History Main / AcceptableReligiousTargets

21st Apr '17 3:23:19 PM JulianLapostat
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Bear in mind, this site deals with tropes, and some of the historical-cultural context for why those tropes exist, and how they operate in given works. This is by nature a critical trope, and it is YMMV for a reason. It's not meant in any way to demonize/attack/excuse one religion or idea any better, and overall the aim is to present a small summary WartsAndAll.
21st Apr '17 11:59:44 AM JulianLapostat
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In the Anglosphere's modern history (as well as the internet's), Christianity is arguably the most mocked religion in mainstream media (this is not without precedent; on this very wiki alone [[UpToEleven Christianity has its own folder on this page while no other religion does]] and Literature/{{the Bible}}'s page had to be Administrivia/{{locked|Pages}} against edits due to disproportionate amount of edit wars and flame wars it was subject to; a measure as yet unnecessary for the tropes pages of other religious texts such as the Qu'ran). The basic truth is that Christianity, in all its sects, is the world's major and leading religion, it is the dominant religious tradition in the Western nations and Western nations have a disproportionate hold on the global media, so Christianity's [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement perceived negatives]] at times get over-represented or exaggerated.

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. A debatable example is the LBGT movement, where it has been claimed that [[DesignatedVillain Christianity]] was [[SingleIssueWonk singled out for opposition of homosexuality, despite Judaism and Islam sharing scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity]]. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

Christianity being a large diverse religion has also been involved in several questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition). It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, wars it has waged among various sects, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian or Abrahamic faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.

As a result the defining criticism of Christianity is often {{Hypocrisy}} [[note]] An example is, Creator/{{Moliere}}'s ''Tartuffe'' a con-man who poses as a priest, is a proverbial byword for two-faced corruption [[/note]], though hypocrisy is obviously not exclusive to Christianity, the Abrahamic faiths or religion; people from all beliefs (or lack thereof) are hypocritical at some point or another and there is a difference between trying and failing to live up to a moral standard and not adhering to it all all; only the latter is hypocrisy.

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In the Anglosphere's modern history (as well as the internet's), Christianity is arguably the most mocked religion in mainstream media (this is not without precedent; on this very wiki alone [[UpToEleven Christianity has its own folder on this page while no other religion does]] and Literature/{{the Bible}}'s page had to be Administrivia/{{locked|Pages}} against edits due to disproportionate amount of edit wars and flame wars it was subject to; a measure as yet unnecessary for the tropes pages of other religious texts such as the Qu'ran). The basic truth is that Christianity, in all its sects, is the world's major and leading religion, it is the dominant religious tradition in the Western nations and Western nations have a disproportionate hold on the global media, so Christianity's [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement perceived negatives]] at times get over-represented or exaggerated. \n\n Likewise, Christianity did not become the world's leading religion by accident. As [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope John Paul II]] [[http://www.nostreradici.it/forgiveness.htm himself noted]] in a 2000 prayer seeking forgiveness: ''Christians have often denied the Gospel; yielding to a mentality of power, they have violated the rights of ethnic groups and peoples, and shown contempt for their cultures and religious traditions: be patient and merciful towards us, and grant us your forgiveness!'' A lot of these actions were criticized [[InternalReformist even by Christians]] in the past, and there are parts of Church history, most modern Christians, regardless of the sect, [[OldShame are not proud of]]. Christianity being a large diverse religion has also been involved in several questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition). It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, wars it has waged among various sects, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian or Abrahamic faiths, instances are common among all religions.

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due World, which thanks to incidents such colonialism and imperialism, has made this PopCulturalOsmosis for the treatment of Charles Darwin. entire world. Christianity is still greatly was perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though MoralGuardians on account of its historical association with censorship (the Vatican Index, Galileo, Darwin), its lack of permissiveness and anti-LGBT policies. A lot of this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains true for all religions (for instance general prudishness, censorship, homophobia exist even among Buddhists and even the tendency Roman pagans were pretty uptight about other issues) but since Christianity has been historically the religion with the greatest political and historical clout, and since those fights were ultimately ''won'' against them, it more or less became...um...[[LamePun their cross to single out bear]].

Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. A debatable example is the LBGT movement, where it has been claimed that [[DesignatedVillain Christianity]] was [[SingleIssueWonk singled out for opposition of homosexuality, despite Judaism and Islam sharing scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity]]. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

Christianity being a large diverse religion has also been involved in several questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition). It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, wars it has waged among various sects, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian or Abrahamic faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are
at times been criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.

As a result the
sects. The defining criticism of Christianity is often {{Hypocrisy}} [[note]] An example is, Creator/{{Moliere}}'s ''Tartuffe'' a con-man who poses as a priest, is a proverbial byword for two-faced corruption [[/note]], though hypocrisy is obviously not exclusive to Christianity, the Abrahamic faiths or religion; people from all beliefs (or lack thereof) are hypocritical at some point or another to religion in general, but obviously it's a strong charge and there is a difference between trying and failing to live up criticism to a moral standard faith that was missionary in origin and not adhering to which often asserted that it all all; only was the latter is hypocrisy.
"one true faith" and promised a better life for its flock.



It must be said that the Catholic Church, while it has a checkered history, gets satirized more often because it ''is'' the biggest and oldest church and certainly the world's oldest institution. Within Europe, the Church is still regularly mocked, though there the criticism is political, citing the Church's involvement in politics and its oppositions to republican and leftist revolutions. That being said the religion is still mocked to death in most Western European countries such as France. Neither is it that the Italian drug mafia gives them regularly big sums of money to say that the mafia is a catholic charity and that their actions are so noble that they will receive heaven, something they only started to contradict as of 2013.

