All principal heroines in Koihime†Musou are expies of the (male) generals from the original Romance of the Three Kingdoms epic and the former's names are derived from the latter's by reading the original Chinese characters in their names as kanji. Additionally, each sport a true, "private" name usually reserved for close friends, alongside a courtesy name.
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Characters of the Shoku (Shu) Kingdom
Ryuubi (Private name: Touka; Courtesy name: Gentoku; Expy: Liu Bei)
The Chosen One - After hearing Kada's explanation of the "Dragon Sword" (see the Chekhov's Gun entry in the main page), everyone has come to the conclusion that Ryuubi, with the sword she now has, is the only one with a chance of slaying Ukitsu. She actually delivers in the final battle when she stabs Ukitsu, killing him.
Robinsonade - Played with in the Shin Koihime OVA: flashbacks showed her going on a trip, and apparently she disappeared without a trace. She ended up on what she presumed was a Deserted Island, but it turned out to be the same island resort the rest of the cast went to (she was rescued by the Nanban Barbarians who lived there; apparently they never ventured far enough from their home to the "resort" area until the Giant Octo-Payapaya incident)
Weight Woe - While she doesn't look any visibly heavier since the Shin Koihime anime, Ryuubi freaks-out over Chouhi saying how soft her lap feels in Otome Tairan. She decides to try dieting and exercising to lose the extra weight, but due to poor self-control and physical weakness, her efforts don't go as planned. After attempting to starve herself, she just can't take it anymore and finally gives in. Although the unhealthy dieting and exercising ceases, Ryuubi continues to worry about her weight. Also fits as Truth in Television.
White Mage - All of her super techniques in the visual novel are healing moves of varying power levels.
Big Brother Instinct - Kannu's unnamed brother was shown as her selfless protector, going so far as to save her life at the cost of his own. It was probably by having such an admirable older brother, that Kannu developed her own big sister instinct when the time came.
Celibate Heroine - Kannu's primarily focused on her goal of saving a war-torn Ancient China. She is also portrayed as an easily embarrassed Clingy Jealous Girl and flustered at even the slightest intimate comment or gesture (which makes her usually aggressive Unwanted Harem in the anime all the more entertaining). The exception to this portrayal is in the last two episodes of season one.
Demoted to Extra - Was originally the main heroine in the first game and animated series, but beginning with Shin Koihime she played second fiddle to Ryuubi. Worse, by the third game, Kannu's relegated to a supporting character of other spotlight heroines.
Drill Sergeant Nasty - She becomes this way towards Kazuto in the first game after several battles, supposedly to keep him in shape and top form, but this may actually be a sign of her being a Type-B Tsundere.
Dude, Where's My Respect? - Kannu may be a well-known bandit hunter, but when it comes time for food and shelter she has to do odd jobs like cooking, cleaning, and even working in a Meido cafe to make money
Drill Sergeant Nasty - Her lectures and scoldings are the ones that Bachou and Chouhi are most afraid of, moreso than Kannu's. In the game, Sei's unit is likened to a modern commando outfit which would imply a certain increase in training standards as well.
Put on a Bus - During mid-season of the first anime, but subverted once the bus pulls into the station for the finale. The same thing happens again in Shin Koihime, with Butterfly Mask attempting to steal the show for the final scene (it doesn't really work.)
See You in Hell - Said to Kannu before facing off against an overwhelming force of bandits on a very narrow cliff; fortunately, they get out of it
Chekhov's Gun - Koumei talks about how lightning often strikes metal in episode nine of Shin Koihime
Covert Pervert - Koumei secretly "researches" certain carnal arts in the visual novels to please Kazuto; she manages to rope in Hōtō in Shin Koihime. The anime uses this but for no apparent reason, other than to simply invoke the trope.
In-Series Nickname - In the visual novels, due to her tendency to stutter "Hawawa~" when she's nervous, she's earned the nickname of being the "Hawawa Strategist"
Judgment of Solomon - In Otome Tairan, Chouhi and Moukaku are engaged in a tug-of-war over the ownership of the Nanban elephant, Paya-paya, declaring that Moukaku won even though she let go because she noticed that the animal was suffering.
