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1Congruent memory (also called [[ state-dependent learning]] according to Wiki/TheOtherWiki) is the idea that someone who learns something in a certain environment or emotional or physical state is more likely to remember what they've learned when in that same state. For example, if a rat learns its way through a certain maze while drugged, it may be able to run the maze ''only'' while drugged -- or if you study for your math test while listening to a certain song, you may be more likely to remember the formulae when listening to that song.²²When this phenomenon shows up in fiction, it's often played for comedy: Usually a character will have to precisely replicate the circumstances in which he or she learned something in order to be able to recall it, or the circumstances themselves will be somewhat bizarre (or both). Often an unintended consequence of ImposedHandicapTraining, where the character can now ''only'' do the task with the training handicap.²²While this is a legitimate idea in modern psychology, it's never taken to the absurd levels that fiction shows.²²----²!!Examples²²[[foldercontrol]]²²[[folder:Anime & Manga]]²* Matsuri of ''Manga/AyakashiTriangle'' has worn {{fundoshi}} with all his outfits ever since he decided to become an exorcist ninja. Consequently, changing to a different type of underwear initially negates his superhuman agility, leaving him too clumsy to clear a vault in gym class.²-->''What's wrong with me? I can't do anything right. My lower body feels weak.''²* In book 9 of the ''Manga/GirlsBravo'' manga, LethalChef Kirie is taught how to cook properly by Fukuyama. Problem, since he's a LovableSexManiac, he forces her to do so while wearing a NakedApron. In the end, Kirie can only cook edible stuff while nude under her apron.²* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'': Tatewaki Kunō once learns an absolutely devastating TornadoMove that can beat even Ranma Saotome after some TrainingFromHell. Problem is, it is intended purely as a [[SmashingWatermelons watermelon-cutting move]], and Tatewaki is only able to use it if there are watermelons around to target. He was only able to use it on (female) Ranma because he was wearing a watermelon-print swimsuit.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Comic Books]]²* ''ComicBook/ArchieComics''²** There was one ''Betty and Veronica'' comic where Veronica was studying for a test while lying on the floor of her room. When the day of the test came around, she couldn't remember any of the information -- until she lay down on the floor of the classroom in the same position she'd studied in.²** In another ''Archie Comics'' story, Jughead could [[SnowballFight throw snowballs]] easily, but couldn't get the same feeling when handling a normal baseball.²** In the same vein, Jughead was once scouted for the opera thanks to his bombastic singing voice -- unfortunately, he only sang well in enclosed spaces because he did most of his singing in the bathtub.²* One of ''[[ComicBook/MonicasGang Tina's Pals]]'' could only study while listening to music. The louder the better. When it was time to take the test, the teacher wouldn't allow any noise and he forgot everything.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]²* Used almost by name (Fink calls it his "theory of Drunken Recall") in ''Film/{{Beerfest}}''. Jan Wolfhouse has to get utterly plastered to recall how to get to the secret underground beer-drinking contest. He still can't yodel, though.²* In ''Film/IronEagle'', Doug Masters learned to fly in an F16 simulator, while listening to his favorite rock tunes on his Walkman. Turns out that as long as he's got his music to listen to, he's a great pilot; without the music, he sucks.²* In ''Film/AkeelahAndTheBee'', Akeelah practices spelling while jumping rope. During the spelling bee, she has to jump to remember a particularly difficult word.²* In ''Film/CityLights'', a millionaire regards Charlie Chaplin as his best buddy when drunk, but as a vagrant stranger when sober.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Literature]]²* In the Creator/RobertAHeinlein novel ''Literature/GloryRoad'', when Rufo gives Oscar a shave, he tells him he can't shave someone who's sitting up because he learned shaving by preparing corpses for burial.²* One of the pieces in Creator/DouglasAdams' ''Literature/TheSalmonOfDoubt'' says this is why you can't remember your New Year's resolutions. When you write them and put them away, you're in a post-party state: stuffed, hungover, dehydrated, possibly ashamed. Once you're back to normal, you forget them until the next time you're in the same state, next New Year's Day.²* Creator/MarcelProust's [[DoorStopper mammoth novel]] ''In Search of Lost Time'' is centered on the flood of memories triggered by the scent of a madeleine (a particular kind of cookie).