- Dude, Not Funny!: For some the black comedies like the Putting-the-devil-back-to-hell story.
- Esoteric Happy Ending: (Day 5, story 1), (Day 5, story 8).
- Fair for Its Day: Treated women as much more willful and independent than its contemporaries, and Jews as generally greedy but not actually evil.
- Family-Unfriendly Aesop
- Genius Bonus: The work is subtitled Prencipe Galeotto (Prince Galehaut), the go-between of Lancelot and Guinevere, a reference to the many go-betweens in Decameron and also a reference made by Dante in Inferno V.
- Boccaccio was actually a huge admirer of Dante and incorporates a number of references to Dante in the Decameron and elsewhere in his work; for instance, on the first day, the courtier-diplomat who serves as a hero of sorts for one of the stories is mentioned in the Comedy as being damned to Hell for being an unrepentant "sodomite" (whether this means "homosexual" or "pedophile/pederast" is unclear) despite being an otherwise honorable and upstanding gentleman.
- Iron Woobie: Griselda (Day 10, story 10)
- Jerkass Woobie: Calandrino.
- Older Than They Think: Most of the stories come from sources way older than the book; Boccaccio just brought them to his time.
- Unintentionally Sympathetic: Giosefo's wife (day 9, story 9).
- Unintentionally Unsympathetic: Giosefo.
- Values Dissonance
- The women admit themselves they need men's presence because without them they are helpless. (see also Fair for Its Day)
- The morality of "day 9, 9": You have to beat your wife when necessery.
alternative title(s): Decameron