Too Kinky to Torture - In Otome Tairan, she gets punished for insubordination by Gengan and is tied up and tickled using a catnip twig. Rather than being played for laughs, her reaction is rather erotic
Batai (Private name: Tanpopo; Courtesy name: N/A; Expy: Ma Dai)
Sousou (Private name: Karin; Courtesy name: Motoku; Expy: Cao Cao)
The Ace - In the official artbook, she is ranked at the highest level possible in almost every attribute. Yes, she is pretty much better than everyone in every way.
An Adventurer Is You - A debuffer. Her super techniques are predominantly status reducers and poison.
Bittersweet Ending - By the end of her route in the Shin Koihime visual novel, she has conquered all of China but Kazuto vanishes back to the other world and leaves her alone. This doesn't happen for anyone else.
Insufferable Genius - In the original game, Sousou spends her time after her defeat in intellectual pursuits. She reads Shu's entire Royal Library, cooks delicious food just by observation, builds a distillery from scratch just by reading a book and annotates Sun Tzu just for fun. She also constantly reminds Kazuto how superior she is to him and to everyone else really. She spent an entire day criticising food stalls and showing the cooks how its really done.
Jerkass Façade - Sousou pretends to be the Rich Bitch to hide her nice side, especially evident in the story with Bachou and her father; by the final episode of season one, she even fulfills the tsundere requirements
Kissing Cousins - Her harem includes Kakoton and Kakouen, who are her cousins
Blood Knight: As Gi's most aggressive general, Kakoton plays the role of that faction's Blood Knight. That does not preclude a strong sense of honor and loyalty however.
Berserk Button: Whenever Kazuto trys to steal a march on her for Karin's affections.
Corner of Woe - Enters into it when she wasn't chosen to sing in the Shin Koihime anime
Her non-selection was apparently justified that she's apparently Hollywood Tone-Deaf as shown in the ED in the final episode (she's singing her heart out, whereas Kakouen and Kousonsan couldn't stand it and tried drowning it all out with alcohol).
Demoted to Extra - Played with: Kakouen's left behind during the Hot Springs Episode and feels left out; she strikes a symbolic sitting position in the commercial break picture. In the picnic scene of the season one finale, it's her sister Kakoton's turn to get left behind
Insult Backfire - In the Shin Koihime anime, Keifa insults Enjutsu by saying all she does is eat honey and sing, comparing her to a cricket. Enjutsu takes the whole thing as a sign of people talking about how great she is
Parental Abandonment - Sonsaku's mom dies early on; while it affects her sisters just as much, Sonsaku has some...issues
Posthumous Character: In the first Koihime visual novel, she is already dead by the time the events of the story take place and she had such an effect on the main generals of Go that her legacy became the driving force for their bid for conquest.
Rousing Speech: Manages to address her troops and urge them on to victory even after being seriously wounded. This is, of course, accompanied by suitably awesome music written specifically for that scene.
Statuesque Stunner: Is noticeably one of the tallest characters in the series and her portraits are drawn in ways that emphasize her legs and chest.
Sonken (Private name: Renfa; Courtesy name: Zhongmou; Expy: Sun Quan)
Back from the Dead: She gets resurrected in the harem ending of the first visual novel and is finally free from the legacy that chained her down throughout the entire plot.
Dragon with an Agenda: Although nominally Sonsaku's vassal, the fact that Renfa abdicates so much responsibility means that Meirin basically runs the army and resents her for not doing more conquering. Bad move.
Fake Defector - A la her historical counterpart Kougai feigns defection to Sousou and later sets the latter's ships on fire at the Battle of Red Cliff
Ryomou (Private name: Ashe; Courtesy name: Shimei; Expy: Lu Meng)
Blind Without 'Em - Ryomou's farsighted with her right eye, thus wears a unique monocle. It's a case of this trope because without it, she resorts to squinting, which may lead to a case of misinterpreting her as ill-tempered
Death Faked for You - Two instances: in the first visual novel, where she winds up becoming a Meido in service for Kazuto; in Otome Tairan, using the severed head of Riten-crafted Toutaku-lookalike puppet. In both cases, it's because many lords still want Toutaku's head, regardless of whether she wasn't part of the conspiracy or not.
Actually, Toutaku wanted to atone for the crimes brought against her, going as far as to declare committing Seppuku in Otome Tairan even if she's given no punishment. The use of the puppet was partly a means to avert that, while the other part was utilizing Toutaku's Queen Incognito tendencies to declare her to be someone else.