Within America, anti-Catholicism has had an old and at times dubious history, and for a long time Catholics especially from immigrant countries like Ireland and Italy endured some amount of persecution from the largely [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant WASP]] American mainstream. The election of UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy was seen as the point where Catholics were embraced by the white mainstream. This was tarnished however by the revelation that parts of the Church hierarchy were complicit in covering up child abuse by their own priests, and a growing trend has been [[PedophilePriest to depict most or all Catholic priests]] [[PaedoHunt as being child abusers and pedophiles]]. Catholicism is also commonly portrayed as the ultimate in fundamentalism and hypocrisy, as a group of people who judge others despite being evil and cruel. Catholic girls are portrayed [[CatholicSchoolGirlsRule as easy and slutty]] but judgmental. Catholics have been portrayed as [[ScienceIsBad enemies of science]] ever since they put Galileo under house arrest (the church didn't officially apologize for the Galileo affair until ''1990''.[[note]]Although Galileo's works were removed from the Holy Index within a century after his death, and the Church formally accepted his heliocentric theory in 1800-about the same time that direct experimental evidence for the Earth's motion in space was first presented. Galileo's rehabilitation had actually been in the works for centuries and would have occurred much earlier were it not for intervening political events.[[/note]]) Catholics aren't supposed to use birth control, and stereotypical Catholics have enormous families, presumably because they're too dumb to simply stop having sex when they already have more children than they can feed (and this brings up supposed sexual hypocrisy, of course). However, North American lay Catholics get more of a pass now since the Vatican's frustration at the vast majority casually defying its directives on things like birth control and divorce is well-known. John Paul II helped soften the Pope's image, mostly because he was tough on Communism, and even non-Catholics tend to think of modern Popes as basically nice guys, though Pope John Paul's successor Benedict XVI's resemblance to a certain [[Franchise/StarWars Dark Lord of the Sith]] hasn't helped. However, ''his'' successor (after Benedict's resignation/retirement, the first one since ''1415'') has been lauded for his comparatively progressive style yet not falling into the traps of hypocrisy or compromise, particularly when it comes to discussing faith and religion with non-Catholics and, indeed, non-Christians.

One common mistake with Catholicism is a case of ChristianityIsCatholic. The heavy ritualization of the Church often makes it more visually appealing than other religious sects and as such in popular culture and general conversations, the Catholic Church is often accused of actions that are more specifically the actions of other sects, mostly because the latter are perhaps visually dry. For instance, Witch Burning was a largely Protestant affair, and it took place in predominantly Protestant nations. Likewise, the Catholic Church has accepted and supported UsefulNotes/CharlesDarwin and evolution and has never voiced any significant criticism and political opposition against it. It has also denounced Creationism. Indeed, Gregor Mendel the father of genetics and one of the two pillars of the modern evolutionary synthesis was a Catholic Monk himself.

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It must be said that the The Catholic Church, while it Church has a checkered history, history and it gets satirized more often because it ''is'' the biggest and oldest church and certainly the world's oldest institution. institution, the only organization in Europe that was formed in UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire. Within Europe, the Church is still regularly mocked, though there the criticism is political, citing the Church's involvement in politics and its oppositions to republican and leftist revolutions. That being said the religion revolutions, and it is still mocked to death in most Western European countries such as France. Neither is it Likewise, they aren't all that popular even in Italy, what with the Italian drug mafia gives giving them regularly big enough sums of money to lead locals to say that the mafia is a catholic charity and that their actions are so noble that they will receive heaven, something they only started to contradict as of 2013.

2013, when Pope Francis excommunicated the Mafia.

Within America, anti-Catholicism has had an old and at times dubious history, and for a long time Catholics especially from immigrant countries like Ireland and Italy endured some amount of persecution from the largely [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant WASP]] American mainstream. The election of UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy was seen as the point where Catholics were embraced by the white mainstream. This was tarnished however by the revelation that parts of the Church hierarchy were complicit in covering up child abuse by their own priests, and a growing trend has been [[PedophilePriest to depict most or all Catholic priests]] [[PaedoHunt as being child abusers and pedophiles]]. Catholicism is also commonly portrayed as the ultimate in fundamentalism and hypocrisy, as a group of people who judge others despite being evil and cruel. Catholic girls are portrayed [[CatholicSchoolGirlsRule as easy and slutty]] but judgmental. Catholics have been portrayed as [[ScienceIsBad enemies of science]] ever since they put Galileo under house arrest (the church didn't officially apologize for the Galileo affair until ''1990''.[[note]]Although Galileo's works were removed from the Holy Index within a century after his death, and the Church formally accepted his heliocentric theory in 1800-about the same time that direct experimental evidence for the Earth's motion in space was first presented. Galileo's rehabilitation had actually been in the works for centuries and would have occurred much earlier were it not for intervening political events.[[/note]]) Catholics aren't supposed to use birth control, and stereotypical Catholics have enormous families, presumably because they're too dumb to simply stop having sex when they already have more children than they can feed (and this brings up supposed sexual hypocrisy, of course).

However, North American lay Catholics get more of a pass now since the Vatican's frustration at the vast majority casually defying its directives on things like birth control and divorce is well-known. John Paul II helped soften the Pope's image, mostly because he was tough on Communism, and even non-Catholics tend to think of modern Popes as basically nice guys, though Pope John Paul's successor Benedict XVI's resemblance to a certain [[Franchise/StarWars Dark Lord of the Sith]] hasn't helped. However, ''his'' successor (after Benedict's resignation/retirement, the first one since ''1415'') has been lauded for his comparatively progressive style yet not falling into the traps of hypocrisy or compromise, particularly when it comes to discussing faith and religion with non-Catholics and, indeed, non-Christians.

One common mistake with Catholicism is a case of ChristianityIsCatholic. The heavy ritualization of the Church often makes it more visually appealing than other religious sects and as such in popular culture and general conversations, the Catholic Church is often accused of actions that are more specifically the actions of other sects, mostly because the latter are perhaps visually dry. For instance, Witch Burning was a largely Protestant affair, and it took place in predominantly Protestant nations. Catholics further point out that unlike the English Protestants who forbade women from acting in the Elizabethan Stage, it was Catholic countries like Spain and France that allowed and welcomed women into the performing arts, and that it was only when Charles II, exiled in France, returned to England (and who on his deathbed converted to Catholicism), that women were allowed to act on the British stage. Likewise, the Catholic Church has accepted and supported UsefulNotes/CharlesDarwin and evolution and has never voiced any significant criticism and political opposition against it. It has also denounced Creationism. Indeed, Gregor Mendel the father of genetics and one of the two pillars of the modern evolutionary synthesis was a Catholic Monk himself.



It's been noted, with only marginal hyperbole, that one could count on one hand for positive depictions of Jewish culture and Jewish people before the 20th Century. Since then, especially after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII revealed the harmful consequences of centuries of religious bigotry, open anti-Semitism is quite rightly, [[OnceAcceptableTargets no longer acceptable]], and in some places is proscribed by law as a hate crime. The de-ghettoization of Jews in the 19th and early 20th Century also led to a renaissance in Jewish culture which has led to aspects of Jewish culture and jokes entering the mainstream. This led to a range of relatively harmless stereotypes, mostly revolving on JewsLoveToArgue and the complexity of Rabbinical discourse. In the Middle East and Eastern Europe, anti-semitism remains common and in some cases is even on the rise. There it has more to do with the UsefulNotes/ArabIsraeliConflict and resentment over military defeats and percieved DoubleStandard on the part of the West, in feeling guilty over anti-semitism and Jewish persecution rather than colonialism in the region. Among Eastern Europeans anti-semitism endures for a variety of complex reasons revolving around the UsefulNotes/ColdWar and WhyWeAreBummedCommunismFell. Since Israel has an active media as well, there the tension is between Secular Jews and Orthodox and Religious Jews.

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It's been noted, with only marginal hyperbole, that one could count on one hand for positive depictions of Jewish culture and Jewish people before the 20th Century. Since then, especially Ironically enough, the most famous was Gotthold Lessing's ''Nathan the Wise'', written in German (which was for obvious reasons, revived in a prominent production after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII). After UsefulNotes/WorldWarII revealed the harmful consequences of centuries of religious bigotry, open anti-Semitism is quite rightly, [[OnceAcceptableTargets no longer acceptable]], and in some places is proscribed by law as a hate crime. The de-ghettoization of Jews in the 19th and early 20th Century also led to a renaissance in Jewish culture which has led to aspects of Jewish culture and jokes entering the mainstream. This led to a range of relatively harmless stereotypes, mostly revolving on JewsLoveToArgue and the complexity of Rabbinical discourse. In the Middle East and Eastern Europe, anti-semitism remains common and in some cases is even on the rise. There it has more to do with the UsefulNotes/ArabIsraeliConflict and resentment over military defeats and percieved DoubleStandard on the part of the West, in feeling guilty over anti-semitism and Jewish persecution rather than colonialism in the region. Among Eastern Europeans anti-semitism endures for a variety of complex reasons revolving around the UsefulNotes/ColdWar and WhyWeAreBummedCommunismFell. Since Israel has an active media as well, there the tension is between Secular Jews and Orthodox and Religious Jews.



It has also become an acceptable target among leftists and liberals in recent times, mostly as a fallout of the New Atheism movement where there is [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment a contentious debate]] about Western criticism of Islam as a religion, and to the degree it is legitimate to satire and lampoon aspects of Islam. As a result of the backlash against Literature/TheSatanicVerses, the Jyllands-Posten controversy and most tragically, the Charlie Hebdo shootings, Muslims are commonly viewed as a religious version of TheMafia: "If you're going to badmouth them, do it privately and very quietly; otherwise, they'll kill you." Nations which are Muslim majority are usually seen as TheTheocracy and bereft of the liberal successes of the separation of the Church and State.

Also, they're all brown-skinned Arabs (or, occasionally, black Africans). So, if you're a white Muslim--a convert, or an Albanian or Bosnian, for example, or perhaps an Arab or Turk of partial Caucasian or Eastern European descent (there are a lot of those)--[[UnPerson you officially do not exist]]. The same goes for Central Asian, East Asian, and Southeast Asian Muslims, despite the fact that three largest Muslim population nations (Indonesia, Pakistan, India) are not Arabic nations, culturally and ethnically, and in the case of India, not even a Muslim majority nation[[note]]Muslims form a minority of 172 million in India, which by the way is more than the population of Russia and Japan, ''in toto'', but since this is India, a nation of 1 billion +, that makes them a minority to the 900 million Hindu majority.[[/note]]. The former Soviet Central Asian Republics were all nominally-Muslim with traditionally-Asian-looking populations, and China has a surprisingly large Muslim community, as well). Despite attempts to mount [[DiscreditedTrope a big backlash against this]], the trope still persists, especially since TheWarOnTerror and ethnic strife in the Middle East remains a major geopolitical headache in the world.

Even before 9/11, a common portrayal of a Muslim [[AlwaysMale male]] is that of a religious fanatic and sexist who wants nothing more than to spit on the American flag, cover up his wife (or wives), and chant threats in [[BlackSpeech some Middle Eastern language]] (that is, if he's not making [[SuicideAttack himself and everything around him]] [[StuffBlowingUp go boom]]): however, 9/11 was followed by a rise in the aforementioned type of negative stereotyping. About the only positive representation of Islam in American culture before that, was perhaps Malcolm X. His controverial image was seen as a result of him being an AngryBlackMan rather than a Muslim, and of course for the fact that he moderated after leaving the Nation of Islam, an American sect, in favour of mainstream Sunni Islam.