²* In ''Literature/TheGhostBrigades'', the character Jared is a failed copy of the main villain who gradually recovers the villain's memories over the course of the book, triggered by congruent experiences. The first time it happens involves food, causing another character to namecheck ''Remembrance of Things Past''.²* ''Literature/CamJansen'', a girl detective from a series of kids' books, says "Click!" when hunting for clues, then later repeats it to help herself remember the details of what she saw. This is explained as her having a "photographic memory," but is closer to this trope in practice. [[DontExplainTheJoke Because "Cam" is short for "Camera", see?]]²* In the tale of Ali-Baba and the Forty Thieves from ''Literature/ArabianNights'', a tailor is blindfolded and led to a certain house where the protagonist is hiding. When Ali-Baba's men try to discover the house, they blindfold the tailor and he is able to find it again.²* In ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'', channelers' habits of using certain hand gestures while preparing Weaves of the One Power are explained as deeply ingrained muscle memory. One powerful channeler observes that almost nobody can prepare a fireball -- otherwise an exceptionally simple Weave -- without making some sort of throwing motion, simply because everybody learns to associate the hand gesture with the Weave.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Live-Action TV]]²* In ''Series/{{Friends}}'', Joey practices for a commercial by repeating, "Mmmm, soup," while eating tomato soup. When auditioning for the commercial, they use a bowl of noodle soup and he is unable to get the simple "Mmmm, soup" line right.²* ''Series/MalcolmInTheMiddle'':²** In an episode, Hal goes bowling and gets a strike every time. As the episode goes on, he develops an increasingly elaborate routine for throwing the ball, to the extent that toward the end, Hal refuses to let one of his observers go to the bathroom.²** There was another episode where Francis teaches Otto to waltz, to surprise Gretchen on their anniversary. But when the moment comes, Otto fails miserably. He comes to realize he could only waltz with Francis. ²* Played for a non-comedic (although somewhat absurd) bent in the Season 4 finale episodes of ''Series/{{House}}'', where the good doctor tries to fight the amnesia that is crippling his ability to diagnose what may be afflicting victims of a bus crash he just survived. Ultimately subverted in that he chooses to just fry his frontal lobe with electricity to induce the memories ([[spoiler:and a seizure -- that should have shredded his brain, what with the wires inside it]]).²* In ''Series/{{Heroes}}'', initially Isaac Mendez could only use his precognition powers while drugged on heroin. However, he later learned how to use them without it. And since everyone else who's acquired that power since has been perfectly able to use it straight away, one suspects it was a MagicFeather. A different character has a similar problem with alcohol.²* In the "Get Down, Study-udy-udy" episode of ''Series/HannahMontana'', Miley creates a song and dance to help her remember all 206 bones in the human body. On the day of the test, she can't remember them because she can't dance and sing.²* On ''Series/{{Fringe}}'', [[MadScientist Walter Bishop]] frequently requests different foods while recreating his old experiments; his son Peter explains to Agent Dunham that he's trying to recover his memories. Often these food requests are for commercial food products that are no longer in production, leading to Walter purchasing multiple brands trying to find the one that comes closest.²* One episode of ''Series/DharmaAndGreg'' features Larry, Dharma's post-hippy memory trainwreck father, regaining his memory every time he smells Hai Karate.²* In the ''Series/{{MASH}}'' episode where Father Mulcahy is volunteered to race the 8063's chaplain for charity, Mulcahy's training sequence includes jump rope. It wouldn't be odd if he didn't have to do it to a schoolyard rhyme.²* An episode of ''Series/CharliesAngels'' has the Angels undercover at a 10K footrace. Kris sees something important but when talking to Bosley about it she doesn't remember exactly what, so she starts running in place. When Bosley asks what she's doing, Kelly tells him she's "jogging her memory."²* In the ''Series/WhiteCollar'' episode "Controlling Interest", Neal is [[SlippingAMickey drugged with a substance called "Goodnight, Cinderella"]] by a crooked psychiatrist and apparently interrogated. To remember what happened, Neal lets Mozzie drug him again. It works, but the effects make him impulsive and suggestible. Neal ends up nearly spilling all his secrets to Peter.²* Brought up in an episode of ''Series/{{NCIS}}''. Tony is interviewing a pair of witnesses who had been drinking wine while a getaway was happening. They don't get drunk, but he does encourage them to sniff the wine, and its fragrance helps them recall more details. ²* In the ''Series/MrBean'' episode "Mr. Bean Goes To Town" Mr. Bean has his camera stolen by a thief but manages to catch him by placing a wastebasket over his head and poking him with a pencil. Later on when he is asked to identify the thief in a police lineup he identifies him by poking him with a pencil while he has a wastebasket over his head.