The Canadian Western is The Western IN CANADA!, with a few characteristic differences. There tends to be more snow in Canada than in the western United States. Furthermore, then there's the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, always dressed in the famous Red Serge uniform, who always get their man (or so they're supposed to do), if it doesn't have Mounties, it's not a Canadian Western. In a way, the Mountie represents a transition phase in the idea of the frontier lawman: he's often isolated out in the field, but he is part of a larger formal organization with the central headquarters located all the way back in Canada's urban national capital in Ottawa, Ontario and will occasionally make the trip there on administrative business and vice versa.
- King of the Royal Mounted.
- Lucky Luke has "Les Daltons dans le blizzard", where they flee to Canada. Contains this immortal line by Joe on seeing a Mountie: "Hooray, a policeman!".
- The Academy Award-nominated animated short Wild Life (Une vie sauvage) is about an English Remittance Man who goes out to Alberta to become a rancher in the year 1909. It is subtitled "A Western" and the main character's body is found by a Mountie.
- The post-apocalyptic Western, Six Reasons Why takes place in a future Canada's desert landscape.
- The Gary Cooper movie North West Mounted Police.
- The Grey Fox.
- Gunless (2010), a Deconstructive Parody in which a fugitive American Gunslinger (Paul Gross, Due South's Constable Fraser) arrives in a Canadian town and is bewildered to find that nobody owns a firearm. (Handguns being mostly illegal in western Canada at the time)
- The Mountie (2011), a lone officer imposes law and order on a Yukon outpost ruled by Latvian gangsters. It Makes Sense in Context.
- The Canadian TV series Bordertown is set in a town that straddles the US/Canadian border somewhere in the west. The border goes through the middle of the law enforcement office, with a corporal in the Northwest Mounted Police having his desk on the north side, and a U.S. Marshal having his on the south side.
- When Calls The Heart is set in a town in the Canadian northwest (likely Alberta). Mounties, coal miners, outlaws, and schoolmarms drive the show's many plots.
- Sergeant Preston of the Yukon and his sled dog/ally Yukon King.
- Also a TV series in the 1950s.
- The Great Weird North is the Canadian sourcebook for Deadlands, expanding the Weird West setting into Canada and allowing PCs to be Mounties, trappers and other typically Canadian archetypes.
- The musical Rose-Marie. There are three film versions, all including considerable changes.
- The parody Dudley Do-Right is better known than most straight examples of the genre.
- Parodied in The Ren & Stimpy Show with "The Royal Canadian Kilted Yaksmen."