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It has also become an acceptable target among some leftists and some liberals in recent times, mostly as a fallout of the New Atheism movement where there is [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment a contentious debate]] about Western criticism of Islam as a religion, and to the degree it is legitimate to satire and lampoon aspects of Islam. Islam especially when that criticism will largely be seen by a non-Muslim audience. As a result of the backlash against Literature/TheSatanicVerses, ''Literature/TheSatanicVerses'', the Jyllands-Posten controversy and most tragically, the Charlie Hebdo shootings, Muslims are commonly viewed perceived as a religious version of TheMafia: "If you're going to badmouth them, do it privately and very quietly; otherwise, they'll kill you." Nations which are Muslim majority are usually seen as TheTheocracy and bereft of the liberal successes of the separation of the Church and State.

State which needless to say is not born out by quite a few Muslim majority states in history and in the present. It's called a stereotype for a reason. Also, they're all brown-skinned Arabs (or, occasionally, black Africans). So, if you're a white Muslim--a convert, or an Albanian or Bosnian, for example, or perhaps an Arab or Turk of partial Caucasian or Eastern European descent (there are a lot of those)--[[UnPerson you officially do not exist]]. The same goes for Central Asian, East Asian, and Southeast Asian Muslims, despite the fact that three largest Muslim population nations (Indonesia, Pakistan, India) are not Arabic nations, culturally and ethnically, and in the case of India, not even a Muslim majority nation[[note]]Muslims form a minority of 172 million in India, which by the way is more than the population of Russia and Japan, ''in toto'', but since this is India, a nation of 1 billion +, that makes them a minority to the 900 million Hindu majority.[[/note]]. The former Soviet Central Asian Republics were all nominally-Muslim with traditionally-Asian-looking populations, and China has a surprisingly large Muslim community, as well). Despite attempts to mount [[DiscreditedTrope a big backlash against this]], the trope still persists, especially since TheWarOnTerror and ethnic strife in the Middle East remains a major geopolitical headache in the world.

Even before 9/11, a common portrayal of a Muslim [[AlwaysMale male]] is that of a religious fanatic and sexist who wants nothing more than to spit on the American flag, cover up his wife (or wives), and chant threats in [[BlackSpeech some Middle Eastern language]] (that is, if he's not making [[SuicideAttack himself and everything around him]] [[StuffBlowingUp go boom]]): however, 9/11 was followed by a rise in the aforementioned type of negative stereotyping. About the only positive representation of Islam in American culture before that, was perhaps Malcolm X. His controverial controversial image was seen as a result of him being an AngryBlackMan rather than a Muslim, and of course for the fact that he moderated after leaving the Nation of Islam, an American sect, in favour of mainstream Sunni Islam.

Islam.



Possibly has something to do with it resembling pagan polytheism that was utterly displaced by Christianity in the West in Europe, Africa (along with Islam), and much of America. The fact that many polytheistic societies, such as India, were conquered by empires in Christendom gives SOME Christians a cultural compulsion to look down on Hinduism as something silly and bizarre that 'went out of date' thousands of years ago like Europe's pre-Christian traditions. It certainly doesn't help that their pantheon is populated by countless ''avatars'' (that's physical manifestations of gods, [[WeirdAlEffect not]] [[Film/{{Avatar}} blue-striped monkey aliens]] or [[WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender masters of all the elements]]!) that resemble unusual animals and various grotesque multi-armed beings. There's also the fact that Hinduism is more a collection of various beliefs and rituals with immense regional variations. The close association with the [[TheSixties 1960s]] counterculture (thank you, George Harrison) is also a liability. There's also [[SelfImmolation sati]] and the Thugee cult, which was more frequently invoked in the 19th Century, when the British needed some specially rephrensible practises to scapegoat an entire culture, never mind that neither were widespread or generally representative, or without criticism from within. Some people still argue that this is practised and ongoing in India, despite the fact that the Indian government has put a stop to that sort of thing. Portrayals of Hinduism is often associated with a range of stereotypes about India, despite the fact that Hinduism spread far and greatly syncretized in nations like Indonesia, Cambodia, the Fiji and even the Caribbean Islands (as a result of migrant workers settled there by the English).

Within Indian media, thanks to government censorship, Hinduism and satirizing some of its practises are generally regarded with RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment, but even then Hindu fundamentalists are generally regarded with scorn as being fanatic saffron-wearing LowerClassLout misogynists who want to dial the clock back as far as possible. For some reason, Hinduism hardly recieves some of the same approbation from Western critics of Islam, despite the fact that it shares much of the same defects (sexism, hypocrisy, victim-blaming, and intolerance of criticism) and that the most famous Indian of all, UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi was killed by a Hindu zealot.

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Possibly has something to do with it resembling pagan polytheism that was utterly displaced by Christianity in the West in Europe, Africa (along with Islam), and much of America. The fact that many only surviving classical polytheistic societies, such as India, were conquered by empires religion from the ancient to the modern era. It survives and is a major world religion with a billion plus adherents. It survived while other polytheistic faiths in Christendom gives SOME Christians a cultural compulsion Mesopotamia to look down Central Asia, the Middle East, Egypt, Greece, Rome and the Germanic and Slavonic paganism faded away at least in their classical form. This is because for most of its history, it was concentrated on the Indian Subcontinent and relatively isolated from the rest of the world. It only became known across the world during UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire. Stereotypes about Hinduism as something silly often overlapped with colonialist and imperialist-era racism, a fact that Hindus are extremely touchy about to this day, because in their eyes, most Western portrayals of their faith, whether positive or negative, is at best EntertaininglyWrong and worst, on account of SmallReferencePools of writers simply using old Imperial stereotypes (a side-effect of American Anglophilia), indistinguishable from [[UnfortunateImplications colonialist propaganda]].

