What happened to Sanura's clan: they started to fall sick and attack everyone still healthy, and when Sanura and her lover tried to appeal to their gods, they discovered the gods were responsible for the plague... because they wanted to make a movie.
When Toph realizes earth-healing would probably let her bend bone, she immediately decides to forget she ever thought about it.
It's implied the Spirit was afraid of what was beyond the Stargate because it used to be an Ancient lab rat, who fled with its friends to a safe world. Then it discovered the Stargate was reactivated, and two of his current host's friends taken by whoever was responsible.
Zuko getting sicker and sicker the more longer he's deprived of sunlight. Even worse, his current caretakers are worsening the issue by refusing to let him go outside because they fear he could get abducted or catch some local illness. Grade-A Adult Fear, here.
Tearjerker: Toph confesses to Zuko that she killed people. She never wanted to, but earthbending is flinging big chunks of rock at the adversary so even if you're careful something is going to be broken. She's a twelve-years-old girl and she killed people, and she didn't even know she did until Jet get mortally hurt and she realized she had busted people just like that.
Sanura's Dark and Troubled Past. Her family, her love, her village have been wiped only because a couple of Goaul'd wanted to make a movie. No wonder she decided to kill them.
When he learns Toph and Zuko's disappearance, Aang gets serious. It's easy to forget, but the kid is a Fish out of Temporal Water who desperately clings to his friends. And now two of those friends have been kidnapped and he doesn't know how to reach and save them.
The Avatar Spirit's reaction to this is also heartwrenching, because it means that the Stargate is reactivated, and it thinks it knows who had Toph and Zuko - it's implied the Avatar Spirit is the result of Playing with Syringes by the Ancients, and it fled with its friends to a safe world. Only now, it's not safe anymore.
SG-1 does not take well the revelation that their new guests are child soldiers. Especially Jack.
Zuko grows sicker and sicker from using his firebending while being away from the Sun. He finally collapses after protecting an infirmary full of Marines from the yukioso, and the soldiers are horrified and ashamed to see a teenage boy in a coma because they weren't able to protect themselves. However, Toph's reaction is the real clincher, because she can feel her friend dying and no one listens to her explaining how to help him.
The simple fact that Djehuty is the only sane Goa'uld to live. He lost hope to save his civilization since very, very long.
What an Idiot: Nekht, the entire plot of the fic is the direct result of his stupidity. In paticular, his poorly thought out "plan" to deliver Zuko and Toph to the Tok'ra and secure Asyunti as a source of potential hosts, results in the deaths of several people, including himself, puts Zuko in mortal danger thanks to well meaning, but ignorant caretakers not understanding his need for sunlight until it is nearly to late, and allows a fragment of the yukiosu to sneak to Earth and wreak havoc and the SGC.