Frameup / Clear My Name - In Otome Tairan, as part of Choujou's and Ukitsu's conspiracy plans, she is taken prisoner, and her kingdom is turned into a dystopian tyrrany while the enslaved subjects are led to believe she's behind all of it. She finally escapes her prison in episode 10, and will try to clear herself and liberate her kingdom starting next episode.
Puppy-Dog Eyes - Seems to be Toutaku's special technique...it's unbeatable by normal means
Especially amusing since she's Dong Zhuo's expy, who historically was cruel, tyrannical ruler. Admittingly, her "special technique" is still quite evil
The Jinx - Ei has very bad luck personally but once a month it extends to everyone around her, especially if you have had looked into her eyes that day. This drops on the Shu generals without warning. Hilarity Ensues.
In the visual novel, however, this appears to be averted in Kazuto's case and certainly in Totaku's case and, as much as she tries to invoke it on him, the lack of success seems to suggest that people she cares about are exempt.
Sand in My Eyes - When she discovers that Kayuu is alive after she helps Toutaku and Kaku escape from the capital
Back from the Dead - Somewhat subverted: in Otome Tairan she went MIA after a last ditch battle and was presumed dead (she later revealed that she was eventually captured by the enemy, but was treated well due to her fighting prowess, and because of that she then easily escaped), but turned out to be lurking around In the Hood for a while before making a Big Damn Heroes comeback later on
Demoted to Extra - Just like the character she is based on, she always dies in each scenario in the first two games. The only time she ever survives is if the player achieves 100% of the endings or if her faction is allied with the player's faction in Shin Koihime. But the worse part? She is the only female character in the series that doesn't get have a sex scene! Poor girl.
Late-Arrival Spoiler - In a next episode preview of season one, Kayuu claims the right to announce the episode title because she's going to "die early". In case you didn't know, Hua Xiong did die early in the original epic.
Put on a Bus - She only makes one small cameo in the third game.
Ryoufu (Private name: Ren; Courtesy name: Hosen; Expy: Lu Bu)
Spikes of Villainy - Her hairband, though she isn't entirely evil...just doing her job (despite knowingly working for criminals that terrorize civilians.....)
Stalker with a Crush - In the visual novel towards Kannu after being defeated by her, though in Chouryou's case, there was little, if any, "real" stalking. There's just loads of audacity and obsessing on her part; she even modeled her weapon as a black version of Kannu's own.
She eventually does this as well in Otome Tairan, and is last seen trying to feed Kannu before being interrupted by Ryuubi.
To Be a Master - Chouryou has stated that she fights to prove that she is the strongest warrior
Turn Coat - In the visual novels: for the first game, she starts out in Toutaku's faction, then joined Sousou after being defeated by them, and then joined and stayed with Kazuto's faction after being defeated by Kannu. The same applies to Shin Koihime, but her true allegiance lies with Gi.
Worthy Opponent - As much as she enjoys fights, Chouryou's only interested in the fair ones or ones that provide a challenge.
Royal Brat - At her first introduction, when she's so uncaring about her citizens and is only concerned about the perks of royalty. Eventually subverted after she's spooked by a ghost (largely, as she still exhibits bratty tendencies, but not to the same extent as before).
Hermaphrodite: In the Shin Koihime Musou VN. Nanano is her lover.
Weight Woe - She's constantly conscious of her figure.
Took a Level in Badass: The second game has him becoming a bit more active and less of a doormat to the rest of the girls. He becomes a tactician whose tactics are the basics turned Up to Eleven, and even Sosou finds him interesting from the very start instead of halfway through the game as in the first game.
Kashin (Private name: N/A; Courtesy name: Suikou; Expy: He Jin)
Cat Girl - In Otome Tairan, Kashin's suddenly growing cat ears by means to usurp her from her position. Apparently, it turns her into such a ridiculous, cute form it causes the loss of respect from her subordinates, and it doesn't help when she seeks the help of Kannu and her comrades, she ends up getting laughed at. And Kashin HATES cats, and if she isn't cured soon, she'll eventually turn into one completely
Gotsutotsukotsu (Private name: N/A; Courtesy name: N/A; Expy: King Wutugu)