So you're thinking of all those great books you liked to read when you were a kid, with kid heroes who snooped around and stopped criminal plots, or kids just like you who handled problems much like yours but in an interesting way. And you're remembering just how much you loved those kinds of books, or maybe you still do like reading them, and you'd really like to make one of your own. Well, it's not easy, despite what people say, as kids can be just as picky as adults in what they like. But there are some basics to keep in mind.
Necessary TropesWell, you'd need a Kid Hero, unless you're going for historical fiction in which a kid merely witnesses famous events (which is what Dear America and Dear Canada are about). Kids tend to want characters their age who are active and more adventurous than they are. If you're writing a Slice of Life story or drama about kid life, then you still should try to go for an active character who at least attempts to solve their problems. Much of fiction is not about what is, but what can be, or what you wish you could do. So whatever the genre, an active character is often what your audience wants.
Choices, ChoicesKid novels can be in any genre. But they're often divided into three basic types:
PitfallsMany authors have difficulty portraying kid dialog realistically. This is because Most Writers Are Adults, and also because the way kids talk changes over time. Using modern slang can quickly date your story in only a few years, so try to avoid it, and instead concentrate on using the informal language that kids tend to use and the ways they talk to each other. THAT hasn't changed through the years, as reading the old Ramona Quimby books can attest to: their dialog is, for the most part, perfectly sound even here in the 21st century. Kids will quickly know that you didn't do your homework if you screw up the portrayal of their hobbies. For example, there have been many books using video games as a plot device written by people who obviously do not play them. You, reading this, probably do play them if you're under the age of 35, so you won't have that problem. But you still could easily get some other common childhood activity, especially a recent one, horribly wrong. Kids will notice immediately. They might shrug it off and just enjoy the story for what it is, they might be annoyed by your ignorance, or if it's a Critical Research Failure that affects the entire plot, they might tell everyone at school how much your book sucked and what an idiot you are.
Suggested Themes and Aesops
Set Designer / Location Scout
Props DepartmentKids don't just have the one toy that they take everywhere, they have heaps of toys which they have varying levels of affection for. Girls will often have a collection of dolls and/or stuffed animals, and have a few favourites which they'll be unable to leave the house without - expect stress over which toy to take on camp. But do keep in mind that there will be a few items that kids will have no interest in, and this is also a good way to flesh out your character. Why does your character not like this particular toy? Is it gendered? Is the character ok with that? Who gave it to them? What do they think about the gifter? Where do they keep it? Do they try to get rid of it?
Costume DesignerOutfit can be used to show personality. Some kids are eccentric and proud of their eccentricity, and their outfit shows it. What would you think about, say, a preteen who has bleached orange streaks in her dark hair and wears a choker? A description that mentions only those two things says a lot about the character. Keep things like that in mind. Kids can be very expressive, and their choice in outfit says a lot about them. A simple description of a new outfit a character decides to wear can set a powerful visual image in the reader's mind and bring the character more to life.
Casting DirectorIt seems to be very common to write kid novels with a main character who has a close friend of the opposite sex. In fact, it's all over the place. Alternately, to write a main character whose friends are mostly of the same sex, but who gradually comes to befriend a member of the opposite sex. Kids are probably used to seeing this in fiction, even if most of them hang out primarily with same sex friends and can't relate to the fiction. If you're going to do either of these, consider portrayal. How did these two kids come to meet? Why are a girl and a boy good friends? What do they have in common, and do gender roles create differences in how they perceive the same situation? Stories for younger kids don't bother with these issues much, as younger kids are more accepting of Flat Characters. Stories for older kids, however, try to give reasons for why this stuff happens, or at least hint in Backstory how these kids came together. Pyrates, for instance, has a white male lead with a Black Best Friend and another friend who is "the coolest girl in sixth grade". He lives in New York City, which is pretty multiracial, so the Black Best Friend part comes in seamlessly. He appears to look up to his female friend, so we can guess that he might have sought her out. A crush, perhaps? It's not stated, but the setting and the subtle hint that he's impressed by her can drop enough hints that the reader can imagine the rest. Ramona Quimby, being a series taking place over multiple years, uses a believable scenario that could be taken right out of real life. Ramona and Howie are neighbors, and their parents want them to play together. They actually antagonize each other at times in kindergarten and first grade, but become friendlier over time. However, in fourth grade, Ramona grows distant from Howie and befriends a girl her age. That's what happens over the course of several books, and that's also the sort of twists and turn real-life friendships take, making it very believable. So, whatever mix of race and gender you use, just try to make it believable to your target audience by hinting at a possible history between the characters or something to show why they became good friends now, and most kids won't question it.