Video Game / Computer Space
is the first commercially sold Arcade Game
, created by Nolan Bushnell
and released in November 1971. It's a one or two player version of Space War
. Space War
had previously been software running on $20,000 general-purpose hardware
; Bushnell's innovation was to use cheap logic chips to create a machine specifically for playing this one game.
Some versions were one-player against two flying saucers, others were Player Versus Player
. It's a simplified version of Space War
, without the planet and gravity. Your ship fires One Bullet at a Time
, and you can guide it by turning your ship. In one-player versions, if you score more points
than the saucers at the end of 90 seconds
, you get another 90 seconds of gameplay.
Bushnell created Computer Space
at home, and sold the game to Nutting and Associates, a maker of mechanical coin-op games. It was not a success, because drunks in a bar couldn't understand how to play a game designed for college students. Bushnell left Nutting and founded his own company, Syzygy Corp., later Atari
Notably, it has a brief cameo in Soylent Green
as one of the expensive toys left behind in William Simonson's lavishly equipped apartment after his murder.
Computer Space provides examples of: