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1[[quoteright:350:]]²²Famous Studios (renamed Paramount Cartoon Studios in 1956) was the animation division of the film studio Creator/{{Paramount}} Pictures from [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation 1942]] to [[UsefulNotes/TheDarkAgeOfAnimation 1967]]. Famous was founded as a successor company to Creator/FleischerStudios, after Paramount acquired Fleischer Studios and ousted its founders, Max and Dave Fleischer, in 1941. The studio's productions included three series started by the Fleischers—[[ComicStrip/{{Popeye}} Popeye the Sailor]], [[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheatricalCartoons Superman]], and Screen Songs—as well as ComicStrip/LittleLulu, WesternAnimation/CasperTheFriendlyGhost, WesternAnimation/HermanAndKatnip, WesternAnimation/BabyHuey, WesternAnimation/LittleAudrey, and the anthology WesternAnimation/{{Noveltoons}} series.²²Unlike the Fleischer Brothers, this studio proved to be a mere shadow creatively to their work as the films produced gradually declined into largely formulaic kiddie stuff. This especially applied after their original characters like Casper were sold to Creator/HarveyComics (along with their October 1950 - March 1962 cartoons) and production budgets were slashed. There was a momentary ray of hope in 1964 when comic book veteran Howard Post assumed control with some creative films along with Creator/ShamusCulhane, but they soon left after internal conflicts. Eventually, Creator/RalphBakshi was hired in 1967, but he barely got going with his vision when Paramount's new corporate owners, Gulf+Western, began shutting the shorts department down.²²With that, Paramount's involvement in animation came to a close until they became the distributor of Creator/DreamWorksAnimation in 2006 who soon [[GrowingTheBeard hit its artistic stride]] with great new animated feature films like ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda'' and ''WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragon''. Then in 2011, Paramount distributed the Oscar winning hit, ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}'', with [[Creator/IndustrialLightAndMagic ILM]] producing and Paramount decided to reenter the animation game once again, with their first project being ''[[WesternAnimation/TheSpongeBobMovieSpongeOutOfWater The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water]]'', a sequel to ''WesternAnimation/TheSpongeBobSquarePantsMovie''.²²----²!!Theatrical short subjects series:²* ComicStrip/{{Popeye}} the Sailor (inherited from Creator/FleischerStudios, 1942 – 1957); shorts now owned by Creator/WarnerBros through Turner Entertainment (some are in the public domain)²** ''WesternAnimation/OutToPunch'' is one of them.²* [[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheatricalCartoons Superman]] (inherited from Creator/FleischerStudios, 1942 – 1943); all shorts in the public domain²* WesternAnimation/{{Noveltoons}} (1943 – 1967); characters, trademarks and cartoons produced from October 1950 to March 1962 owned by Creator/{{Universal}} Studios through [[Creator/DreamWorksAnimation [=DreamWorks=] Classics]] though all other shorts remain with Paramount or are in the public domain²* ComicStrip/LittleLulu (1943 – 1948); character rights owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics, though Paramount retains control of the shorts; though a few of them are public domain²* WesternAnimation/LittleAudrey (1947-1958); character rights and shorts produced from October 1950 to 1958 owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics, though all cartoons prior to that are still owned by Paramount or are in the public domain²* Raggedy Ann: Appeared in two shorts made by the studio: "Suddenly It's Spring" (1944), and "WesternAnimation/TheEnchantedSquare" (1947). Both shorts are in the public domain.²* WesternAnimation/ScreenSongs (1947 – 1951; originally produced by Fleischer Studios 1929 – 1938); last seven shorts owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics. Many from 1947-October 1950 in the public domain²* WesternAnimation/CasperTheFriendlyGhost (Initially appeared in three Noveltoons short subjects, graduated to a standalone series from 1950 – 1959); character rights and all standalone cartoons owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics, while the first three shorts are in the public domain alongside two made afterwards²* WesternAnimation/BabyHuey (1950-1959); character rights and all shorts from October 1950 to 1959 owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics, with earlier shorts in the public domain or still with Paramount²* Kartunes (1951 – 1953); all shorts owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics²* WesternAnimation/HermanAndKatnip (1952 – 1959); character rights and shorts owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics²* Modern Madcaps (1958 – 1967); character rights and shorts from 1958 to March 1962 owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics, and all other shorts remain with Paramount²* Jeepers and Creepers (1960); character rights and shorts owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics²* The Cat (1961); character rights and shorts owned by Universal through [=DreamWorks=] Classics²* Swifty and Shorty (1964 – 1965; originated in 1963 as Ralph and Percy); still owned by Paramount²* Honey Halfwitch (1965 – 1967); still owned by Paramount²* Merry Makers (1967); still owned by Paramount²* Go Go Toons (1967); still owned by Paramount²* Fractured Fables (1967); still owned by Paramount²²!!Television series:²²* Segments of ''Popeye'' (1960 – 1962; outsourced from King Features); owned by Hearst Corporation²* Segments of ''WesternAnimation/FelixTheCat'' (1958 – 1961; outsourced from King Features and Trans-Lux); now owned by [=NBCUniversal=]²* ''The New Casper Cartoon Show'' (1962 – 1963, produced for Harvey Films); now owned by [=NBCUniversal=]²* Segments of ''King Features Trilogy'' (1963 – 1965; outsourced from King Features); owned by Hearst Corporation²** Twelve of the Paramount-produced shorts in this series were released theatrically in 1962 under the title ''Comic Kings''²* The Mighty Thor segments of ''WesternAnimation/TheMarvelSuperHeroes'' (1966; outsourced from Grantray-Lawrence Animation); now owned by Creator/{{Disney}}²²----------²!!Tropes:²²* AnimationBump: The studio began with very lush animation in the mid-forties, followed by a gradual decline through the fiftes and a sharp drop off into an extremely crudely-drawn limited style around 1957-58, with slight improvements during Culhane's and Bakshi's tenures.²** Any scene animated by John Gentilella (Johnny Gent), a mainstay on the post-1943 Popeye shorts, or Marty Taras, a major animator on the Herman and Katnip and Baby Huey shorts circa 1947-56, also qualifies, given both animators' recurring ability to create fluid and characterful work within the confines of the oft-uninspired material and stultifying timing of much of the studio's post-1947 work.²* BlackComedy: When their shorts aren't being lighthearted and sentimental, they can be downright mean spirited and nasty in their humor, which in turn is aided by how violently the gags in shorts like WesternAnimation/HermanAndKatnip are played out. ²* BloodlessCarnage / FamilyUnfriendlyViolence: Arguably the most prominent aspect of the cartoons. Herman and Katnip and Baby Huey cartoons in particular have some of the most painful-looking violent gags in any cartoon ever.²* CatchPhrase: Katnip's "Dat sounds logical!"²* CleverCrows: Buzzy Crow, who is usually paired with dimwitted Katnip Cat. Katnip tries to eat Buzzy as some form of cure for something, so Buzzy fools him into trying some other "cures", resulting in AmusingInjuries.²* EndlessWinter: The cartoon ''Suddenly It's Spring'' from 1944, features Raggedy Ann pleading with Old Man Winter to relent, so that the sun may shine upon her owner, who lies abed deathly ill from the lack of sunlight.²* FleetingDemographicRule: The rationale behind the re-made Popeye shorts.²* HaveAGayOldTime: One of their shorts from 1955 is called ''Poop Goes The Weasel''. At the time, Poop didn't have the same connotation as it does today.²* LimitedAnimation: The "Modern Madcaps" series, an attempt by Famous to transition into the then-hot [[Creator/ColumbiaCartoons UPA]] style of animation.²* PublicDomainAnimation: 80 of their cartoons (including many of their Popeye shorts) have entered the Public Domain and are free to view online.²* ScrewedByTheLawyers: Paramount stopped making Little Lulu cartoons when Famous tried, and failed, to buy the rights to the character from Marge. They got around it by creating [[CaptainErsatz Little Audrey]].²* ShotForShotRemake: Many of their Popeye shorts were blatant remakes of earlier Fleischer ones.²* SomethingElseAlsoRises: In "Sheep Shape", when the wolf sees the singing senorita, he does a WildTake, and has two soda bottles he was holding erupt in a mountain of fizz.²* SpinOff: ''Herman and Katnip'' originated from ''Noveltoons''. Additionally, ''Honey Halfwitch'' was spun off from the ''Modern Madcap'' short "Poor Little Witch Girl".²* StrictlyFormula: The studios cartoons are notorious for how formula-driven they were, although part of this was the result of Paramount's frugal budgets and explicit forbidding of the studio taking artistic risks--this was an attempt to prevent the studio from going through another financial meltdown like what had happened with the two Fleischer Studios [[WesternAnimation/GulliversTravels animated]] [[WesternAnimation/MrBugGoesToTown features]]. Lee Mishkin, an inbetweener for the studio, even has a quote about it:²-->''"I think the problem lay in the attitude of the management. The bosses would go to screenings with a list of all the gags in a film on a clipboard. They'd put a check after each gag that got a laugh and use it in the next picture. If a gag got a laugh in three pictures in a row, it became a standard and they'd use it in every picture after that. They had a real nuts-and-bolts approach to making films."''²** It is important to note that by the 60's, when Howie Post (and later, Creator/ShamusCulhane) got on board with the studio, they deliberately started leading the studio in a more anti-formulaic, experimental direction, with shorts like "My Daddy The Astronaut" (notably designed to [[StylisticSuck look like a child drew the whole film]], with a kid narrating it and the soundtrack all done by harmonica), "The Plumber" and "WesternAnimation/TheOperaCaper", but by then it was too little, too late.²* WholesomeCrossdresser: Done in "Sheep Shape".²----


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