Not So Different: Marmax learns the hard way the Thessalians and Mitoans are the same for better and for worse.
Please Wake Up: Gabrielle is injured during the episode and desperately tries to keep her alive in addition to everything else. When it looks like Gabrielle has finally died, Xena refuses to give up, to the point of pounding Gabrielle's chest repeatedly.
Xena: Don't you leave me! Don't leave me, don't leave me! Wake up! WAKE UP! WAKE UP! [Gabrielle regains consciousness]
Sadly Mythtaken: Gabrielle's story was obviously based on Actaeon, though it deliberately changes around some details, particularly the name and ending. Justified since the point is to teach Marmax a lesson about peace.
Screaming Birth: Averted with Ephiny. Xena advises her to maintain focus by thinking of Phantes.
Throw the Dog a Bone: Gabrielle tells Marmax a story about a hunter named Libarius, who Artemis turned into a deer for hunting in her sacred forest. Per the story, Libarius was initially terrified, but he soon enjoyed being a deer. However, he eventually lamented leaving behind his family and friends, so Artemis took pity on him and returned him to a human form.
Thou Shalt Not Kill: Gabrielle deliberately inflicted a non-lethal blow against the soldier who tried to kill her.
War Is Hell: While Marmax believes his people have a just reason to go to war, the episode demonstrates that a lot of people on both sides are dying in very messy ways and others are struggling with awful injuries. Much of the story is a wake-up call for Marmax.
Marmax: You don't know what tyrants these Thessalians are. They have to be destroyed. My whole family was thrown to a pack of starving wolves for not bowing to their gods. Ephiny: My husband was ripped apart by Mitoan hunting dogs, while your men watched and laughed.
Young Future Famous People: Hippocrates is a young healer under Galen's authority. He says this experience taught him quite a lot.
"I've been thinking about redesigning the inside of the temple and starting to teach medical technique, ethics. But most important of all, the honor of being a healer. Maybe, maybe I'll make them take an oath."