[[/note]]²* Both versions of "Woo Hoo"[[note]]"Woo hoo, woo hoo hoo! Woo hoo, woo hoo hoo! Woo hoo, woo hoo hoo! Woo hoo, woo hoo hoo! Woo hoo! Woo hoo! Woo hoo, woo hoo hoo!...[[/note]] (perhaps best known by its cover version by The's).²* "Wooly Bully" by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs²* "Who Wears Short Shorts" by The Royal Teens²* In the anime adaptation of the Literature/VickyTheViking books, the theme song does this in the German dub[[note]]"Hey hey, Vicky! Hey, Vicky, hey!..."[[/note]], but not in the original Japanese version.²* 1P Music Type B (NES/GB/GCN)/2P Music Type A (SNES) in ''Yoshi's Cookie''.²* "Lucas with the Lid Off" by Lucas, a OneHitWonder hip-hop artist from the mid-1990s.²* Neal Hefti's classic theme to the [[Series/Batman1966 Adam West-era Batman series]] does this.²* The Mona Pizza song from ''VideoGame/WarioWare Twisted''²** Mike's theme from ''Wario Ware: Touched'' does this with a slight variation at the end.²* Dr. Teeth and the Electric Mayhem's jam session from the Harvey Korman episode of ''Series/TheMuppetShow''.²* Both "In the Summertime" and "Baby Jump" by Music/MungoJerry.²* Proving that this truly is universal, the theme song from ''Series/PetticoatJunction''.²* "Stuck in the Middle with You" by Stealers Wheel, minus the bridge.²* Being a blues singer, a number of songs by[[note]]Or even just sung by.[[/note]] Long John Baldry (best known for his role as [[WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfSonicTheHedgehog "Dr. Rrrrobotnik"]][[note]]Known these days by his Japanese name Dr. Eggman.[[/note]]) naturally consist of this.²* "Don't Bring Me Down" by Music/ElectricLightOrchestra uses this in its verses.²* As does "Better in Color" by Music/{{Lizzo}}.²* Even K-pop is not immune: "Dancing Queen" by Music/GirlsGeneration uses it.²* A number of songs from the original ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'' are composed with the 12-bar blues progression - most notably [[ At Doom's Gate ([=E1M1=])]] (although extended to 16 bars) and On the Hunt ([=E1M6=]), while The Imp's Song ([=E1M2=]) uses a corrupted version of it.²* "Sing Along" by Sturgill Simpson (verses)²* "New Genius (Brother)" by Gorillaz²----


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