Most portrayals in the West from the Victorian to the modern era, emphasize and focus on the seemingly
bizarre that 'went out nature of date' thousands the faith, the idolatry, the heavy ritualization and perceived remoteness. Aspects of years ago like Europe's pre-Christian traditions. It certainly doesn't help that Hinduism are often conflated with Buddhism with many portrayals, even the positive ones, going on about finding Nirvana while chanting some pseudo-Hindu prayers. Nirvana is a largely Buddhist concept, the Hindu one is Moksha. Likewise, their pantheon is populated by countless ''avatars'' (that's physical manifestations of gods, [[WeirdAlEffect not]] [[Film/{{Avatar}} blue-striped monkey aliens]] or [[WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender masters of all the elements]]!) that resemble unusual animals and various grotesque multi-armed beings. There's also the fact that Hinduism is more a collection of various beliefs and rituals with immense regional variations. The close association with the [[TheSixties 1960s]] counterculture (thank you, George Harrison) Music/GeorgeHarrison) is also a liability. There's also Victorian era fiction made much about [[SelfImmolation sati]] and the Thugee cult, which was more frequently invoked in the 19th Century, when and of course the British needed some specially rephrensible practises reprehensible practise to scapegoat an entire culture, never mind that neither were widespread or generally representative, or without criticism from within. Some people still argue that this is practised and ongoing in India, despite the fact that the Indian government has put a stop to that sort of thing. thing and it is entirely illegal. Portrayals of Hinduism is often associated with a range of stereotypes about India, despite the fact that Hinduism spread far and greatly syncretized in nations like Indonesia, Cambodia, the Fiji and even the Caribbean Islands (as a result of migrant workers settled there by the English).

English). Another stereotype that is a common BerserkButton is the EverybodyHatesHades treatment of Kali. Kali is a popular goddess in India, especially in Bengal, and she is associated with a range of positive qualities and her symbolism of death is meant to indicate acceptance and transition.

Other stereotypes, especially in India, have to do with caste, with Indian intellectuals like B. R. Ambedkar arguing that it was an inherent part of the faith while others point out that since there was rarely an organization enforcing a common program unlike other faiths, this varied with region and time and place. The bigger issue is vegetarianism, where many Indians, find the stereotype in the West about vegetarians being pacifist and tolerant types hilarious on account of the often nasty and violent tensions that flare up across India, with various governments trying to enforce vegetarianism by force and forbidding Christians and Muslims from eating meat or restricting it. As Empire history buffs know, the fact that some cartridges may have been coated with animal fat was one of the reasons for the bloody 1857 Mutiny among its own Sepoys, so it is SeriousBusiness indeed. On account of PositiveDiscrimination, some negative aspects of Hinduism is entirely forgotten or neglected. For instance, many assume that it's a religion of non-violence like Buddhism, on account of the world's most famous Hindu, and most famous Indian, UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi, forgetting that the latter was not a mainstream Hindu in his time and afterwards, confirmed by the fact that he was assassinated by a Hindu zealot.
Within Indian media, thanks to government censorship, Hinduism and satirizing some of its practises are generally regarded with RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment, but even then Hindu fundamentalists are generally regarded with scorn as being fanatic saffron-wearing LowerClassLout misogynists who want to dial the clock back as far as possible. For some reason, extremist Hinduism hardly recieves receives some of the same approbation from Western critics of Islam, despite the fact that it shares much of the same defects (sexism, hypocrisy, victim-blaming, and intolerance of criticism) as well as MonumentalDamage (such as the destruction of the Babri Masjid in 1991, which preceded the Taliban destruction of the Buddha statues and the stuff that the most famous Indian of all, UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi was killed by a Hindu zealot.ISIS got up to in TheNewTens).




to:

* ''Series/TheDailyShowWithTrevorNoah'' often brings up in a couple of sketches, some of the lesser known stuff about Hinduism, such as the racism, by Gandhi and other Indian settlers in South Africa.






** It's unfortunate, the number of Wiccans who think that the rule of three is not an entirely Wiccan invention, and that most other Neopagans believe in it.
*** The rule of three isn't even a belief universally held by all Wiccans, and even among the ones who do, it's not always interpreted the way most new agers/non-traditional Wiccans interpret it.
* Perhaps because New Age = The Force - TheDarkSide.
* Alternatively, they'll be ruthless con artists cynically manipulating people into buying AllNaturalSnakeOil through a veneer of self-righteous airy-fairy drivel. That's in part because of [[TruthInTelevision the unfortunate number of prominent ones who actually are]].

to:

** It's unfortunate, the number of Wiccans who think that the rule of three is not an entirely Wiccan invention, and that most other Neopagans believe in it.
***
it. The rule of three isn't even a belief universally held by all Wiccans, and even among the ones who do, it's not always interpreted the way most new agers/non-traditional Wiccans interpret it.
* Perhaps because New Age = The Force - TheDarkSide.
*
TheDarkSide. Alternatively, they'll be ruthless con artists cynically manipulating people into buying AllNaturalSnakeOil through a veneer of self-righteous airy-fairy drivel. That's in part because of [[TruthInTelevision the unfortunate number of prominent ones who actually are]].



* ''A Game of You'', the StoryArc in Creator/NeilGaiman's ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' was largely a TakeThat on this phenomenon, where Gaiman had an actual pagan witch, Thessaly, being harsh, violent, and fond of mutilation and human sacrifice. Gaiman noted that he wanted to present ancient pagan practises in their original ambiguous light, where it was not as tolerant and female empowerment as neopagans believe it to be.

to:

* ''A Game of You'', the StoryArc in Creator/NeilGaiman's ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' was largely a TakeThat on this phenomenon, where Gaiman had an actual pagan witch, Thessaly, being harsh, violent, and fond of mutilation and human sacrifice. Gaiman noted that he wanted to present ancient pagan practises in their original ambiguous light, where it was not as tolerant and friendly to female empowerment as neopagans believe it to be.



The basic joke in America is that an atheist can't be elected dog-catcher and that they are [[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/in-atheists-we-distrust/ the most disliked and least trusted group]]. Historically, dating back to the classical and medieval era, the word atheist was a strong and nasty word often hurled by groups at each other as an insult, largely because they believed "in other gods" or another kind of Christianity, or if they seemed to have some mild doubts about the doctrine and as such not truly believing in their art (what Orwell would label a "thoughtcrime"). The modern version of atheism came out during UsefulNotes/TheEnlightenment, the scientific revolution and the French Revolution, and the association of atheism with radical modernity (even if not everyone who was progressive and modernist in those groups were atheists) continues into the 20th and 21st Century.

Within America, atheism was somewhat mainstream in the 19th Century, with the likes of Ambrose Bierce being a respected intellectual and wit, and it was at the very least not seen as a mark of disfavour. Much of the modern stigma can be traced historically to UsefulNotes/ColdWar propaganda (on both sides). A lot of communist regimes proclaim state atheism and to this day China is an officially atheist state that regularly proscribes and limits religious freedom, on the other hand Castro's Cuba has generally dealt with religion with the carrot, and anti-Communist icon Pope John Paul II visited Cuba and called for the end of the American embargo. Even in the USSR, Stalin despite persecuting many Christians (and Jews and Buddhists, and Muslims, fellow atheists and even fellow communists among others) supported a partial revival of the Orthodox Church during and after World War II. But nonetheless, during the RedScare of TheFifties, ''In God We Trust'' replaced ''E Pluribus Unum'' on the US Currency as part of the general culture wars against the Soviet Union and atheists in popular media were depicted as communists. To be a communist was to be an atheist, so [[LogicalFallacies to be an atheist was to be a communist]], and to be either was to be a traitor and Un-American. Ironically enough, the most vocal and influential anti-communist author of this era, Creator/AynRand, was herself an atheist[[note]]She was of course far more vocal and tendentious about her anti-communist, pro-US attitudes than she was about her anti-religious opinions[[/note]]. Many criticisms of atheism by theists also exist, of course, which may have more cachet in the still highly religious US. In fact, very few TV atheists are portrayed as having come to this conclusion by dispassionate consideration of their experience but, much more likely, they have some tragedy in their past, such as a CynicismCatalyst or gave up after a crisis of faith (which does occur in real-life but isn't universally true).



The issue is compounded further by many prominent atheists' confrontational and vitriolic criticisms of religion in the mass media and the association of atheism with communism and religious persecution by communist regimes. This is because said regimes were Marxist, an atheistic ideology, which is something that was used to smear atheism as a whole by association. During the RedScare of TheFifties, ''In God We Trust'' replaced ''E Pluribus Unum'' on the US Currency as part of the general culture wars against the Soviet Union and atheists in popular media were depicted as communists, even if one of the most vocal and influential anti-communist author of this era, Creator/AynRand, was herself an atheist.[[note]]She was of course far more vocal and tendentious about her anti-communist, pro-US attitudes than she was about her anti-religious opinions.[[/note]] Many criticisms of atheism by theists also exist, of course, which may have more cachet in the still highly religious US. In fact, very few TV atheists are portrayed as having come to this conclusion by dispassionate consideration of their experience but, much more likely, they have some tragedy in their past, such as a CynicismCatalyst or gave up after a crisis of faith (which does occur in real-life but isn't universally true).


Added DiffLines:

[[AC: Film]]
* One surprising aversion is Creator/JohnFord's ''7 Women'', his obscure final film which was Anne Bancroft as an atheistic, cigar-smoking, GoodBadGirl who is also a competent and charming doctor. She affably aids a Christian relief organization in Warlord-era China, and doesn't really engage in apologia or controversy. And [[spoiler:in the end, she heroically sacrifices herself to save the group]]. What makes this surprising is the director was an Irish Catholic but he didn't think goodness was exclusive to faith or the lack there-of:
--> '''John Ford''': ''She was a doctor--her object in life was to save people. She was a woman who had no religion, but she got in with this bunch of kooks and started acting like a human being.''
29th Mar '17 6:58:01 AM Fireblood
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In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. A debatable example is the LBGT movement, wher it has been claimed that [[DesignatedVillain Christianity]] was [[SingleIssueWonk singled out for opposition of homosexuality, despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity]]. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

to:

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. A debatable example is the LBGT movement, wher where it has been claimed that [[DesignatedVillain Christianity]] was [[SingleIssueWonk singled out for opposition of homosexuality, despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity]]. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.
29th Mar '17 2:44:41 AM BillyDaRed
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In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains [[SingleIssueWonk the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement do engage in this, where [[DesignatedVillain Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality]], despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

to:

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains [[SingleIssueWonk explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say it]]. A debatable example is the LBGT movement do engage in this, where movement, wher it has been claimed that [[DesignatedVillain Christianity Christianity]] was [[SingleIssueWonk singled out for opposition of homosexuality]], homosexuality, despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity.Christianity]]. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.
29th Mar '17 2:42:56 AM BillyDaRed
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In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[SingleIssuesWonk even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement do engage in this, where [[DesignatedVillain Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality]], despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

to:

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains [[SingleIssueWonk the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[SingleIssuesWonk sentiment, even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement do engage in this, where [[DesignatedVillain Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality]], despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.
29th Mar '17 2:42:21 AM BillyDaRed
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In the Anglosphere's modern history (as well as the internet's), Christianity is arguably the most mocked religion in mainstream media (this is not without precedent; on this very wiki alone [[UpToEleven Christianity has its own folder on this page while no other religion does]] and Literature/{{the Bible}}'s page had to be Administrivia/{{locked|Pages}} against edits due to disproportionate amount of edit wars and flame wars it was subject to, a measure as yet unnecessary for the tropes pages of other religious texts such as the Qu'ran). The basic truth is that Christianity, in all its sects, is the world's major and leading religion, it is the dominant religious tradition in the Western nations and Western nations have a disproportionate hold on the global media, so Christianity's [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement perceived negatives]] at times get over-represented or exaggerated.