²* In one episode of ''Series/RaisingHope'', Jimmy finds out that he used to be a ChildProdigy at the piano when he was a young teen, until one day he got hit in the head by a flying golf club and forgot all his talents. Then it turns out Jimmy can still play piano when he's drunk, meaning he was drinking as a child all those years ago.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Video Game]]²* Played for laughs in ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedValhalla.'' A viking couple has been having some marital troubles and only ever had any affection while they were raiding and pillaging. Eivor offers to light the spark by trashing their home. It's a start, but then to do one better, they light the couple's house on fire! That's enough to set the spark back in their marriage.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Web Animation]]²* In ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'', Donut tries to recount to Grif the things he did during the day that led to him losing an important part for Simmons' cyborg operation. Among these steps was him asking himself where he could hang out with no pants on.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Web Comics]]²* Tedd of ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' is [[ better at cooking]] when [[GenderBender female]]. He is, however, fully aware of how absurd this is. (The gender bending part, not congruent memory as a whole.) This doesn't stop him in the slightest.²* In ''Webcomic/FunnyFarm'', Ront's brother Pom keeps failing tests due to being DistractedByTheSexy. Ront creates a revision technique where he associates what he needs to learn with the female anatomy. This works fine, except ''after'' the test Pom finds it also works backwards and he can't stop thinking about his schoolwork when admiring a woman.²[[/folder]]²²[[folder:Western Animation]]²* ''WesternAnimation/SpongebobSquarepants'':²** [=SpongeBob=] practices driving [[ImposedHandicapTraining while blindfolded]]. When it comes time for him to take his driving test, he finds he can't drive without the blindfold. Oddly this one provides a justification: when he can see what he's doing, it terrifies him.²** Another episode had him forget where he put his nametag. So he repeats his morning routine ad infinitum, ''exactly'', until he remembers.²* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Arthur}}'', Arthur practices for a spelling bee by singing the word "aardvark". Then, when the time comes to spell the word for the bee, he does the same little song.[[note]]Possibly TruthInTelevision for anyone who has ever tried to remember the order of the alphabet, and sung the Alphabet Song. Or who find themselves [[ singing the Preamble to the US Constitution.]] (Note: the song ''does'' omit part of one line to scan better...)[[/note]]²* In ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', Peter could play the piano only when plastered. However, it wasn't a straight example of this trope. They didn't suggest this idiosyncrasy was because he learned to play the piano while drunk. Instead, apparently without learning to play or practicing beforehand, he just inexplicably developed a talent for playing the piano that required him to be drunk.²* And in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad,'' Roger sells a Senator's daughter to a drug lord and can't remember who he is or where to find him because he's always high when they interact. Sure enough, taking a hit (I think it was cocaine) enables him to give perfectly lucid directions. ²* On ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'', Grandpa learned to play golf by watching a video presented in rhyme. He could then only hit the ball correctly if he first recited one of the rhymes. When he came to a particularly daunting hole that the video didn't cover, he made up his own rhyme, and was still successful.²* Averted on ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'': Towelie claims that, since he was high when he learned the passcode to enter the secret government base, he needs to get high in order to remember it. Once he ''does'' get high, all he manages to do is pound on the front door keypad to reproduce the EpicRiff from "Funkytown".²* ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones''²** In one episode, Fred took ballet lessons to improve his bowling skills, and then finds that he can only bowl perfectly to ballet music.²** In another episode, Fred and his friends from work try to form a barbershop quartet in order to land an advertising gig, and find that Barney is a great singer... but only [[SingingInTheShower when he's in the bathtub]]. Fortunately, they end up managing to work the bathtub into their routine.²[[/folder]]²²----


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