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement do engage in this, where [[DesignatedVillain Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality]], despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

Christianity being a large diverse religion has also been involved in several questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition. It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, wars it has waged among various sects, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian or Abrahamic faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.

As a result the defining criticism of Christianity is often {{Hypocrisy}} [[note]] An example is, Creator/{{Moliere}}'s ''Tartuffe'' a con-man who poses as a priest, is a proverbial byword for two-faced corruption [[/note]], though hypocrisy is obviously not exclusive to Christianity, the Abrahamic faiths or religion; people from all beliefs (or lack thereof) are hypocritical at some point or another.

to:

In the Anglosphere's modern history (as well as the internet's), Christianity is arguably the most mocked religion in mainstream media (this is not without precedent; on this very wiki alone [[UpToEleven Christianity has its own folder on this page while no other religion does]] and Literature/{{the Bible}}'s page had to be Administrivia/{{locked|Pages}} against edits due to disproportionate amount of edit wars and flame wars it was subject to, to; a measure as yet unnecessary for the tropes pages of other religious texts such as the Qu'ran). The basic truth is that Christianity, in all its sects, is the world's major and leading religion, it is the dominant religious tradition in the Western nations and Western nations have a disproportionate hold on the global media, so Christianity's [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement perceived negatives]] at times get over-represented or exaggerated.

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State, and this has led to Christianity in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this is not limited to Christianity. This partially explains the tendency to single out Christianity as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard [[SingleIssuesWonk even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement do engage in this, where [[DesignatedVillain Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality]], despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

Christianity being a large diverse religion has also been involved in several questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition. UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition). It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, wars it has waged among various sects, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian or Abrahamic faiths, instances are common among all religions. religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.

As a result the defining criticism of Christianity is often {{Hypocrisy}} [[note]] An example is, Creator/{{Moliere}}'s ''Tartuffe'' a con-man who poses as a priest, is a proverbial byword for two-faced corruption [[/note]], though hypocrisy is obviously not exclusive to Christianity, the Abrahamic faiths or religion; people from all beliefs (or lack thereof) are hypocritical at some point or another.another and there is a difference between trying and failing to live up to a moral standard and not adhering to it all all; only the latter is hypocrisy.
13th Mar '17 2:52:21 PM throwaway1892
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Within America, anti-Catholicism has had an old and at times dubious history, and for a long time Catholics especially from immigrant countries like Ireland and Italy endured some amount of persecution from the largely [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant WASP]] American mainstream. The election of UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy was seen as the point where Catholics were embraced by the white mainstream. This was tarnished however by the revelation that parts of the Church hierarchy were complicit in covering up child abuse by their own priests, and a growing trend has been [[PedophilePriest to depict most or all Catholic priests]] [[PaedoHunt as being child abusers and pedophiles]]. Catholicism is also commonly portrayed as the ultimate in fundamentalism and hypocrisy, as a group of people who judge others despite being evil and cruel. Catholic girls are portrayed [[CatholicSchoolGirlsRule as easy and slutty]] but judgmental. Catholics have been portrayed as [[ScienceIsBad enemies of science]] ever since they put Galileo under house arrest (the church didn't officially apologize for the Galileo affair until ''1990''.[[note]]Although Galileo's works were removed from the Holy Index within a century after his death, and the Church formally accepted his heliocentric theory in 1800-about the same time that direct experimental evidence for the Earth's motion in space was first presented. Galileo's rehabilitation had actually been in the works for centuries and would have occurred much earlier were it not for intervening political events.[[/note]]) Catholics aren't supposed to use birth control, and stereotypical Catholics have enormous families, presumably because they're too dumb to simply stop having sex when they already have more children than they can feed (and this brings up supposed sexual hypocrisy, of course). However, North American lay Catholics get more of a pass now since the Vatican's frustration at the vast majority casually defying its directives on things like birth control and divorce is well-known. John Paul II helped soften the Pope's image, mostly because he was tough on Communism, and even non-Catholics tend to think of modern Popes as basically nice guys, though Pope John Paul's successor Benedict XIV's resemblance to a certain [[Franchise/StarWars Dark Lord of the Sith]] hasn't helped. However, ''his'' successor (after Benedict's resignation/retirement, the first one since ''1415'') has been lauded for his comparatively progressive style yet not falling into the traps of hypocrisy or compromise, particularly when it comes to discussing faith and religion with non-Catholics and, indeed, non-Christians.

to:

Within America, anti-Catholicism has had an old and at times dubious history, and for a long time Catholics especially from immigrant countries like Ireland and Italy endured some amount of persecution from the largely [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant WASP]] American mainstream. The election of UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy was seen as the point where Catholics were embraced by the white mainstream. This was tarnished however by the revelation that parts of the Church hierarchy were complicit in covering up child abuse by their own priests, and a growing trend has been [[PedophilePriest to depict most or all Catholic priests]] [[PaedoHunt as being child abusers and pedophiles]]. Catholicism is also commonly portrayed as the ultimate in fundamentalism and hypocrisy, as a group of people who judge others despite being evil and cruel. Catholic girls are portrayed [[CatholicSchoolGirlsRule as easy and slutty]] but judgmental. Catholics have been portrayed as [[ScienceIsBad enemies of science]] ever since they put Galileo under house arrest (the church didn't officially apologize for the Galileo affair until ''1990''.[[note]]Although Galileo's works were removed from the Holy Index within a century after his death, and the Church formally accepted his heliocentric theory in 1800-about the same time that direct experimental evidence for the Earth's motion in space was first presented. Galileo's rehabilitation had actually been in the works for centuries and would have occurred much earlier were it not for intervening political events.[[/note]]) Catholics aren't supposed to use birth control, and stereotypical Catholics have enormous families, presumably because they're too dumb to simply stop having sex when they already have more children than they can feed (and this brings up supposed sexual hypocrisy, of course). However, North American lay Catholics get more of a pass now since the Vatican's frustration at the vast majority casually defying its directives on things like birth control and divorce is well-known. John Paul II helped soften the Pope's image, mostly because he was tough on Communism, and even non-Catholics tend to think of modern Popes as basically nice guys, though Pope John Paul's successor Benedict XIV's XVI's resemblance to a certain [[Franchise/StarWars Dark Lord of the Sith]] hasn't helped. However, ''his'' successor (after Benedict's resignation/retirement, the first one since ''1415'') has been lauded for his comparatively progressive style yet not falling into the traps of hypocrisy or compromise, particularly when it comes to discussing faith and religion with non-Catholics and, indeed, non-Christians.
10th Mar '17 8:46:51 AM JulianLapostat
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10th Mar '17 8:46:50 AM JulianLapostat
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In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany rested on the separation of the Church and State. This tends to shoehorn Christianity into the position of DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this isn't limited to Christianity. This also partially explains the tendency for Christianity to be singled out as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement engage in this, where Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality, despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

Christianity, being a large diverse religion, has also been involved in several wars, questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition [[note]]UsefulNotes/TheCrusades can be laid just as much, if not moreso, at the feet of Islam as well. This is partially because the main cause of The Crusades was Pope Urban II initiating the First Crusade (10961102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. Muslims quickly unified against the combined Christian forces and events snowballed from there.[[/note]]) which, as has happened regarding similar situations among other religions, has been used to smear Christianity as a whole by association. It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.

to:

In Eastern nations, in former colonies, Christianity may be a minority but on account of missionary activities it has greatly impacted the education and cultural life of the elites, which has nonetheless kept Christian tradition and its roles, positive and negative, in public memory. The political and cultural revolutions on behalf of freedom of speech in France, England, United States, Italy, Germany has rested on the separation of the Church and State. This tends State, and this has led to shoehorn Christianity into in the position of the DesignatedVillain in many anti-censorship fights in the Western World due to incidents such the treatment of Charles Darwin. Christianity is still greatly perceived, and resented for being MoralGuardians, though this isn't is not limited to Christianity. This also partially explains the tendency for to single out Christianity to be singled out as ''the'' target religion for expressions and media portrayals of anti-religious sentiment, [[DoubleStandard even if the grievance in question leveled against Christianity can be found outside it]]. Some say the LBGT movement do engage in this, where [[DesignatedVillain Christianity was singled out for opposition of homosexuality, homosexuality]], despite Judaism and Islam sharing Scriptures and views on homosexuality with Christianity. Of course, the LGBT movement is most successful/prominent in culturally/majority Christian countries, and any attack on the traditional opposition to homosexuality is pretty much applicable to Islam and Judaism since they have essentially the same view.

Christianity, Christianity being a large diverse religion, religion has also been involved in several wars, questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition [[note]]UsefulNotes/TheCrusades can be laid just as much, if not moreso, at the feet of Islam as well. This is partially because the main cause of The Crusades was Pope Urban II initiating the First Crusade (10961102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. Muslims quickly unified against the combined Christian forces and events snowballed from there.[[/note]]) which, as has happened regarding similar situations among other religions, has been used to smear Christianity as a whole by association. UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition. It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, wars it has waged among various sects, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian or Abrahamic faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.
10th Mar '17 3:43:21 AM Loremasta1
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Christianity, being a large diverse religion, has also been involved in several wars, questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition [[note]]UsefulNotes/TheCrusades can be laid just as much, if not moreso, at the feet of Islam as well. This is partially because the main cause of The Crusades was Pope Urban II initiating the First Crusade (10961102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. Muslims quickly unified against the combined Christian forces and events snowballed from there[[/note]]) which, like it has happened regarding similar situations among other religions, has been used at times to smear Christianity as a whole by association. It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.

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Christianity, being a large diverse religion, has also been involved in several wars, questionable policies and events over the centuries (such as UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition [[note]]UsefulNotes/TheCrusades can be laid just as much, if not moreso, at the feet of Islam as well. This is partially because the main cause of The Crusades was Pope Urban II initiating the First Crusade (10961102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. Muslims quickly unified against the combined Christian forces and events snowballed from there[[/note]]) there.[[/note]]) which, like it as has happened regarding similar situations among other religions, has been used at times to smear Christianity as a whole by association. It is often criticized among other religious groups for its missionary activities, its role in suppression and hijacking of pagan rituals and persecuting other religions, which it must be stated is not exclusive to Christian faiths, instances are common among all religions. The clergy of Christianity are at times criticized by other Christians, such as Creator/GrahamGreene, [[WhatTheHellHero for failing to live up to the teachings of the faith]]. The Anglican Priest, Fr. Charles Kingsley even echoed Creator/KarlMarx when he noted, "We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable's hand book, an opium dose for keeping beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order"[[note]] A recurring theme is the hypocrisy in worshiping a Prophet who claimed peace, condemned greed, befriended prostitutes and the downtrodden yet opposing any reform or revolution, being critical of sexuality and persecuting prostitutes and homosexuals as MoralGuardians, supporting Kings, Aristocrats and Businessmen, and sparking various wars of conquest [[/note]]. Satire and criticism of Christianity in non-Christian media often ([[JesusTaboo but not always]]) separates [[JesusWasWayCool Jesus]] from the actions of various Christian sects.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.AcceptableReligiousTargets